Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Preach intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Preached
; present participle & verbal noun Preaching
.] [ Middle English prechen
, Old French preechier
, French prêcher
, from Latin praedicare
to cry in public, to proclaim; prae
before + dicare
to make known, dicere
to say; or perhaps from (assumed) Late Latin praedictare
. See Diction
, and confer Predicate
.] 1. To proclaim or publish tidings; specifically, to proclaim the gospel; to discourse publicly on a religious subject, or from a text of Scripture; to deliver a sermon.
How shall they preach , except they be sent? Rom. x. 15.
From that time Jesus began to preach . Matt. iv. 17. 2. To give serious advice on morals or religion; to discourse in the manner of a preacher.
Preach transitive verb 1. To proclaim by public discourse; to utter in a sermon or a formal religious harangue.
That Cristes gospel truly wolde preche . Chaucer.
The Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek. Isa. lxi. 1. 2. To inculcate in public discourse; to urge with earnestness by public teaching.
"I have preached
righteousness in the great congregation." Ps. xl. 9. 3. To deliver or pronounce; as, to preach a sermon. 4. To teach or instruct by preaching; to inform by preaching.
[ R.] "As ye are preached
." Southey. 5. To advise or recommend earnestly.
My master preaches patience to him. Shak. To preach down
, to oppress, or humiliate by preaching. Tennyson.
-- To preach up
, to exalt by preaching; to preach in support of; as, to preach up equality.
[ Confer French prêche
, from prêcher
. See Preach
] A religious discourse.
[ Obsolete] Hooker.
[ Confer Old French preeschierre
, French prêcheur
, Latin praedicator
.] 1. One who preaches; one who discourses publicly on religious subjects.
How shall they hear without a preacher ? Rom. x. 14. 2. One who inculcates anything with earnestness.
No preacher is listened to but Time. Swift. Preacher bird (Zoology)
, a toucan.
Preachership noun The office of a preacher. "The preachership of the Rolls." Macaulay.
Preachify intransitive verb [ Preach + -fy .] To discourse in the manner of a preacher. [ Colloq.] Thackeray.
Preaching noun The act of delivering a religious discourse; the art of sermonizing; also, a sermon; a public religious discourse; serious, earnest advice. Milner. Preaching cross
, a cross, sometimes surmounting a pulpit, erected out of doors to designate a preaching place.
-- Preaching friars
. See Dominican .
; plural Preachmen A preacher; -- so called in contempt.
[ Obsolete] Howell.
Preachment noun A religious harangue; a sermon; -- used derogatively. Shak.
Preacquaint transitive verb To acquaint previously or beforehand. Fielding.
Preacquaintance noun Previous acquaintance or knowledge. Harris.
Preact transitive verb To act beforehand; to perform previously.
Preaction noun Previous action.
Preadamic adjective Prior to Adam.
Preadamite noun [ Confer French préadamite .]
1. An inhabitant of the earth before Adam. 2. One who holds that men existed before Adam.
Preadamitic adjective Existing or occurring before Adam; preadamic; as, preadamitic periods.
Preadjustment noun Previous adjustment.
Preadministration noun Previous administration. Bp. Pearson.
Preadmission noun Lit., previous admission; specif. (Engineering) , admission, as of steam, to the engine cylinder before the back stroke is completed, thus increasing the cushioning.
Preadmonish transitive verb To admonish previously.
Preadmonition noun Previous warning or admonition; forewarning.
Preadvertise transitive verb To advertise beforehand; to preannounce publicly.
[ Late Latin praeambulum
, from Latin praeambulus
walking before, from praeambulare
to walk before; prae
before + ambulare
to walk: confer French préambule
. See Amble
.] A introductory portion; an introduction or preface, as to a book, document, etc.; specifically, the introductory part of a statute, which states the reasons and intent of the law.
Preamble transitive verb & i. To make a preamble to; to preface; to serve as a preamble. [ R.] Feltham. Milton.
Preambulary adjective [ Confer Old French preambulaire .] Of or pertaining to a preamble; introductory; contained or provided for in a preamble. "A preambulary tax." [ R.] Burke.
Preambulate intransitive verb
[ Latin praeambulare
. See Preamble
.] To walk before.
[ R.] Jordan.
1. A walking or going before; precedence. [ R.] 2. A preamble. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Preambulatory adjective Preceding; going before; introductory.
Simon Magus had preambulatory impieties. Jer. Taylor.
Preannounce transitive verb To announce beforehand. Coleridge.
Preantenultimate adjective Being or indicating the fourth syllable from the end of a word, or that before the antepenult.
Preaortic adjective (Anat.) In front, or on the ventral side, of the aorta.
Preappoint transitive verb To appoint previously, or beforehand. Carlyle.
Preappointment noun Previous appointment.
Preapprehension noun An apprehension or opinion formed before examination or knowledge. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.
Prearm transitive verb To forearm. [ R.]
Prearrange transitive verb To arrange beforehand.
Prease transitive verb & i. To press; to crowd. [ Obsolete] -- noun A press; a crowd. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Preassurance noun Previous assurance. Coleridge.
Preataxic adjective (Medicine) Occurring before the symptom ataxia has developed; -- applied to the early symptoms of locomotor ataxia.
Preaudience noun (Eng. Law) Precedence of rank at the bar among lawyers. Blackstone.
Preaxial adjective (Anat.) Situated in front of any transverse axis in the body of an animal; anterior; cephalic; esp., in front, or on the anterior, or cephalic (that is, radial or tibial) side of the axis of a limb.
[ French prébende
(cf. Italian & Spanish prebenda
), from Latin praebenda
, from Latin praebere
to hold forth, afford, contr. from praehibere
before + habere
to have, hold. See Habit
, and confer Provender
.] 1. A payment or stipend; esp., the stipend or maintenance granted to a prebendary out of the estate of a cathedral or collegiate church with which he is connected. See Note under Benefice . 2. A prebendary.
[ Obsolete] Bacon. Dignitary prebend
, one having jurisdiction annexed to it.
-- Simple prebend
, one without jurisdiction.
Prebendal (pre*bĕn"d a l) adjective Of or pertaining to a prebend; holding a prebend; as, a prebendal priest or stall. Chesterfield.
[ Late Latin praebendarius
: confer French prébendaire
. See Prebend
.] 1. A clergyman attached to a collegiate or cathedral church who enjoys a prebend in consideration of his officiating at stated times in the church. See Note under Benefice , noun , 3. Hook. 2. A prebendaryship.
[ Obsolete] Bailey.
Prebendaryship noun The office of a prebendary.
Prebendate transitive verb [ Late Latin praebendatus , past participle of praebendari .] To invest with the office of prebendary; to present to a prebend. [ Obsolete] Grafton.
Prebendship noun A prebendaryship. [ Obsolete] Foxe.
Prebronchial adjective (Anat.) Situated in front of the bronchus; -- applied especially to an air sac on either side of the esophagus of birds.
Precalculate transitive verb To calculate or determine beforehand; to prearrange. Masson.
Precant noun [ Latin precans , -antis , present participle of precari to pray.] One who prays. [ R.] Coleridge.
[ Latin precarius
obtained by begging or prayer, depending on request or on the will of another, from precari
to pray, beg. See Pray
.] 1. Depending on the will or pleasure of another; held by courtesy; liable to be changed or lost at the pleasure of another; as, precarious privileges. Addison. 2. Held by a doubtful tenure; depending on unknown causes or events; exposed to constant risk; not to be depended on for certainty or stability; uncertain; as, a precarious state of health; precarious fortunes.
"Intervals of partial and precarious
liberty." Macaulay. Syn.
-- Uncertain; unsettled; unsteady; doubtful; dubious; equivocal. -- Precarious
in stronger than uncertain
. Derived originally from the Latin precari
, it first signified "granted to entreaty," and, hence, "wholly dependent on the will of another." Thus it came to express the highest species of uncertainty, and is applied to such things as depend wholly on future casualties. -- Pre*ca"ri*ous*ly