Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Poundrate noun A rate or proportion estimated at a certain amount for each pound; poundage.
Poup intransitive verb See Powp .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Poupart's ligament (Anat.) A ligament, of fascia, extending, in most mammals, from the ventral side of the ilium to near the symphysis of the pubic bones.
[ See Puppet
.] A puppet, or little baby.
[ Obsolete] Palsgrave.
Pour adjective Poor. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Pour intransitive verb To pore. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Pour transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Poured
; present participle & verbal noun Pouring
.] [ Middle English pouren
, of uncertain origin; confer W. bwrw
to cast, throw, shed, bwrw gwlaw
to rain.] 1. To cause to flow in a stream, as a liquid or anything flowing like a liquid, either out of a vessel or into it; as, to pour water from a pail; to pour wine into a decanter; to pour oil upon the waters; to pour out sand or dust. 2. To send forth as in a stream or a flood; to emit; to let escape freely or wholly.
I . . . have poured out my soul before the Lord. 1 Sam. i. 15.
Now will I shortly pour out my fury upon thee. Ezek. vii. 8.
London doth pour out her citizens ! Shak.
Wherefore did Nature pour her bounties forth Milton. 3. To send forth from, as in a stream; to discharge uninterruptedly.
With such a full and unwithdrawing hand ?
Is it for thee the linnet pours his throat ? Pope.
Pour intransitive verb To flow, pass, or issue in a stream, or as a stream; to fall continuously and abundantly; as, the rain pours ; the people poured out of the theater.
In the rude throng pour on with furious pace. Gay.
Pour noun A stream, or something like a stream; a flood. [ Colloq.] "A pour of rain." Miss Ferrier.
Poureliche adverb Poorly. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Pourer noun One who pours.
Pourparler noun [ French] (Diplomacy) A consultation preliminary to a treaty.
; plural Pourparties
. [ See Purparty
.] (Law) A division; a divided share. To make pourparty
, to divide and apportion lands previously held in common.
Pourpoint noun [ French] A quilted military doublet or gambeson worn in the 14th and 15th centuries; also, a name for the doublet of the 16th and 17th centuries worn by civilians.
Pourtray transitive verb See Portray .
Pousse (pōs) noun Pulse; pease. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Pousse-café noun [ French, from pousser to push + café coffee.] A drink served after coffee at dinner, usually one of several liqueurs, or cordials, of different specific gravities poured so as to remain separate in layers; hence, such a drink of cordials served at any time.
[ French, pushpin, from pousser
to push. See Push
.] A movement, or part of a figure, in the contradance. Dickens.
Poussette intransitive verb To perform a certain movement in a dance.
[ R.] Tennyson.
Down the middle, up again, poussette , and cross. J. & H. Smith.
[ French poulet
. See Poult
.] The young of some birds, as grouse; a young fowl. Carew.
Pout (pōt) intransitive verb To shoot pouts. [ Scot.]
(pout) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pouted
; present participle & verbal noun Pouting
.] [ Middle English pouten
, of uncertain origin; confer Prov. pot
lip, Prov. French potte
, faire la potte
to pout, W. pwdu
to pout, be sullen, poten
, a paunch, belly.] 1. To thrust out the lips, as in sullenness or displeasure; hence, to look sullen.
Thou poutest upon thy fortune and thy love. Shak. 2. To protrude.
Pout noun A sullen protrusion of the lips; a fit of sullenness. "Jack's in the pouts ." J. & H. Smith.
[ Confer Eelpout
.] (Zoology) The European whiting pout or bib. Eel pout
. (Zoology) See Eelpout .
-- Horn pout
, or Horned pout
. (Zoology) See Bullhead (b) .
Pouter (-ẽr) noun
1. One who, or that which, pouts. 2. [ Confer English pout , and German puter turkey.] (Zoology) A variety of the domestic pigeon remarkable for the extent to which it is able to dilate its throat and breast.
Pouting noun Childish sullenness.
Poutingly adverb In a pouting, or a sullen, manner.
Povert (pŏv"ẽrt) noun Poverty. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Middle English poverte
, Old French poverté
, French pauvreté
, from Latin paupertas
, from pauper
poor. See Poor
.] 1. The quality or state of being poor or indigent; want or scarcity of means of subsistence; indigence; need.
"Swathed in numblest poverty
The drunkard and the glutton shall come to poverty . Prov. xxiii. 21. 2. Any deficiency of elements or resources that are needed or desired, or that constitute richness; as, poverty of soil; poverty of the blood; poverty of ideas. Poverty grass (Botany)
, a name given to several slender grasses (as Aristida dichotoma , and Danthonia spicata ) which often spring up on old and worn-out fields. Syn.
-- Indigence; penury; beggary; need; lack; want; scantiness; sparingness; meagerness; jejuneness. Poverty
is a relative term; what is poverty
to a monarch, would be competence for a day laborer. Indigence
implies extreme distress, and almost absolute destitution. Pauperism
denotes entire dependence upon public charity, and, therefore, often a hopeless and degraded state.
Powan, Powen noun (Zoology) A small British lake whitefish ( Coregonus clupeoides , or C. ferus ); -- called also gwyniad and lake herring .
[ Middle English poudre
, French poudre
, Old French also poldre
, Latin pulvis
: confer pollen
fine flour, mill dust, English pollen
. Confer Polverine
.] 1. The fine particles to which any dry substance is reduced by pounding, grinding, or triturating, or into which it falls by decay; dust.
Grind their bones to powder small. Shak. 2. An explosive mixture used in gunnery, blasting, etc.; gunpowder. See Gunpowder . Atlas powder
, Baking powder
, etc. See under Atlas , Baking , etc.
-- Powder down (Zoology)
, the peculiar dust, or exfoliation, of powder-down feathers.
-- Powder- down feather (Zoology)
, one of a peculiar kind of modified feathers which sometimes form patches on certain parts of some birds. They have a greasy texture and a scaly exfoliation.
- - Powder-down patch (Zoology)
, a tuft or patch of powder-down feathers.
-- Powder hose
, a tube of strong linen, about an inch in diameter, filled with powder and used in firing mines. Farrow.
-- Powder hoy (Nautical)
, a vessel specially fitted to carry powder for the supply of war ships. They are usually painted red and carry a red flag.
-- Powder magazine
, or Powder room
. See Magazine , 2.
-- Powder mine
, a mine exploded by gunpowder. See Mine .
-- Powder monkey (Nautical)
, a boy formerly employed on war vessels to carry powder; a powder boy.
-- Powder post
. See Dry rot , under Dry .
-- Powder puff
. See Puff , noun
Powder transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Powdered
; present participle & verbal noun Powdering
.] [ French poudrer
.] 1. To reduce to fine particles; to pound, grind, or rub into a powder; to comminute; to pulverize; to triturate. 2. To sprinkle with powder, or as with powder; to be sprinkle; as, to powder the hair.
A circling zone thou seest Milton. 3. To sprinkle with salt; to corn, as meat.
Powdered with stars.
Powder intransitive verb
1. To be reduced to powder; to become like powder; as, some salts powder easily. 2. To use powder on the hair or skin; as, she paints and powders .
Powder-posted adjective Affected with dry rot; reduced to dust by rot. See Dry rot , under Dry .
Powdered adjective 1. Reduced to a powder; sprinkled with, or as with, powder. 2. Sprinkled with salt; salted; corned.
Powdered beef, pickled meats. Harvey. 3. (Her.) Same as Semé . Walpole.
Powderflask noun A flask in which gunpowder is carried, having a charging tube at the end.
Powderhorn noun A horn in which gunpowder is carried.
Powdering adjective & noun from Powder , transitive verb Powdering tub
. (a) A tub or vessel in which meat is corned or salted
. (b) A heated tub in which an infected lecher was placed for cure.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Powdermill noun A mill in which gunpowder is made.
1. Easily crumbling to pieces; friable; loose; as, a powdery spar. 2. Sprinkled or covered with powder; dusty; as, the powdery bloom on plums. 3. Resembling powder; consisting of powder. "The powdery snow." Wordsworth.
Powdike noun [ Scot. pow , pou , a pool, a watery or marshy place, from English pool .] A dike a marsh or fen. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
Power noun (Zoology) Same as Poor , the fish.
[ Middle English pouer
, Old French poeir
, French pouvoir
, noun & v., from Late Latin potere
, for Latin posse
, to be able, to have power. See Possible
, and confer Posse comitatus
.] 1. Ability to act, regarded as latent or inherent; the faculty of doing or performing something; capacity for action or performance; capability of producing an effect, whether physical or moral: potency; might; as, a man of great power ; the power of capillary attraction; money gives power .
"One next himself in power
, and next in crime." Milton. 2. Ability, regarded as put forth or exerted; strength, force, or energy in action; as, the power of steam in moving an engine; the power of truth, or of argument, in producing conviction; the power of enthusiasm.
of fancy." Shak. 3. Capacity of undergoing or suffering; fitness to be acted upon; susceptibility; -- called also passive power ; as, great power of endurance.
Power , then, is active and passive; faculty is active power or capacity; capacity is passive power . Sir W. Hamilton. 4. The exercise of a faculty; the employment of strength; the exercise of any kind of control; influence; dominion; sway; command; government.
Power is no blessing in itself but when it is employed to protect the innocent. Swift. 5. The agent exercising an ability to act; an individual invested with authority; an institution, or government, which exercises control; as, the great powers of Europe; hence, often, a superhuman agent; a spirit; a divinity.
of darkness." Milton.
And the powers of the heavens shall be shaken. Matt. xxiv. 29. 6. A military or naval force; an army or navy; a great host. Spenser.
Never such a power . . . Shak. 7. A large quantity; a great number; as, a power o... good things.
Was levied in the body of a land.
[ Colloq.] Richardson. 8. (Mech.) (a) The rate at which mechanical energy is exerted or mechanical work performed, as by an engine or other machine, or an animal, working continuously; as, an engine of twenty horse power .
» The English unit of power used most commonly is the horse power
. See Horse power
. (b) A mechanical agent; that from which useful mechanical energy is derived; as, water power ; steam power ; hand power , etc. (c) Applied force; force producing motion or pressure; as, the power applied at one and of a lever to lift a weight at the other end.
» This use in mechanics, of power
as a synonym for force
, is improper and is becoming obsolete. (d) A machine acted upon by an animal, and serving as a motor to drive other machinery; as, a dog power .
is used adjectively, denoting, driven, or adapted to be driven, by machinery, and not actuated directly by the hand or foot; as, a power
lathe; a power
loom; a power
press. 9. (Math.) The product arising from the multiplication of a number into itself; as, a square is the second power , and a cube is third power , of a number. 10. (Metaph.) Mental or moral ability to act; one of the faculties which are possessed by the mind or soul; as, the power of thinking, reasoning, judging, willing, fearing, hoping, etc. I. Watts.
The guiltiness of my mind, the sudden surprise of my powers , drove the grossness . . . into a received belief. Shak. 11. (Optics) The degree to which a lens, mirror, or any optical instrument, magnifies; in the telescope, and usually in the microscope, the number of times it multiplies, or augments, the apparent diameter of an object; sometimes, in microscopes, the number of times it multiplies the apparent surface. 12. (Law) An authority enabling a person to dispose of an interest vested either in himself or in another person; ownership by appointment. Wharton. 13. Hence, vested authority to act in a given case; as, the business was referred to a committee with power .
may be predicated of inanimate agents, like the winds and waves, electricity and magnetism, gravitation, etc., or of animal and intelligent beings; and when predicated of these beings, it may indicate physical, mental, or moral ability or capacity. Mechanical powers
. See under Mechanical .
-- Power loom
, or Power press
. See Def. 8 (d) , note.
-- Power of attorney
. See under Attorney .
-- Power of a point
(relative to a given curve) (Geom.)
, the result of substituting the coördinates of any point in that expression which being put equal to zero forms the equation of the curve; as, x 2 + y 2 - 100 is the power of the point x, y , relative to the circle x 2 + y 2 - 100 = 0 .
1. Capable of being effected or accomplished by the application of power; possible. [ R.] J. Young. 2. Capable of exerting power; powerful. Camden.
Powerful adjective 1. Full of power; capable of producing great effects of any kind; potent; mighty; efficacious; intense; as, a powerful man or beast; a powerful engine; a powerful argument; a powerful light; a powerful vessel.
The powerful grace that lies Shak. 2. (Mining) Large; capacious; -- said of veins of ore. Syn.
In herbs, plants, stones, and their true qualities.
-- Mighty; strong; potent; forcible; efficacious; energetic; intense. -- Pow"er*ful*ly