Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Pragmatic noun 1. One skilled in affairs.
My attorney and solicitor too; a fine pragmatic . B. Jonson. 2. A solemn public ordinance or decree.
A royal pragmatic was accordingly passed. Prescott.
Pragmatic, Pragmatical adjective
[ Latin pragmaticus
busy, active, skilled in business, especially in law and state affairs, systematic, Greek ..., from ... a thing done, business, from ... to do: confer French pragmatique
. See Practical
.] 1. Of or pertaining to business or to affairs; of the nature of business; practical; material; businesslike in habit or manner.
The next day . . . I began to be very pragmatical . Evelyn.
We can not always be contemplative, diligent, or pragmatical , abroad; but have need of some delightful intermissions. Milton.
Low, pragmatical , earthly views of the gospel. Hare. 2. Busy; specifically, busy in an objectionable way; officious; fussy and positive; meddlesome.
officers of justice." Sir W. Scott.
The fellow grew so pragmatical that he took upon him the government of my whole family. Arbuthnot. 3. Philosophical; dealing with causes, reasons, and effects, rather than with details and circumstances; -- said of literature.
history." Sir W. Hamilton.
poetry." M. Arnold. Pragmatic sanction
, a solemn ordinance or decree issued by the head or legislature of a state upon weighty matters; -- a term derived from the Byzantine empire. In European history, two decrees under this name are particularly celebrated. One of these, issued by Charles VII. of France, A. D. 1438, was the foundation of the liberties of the Gallican church; the other, issued by Charles VI. of Germany, A. D. 1724, settled his hereditary dominions on his eldest daughter, the Archduchess Maria Theresa.
Pragmatically adverb In a pragmatical manner.
Pragmaticalness noun The quality or state of being pragmatical.
Pragmatism noun The quality or state of being pragmatic; in literature, the pragmatic, or philosophical, method.
The narration of this apparently trifling circumstance belongs to the pragmatism of the history. A. Murphy.
Pragmatist noun One who is pragmatic.
Pragmatize transitive verb To consider, represent, or embody (something unreal) as fact; to materialize. [ R.] "A pragmatized metaphor." Tylor.
[ French, from prairie
meadow.] The ninth month of the French Republican calendar, which dated from September 22, 1792. It began May, 20, and ended June 18. See Vendemiaire .
[ French, an extensive meadow, Old French praerie
, Late Latin prataria
, from Latin pratum
a meadow.] 1. An extensive tract of level or rolling land, destitute of trees, covered with coarse grass, and usually characterized by a deep, fertile soil. They abound throughout the Mississippi valley, between the Alleghanies and the Rocky mountains.
From the forests and the prairies , Longfellow. 2. A meadow or tract of grass; especially, a so called natural meadow. Prairie chicken (Zoology)
From the great lakes of the northland.
, any American grouse of the genus Tympanuchus , especially T. Americanus (formerly T. cupido ), which inhabits the prairies of the central United States. Applied also to the sharp- tailed grouse.
-- Prairie clover (Botany)
, any plant of the leguminous genus Petalostemon , having small rosy or white flowers in dense terminal heads or spikes. Several species occur in the prairies of the United States.
-- Prairie dock (Botany)
, a coarse composite plant ( Silphium terebinthaceum ) with large rough leaves and yellow flowers, found in the Western prairies.
-- Prairie dog (Zoology)
, a small American rodent ( Cynomys Ludovicianus ) allied to the marmots. It inhabits the plains west of the Mississippi. The prairie dogs burrow in the ground in large warrens, and have a sharp bark like that of a dog. Called also prairie marmot .
-- Prairie grouse
. Same as Prairie chicken , above.
-- Prairie hare (Zoology)
, a large long-eared Western hare ( Lepus campestris ). See Jack rabbit , under 2d Jack .
-- Prairie hawk
, Prairie falcon (Zoology)
, a falcon of Western North America ( Falco Mexicanus ). The upper parts are brown. The tail has transverse bands of white; the under parts, longitudinal streaks and spots of brown.
-- Prairie hen
. (Zoology) Same as Prairie chicken , above.
-- Prairie itch (Medicine)
, an affection of the skin attended with intense itching, which is observed in the Northern and Western United States; -- also called swamp itch , winter itch .
-- Prairie marmot
. (Zoology) Same as Prairie dog , above.
-- Prairie mole (Zoology)
, a large American mole ( Scalops argentatus ), native of the Western prairies.
-- Prairie pigeon
, or snipe (Zoology)
, the upland plover. See Plover , noun , 2.
-- Prairie rattlesnake (Zoology)
, the massasauga.
-- Prairie snake (Zoology)
, a large harmless American snake ( Masticophis flavigularis ). It is pale yellow, tinged with brown above.
-- Prairie squirrel (Zoology)
, any American ground squirrel of the genus Spermophilus , inhabiting prairies; -- called also gopher .
-- Prairie turnip (Botany)
, the edible turnip-shaped farinaceous root of a leguminous plant ( Psoralea esculenta ) of the Upper Missouri region; also, the plant itself. Called also pomme blanche , and pomme de prairie .
-- Prairie warbler (Zoology)
, a bright-colored American warbler ( Dendroica discolor ). The back is olive yellow, with a group of reddish spots in the middle; the under parts and the parts around the eyes are bright yellow; the sides of the throat and spots along the sides, black; three outer tail feathers partly white.
-- Prairie wolf
. (Zoology) See Coyote .
Prairie State Illinois; -- a nickname.
Praisable adjective Fit to be praised; praise-worthy; laudable; commendable. Wyclif (2 Tim. ii. 15).
Praisably adverb In a praisable manner.
Praise transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Praised
; present participle & verbal noun Praising
.] [ Middle English preisen
, Old French preisier
, French priser
, Latin pretiare
to prize, from pretium
price. See Price
, and confer Appreciate
] 1. To commend; to applaud; to express approbation of; to laud; -- applied to a person or his acts.
well thy wit." Chaucer.
Let her own works praise her in the gates. Prov. xxxi. 31.
We praise not Hector, though his name, we know, Dryden. 2. To extol in words or song; to magnify; to glorify on account of perfections or excellent works; to do honor to; to display the excellence of; -- applied especially to the Divine Being.
Is great in arms; 't is hard to praise a foe.
Praise ye him, all his angels; praise ye him, all his hosts! Ps. cxlviii. 2. 3. To value; to appraise.
[ Obsolete] Piers Plowman. Syn.
-- To commend; laud; eulogize; celebrate; glorify; magnify. -- To Praise
. To praise
is to set at high price; to applaud
is to greet with clapping; to extol
is to bear aloft, to exalt. We may praise
in the exercise of calm judgment; we usually applaud
from impulse, and on account of some specific act; we extol
under the influence of high admiration, and usually in strong, if not extravagant, language.
[ Middle English preis
, Old French preis
price, worth, value, estimation. See Praise
.] 1. Commendation for worth; approval expressed; honor rendered because of excellence or worth; laudation; approbation.
There are men who always confound the praise of goodness with the practice. Rambler.
may be expressed by an individual, and thus differs from fame
, and celebrity
, which are always the expression of the approbation of numbers, or public commendation. 2. Especially, the joyful tribute of gratitude or homage rendered to the Divine Being; the act of glorifying or extolling the Creator; worship, particularly worship by song, distinction from prayer and other acts of worship; as, a service of praise . 3. The object, ground, or reason of praise.
He is thy praise , and he is thy God. Deut. x........ Syn.
-- Encomium; honor; eulogy; panegyric; plaudit; applause; acclaim; eclat; commendation; laudation.
Praise-meeting noun A religious service mainly in song. [ Local, U. S.]
Praiseful adjective Praiseworthy. [ Obsolete]
Praiseless adjective Without praise or approbation.
Praisement noun Appraisement. [ Obsolete]
1. One who praises. " Praisers of men." Sir P. Sidney. 2. An appraiser; a valuator. [ Obsolete] Sir T. North.
Praiseworthily adverb In a praiseworthy manner. Spenser.
Praiseworthiness noun The quality or state of being praiseworthy.
Praiseworthy adjective Worthy of praise or applause; commendable; as, praiseworthy action; he was praiseworthy . Arbuthnot.
Prakrit noun [ Sanskrit prākrta original, natural, usual, common, vulgar.] Any one of the popular dialects descended from, or akin to, Sanskrit; -- in distinction from the Sanskrit, which was used as a literary and learned language when no longer spoken by the people. Pali is one of the Prakrit dialects.
Prakritic adjective Pertaining to Prakrit.
[ French] A confection made of nut kernels, usually of almonds, roasted in boiling sugar until brown and crisp.
Bonbons, pralines , . . . saccharine, crystalline substances of all kinds and colors. Du Maurier.
[ Corrupted from Latin praemonere
to forewarn, cite. See Admonish
.] (Eng. Law) (a) The offense of introducing foreign authority into England, the penalties for which were originally intended to depress the civil power of the pope in the kingdom. (b) The writ grounded on that offense. Wharton. (c) The penalty ascribed for the offense of præmunire .
Wolsey incurred a præmunire , and forfeited his honor, estate, and life. South.
» The penalties of præmunire
were subsequently applied to many other offenses; but prosecutions upon a præmunire
are at this day unheard of in the English courts. Blackstone.
Præmunire transitive verb
1. To subject to the penalties of præmunire. [ Obsolete] T. Ward.
Prænares noun plural
[ New Latin See Pre-
.] (Anat.) The anterior nares. See Nares . B. G. Wilder.
Prænasal adjective (Anat.) Same as Prenasal .
; plural Prænomina
. [ Latin , from prae
before + nomen
name.] (Rom. Antiq.) The first name of a person, by which individuals of the same family were distinguished, answering to our Christian name , as Caius, Lucius, Marcus, etc.
Prænominical adjective Of or pertaining to a prænomen. [ Obsolete] M. A. Lower.
[ New Latin ] (Anat.) Same as Preoperculum .
Præoral noun , Præ*pu"bis noun , Præ*scap"u*la noun , Præ*scu"tum
; plural Prætextæ
, English Prætextas
. [ Latin (sc. toga
), from praetextus
, past participle of praetexere
to weave before, to fringe, border; prae
before + texere
to weave.] (Rom. Antiq.) A white robe with a purple border, worn by a Roman boy before he was entitled to wear the toga virilis , or until about the completion of his fourteenth year, and by girls until their marriage. It was also worn by magistrates and priests.
Prætores noun plural
[ New Latin See Pretor
.] (Zoology) A division of butterflies including the satyrs.