Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Raisin (rā"z'n) noun [ French raisin grape, raisin, Latin racemus cluster of grapes or berries; confer Greek "ra`x , "rago`s , berry, grape. Confer Raceme .]
1. A grape, or a bunch of grapes. [ Obsolete] Cotgrave.

2. A grape dried in the sun or by artificial heat.

Raisin tree (Botany) , the common red currant bush, whose fruit resembles the small raisins of Corinth called currants . [ Eng.] Dr. Prior.

Raising (rāz"ĭng) noun
1. The act of lifting, setting up, elevating, exalting, producing, or restoring to life.

2. Specifically, the operation or work of setting up the frame of a building; as, to help at a raising . [ U.S.]

3. The operation of embossing sheet metal, or of forming it into cup-shaped or hollow articles, by hammering, stamping, or spinning.

Raising bee , a bee for raising the frame of a building. See Bee , noun , 2. [ U.S.] W. Irving. -- Raising hammer , a hammer with a rounded face, used in raising sheet metal. -- Raising plate (Carp.) , the plate, or longitudinal timber, on which a roof is raised and rests.

Raisonné (ra`zo`na") adjective [ French raisonné , past participle of raisonner to reason.] Arranged systematically, or according to classes or subjects; as, a catalogue raisonné . See under Catalogue .

Raivel (rā"v e l) noun (Weaving) A separator. [ Scot.]

Raj (räj) noun [ See Rajah .] Reign; rule. [ India]

Raja (rä"jä or rā"jȧ) noun Same as Rajah .

Rajah (rä"jä or rā"jȧ) noun [ Hind. rājā , Sanskrit rājan , akin to Latin rex , regis . See Regal , adjective ] A native prince or king; also, a landholder or person of importance in the agricultural districts. [ India]

Rajahship noun The office or dignity of a rajah.

Rajpoot Raj`put" (räj`pōt") noun [ Hind. rāj- pūt , Sanskrit rāja-putra king's son.] A Hindoo of the second, or royal and military, caste; a Kshatriya; especially, an inhabitant of the country of Rajpootana, in northern central India.

Rake (rāk) noun [ Anglo-Saxon race ; akin to OD. rake , Dutch reek , Old High German rehho , German rechen , Icelandic reka a shovel, and to Goth. rikan to heap up, collect, and perhaps to Greek 'ore`gein to stretch out, and English rack to stretch. Confer Reckon .]
1. An implement consisting of a headpiece having teeth, and a long handle at right angles to it, -- used for collecting hay, or other light things which are spread over a large surface, or for breaking and smoothing the earth.

2. A toothed machine drawn by a horse, -- used for collecting hay or grain; a horserake.

3. [ Perhaps a different word.] (Mining) A fissure or mineral vein traversing the strata vertically, or nearly so; -- called also rake-vein .

Gill rakes . (Anat.) See under 1st Gill .

Rake transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Raked (rākt); present participle & verbal noun Raking .] [ Anglo-Saxon racian . See 1st Rake .]
1. To collect with a rake; as, to rake hay; -- often with up ; as, he raked up the fallen leaves.

2. Hence: To collect or draw together with laborious industry; to gather from a wide space; to scrape together; as, to rake together wealth; to rake together slanderous tales; to rake together the rabble of a town.

3. To pass a rake over; to scrape or scratch with a rake for the purpose of collecting and clearing off something, or for stirring up the soil; as, to rake a lawn; to rake a flower bed.

4. To search through; to scour; to ransack.

The statesman rakes the town to find a plot.
Swift.

5. To scrape or scratch across; to pass over quickly and lightly, as a rake does.

Like clouds that rake the mountain summits.
Wordsworth.

6. (Mil.) To enfilade; to fire in a direction with the length of; in naval engagements, to cannonade, as a ship, on the stern or head so that the balls range the whole length of the deck.

To rake up . (a) To collect together, as the fire (live coals), and cover with ashes . (b) To bring up; to search out and bring to notice again; as, to rake up old scandals.

Rake (rāk) intransitive verb
1. To use a rake, as for searching or for collecting; to scrape; to search minutely.

One is for raking in Chaucer for antiquated words.
Dryden.

2. To pass with violence or rapidity; to scrape along.

Pas could not stay, but over him did rake .
Sir P. Sidney.

Rake noun [ Confer dial. Swedish raka to reach, and English reach .] The inclination of anything from a perpendicular direction; as, the rake of a roof, a staircase, etc. ; especially (Nautical) , the inclination of a mast or funnel, or, in general, of any part of a vessel not perpendicular to the keel.

Rake intransitive verb To incline from a perpendicular direction; as, a mast rakes aft.

Raking course (Bricklaying) , a course of bricks laid diagonally between the face courses in a thick wall, to strengthen it.

Rake noun [ Middle English rakel rash; confer Icelandic reikall wandering, unsettled, reika to wander.] A loose, disorderly, vicious man; a person addicted to lewdness and other scandalous vices; a debauchee; a roué.

An illiterate and frivolous old rake .
Macaulay.

Rake intransitive verb
1. [ Icelandic reika . Confer Rake a debauchee.] To walk about; to gad or ramble idly. [ Prov. Eng.]

2. [ See Rake a debauchee.] To act the rake; to lead a dissolute, debauched life. Shenstone.

To rake out (Falconry) , to fly too far and wide from its master while hovering above waiting till the game is sprung; -- said of the hawk. Encyc. Brit.

Rake-vein (-vān`) noun See Rake , a mineral vein.

Rakehell (rāk"hĕl`) noun [ See Rakel .] A lewd, dissolute fellow; a debauchee; a rake.

It seldom doth happen, in any way of life, that a sluggard and a rakehell do not go together.
Barrow.

Rakehell, Rakehelly (-ȳ) adjective Dissolute; wild; lewd; rakish. [ Obsolete] Spenser. B. Jonson.

Rakel (rä"kĕl) adjective [ Middle English See Rake a debauchee.] Hasty; reckless; rash. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. -- Ra"kel*ness , noun [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Raker (rāk"ẽr) noun [ See 1st Rake .]
1. One who, or that which, rakes ; as: (a) A person who uses a rake. (b) A machine for raking grain or hay by horse or other power. (c) A gun so placed as to rake an enemy's ship.

2. (Zoology) See Gill rakers , under 1st Gill .

Rakery (-ȳ) noun Debauchery; lewdness.

The rakery and intrigues of the lewd town.
R. North.

Rakeshame (rāk"shām`) noun [ Confer Rakehell , Ragabash .] A vile, dissolute wretch. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Rakestale (-stāl`) noun [ Rake the instrument + stale a handle.] The handle of a rake.

That tale is not worth a rakestele .
Chaucer.

Raki Ra`kee" noun [ Turk. rākī arrack.] A kind of ardent spirits used in southern Europe and the East, distilled from grape juice, grain, etc.

Raking (rāk"ĭng) noun
1. The act or process of using a rake; the going over a space with a rake.

2. A space gone over with a rake; also, the work done, or the quantity of hay, grain, etc., collected, by going once over a space with a rake.

Rakish adjective Dissolute; lewd; debauched.

The arduous task of converting a rakish lover.
Macaulay.

Rakish adjective (Nautical) Having a saucy appearance indicative of speed and dash. Ham. Nav. Encyc.

Rakishly adverb In a rakish manner.

Rakishness noun The quality or state of being rakish.

Raku ware (rä"kō wâr`). A kind of earthenware made in Japan, resembling Satsuma ware, but having a paler color.

Râle (räl) noun [ French râle . Confer Rail the bird.] (Medicine) An adventitious sound, usually of morbid origin, accompanying the normal respiratory sounds. See Rhonchus .

» Various kinds are distinguished by pathologists; differing in intensity, as loud and small; in quality, as moist, dry, clicking, whistling, and sonorous; and in origin, as tracheal, pulmonary, and pleural.

Rallentando (räl`lĕn*tän"do) adjective [ Italian ] (Mus.) Slackening; -- a direction to perform a passage with a gradual decrease in time and force; ritardando.

Ralliance (răl"lĭ* a ns) noun [ Confer Old French raliance . See Rally to reunite.] The act of rallying.

Rallier (-ẽr) noun One who rallies.

Ralliés noun plural [ French, past participle plural See Rally , transitive verb ] A French political group, also known as the Constitutional Right from its position in the Chambers, mainly monarchists who rallied to the support of the Republic in obedience to the encyclical put forth by Pope Leo XIII. in Feb., 1892.

Ralline (-līn) adjective (Zoology) Pertaining to the rails.

Rally (răl"lȳ) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Rallied (-lĭd); present participle & verbal noun Rallying .] [ Old French ralier , French rallier , from Latin prefix re- + ad + ligare to bind. See Ra- , and 1st Ally .] To collect, and reduce to order, as troops dispersed or thrown into confusion; to gather again; to reunite.

Rally intransitive verb
1. To come into orderly arrangement; to renew order, or united effort, as troops scattered or put to flight; to assemble; to unite.

The Grecians rally , and their powers unite.
Dryden.

Innumerable parts of matter chanced just then to rally together, and to form themselves into this new world.
Tillotson.

2. To collect one's vital powers or forces; to regain health or consciousness; to recuperate.

3. To recover strength after a decline in prices; -- said of the market, stocks, etc.

Rally noun ; plural Rallies (-lĭz).
1. The act or process of rallying (in any of the senses of that word).

2. A political mass meeting. [ Colloq. U. S.]

Rally transitive verb [ French railler . See Rail to scoff.] To attack with raillery, either in good humor and pleasantry, or with slight contempt or satire.

Honeycomb . . . rallies me upon a country life.
Addison.

Strephon had long confessed his amorous pain,
Which gay Corinna rallied with disdain.
Gay.

Syn. -- To banter; ridicule; satirize; deride; mock.

Rally (răl"lȳ) intransitive verb To use pleasantry, or satirical merriment.

Rally noun Good-humored raillery.

Ralph (rălf) noun A name sometimes given to the raven.

Ralstonite (ral"stŭn*īt) noun [ So named after J. German Ralston of Norristown, Penn.] (Min.) A fluoride of alumina and soda occurring with the Greenland cryolite in octahedral crystals.

Ram (răm) noun [ Anglo-Saxon ramm , ram ; akin to Old High German & Dutch ram , Prov. German ramm , and perhaps to Icelandic ramr strong.]


1. The male of the sheep and allied animals. In some parts of England a ram is called a tup .

2. (Astron.) (a) Aries, the sign of the zodiac which the sun enters about the 21st of March. (b) The constellation Aries, which does not now, as formerly, occupy the sign of the same name.

3. An engine of war used for butting or battering. Specifically: (a) In ancient warfare, a long beam suspended by slings in a framework, and used for battering the walls of cities; a battering-ram. (b) A heavy steel or iron beak attached to the prow of a steam war vessel for piercing or cutting down the vessel of an enemy; also, a vessel carrying such a beak.

4. A hydraulic ram. See under Hydraulic .

5. The weight which strikes the blow, in a pile driver, steam hammer, stamp mill, or the like.

6. The plunger of a hydraulic press.

Ram's horn . (a) (Fort.) A low semicircular work situated in and commanding a ditch . [ Written also ramshorn .] Farrow. (b) (Paleon.) An ammonite.

Ram transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Rammed (rămd); present participle & verbal noun Ramming .]
1. To butt or strike against; to drive a ram against or through; to thrust or drive with violence; to force in; to drive together; to cram; as, to ram an enemy's vessel; to ram piles, cartridges, etc.

[ They] rammed me in with foul shirts, and smocks, socks, foul stockings, greasy napkins.
Shak.

2. To fill or compact by pounding or driving.

A ditch . . . was filled with some sound materials, and rammed to make the foundation solid.
Arbuthnot.

Ramadan (răm`ȧ*dăn") noun [ Arabic ramadān , or ramazān , properly, the hot month.] [ Written also Ramadhan , Ramadzan , and Rhamadan .]
1. The ninth Mohammedan month.

2. The great annual fast of the Mohammedans, kept during daylight through the ninth month.

Ramage (răm"aj; 48) noun [ French, from Latin ramus a branch.]


1. Boughs or branches. [ Obsolete] Crabb.

2. Warbling of birds in trees. [ Obsolete] Drummond.

Ramage (rȧ*māj") adjective Wild; untamed. [ Obsolete]