Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Pot-sure (-shur) adjective Made confident by drink. [ Obsolete]
[ Late Latin potentatus
, from potentare
to exercise power: confer French potentat
. See Potent
] One who is potent; one who possesses great power or sway; a prince, sovereign, or monarch.
The blessed and only potentate . 1 Tim. vi. 15.
Cherub and seraph, potentates and thrones. Milton.
[ Confer French potentiel
. See Potency
.] 1. Being potent; endowed with energy adequate to a result; efficacious; influential.
[ Obsolete] "And hath in his effect a voice potential
." Shak. 2. Existing in possibility, not in actuality.
Potential existence means merely that the thing may be at ome time; actual existence, that it now is. Sir W. Hamilton. Potential cautery
. See under Cautery .
-- Potential energy
. (Mech.) See the Note under Energy .
-- Potential mood
, or mode (Gram.)
, that form of the verb which is used to express possibility, liberty, power, will, obligation, or necessity, by the use of may , can , must , might , could , would , or should ; as, I may go ; he can write .
1. Anything that may be possible; a possibility; potentially. Bacon. 2. (Math.) In the theory of gravitation, or of other forces acting in space, a function of the rectangular coordinates which determine the position of a point, such that its differential coefficients with respect to the coördinates are equal to the components of the force at the point considered; -- also called potential function , or force function . It is called also Newtonian potential when the force is directed to a fixed center and is inversely as the square of the distance from the center. 3. (Electricity) The energy of an electrical charge measured by its power to do work; hence, the degree of electrification as referred to some standard, as that of the earth; electro-motive force.
Potentiality noun The quality or state of being potential; possibility, not actuality; inherent capability or disposition, not actually exhibited.
Potentially adverb 1. With power; potently.
[ Obsolete] 2. In a potential manner; possibly, not positively.
The duration of human souls is only potentially infinite. Bentley.
Potentiate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Potentiated
; present participle & verbal noun Potentiating
.] To render active or potent. Coleridge.
Potentiometer noun [ Potential + -meter .] (Electricity) An instrument for measuring or comparing electrial potentials or electro-motive forces.
Potentize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Potentized
; present participle & verbal noun Potentizing
.] To render the latent power of (anything) available. Dunglison.
Potently adverb With great force or energy; powerfully; efficaciously. "You are potently opposed." Shak.
Potentness noun The quality or state of being potent; powerfulness; potency; efficacy.
Potestate noun A chief ruler; a potentate. [ Obsolete] Wyclif . "An irous potestate ." Chaucer.
[ Latin potestativus
, from potestas
power: confer French potestatif
. See Potent
[ Obsolete] Bp. Pearson.
1. A pot-shaped cannon; a mortar. [ Obsolete] "Twelve potguns of brass." Hakluyt. 2. A popgun. [ Obsolete] Swift.
Pothecary noun An apothecary. [ Obsolete]
[ Confer Dutch peuteren
to rummage, poke. Confer Potter
.] Bustle; confusion; tumult; flutter; bother.
[ Written also potter
, and pudder
.] "What a pother
and stir!" Oldham.
"Coming on with a terrible pother
Pother intransitive verb To make a bustle or stir; to be fussy.
Pother transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pothered
; present participle & verbal noun Pothering
.] To harass and perplex; to worry.
and wearies himself." Locke.
Pothole noun A circular hole formed in the rocky beds of rivers by the grinding action of stones or gravel whirled round by the water in what was at first a natural depression of the rock.
1. An S -shaped hook on which pots and kettles are hung over an open fire. 2. A written character curved like a pothook; ( plural ) a scrawled writing. "I long to be spelling her Arabic scrawls and pothooks ." Dryden.
Pothouse noun An alehouse. T. Warton.
; plural - tiches
. [ French, from pot
a pot.] (Ceramics) A vase with a separate cover, the body usually rounded or polygonal in plan with nearly vertical sides, a neck of smaller size, and a rounded shoulder.
Potichomania Po`ti*cho*ma"nie noun [ French potichomanie ; potiche a porcelain vase + manie mania.] The art or process of coating the inside of glass vessels with engravings or paintings, so as to give them the appearance of painted ware.
[ Latin potio
, from potare
to drink: confer French potion
. See Poison
.] A draught; a dose; usually, a draught or dose of a liquid medicine. Shak.
Potion transitive verb To drug. [ Obsolete] Speed.
Potlatch noun [ Chinook potlatch , pahtlatch , from Nootka pahchilt , pachalt , a gift.]
1. Among the Kwakiutl, Chimmesyan, and other Indians of the northwestern coast of North America, a ceremonial distribution by a man of gifts to his own and neighboring tribesmen, often, formerly, to his own impoverishment. Feasting, dancing, and public ceremonies accompany it. 2. Hence, a feast given to a large number of persons, often accompanied by gifts. [ Colloq., Northwestern America]
Potlid noun The lid or cover of a pot. Potlid valve , a valve covering a round hole or the end of a pipe or pump barrel, resembling a potlid in form.
Potluck noun Whatever may chance to be in the pot, or may be provided for a meal.
A woman whose potluck was always to be relied on. G. Eliot. To take potluck
, to take what food may chance to be provided.
; plural Potmen 1. A pot companion.
[ Obsolete] Life of A. Wood (1663). 2. A servant in a public house; a potboy.
Potoo noun (Zoology) A large South American goatsucker ( Nyctibius grandis ).
Potoroo noun (Zoology) Any small kangaroo belonging to Hypsiprymnus , Bettongia , and allied genera, native of Australia and Tasmania. Called also kangaroo rat .
Potpie noun A meat pie which is boiled instead of being baked.
[ French, from pot
pot + pourri
, past participle of pourrir
to rot, Latin putrere
. Confer Olla-podrida
.] A medley or mixture.
Specifically: (a) A ragout composed of different sorts of meats, vegetables, etc., cooked together. (b) A jar or packet of flower leaves, perfumes, and spices, used to scent a room. (c) A piece of music made up of different airs strung together; a medley. (d) A literary production composed of parts brought together without order or bond of connection.
Potsdam group (Geol.) A subdivision of the Primordial or Cambrian period in American geology; -- so named from the sandstone of Potsdam , New York. See Chart of Geology .
Potshard, Potshare noun A potsherd. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Potsherd noun [ Pot + sherd or shard .] A piece or fragment of a broken pot. Job ii. 8.
Potstone noun (Min.) A variety of steatite sometimes manufactured into culinary vessels.
Pott noun A size of paper. See under Paper .
[ French potage
, from pot
pot. See Pot
, and confer Porridge
.] A kind of food made by boiling vegetables or meat, or both together, in water, until soft; a thick soup or porridge.
[ Written also potage
Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentils. Gen. xxv. 34.
Pottain noun Old pot metal. [ Obsolete] Holland.
[ Confer French potier
.] 1. One whose occupation is to make earthen vessels. Ps. ii. 9.
The potter heard, and stopped his wheel. Longfellow. 2. One who hawks crockery or earthenware.
[ Prov. Eng.] De Quincey. 3. One who pots meats or other eatables. 4. (Zoology) The red-bellied terrapin. See Terrapin . Potter's asthma (Medicine)
, emphysema of the lungs; -- so called because very prevalent among potters. Parkers.
-- Potter's clay
. See under Clay .
-- Potter's field
, a public burial place, especially in a city, for paupers, unknown persons, and criminals; -- so named from the field south of Jerusalem, mentioned in Matt. xxvii. 7.
-- Potter's ore
. See Alquifou .
-- Potter's wheel
, a horizontal revolving disk on which the clay is molded into form with the hands or tools.
"My thoughts are whirled like a potter's wheel
-- Potter wasp (Zoology)
, a small solitary wasp ( Eumenes fraternal ) which constructs a globular nest of mud and sand in which it deposits insect larvæ, such as cankerworms, as food for its young.
Potter intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pottered
; present participle & verbal noun Pottering
.] [ Confer W. pwtio
to poke, or OD. poteren
to search one thoroughly, Swedish påta
, to pick, English pother
.] 1. To busy one's self with trifles; to labor with little purpose, energy, of effect; to trifle; to pother.
Pottering about the Mile End cottages. Mrs. Humphry Ward. 2. To walk lazily or idly; to saunter.
Potter transitive verb To poke; to push; also, to disturb; to confuse; to bother. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
Pottern adjective Of or pertaining to potters. Pottern ore , a species of ore which, from its aptness to vitrify like the glazing of potter's wares, the miners call by this name. Boyle.
; plural Potteries
. [ French poterie
, from pot
. See Pot
.] 1. The vessels or ware made by potters; earthenware, glazed and baked. 2. The place where earthen vessels are made.
1. Tippling. [ Obsolete] Shak. 2. The act of placing in a pot; as, the potting of plants; the potting of meats for preservation. 3. The process of putting sugar in casks for cleansing and draining. [ West Indies] B. Edwards.
[ Middle English potel
, Old French potel
, dim. of pot
. See Pot
.] 1. A liquid measure of four pints. 2. A pot or tankard. Shak.
A dry pottle of sack before him. Sir W. Scott. 3. A vessel or small basket for holding fruit.
He had a . . . pottle of strawberries in one hand. Dickens. Pottle draught
, taking a pottle of liquor at one draught.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
Potto noun (Zoology) (a) A nocturnal mammal ( Perodictius potto ) of the Lemur family, found in West Africa. It has rudimentary forefingers. Called also aposoro , and bush dog . (b) The kinkajou.