Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Rampant (rămp" a nt) adjective [ French, present participle of ramper to creep. See Ramp , v. ]
1. Ramping; leaping; springing; rearing upon the hind legs; hence, raging; furious.

The fierce lion in his kind
Which goeth rampant after his prey.
Gower.

[ The] lion . . . rampant shakes his brinded mane.
Milton.

2. Ascending; climbing; rank in growth; exuberant.

The rampant stalk is of unusual altitude.
I. Taylor.

3. (Her.) Rising with fore paws in the air as if attacking; -- said of a beast of prey, especially a lion. The right fore leg and right hind leg should be raised higher than the left.

Rampant arch . (a) An arch which has one abutment higher than the other . (b) Same as Rampant vault , below. -- Rampant gardant (Her.) , rampant, but with the face turned to the front. -- Rampant regardant , rampant, but looking backward. -- Rampant vault (Architecture) , a continuous wagon vault, or cradle vault, whose two abutments are located on an inclined plane, such as the vault supporting a stairway, or forming the ceiling of a stairway.

Rampantly adverb In a rampant manner.

Rampart (răm"pärt) noun [ French rempart , Old French rempar , from remparer to fortify, se remparer to fence or intrench one's self; prefix re- re- + prefix en- (L. in ) + parer to defend, parry, prepare, Latin parare to prepare. See Pare .]


1. That which fortifies and defends from assault; that which secures safety; a defense or bulwark.

2. (Fort.) A broad embankment of earth round a place, upon which the parapet is raised. It forms the substratum of every permanent fortification. Mahan.

Syn. -- Bulwark; fence; security; guard. -- Rampart , Bulwark . These words were formerly interchanged; but in modern usage a distinction has sprung up between them. The rampart of a fortified place is the enceinte or entire main embankment or wall which surrounds it. The term bulwark is now applied to peculiarly strong outworks which project for the defense of the rampart , or main work. A single bastion is a bulwark . In using these words figuratively, rampart is properly applied to that which protects by walling out; bulwark to that which stands in the forefront of danger, to meet and repel it. Hence, we speak of a distinguished individual as the bulwark , not the rampart , of the state. This distinction, however, is often disregarded.

Rampart transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Ramparted ; present participle & verbal noun Ramparting .] To surround or protect with, or as with, a rampart or ramparts.

Those grassy hills, those glittering dells,
Proudly ramparted with rocks.
Coleridge.

Rampart gun (Fort.) , a cannon or large gun for use on a rampart and not as a fieldpiece.

Rampe (rămp) noun [ In allusion to its supposed aphrodisiac qualities. See Ramp .] (Botany) The cuckoopint.

Rampier (răm"pēr) noun See Rampart . [ Obsolete]

Rampion (răm"pĭ*ŭn) noun [ Confer French raiponce , Spanish ruiponce , reponche , Latin raperonzo , New Latin rapuntium , from Latin rapum , rapa , a turnip, rape. Confer Rape a plant.] (Botany) A plant ( Campanula Rapunculus ) of the Bellflower family, with a tuberous esculent root; -- also called ramps .

» The name is sometimes given to plants of the genus Phyteuma , herbs of the Bellflower family, and to the American evening primrose ( Œnothera biennis ), which has run wild in some parts of Europe.

Rampire (-pīr) noun A rampart. [ Archaic]

The Trojans round the place a rampire cast.
Dryden.

Rampire transitive verb To fortify with a rampire; to form into a rampire. [ Archaic] Chapman. " Rampired walls of gold." R. Browning.

Rampler (răm"plẽr) noun A rambler.

Rampler adjective Roving; rambling. [ Scot.]

Ramrod (-rŏd`) noun The rod used in ramming home the charge in a muzzle-loading firearm.

Ramshackle (-shăk*k'l) adjective [ Etymol. uncertain.] Loose; disjointed; falling to pieces; out of repair.

There came . . . my lord the cardinal, in his ramshackle coach.
Thackeray.

Ramshackle transitive verb To search or ransack; to rummage. [ Prov. Eng.]

Ramson (-z'n) noun [ Anglo-Saxon hramsan , plural, akin to German rams , Swedish rams , rams lök; confer Greek kro`myon onion.] (Botany) A broad-leaved species of garlic ( Allium ursinum ), common in European gardens; -- called also buckram .

Ramsted (-stĕd) noun (Botany) A yellow-flowered weed; -- so named from a Mr. Ramsted who introduced it into Pennsylvania. See Toad flax . Called also Ramsted weed .

Ramtil noun [ Bengali ram- til .] A tropical African asteraceous shrub ( Guizotia abyssinica ) cultivated for its seeds (called ramtil, or niger , seeds ) which yield a valuable oil used for food and as an illuminant.

Ramulose (-u*lōs`) adjective [ Latin ramulosus , from ramulus , dim. of ramus a branch.] (Nat. Hist.) Having many small branches, or ramuli.

Ramulous (-lŭs) adjective (Nat. Hist.) Ramulose.

Ramulus (-lŭs) noun ; plural Ramuli (-lī). (Zoology) A small branch, or branchlet, of corals, hydroids, and similar organisms.

Ramus (rā"mŭs) noun ; plural Rami (-mī). (Nat. Hist.) A branch; a projecting part or prominent process; a ramification.

Ramuscule (rȧ*mŭs"kul) noun [ Latin ramusculus .] (Nat. Hist.) A small ramus, or branch.

Ran (răn), imperfect of Run .

Ran noun [ Anglo-Saxon rān .] Open robbery. [ Obsolete] Lambarde.

Ran noun (Nautical) Yarns coiled on a spun-yarn winch.

Rana (rā"nȧ) noun [ Latin , a frog.] (Zoology) A genus of anurous batrachians, including the common frogs.

Ranal (rā"n a l) adjective (Botany) Having a general affinity to ranunculaceous plants.

Ranal alliance (Botany) , a name proposed by Lindley for a group of natural orders, including Ranunculaceæ, Magnoliaceæ, Papaveraceæ, and others related to them.

Rance (răns) noun [ Etymol. uncertain.]
1. A prop or shore. [ Scot.]

2. A round between the legs of a chair.

Rancescent (răn*sĕs"s e nt) adjective [ Latin rancescens , present participle of rancescere , v. incho. from rancere to be rancid.] Becoming rancid or sour.

Ranch (rănch) transitive verb [ Written also raunch .] [ Confer Wrench .] To wrench; to tear; to sprain; to injure by violent straining or contortion. [ R.] Dryden. "Hasting to raunch the arrow out." Spenser.

Ranch noun [ See Rancho .] A tract of land used for grazing and the rearing of horses, cattle, or sheep. See Rancho , 2. [ Western U. S.]

Rancheria noun [ Spanish rancheria .]
1. A dwelling place of a ranchero.

2. A small settlement or collection of ranchos, or rude huts, esp. for Indians. [ Spanish Amer. & Southern U. S.]

3. Formerly, in the Philippines, a political division of the pagan tribes.

Ranchero (răn*chā"ro) noun ; plural Rancheros (- rōz). [ Spanish ] [ Mexico & Western U. S.]
1. A herdsman; a peasant employed on a ranch or rancho.

2. The owner and occupant of a ranch or rancho.

Ranchman (rănch"m a n) noun ; plural Ranchmen (-m e n). An owner or occupant of, or laborer on, a ranch; a herdsman. [ Western U. S.]

Rancho (răn"cho) noun ; plural Ranchos (-chōz). [ Spanish , properly, a mess, mess room. Confer 2d Ranch .]
1. A rude hut, as of posts, covered with branches or thatch, where herdsmen or farm laborers may live or lodge at night.

2. A large grazing farm where horses and cattle are raised; -- distinguished from hacienda , a cultivated farm or plantation. [ Mexico & California] Bartlett.

Rancid (răn"sĭd) adjective [ Latin rancidus , from rancere to be rancid or rank.] Having a rank smell or taste, from chemical change or decomposition; musty; as, rancid oil or butter.

Rancidity (răn*sĭd"ĭ*tȳ) noun [ Confer French rancidité .] The quality or state of being rancid; a rancid scent or flavor, as of old oil. Ure.

Rancidly (răn"sĭd*lȳ) adverb In a rancid manner.

Rancidness noun The quality of being rancid.

Rancor (răn"kẽr) noun [ Written also rancour .] [ Middle English rancour , Old French rancor , rancur , French rancune , from Latin rancor rancidity, rankness; tropically, an old grudge, rancor, from rancere to be rank or rancid.] The deepest malignity or spite; deep-seated enmity or malice; inveterate hatred. "To stint rancour and dissencioun." Chaucer.

It would not be easy to conceive the passion, rancor , and malice of their tongues and hearts.
Burke.

Syn. -- Enmity; hatred; ill will; malice; spite; grudge; animosity; malignity. -- Rancor , Enmity . Enmity and rancor both describe hostile feelings; but enmity may be generous and open, while rancor implies personal malice of the worst and most enduring nature, and is the strongest word in our language to express hostile feelings.

Rancor will out; proud prelate, in thy face
I see thy fury.
Shak.

Rancor is that degree of malice which preys upon the possessor.
Cogan.

Rancorous (-ŭs) adjective [ Old French rancuros .] Full of rancor; evincing, or caused by, rancor; deeply malignant; implacably spiteful or malicious; intensely virulent.

So flamed his eyes with rage and rancorous ire.
Spenser.

Rancorously adverb In a rancorous manner.

Rand (rănd) noun [ Anglo-Saxon rand , rond ; akin to D., Dan., Swedish , & German rand , Icelandic rönd , and probably to English rind .]


1. A border; edge; margin. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]

2. A long, fleshy piece, as of beef, cut from the flank or leg; a sort of steak. Beau. & Fl.

3. A thin inner sole for a shoe; also, a leveling slip of leather applied to the sole before attaching the heel.

Rand intransitive verb [ See Rant .] To rant; to storm. [ Obsolete]

I wept, . . . and raved, and randed , and railed.
J. Webster.

Rand noun [ D.] ( D. pron. ...) Rim; egde; border. [ South Africa]

The Rand , a rocky gold-bearing ridge in South Africa, about thirty miles long, on which Johannesburg is situated; also, the gold-mining district including this ridge.

Randall grass (răn"d a l grȧs`). (Botany) The meadow fescue ( Festuca elatior ). See under Grass .

Randan (-dăn) noun The product of a second sifting of meal; the finest part of the bran. [ Prov. Eng.]

Randan noun A boat propelled by three rowers with four oars, the middle rower pulling two.

Randing (rănd"ĭng) noun
1. (Shoemaking) The act or process of making and applying rands for shoes.

2. (Mil.) A kind of basket work used in gabions.