Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Pot-valiant adjective Having the courage given by drink. Smollett.
1. A voter in certain boroughs of England, where, before the passage of the reform bill of 1832, the qualification for suffrage was to have boiled (walloped) his own pot in the parish for six months. 2. One who cleans pots; a scullion. [ Slang, U. S.]
Pott's disease (Medicine) Caries of the vertebræ, frequently resulting in curvature of the spine and paralysis of the lower extremities; -- so named from Percival Pott , an English surgeon. Pott's fracture , a fracture of the lower end of the fibula, with displacement of the tibia. Dunglison.
Potulent adjective [ Latin potulentus , from potus a drinking, drink, from potare to drink.]
1. Fit to drink; potable. [ Obsolete] Johnson. 2. Nearly drunk; tipsy. [ Obsolete]
Pou sto (pō stō; pou stō). [ Greek poy^ stw^ where I may stand; -- from the reputed saying of Archimedes, "Give me where I may stand and I will move the whole world with my steelyard."] A place to stand upon; a locus standi; hence, a foundation or basis for operations.
[ French poche
a pocket, pouch, bag; probably of Teutonic origin. See Poke
a bag, and confer Poach
to cook eggs, to plunder.] 1. A small bag; usually, a leathern bag; as, a pouch for money; a shot pouch ; a mail pouch , etc. 2. That which is shaped like, or used as, a pouch
; as: (a) A protuberant belly; a paunch; -- so called in ridicule. (b) (Zoology) A sac or bag for carrying food or young; as, the cheek pouches of certain rodents, and the pouch of marsupials. (c) (Medicine) A cyst or sac containing fluid. S. Sharp. (d) (Botany) A silicle, or short pod, as of the shepherd's purse. (e) A bulkhead in the hold of a vessel, to prevent grain, etc., from shifting. Pouch mouth
, a mouth with blubbered or swollen lips.
Pouch transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pouched
; present participle & verbal noun Pouching
.] 1. To put or take into a pouch. 2. To swallow; -- said of fowls. Derham. 3. To pout.
[ Obsolete] Ainsworth. 4. To pocket; to put up with.
[ R.] Sir W. Scott.
Pouch-mouthed adjective Having a pouch mouth; blobber-lipped.
Pouch-shell noun (Zoology) A small British and American pond snail ( Bulinus hypnorum ).
Pouched adjective (Zoology) (a) Having a marsupial pouch; as, the pouched badger, or the wombat. (b) Having external cheek pouches; as, the pouched gopher. (c) Having internal cheek pouches; as, the pouched squirrels. Pouched dog
. (Zoology) See Zebra wolf , under Zebra .
-- Pouched frog (Zoology)
, the nototrema, the female of which has a dorsal pouch in which the eggs are hatched, and in which the young pass through their brief tadpole stage.
-- Pouched gopher
, or Pouched rat
. (Zoology) See Pocket gopher , under Pocket .
-- Pouched mouse
. (Zoology) See Pocket mouse , under Pocket .
Pouchong noun A superior kind of souchong tea. De Colange.
[ See Powder
.] Dust; powder.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. Poudre marchant
[ see Merchant
], a kind of flavoring powder used in the Middle Ages.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ French, dim. of poudre
dust, powder. See Powder
.] A manure made from night soil, dried and mixed with charcoal, gypsum, etc.
[ Written also pouff
.] [ French pouf
. Confer Puff
] Lit., a puff;
specif.: (a) A soft cushion, esp. one circular in shape and not, like a pilow, of bag form, or thin at the edges. (b) A piece of furniture like an ottoman, generally circular and affording cushion seats on all sides.
[ French soulier Ã la poulaine
.] A long pointed shoe. See Cracowes .
[ French poularde
pullet, from poule
hen. See Pullet
.] (Zoology) A pullet from which the ovaries have been removed to produce fattening; hence, a fat pullet.
Pouldavis noun Same as Poledavy .
Poulder noun & v. Powder. [ Obsolete]
Poulp, Poulpe noun
[ French poulpe
, from Latin polypus
. See Polyp
.] (Zoology) Same as Octopus . Musk poulp (Zoology)
, a Mediterranean octopod ( Eledone moschata ) which emits a strong odor of musk.
[ Old French pulte
, French poulet
, dim. of poule
fowl. See Pullet
.] A young chicken, partridge, grouse, or the like. King. Chapman.
Starling the heath poults or black game. R. Jefferise.
Poulter noun [ Middle English pulter . See Poult .] A poulterer. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Poulterer noun One who deals in poultry.
[ Latin puls
, plural pultes
, a thick pap; akin to Greek po`ltos
. Confer Pulse
seeds.] A soft composition, as of bread, bran, or a mucilaginous substance, to be applied to sores, inflamed parts of the body, etc.; a cataplasm.
relaxeth the pores." Bacon.
Poultice transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Poulticed
; present participle & verbal noun Poulticing
.] To apply a poultice to; to dress with a poultice.
Poultive noun A poultice. [ Obsolete] W. Temple.
[ From Poult
.] Domestic fowls reared for the table, or for their eggs or feathers, such as cocks and hens, capons, turkeys, ducks, and geese.
[ French ponce
pumice, pounce, from Latin pumex
, pumice. See Pumice
.] 1. A fine powder, as of sandarac, or cuttlefish bone, -- formerly used to prevent ink from spreading on manuscript. 2. Charcoal dust, or some other colored powder for making patterns through perforated designs, -- used by embroiderers, lace makers, etc. Pounce box
, a box for sprinkling pounce.
-- Pounce paper
, a transparent paper for tracing.
Pounce transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pounded
; present participle & verbal noun Pouncing
.] To sprinkle or rub with pounce; as, to pounce paper, or a pattern.
[ Prob. through French, from an assumed Late Latin punctiare
to prick, Latin pungere
. See Puncheon
, transitive verb
] 1. The claw or talon of a bird of prey. Spenser. Burke. 2. A punch or stamp.
[ Obsolete] "A pounce
to print money with." Withals. 3. Cloth worked in eyelet holes.
[ Obsolete] Homilies.
Pounce transitive verb 1. To strike or seize with the talons; to pierce, as with the talons.
Stooped from his highest pitch to pounce a wren. Cowper.
Now pounce him lightly, J. Fletcher. 2. To punch; to perforate; to stamp holes in, or dots on, by way of ornament.
And as he roars and rages, let's go deeper.
[ Obsolete] Sir T. Elyot.
Pounce intransitive verb To fall suddenly and seize with the claws; -- with on or upon ; as, a hawk pounces upon a chicken. Also used figuratively.
Derision is never so agonizing as when it pounces on the wanderings of misguided sensibility. Jeffrey.
1. Furnished with claws or talons; as, the pounced young of the eagle. Thomson. 2. Ornamented with perforations or dots. [ Obsolete] "Gilt bowls pounced and pierced." Holinshed.
[ Confer French poncette
, from ponce
pounce. See Pounce
a powder.] A box with a perforated lid, for sprinkling pounce, or for holding perfumes. Shak.
1. The art or practice of transferring a design by means of pounce. 2. Decorative perforation of cloth. [ Obsolete]
Pound transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pounded
; present participle & verbal noun Pounding
.] [ Middle English pounen
, Anglo-Saxon punian
to bruise. Confer Pun
a play on words.] 1. To strike repeatedly with some heavy instrument; to beat.
With cruel blows she pounds her blubbered cheeks. Dryden. 2. To comminute and pulverize by beating; to bruise or break into fine particles with a pestle or other heavy instrument; as, to pound spice or salt.
Pound intransitive verb
1. To strike heavy blows; to beat. 2. (Machinery) To make a jarring noise, as in running; as, the engine pounds .
[ Anglo-Saxon pund
an inclosure: confer forpyndan
to turn away, or to repress, also Icelandic pynda
to extort, torment, Ir. pont
, pond, pound. Confer Pinder
to inclose, Pond
.] 1. An inclosure, maintained by public authority, in which cattle or other animals are confined when taken in trespassing, or when going at large in violation of law; a pinfold. Shak. 2. A level stretch in a canal between locks. 3. (Fishing) A kind of net, having a large inclosure with a narrow entrance into which fish are directed by wings spreading outward. Pound covert
, a pound that is close or covered over, as a shed.
-- Pound overt
, a pound that is open overhead.
Pound transitive verb To confine in, or as in, a pound; to impound. Milton.
; plural Pounds
, collectively Pound
. [ Anglo-Saxon pund
, from Latin pondo
, akin to pondus
a weight, pendere
to weigh. See Pendant
.] 1. A certain specified weight; especially, a legal standard consisting of an established number of ounces.
» The pound in general use in the United States and in England is the pound avoirdupois
, which is divided into sixteen ounces, and contains 7,000 grains. The pound troy
is divided into twelve ounces, and contains 5,760 grains. 144 pounds avoirdupois are equal to 175 pounds troy weight. See Avoirdupois
, and Troy
. 2. A British denomination of money of account, equivalent to twenty shillings sterling, and equal in value to about $4.86. There is no coin known by this name, but the gold sovereign is of the same value.
» The pound
sterling was in Saxon times, about a.d.
671, a pound
troy of silver, and a shilling was its twentieth part; consequently the latter was three times as large as it is at present. Peacham.
Pound-breach noun The breaking of a public pound for releasing impounded animals. Blackstone.
1. A sum deducted from a pound, or a certain sum paid for each pound; a commission. 2. A subsidy of twelve pence in the pound, formerly granted to the crown on all goods exported or imported, and if by aliens, more. [ Eng.] Blackstone. 3. (Law) The sum allowed to a sheriff or other officer upon the amount realized by an execution; -- estimated in England, and formerly in the United States, at so much of the pound. Burrill. Bouvier.
Poundage transitive verb To collect, as poundage; to assess, or rate, by poundage. [ R.]
[ See 3d Pound
.] 1. Confinement of cattle, or other animals, in a public pound. 2. A charge paid for the release of impounded cattle.
[ From 5th Pound
.] (Physics & Mech.) A unit of force based upon the pound, foot, and second, being the force which, acting on a pound avoirdupois for one second, causes it to acquire by the of that time a velocity of one foot per second. It is about equal to the weight of half an ounce, and is 13,825 dynes.
Poundcake noun A kind of rich, sweet cake; -- so called from the ingredients being used by pounds, or in equal quantities.
1. One who, or that which, pounds, as a stamp in an ore mill. 2. An instrument used for pounding; a pestle. 3. A person or thing, so called with reference to a certain number of pounds in value, weight, capacity, etc.; as, a cannon carrying a twelve-pound ball is called a twelve pounder . » Before the English reform act of 1867, one who was an elector by virtue of paying ten pounds rent was called a ten pounder .
1. The act of beating, bruising, or breaking up; a beating. 2. A pounded or pulverized substance. [ R.] "Covered with the poundings of these rocks." J. S. Blackie.
Poundkeeper noun The keeper of a pound.