Webster's Dictionary, 1913
; G. plural -triller
. [ G.] (Music) A melodic embellishment consisting of the quick alternation of a principal tone with an auxiliary tone above it, usually the next of the scale; -- called also the inverted mordente .
Pram, Prame noun (Nautical) See Praam .
Prance intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pranced
; present participle & verbal noun Prancing
.] [ Middle English prauncen
; probably akin to prank
, transitive verb See Prank.] 1. To spring or bound, as a horse in high mettle.
Now rule thy prancing steed. Gay. 2. To ride on a prancing horse; to ride in an ostentatious manner.
The insulting tyrant prancing o'er the field. Addison. 3. To walk or strut about in a pompous, showy manner, or with warlike parade. Swift.
Prancer noun A horse which prances.
Then came the captain . . . upon a brave prancer . Evelyn.
Prandial adjective [ Latin prandium a repast.] Of or pertaining to a repast, especially to dinner.
Prangos noun [ From the native name in Afghanistan.] (Botany) A genus of umbelliferous plants, one species of which ( P. pabularia ), found in Thibet, Cashmere, Afghanistan, etc., has been used as fodder for cattle. It has decompound leaves with very long narrow divisions, and a highly fragrant smell resembling that of new clover hay.
Prank transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pranked
; present participle & verbal noun Pranking
.] [ Confer English prink
, also German prangen
, to shine, to make a show, Danish prange
, Swedish prunka
, Dutch pronken
.] To adorn in a showy manner; to dress or equip ostentatiously; -- often followed by up ; as, to prank up the body. See Prink .
In sumptuous tire she joyed herself to prank . Spenser.
Prank intransitive verb To make ostentatious show.
White houses prank where once were huts. M. Arnold.
Prank noun A gay or sportive action; a ludicrous, merry, or mischievous trick; a caper; a frolic. Spenser.
The harpies . . . played their accustomed pranks . Sir W. Raleigh.
His pranks have been too broad to bear with. Shak.
Prank adjective Full of gambols or tricks. [ Obsolete]
Pranker noun One who dresses showily; a prinker. "A pranker or a dancer." Burton.
Prankish adjective Full of pranks; frolicsome.
Prase noun [ Latin prasius , from Greek ... of a leek-green, from Greek ... a leek: confer French prase .] (Min.) A variety of cryptocrystalline of a leek-green color.
Praseo- [ Greek ... leek-green, green, from ... a leek.] A combining form signifying green ; as, praseo cobalt, a green variety of cobalt.
Praseodymium noun [ Praseo- + di dymium .] (Chemistry) An elementary substance, one of the constituents of didymium; -- so called from the green color of its salts. Symbol Ps. Atomic weight 143.6.
Praseolite noun [ Praseo- + -lite .] (Min.) A variety of altered iolite of a green color and greasy luster.
Prasinous adjective [ Latin prasinus , Greek ..., from ... a leek.] Grass-green; clear, lively green, without any mixture. Lindley.
Prasoid adjective [ Greek ... leek + - oid .] (Min.) Resembling prase.
Prate intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prated
; present participle & verbal noun Prating
.] [ Akin to LG. & Dutch praten
, Danish prate
, Swedish & Icelandic prata
.] To talk much and to little purpose; to be loquacious; to speak foolishly; to babble.
To prate and talk for life and honor. Shak.
And make a fool presume to prate of love. Dryden.
Prate transitive verb To utter foolishly; to speak without reason or purpose; to chatter, or babble.
What nonsense would the fool, thy master, prate , Dryden.
When thou, his knave, canst talk at such a rate !
[ Akin to LG. & Dutch praat
, Swedish prat
.] Talk to little purpose; trifling talk; unmeaning loquacity.
Sick of tops, and poetry, and prate . Pope.
Prateful adjective Talkative. [ R.] W. Taylor.
Prater noun One who prates. Shak.
Pratincole noun (Zoology) Any bird of the Old World genus Glareola , or family Glareolidæ , allied to the plovers. They have long, pointed wings and a forked tail.
Pratingly adverb With idle talk; with loquacity.
[ F.; confer Italian pratica
, Spanish practica
. See Practice
.] 1. (Com.) Primarily, liberty of converse; intercourse; hence, a certificate, given after compliance with quarantine regulations, permitting a ship to land passengers and crew; -- a term used particularly in the south of Europe. 2. Practice; habits.
[ Obsolete] "One of English education and pratique
." R. North.
Prattle intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prattled
; present participle & verbal noun Prattling
.] [ Freq. of prate
.] To talk much and idly; to prate; hence, to talk lightly and artlessly, like a child; to utter child's talk.
Prattle transitive verb To utter as prattle; to babble; as, to prattle treason. Addison.
Prattle noun Trifling or childish tattle; empty talk; loquacity on trivial subjects; prate; babble.
Mere prattle , without practice. Shak.
Prattlement noun Prattle. [ R.] Jeffrey.
Prattler noun One who prattles. Herbert.
Pravity noun [ Latin pravitas , from pravus crooked, perverse.] Deterioration; degeneracy; corruption; especially, moral crookedness; moral perversion; perverseness; depravity; as, the pravity of human nature. "The pravity of the will." South.
Prawn noun [ Middle English prane , of unknown origin; confer Latin perna a sea mussel.] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of large shrimplike Crustacea having slender legs and long antennæ. They mostly belong to the genera Pandalus , Palæmon , Palæmonetes , and Peneus , and are much used as food. The common English prawn is Palæmon serratus . » The name is often applied to any large shrimp.
Praxinoscope noun [ Greek ... action + -scope .] (Opt.) An instrument, similar to the phenakistoscope, for presenting to view, or projecting upon a screen, images the natural motions of real objects.
[ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to do. See Practice
.] 1. Use; practice; especially, exercise or discipline for a specific purpose or object.
and theory of music." Wood. 2. An example or form of exercise, or a collection of such examples, for practice.
Pray noun & v. See Pry .
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Pray intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prayed
; present participle & verbal noun Praying
.] [ Middle English preien
, Old French preier
, French prier
, Latin precari
, from prex
, a prayer, a request; akin to Sanskrit prach
to ask, Anglo-Saxon frignan
, German fragen
, Goth. fraíhnan
. Confer Deprecate
.] To make request with earnestness or zeal, as for something desired; to make entreaty or supplication; to offer prayer to a deity or divine being as a religious act; specifically, to address the Supreme Being with adoration, confession, supplication, and thanksgiving.
And to his goddess pitously he preyde . Chaucer.
When thou prayest , enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret; and thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly. Matt. vi. 6. I pray
, or (by ellipsis) Pray
, I beg; I request; I entreat you; -- used in asking a question, making a request, introducing a petition, etc.; as, Pray , allow me to go.
I pray , sir. why am I beaten? Shak. Syn.
-- To entreat; supplicate; beg; implore; invoke; beseech; petition.
Pray transitive verb 1. To address earnest request to; to supplicate; to entreat; to implore; to beseech.
And as this earl was preyed , so did he. Chaucer.
We pray you . . . by ye reconciled to God. 2 Cor. v. 20. 2. To ask earnestly for; to seek to obtain by supplication; to entreat for.
I know not how to pray your patience. Shak. 3. To effect or accomplish by praying; as, to pray a soul out of purgatory. Milman. To pray in aid
. (Law) (a) To call in as a helper one who has an interest in the cause
. Bacon. (b) A phrase often used to signify claiming the benefit of an argument. See under Aid . Mozley & W.
Prayer noun One who prays; a supplicant.
(...; 277) noun
[ Middle English preiere
, Old French preiere
, French prière
, from Latin precarius
obtained by prayer, from precari
to pray. See Pray
, intransitive verb
] 1. The act of praying, or of asking a favor; earnest request or entreaty; hence, a petition or memorial addressed to a court or a legislative body.
"Their meek preyere
." Chaucer 2. The act of addressing supplication to a divinity, especially to the true God; the offering of adoration, confession, supplication, and thanksgiving to the Supreme Being; as, public prayer ; secret prayer .
As he is famed for mildness, peace, and prayer . Shak. 3. The form of words used in praying; a formula of supplication; an expressed petition; especially, a supplication addressed to God; as, a written or extemporaneous prayer ; to repeat one's prayers .
He made those excellent prayers which were published immediately after his death. Bp. Fell. Prayer book
, a book containing devotional prayers.
-- Prayer meeting
, a meeting or gathering for prayer to God. Syn.
-- Petition; orison; supplication; entreaty; suit.
Prayerful adjective Given to prayer; praying much or often; devotional. "The prayerful man." J. S. Blackie. -- Prayer"ful*ly , adverb -- Prayer"ful*ness , noun
Prayerless adjective Not using prayer; habitually neglecting prayer to God; without prayer. "The next time you go prayerless to bed." Baxter. -- Prayer"less*ly , adverb -- Prayer"less*ness , noun
Praying adjective & noun from Pray , v. Praying insect
, or mantis (Zoology)
, a mantis, especially Mantis religiosa . See Mantis .
-- Praying machine
, or Praying wheel
, a wheel on which prayers are pasted by Buddhist priests, who then put the wheel in rapid revolution. Each turn in supposed to have the efficacy of an oral repetition of all the prayers on the wheel. Sometimes it is moved by a stream.
Prayingly adverb With supplication to God.
[ Latin prae
, adverb & preposition , before, akin to pro
, and to English for
, preposition : confer French pré-
. See Pro-
, and confer Prior
.] A prefix denoting priority (of time, place, or rank); as, precede , to go before; pre cursor, a forerunner; pre fix, to fix or place before; pre ëminent eminent before or above others. Pre- is sometimes used intensively, as in pre potent, very potent.
[ Written also præ-
Preaccusation noun Previous accusation.
Preace v. & noun Press. [ Obsolete] Spenser.