Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Ordinability noun Capability of being ordained or appointed. [ Obsolete] Bp. Bull.

Ordinable adjective [ See Ordinate , Ordain .] Capable of being ordained or appointed. [ Obsolete]

Ordinal adjective [ Latin ordinalis , from ordo , ordinis , order. See Order .]
1. Indicating order or succession; as, the ordinal numbers, first, second, third, etc.

2. Of or pertaining to an order.

Ordinal noun
1. A word or number denoting order or succession.

2. (Ch. of Eng.) The book of forms for making, ordaining, and consecrating bishops, priests, and deacons.

3. (R. C. Ch.) A book containing the rubrics of the Mass. [ Written also ordinale .]

Ordinalism noun The state or quality of being ordinal. [ R.] Latham.

Ordinance noun [ Middle English ordenance , Old French ordenance , French ordonnance . See Ordain , and confer Ordnance , Ordonnance .]


1. Orderly arrangement; preparation; provision. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

They had made their ordinance
Of victual, and of other purveyance.
Chaucer.

2. A rule established by authority; a permanent rule of action; a statute, law, regulation, rescript, or accepted usage; an edict or decree; esp., a local law enacted by a municipal government; as, a municipal ordinance .

Thou wilt die by God's just ordinance .
Shak.

By custom and the ordinance of times.
Shak.

Walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless.
Luke i. 6.

» Acts of Parliament are sometimes called ordinances ; also, certain colonial laws and certain acts of Congress under Confederation; as, the ordinance of 1787 for the government of the territory of the United States northwest of the Ohio River; the colonial ordinance of 1641, or 1647. This word is often used in Scripture in the sense of a law or statute of sovereign power. Ex. xv. 25. Num. x. 8. Ezra iii. 10. Its most frequent application now in the United States is to laws and regulations of municipal corporations. Wharton (Law Dict.).

3. (Eccl.) An established rite or ceremony.

4. Rank; order; station. [ Obsolete] Shak.

5. [ See Ordnance .] Ordnance; cannon. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Ordinand noun [ Latin ordinandus , gerundive of ordinare . See Ordain .] One about to be ordained.

Ordinant adjective [ Latin ordinans , present participle of ordinare . See Ordain .] Ordaining; decreeing. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Ordinant noun One who ordains. F. G. Lee.

Ordinarily adverb According to established rules or settled method; as a rule; commonly; usually; in most cases; as, a winter more than ordinarily severe.

Those who ordinarily pride themselves not a little upon their penetration.
I. Taylor.

Ordinary adjective [ Latin ordinarius , from ordo , ordinis , order: confer French ordinaire . See Order .]
1. According to established order; methodical; settled; regular. "The ordinary forms of law." Addison.

2. Common; customary; usual. Shak.

Method is not less reguisite in ordinary conversation that in writing.
Addison.

3. Of common rank, quality, or ability; not distinguished by superior excellence or beauty; hence, not distinguished in any way; commonplace; inferior; of little merit; as, men of ordinary judgment; an ordinary book.

An ordinary lad would have acquired little or no useful knowledge in such a way.
Macaulay.

Ordinary seaman (Nautical) , one not expert or fully skilled, and hence ranking below an able seaman .

Syn. -- Normal; common; usual; customary. See Normal . -- Ordinary , Common . A thing is common in which many persons share or partake; as, a common practice. A thing is ordinary when it is apt to come round in the regular common order or succession of events.

Ordinary noun ; plural Ordinaries (-rĭz).
1. (Law) (a) (Roman Law) An officer who has original jurisdiction in his own right, and not by deputation. (b) (Eng. Law) One who has immediate jurisdiction in matters ecclesiastical; an ecclesiastical judge; also, a deputy of the bishop, or a clergyman appointed to perform divine service for condemned criminals and assist in preparing them for death. (c) (Am. Law) A judicial officer, having generally the powers of a judge of probate or a surrogate.

2. The mass; the common run. [ Obsolete]

I see no more in you than in the ordinary
Of nature's salework.
Shak.

3. That which is so common, or continued, as to be considered a settled establishment or institution. [ R.]

Spain had no other wars save those which were grown into an ordinary .
Bacon.

4. Anything which is in ordinary or common use.

Water buckets, wagons, cart wheels, plow socks, and other ordinaries .
Sir W. Scott.

5. A dining room or eating house where a meal is prepared for all comers, at a fixed price for the meal, in distinction from one where each dish is separately charged; a table d'hôte; hence, also, the meal furnished at such a dining room. Shak.

All the odd words they have picked up in a coffeehouse, or a gaming ordinary , are produced as flowers of style.
Swift.

He exacted a tribute for licenses to hawkers and peddlers and to ordinaries .
Bancroft.

6. (Her.) A charge or bearing of simple form, one of nine or ten which are in constant use. The bend , chevron , chief , cross , fesse , pale , and saltire are uniformly admitted as ordinaries. Some authorities include bar , bend sinister , pile , and others. See Subordinary .

In ordinary . (a) In actual and constant service; statedly attending and serving; as, a physician or chaplain in ordinary . An ambassador in ordinary is one constantly resident at a foreign court. (b) (Nautical) Out of commission and laid up; -- said of a naval vessel. -- Ordinary of the Mass (R. C. Ch.) , the part of the Mass which is the same every day; -- called also the canon of the Mass .

Ordinaryship noun The state of being an ordinary. [ R.] Fuller.

Ordinate adjective [ Latin ordinatus , past participle of ordinare . See Ordain .] Well-ordered; orderly; regular; methodical. "A life blissful and ordinate ." Chaucer.

Ordinate figure (Math.) , a figure whose sides and angles are equal; a regular figure.

Ordinate noun (Geom.) The distance of any point in a curve or a straight line, measured on a line called the axis of ordinates or on a line parallel to it, from another line called the axis of abscissas , on which the corresponding abscissa of the point is measured.

» The ordinate and abscissa, taken together, are called coördinates , and define the position of the point with reference to the two axes named, the intersection of which is called the origin of coördinates . See Coordinate .

Ordinate transitive verb To appoint, to regulate; to harmonize. Bp. Hall.

Ordinately adverb In an ordinate manner; orderly. Chaucer. Skelton.

Ordination noun [ Latin ordinatio : confer French ordination .]
1. The act of ordaining, appointing, or setting apart; the state of being ordained, appointed, etc.

The holy and wise ordination of God.
Jer. Taylor.

Virtue and vice have a natural ordination to the happiness and misery of life respectively.
Norris.

2. (Eccl.) The act of setting apart to an office in the Christian ministry; the conferring of holy orders.

3. Disposition; arrangement; order. [ R.]

Angle of ordination (Geom.) , the angle between the axes of coördinates.

Ordinative adjective [ Latin ordinativus .] Tending to ordain; directing; giving order. [ R.] Gauden.

Ordinator noun [ Latin ] One who ordains or establishes; a director. [ R.] T. Adams.

Ordnance noun [ From Middle English ordenance , referring orig. to the bore or size of the cannon. See Ordinance .] Heavy weapons of warfare; cannon, or great guns, mortars, and howitzers; artillery; sometimes, a general term for all weapons and appliances used in war.

All the battlements their ordnance fire.
Shak.

Then you may hear afar off the awful roar of his [ Rufus Choate's] rifled ordnance .
E. Ererett.

Ordnance survey , the official survey of Great Britain and Ireland, conducted by the ordnance department.

Ordonnance noun [ French See Ordinance .] (Fine Arts) The disposition of the parts of any composition with regard to one another and the whole.

Their dramatic ordonnance of the parts.
Coleridge.

Ordonnant adjective [ French, present participle of ordonner . See Ordinant .] Of or pertaining to ordonnance. Dryden.

Ordovian adjective & noun (Geol.) Ordovician.

Ordovician adjective [ From Latin Ordovices , a Celtic people in Wales.] (Geol.) Of or pertaining to a division of the Silurian formation, corresponding in general to the Lower Silurian of most authors, exclusive of the Cambrian. -- noun The Ordovician formation.

Ordure noun [ French ordure , Old French ord filthy, foul, from Latin horridus horrid. See Horrid .]


1. Dung; excrement; fæces. Shak.

2. Defect; imperfection; fault. [ Obsolete] Holland.

Ordurous adjective Of or pertaining to ordure; filthy. Drayton.

Ore (ōr) noun [ Anglo-Saxon ār .] Honor; grace; favor; mercy; clemency; happy augry. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Ore noun [ Anglo-Saxon āra ; confer ār brass, bronze, akin to Old High German ēr , German ehern brazen, Icelandic eir brass, Goth. ais , Latin aes , Sanskrit ayas iron. √210. Confer Ora , Era .]


1. The native form of a metal, whether free and uncombined, as gold, copper, etc., or combined, as iron, lead, etc. Usually the ores contain the metals combined with oxygen, sulphur, arsenic, etc. (called mineralizers ).

2. (Mining) A native metal or its compound with the rock in which it occurs, after it has been picked over to throw out what is worthless.

3. Metal; as, the liquid ore . [ R.] Milton.

Ore hearth , a low furnace in which rich lead ore is reduced; -- also called Scotch hearth . Raymond.

Oread noun [ Latin Oreas , - adis , Greek 'Oreia`s , -a`dos , from 'o`ros mountain: confer French oréade .] (Class. Myth.) One of the nymphs of mountains and grottoes.

Like a wood nymph light,
Oread or Dryad.
Milton.

Oreades noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A group of butterflies which includes the satyrs. See Satyr , 2.

Orectic adjective [ Greek 'orektiko`s , from 'o`rexis , yearning after, from 'ore`gein to reach after.] (Philos.) Of or pertaining to the desires; hence, impelling to gratification; appetitive.

Oregon grape (ŏr"e*gŏn grāp`). (Botany) An evergreen species of barberry ( Berberis Aquifolium ), of Oregon and California; also, its roundish, blue- black berries.

Oreide noun See Oroide .

Oreodon noun [ Greek 'o`ros , -eos , mountain + 'odoy`s , 'odo`ntos , tooth.] (Paleon) A genus of extinct herbivorous mammals, abundant in the Tertiary formation of the Rocky Mountains. It is more or less related to the camel, hog, and deer.

Oreodont adjective (Paleon.) Resembling, or allied to, the genus Oreodon.

Oreographic adjective Of or pertaining to oreography.

Oreography noun [ Greek 'o`ros , -eos , mountain + -graphy .] The science of mountains; orography.

Oreoselin noun (Chemistry) A white crystalline substance which is obtained indirectly from the root of an umbelliferous plant ( Imperatoria Oreoselinum ), and yields resorcin on decomposition.

Oreosoma noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek 'o`ros , -eos , mountain + ... body.] (Zoology) A genus of small oceanic fishes, remarkable for the large conical tubercles which cover the under surface.

Oreweed noun Same as Oarweed .

Orewood noun Same as Oarweed .

Orf, Orfe noun (Zoology) A bright-colored domesticated variety of the id. See Id .

Orfgild noun [ Anglo-Saxon orf , yrfe , cattle, property + gild , gield , money, fine.] (O. Eng. Law) Restitution for cattle; a penalty for taking away cattle. Cowell.

Orfray noun [ French orfraie . Confer Osprey , Ossifrage .] (Zoology) The osprey. [ Obsolete] Holland.

Orfrays noun [ Old French orfrais , French orfroi ; French or gold + fraise , frise , fringe, ruff. See Fraise , and confer Auriphrygiate .] See Orphrey . [ Obsolete] Rom . of R .

Orgal noun (Chemistry) See Argol . [ Obsolete]

Organ noun [ Latin organum , Greek ...; akin to ... work, and English work : confer French organe . See Work , and confer Orgue , Orgy .]


1. An instrument or medium by which some important action is performed, or an important end accomplished; as, legislatures, courts, armies, taxgatherers, etc., are organs of government.

2. (Biol.) A natural part or structure in an animal or a plant, capable of performing some special action (termed its function ), which is essential to the life or well- being of the whole; as, the heart, lungs, etc., are organs of animals; the root, stem, foliage, etc., are organs of plants.

» In animals the organs are generally made up of several tissues, one of which usually predominates, and determines the principal function of the organ. Groups of organs constitute a system . See System .

3. A component part performing an essential office in the working of any complex machine; as, the cylinder, valves, crank, etc., are organs of the steam engine.

4. A medium of communication between one person or body and another; as, the secretary of state is the organ of communication between the government and a foreign power; a newspaper is the organ of its editor, or of a party, sect, etc.

5. [ Confer Anglo-Saxon organ , from Latin organum .] (Mus.) A wind instrument containing numerous pipes of various dimensions and kinds, which are filled with wind from a bellows, and played upon by means of keys similar to those of a piano, and sometimes by foot keys or pedals; -- formerly used in the plural, each pipe being considired an organ.

The deep, majestic, solemn organs blow.
Pope.

» Chaucer used the form orgon as a plural.

The merry orgon . . . that in the church goon [ go].

Barrel organ , Choir organ , Great organ , etc. See under Barrel , Choir , etc. -- Cabinet organ (Mus.) , an organ of small size, as for a chapel or for domestic use; a reed organ. -- Organ bird (Zoology) , a Tasmanian crow shrike ( Gymnorhina organicum ). It utters discordant notes like those of a hand organ out of tune. -- Organ fish (Zoology) , the drumfish. -- Organ gun . (Mil.) Same as Orgue (b) . -- Organ harmonium (Mus.) , an harmonium of large capacity and power. -- Organ of Gorti (Anat.) , a complicated structure in the cochlea of the ear, including the auditory hair cells, the rods or fibers of Corti, the membrane of Corti, etc. See Note under Ear . -- Organ pipe . See Pipe , noun , 1. -- Organ-pipe coral . (Zoology) See Tubipora . -- Organ point (Mus.) , a passage in which the tonic or dominant is sustained continuously by one part, while the other parts move.

Organ transitive verb To supply with an organ or organs; to fit with organs; to organize. [ Obsolete]

Thou art elemented and organed for other apprehensions.
Bp. Mannyngham.

Organdie, Organdy noun [ French organdi .] A kind of transparent light muslin.