Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Orc noun [ Latin orca : confer French orque .] (Zoology) The grampus. [ Written also ork and orch .] Milton.
Orcadian adjective [ Latin Orcades the Orkney Islands.] Of or pertaining to the Orkney Islands.
Orcein noun (Chemistry) A reddish brown amorphous dyestuff, ..., obtained from orcin, and forming the essential coloring matter of cudbear and archil. It is closely related to litmus.
[ French orcanète
.] (Botany) Same as Alkanet , 2. Ainsworth.
[ Anglo-Saxon ortgeard
, lit., wortyard, i. e., a yard for herbs; wyrt
herb + geard
yard. See Wort
inclosure.] 1. A garden.
[ Obsolete] 2. An inclosure containing fruit trees; also, the fruit trees, collectively; -- used especially of apples, peaches, pears, cherries, plums, or the like, less frequently of nutbearing trees and of sugar maple trees. Orchard grass (Botany)
, a tall coarse grass ( Dactylis glomerata ), introduced into the United States from Europe. It grows usually in shady places, and is of value for forage and hay.
-- Orchard house (Hort.)
, a glazed structure in which fruit trees are reared in pots.
-- Orchard oriole (Zool.)
, a bright-colored American oriole ( Icterus spurius ), which frequents orchards. It is smaller and darker thah the Baltimore oriole.
1. The cultivation of orchards. 2. Orchards, in general.
Orchardist noun One who cultivates an orchard.
Orchel noun Archil.
Orchesography noun [ Greek ... dance + -graphy .] A treatise upon dancing. [ R.]
[ From Greek ... a dancer. See Orchestra
.] (Zoology) Any species of amphipod crustacean of the genus Orchestia , or family Orchestidæ . See Beach flea , under Beach .
Orchestra noun [ Latin orchestra , Greek ..., orig., the place for the chorus of dancers, from ... to dance: confer French orchestre .]
1. The space in a theater between the stage and the audience; -- originally appropriated by the Greeks to the chorus and its evolutions, afterward by the Romans to persons of distinction, and by the moderns to a band of instrumental musicians. 2. The place in any public hall appropriated to a band of instrumental musicians. 3. (Mus.) (a) Loosely: A band of instrumental musicians performing in a theater, concert hall, or other place of public amusement. (b) Strictly: A band suitable for the performance of symphonies, overtures, etc., as well as for the accompaniment of operas, oratorios, cantatas, masses, and the like, or of vocal and instrumental solos. (c) A band composed, for the largest part, of players of the various viol instruments, many of each kind, together with a proper complement of wind instruments of wood and brass; -- as distinguished from a military or street band of players on wind instruments, and from an assemblage of solo players for the rendering of concerted pieces, such as septets, octets, and the like. 4. (Mus.) The instruments employed by a full band, collectively; as, an orchestra of forty stringed instruments, with proper complement of wind instruments.
Orchestral adjective Of or pertaining to an orchestra; suitable for, or performed in or by, an orchestra.
Orchestration noun (Mus.) The arrangement of music for an orchestra; orchestral treatment of a composition; -- called also instrumentation .
Orchestric adjective Orchestral.
Orchestrion noun A large music box imitating a variety of orchestral instruments.
[ See Orchis
.] (Botany) Any plant of the order Orchidaceæ . See Orchidaceous .
Orchidaceous adjective (Botany) Pertaining to, or resembling, a natural order ( Orchidaceæ ) of endogenous plants of which the genus Orchis is the type. They are mostly perennial herbs having the stamens and pistils united in a single column, and normally three petals and three sepals, all adherent to the ovary. The flowers are curiously shaped, often resembling insects, the odd or lower petal (called the lip ) being unlike the others, and sometimes of a strange and unexpected appearance. About one hundred species occur in the United States, but several thousand in the tropics. » Over three hundred genera are recognized.
Orchidean adjective (Botany) Orchidaceous.
Orchidologist noun One versed in orchidology.
Orchidology noun [ Greek ... the orchis + -logy .] The branch of botany which treats of orchids.
Orchilla weed (Botany) The lichen from which archil is obtained. See Archil .
; plural Orchises
. [ Latin , from Greek ... a testicle, the orchis; -- so called from its tubers.] 1. (Botany) A genus of endogenous plants growing in the North Temperate zone, and consisting of about eighty species. They are perennial herbs growing from a tuber (beside which is usually found the last year's tuber also), and are valued for their showy flowers. See Orchidaceous . 2. (Botany) Any plant of the same family with the orchis; an orchid.
» The common names, such as bee orchis
, fly orchis
, butterfly orchis
, etc., allude to the peculiar form of the flower.
Orchitis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a testicle + -itis .] (Medicine) Inflammation of the testicles.
Orchotomy noun [ Greek ... a testicle + ... to cut.] (Surg.) The operation of cutting out or removing a testicle by the knife; castration.
Orcin noun [ Etymology uncertain: confer French orcine .] (Chemistry) A colorless crystalline substance, C 6 H 3 .CH 3 .(OH) 2 , which is obtained from certain lichens ( Roccella , Lecanora , etc.), also from extract of aloes, and artificially from certain derivatives of toluene. It changes readily into orcein.
[ Anglo-Saxon ord
point.] An edge or point; also, a beginning.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Chaucer. Ord and end
, the beginning and end. Confer Odds and ends , under Odds .
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Chaucer. Halliwell.
Ordain transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Ordained
; present participle & verbal noun Ordaining
.] [ Middle English ordeinen
, Old French ordener
, French ordonner
, from Latin ordinare
, from ordo
, order. See Order
, and confer Ordinance
.] 1. To set in order; to arrange according to rule; to regulate; to set; to establish.
"Battle well ordained
The stake that shall be ordained on either side. Chaucer. 2. To regulate, or establish, by appointment, decree, or law; to constitute; to decree; to appoint; to institute.
Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month. 1 Kings xii. 32.
And doth the power that man adores ordain Byron. 3. To set apart for an office; to appoint.
Their doom ?
Being ordained his special governor. Shak. 4. (Eccl.) To invest with ministerial or sacerdotal functions; to introduce into the office of the Christian ministry, by the laying on of hands, or other forms; to set apart by the ceremony of ordination.
Meletius was ordained by Arian bishops. Bp. Stillingfleet.
Ordainable adjective Capable of being ordained; worthy to be ordained or appointed. Bp. Hall.
Ordainer noun One who ordains.
Ordainment noun Ordination. [ R.] Burke.
Ordal noun Ordeal. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Ordalian adjective [ Late Latin ordalium .] Of or pertaining to trial by ordeal. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
[ Anglo-Saxon ordāl
, a judgment; akin to Dutch oordeel
, German urteil
; orig., what is dealt out, the prefix or-
being akin to ā-
compounded with verbs, German er-
, Goth. us-
, orig. meaning, out. See Deal
, and confer Arise
.] 1. An ancient form of test to determine guilt or innocence, by appealing to a supernatural decision, -- once common in Europe, and still practiced in the East and by savage tribes.
» In England ordeal by fire
and ordeal by water
were used, the former confined to persons of rank, the latter to the common people. The ordeal by fire was performed, either by handling red-hot iron, or by walking barefoot and blindfold over red-hot plowshares, laid at unequal distances. If the person escaped unhurt, he was adjudged innocent; otherwise he was condemned as guilty. The ordeal by water was performed, either by plunging the bare arm to the elbow in boiling water, an escape from injury being taken as proof of innocence, or by casting the accused person, bound hand and foot, into a river or pond, when if he floated it was an evidence of guilt, but if he sunk he was acquitted. It is probable that the proverbial phrase, to go through fire and water
, denoting severe trial or danger, is derived from the ordeal. See Wager of battle
, under Wager
. 2. Any severe trial, or test; a painful experience. Ordeal bean
. (Botany) See Calabar bean , under Calabar .
-- Ordeal root (Botany) the root of a species of Strychnos growing in West Africa, used, like the ordeal bean, in trials for witchcraft.
-- Ordeal tree (Botany)
, a poisonous tree of Madagascar ( Tanghinia, or Cerbera, venenata ). Persons suspected of crime are forced to eat the seeds of the plumlike fruit, and criminals are put to death by being pricked with a lance dipped in the juice of the seeds.
Ordeal adjective Of or pertaining to trial by ordeal.
[ Middle English ordre
, French ordre
, from Latin ordo
. Confer Ordain
.] 1. Regular arrangement; any methodical or established succession or harmonious relation; method; system
; as: (a) Of material things, like the books in a library. (b) Of intellectual notions or ideas, like the topics of a discource. (c) Of periods of time or occurrences, and the like.
The side chambers were . . . thirty in order . Ezek. xli. 6.
Bright-harnessed angels sit in order serviceable. Milton.
Good order is the foundation of all good things. Burke. 2. Right arrangement; a normal, correct, or fit condition; as, the house is in order ; the machinery is out of order . Locke. 3. The customary mode of procedure; established system, as in the conduct of debates or the transaction of business; usage; custom; fashion. Dantiel.
And, pregnant with his grander thought, Emerson. 4. Conformity with law or decorum; freedom from disturbance; general tranquillity; public quiet; as, to preserve order in a community or an assembly. 5. That which prescribes a method of procedure; a rule or regulation made by competent authority; as, the rules and orders of the senate.
Brought the old order into doubt.
The church hath authority to establish that for an order at one time which at another time it may abolish. Hooker. 6. A command; a mandate; a precept; a direction.
Upon this new fright, an order was made by both houses for disarming all the papists in England. Clarendon. 7. Hence: A commission to purchase, sell, or supply goods; a direction, in writing, to pay money, to furnish supplies, to admit to a building, a place of entertainment, or the like; as, orders for blankets are large.
In those days were pit orders -- beshrew the uncomfortable manager who abolished them. Lamb. 8. A number of things or persons arranged in a fixed or suitable place, or relative position; a rank; a row; a grade; especially, a rank or class in society; a group or division of men in the same social or other position; also, a distinct character, kind, or sort; as, the higher or lower orders of society; talent of a high order .
They are in equal order to their several ends. Jer. Taylor.
Various orders various ensigns bear. Granville.
Which, to his order of mind, must have seemed little short of crime. Hawthorne. 9. A body of persons having some common honorary distinction or rule of obligation; esp., a body of religious persons or aggregate of convents living under a common rule; as, the Order of the Bath; the Franciscan order .
Find a barefoot brother out, Shak.
One of our order , to associate me.
The venerable order of the Knights Templars. Sir W. Scott. 10. An ecclesiastical grade or rank, as of deacon, priest, or bishop; the office of the Christian ministry; -- often used in the plural; as, to take orders , or to take holy orders , that is, to enter some grade of the ministry. 11. (Architecture) The disposition of a column and its component parts, and of the entablature resting upon it, in classical architecture; hence (as the column and entablature are the characteristic features of classical architecture) a style or manner of architectural designing.
» The Greeks used three different orders, easy to distinguish, Doric
, and Corinthian
. The Romans added the Tuscan
, and changed the Doric so that it is hardly recognizable, and also used a modified Corinthian called Composite
. The Renaissance writers on architecture recognized five orders as orthodox or classical
, -- Doric
(the Roman sort), Ionic
, and Composite
. See Illust.
. 12. (Nat. Hist.) An assemblage of genera having certain important characters in common; as, the Carnivora and Insectivora are orders of Mammalia.
» The Linnæan artificial orders
of plants rested mainly on identity in the numer of pistils, or agreement in some one character. Natural orders
are groups of genera agreeing in the fundamental plan of their flowers and fruit. A natural order is usually (in botany) equivalent to a family, and may include several tribes. 13. (Rhet.) The placing of words and members in a sentence in such a manner as to contribute to force and beauty or clearness of expression. 14. (Math.) Rank; degree; thus, the order of a curve or surface is the same as the degree of its equation. Artificial order
. See Artificial classification , under Artificial , and Note to def. 12 above.
-- Close order (Mil.)
, the arrangement of the ranks with a distance of about half a pace between them; with a distance of about three yards the ranks are in open order .
-- The four Orders
, The Orders four
, the four orders of mendicant friars. See Friar . Chaucer.
-- General orders (Mil.)
, orders issued which concern the whole command, or the troops generally, in distinction from special orders .
-- Holy orders
. (a) (Eccl.) The different grades of the Christian ministry; ordination to the ministry. See def. 10 above. (b) (R. C. Ch.) A sacrament for the purpose of conferring a special grace on those ordained.
-- In order to
, for the purpose of; to the end; as means to.
The best knowledge is that which is of greatest use in order to our eternal happiness. Tillotson.
-- Minor orders (R. C. Ch.)
, orders beneath the diaconate in sacramental dignity, as acolyte, exorcist, reader, doorkeeper.
-- Money order
. See under Money
. -- Natural order
. (Botany) See def.
12, Note. -- Order book
. (a) A merchant's book in which orders are entered. (b) (Mil.) A book kept at headquarters, in which all orders are recorded for the information of officers and men
. (c) A book in the House of Commons in which proposed orders must be entered
. [ Eng.] -- Order in Council
, a royal order issued with and by the advice of the Privy Council.
[ Great Britain] -- Order of battle (Mil.)
, the particular disposition given to the troops of an army on the field of battle.
-- Order of the day
, in legislative bodies, the special business appointed for a specified day.
-- Order of a differential equation (Math.)
, the greatest index of differentiation in the equation.
-- Sailing orders (Nautical)
, the final instructions given to the commander of a ship of war before a cruise.
-- Sealed orders
, orders sealed, and not to be opened until a certain time, or arrival at a certain place, as after a ship is at sea.
-- Standing order
. (a) A continuing regulation for the conduct of parliamentary business. (b) (Mil.) An order not subject to change by an officer temporarily in command
. -- To give order
, to give command or directions. Shak.
-- To take order for
, to take charge of; to make arrangements concerning.
Whiles I take order for mine own affairs. Shak. Syn.
-- Arrangement; management. See Direction
Order transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Ordered
; p pr. & verbal noun Ordering
.] [ From Order
] 1. To put in order; to reduce to a methodical arrangement; to arrange in a series, or with reference to an end. Hence, to regulate; to dispose; to direct; to rule.
To him that ordereth his conversation aright. Ps. 1. 23.
Warriors old with ordered spear and shield. Milton. 2. To give an order to; to command; as, to order troops to advance. 3. To give an order for; to secure by an order; as, to order a carriage; to order groceries. 4. (Eccl.) To admit to holy orders; to ordain; to receive into the ranks of the ministry.
These ordered folk be especially titled to God. Chaucer.
Persons presented to be ordered deacons. Bk. of Com. Prayer. Order arms (Mil.)
, the command at which a rifle is brought to a position with its but resting on the ground; also, the position taken at such a command.
Order intransitive verb To give orders; to issue commands.
Orderable adjective Capable of being ordered; tractable.
Being very orderable in all his sickness. Fuller.
1. One who puts in order, arranges, methodizes, or regulates. 2. One who gives orders.
Ordering noun Disposition; distribution; management. South.
Orderless adjective Being without order or regularity; disorderly; out of rule.
Orderliness noun The state or quality of being orderly.
Orderly adjective Orderly book (Mil.) , a book for every company, in which the general and regimental orders are recorded. -- Orderly officer , the officer of the day, or that officer of a corps or regiment whose turn it is to supervise for the day the arrangements for food, cleanliness, etc. Farrow. -- Orderly room . (a) The court of the commanding officer, where charges against the men of the regiment are tried . (b) The office of the commanding officer, usually in the barracks, whence orders emanate. Farrow. -- Orderly sergeant , the first sergeant of a company.
1. Conformed to order; in order; regular; as, an orderly course or plan. Milton. 2. Observant of order, authority, or rule; hence, obedient; quiet; peaceable; not unruly; as, orderly children; an orderly community. 3. Performed in good or established order; well-regulated. "An orderly . . . march." Clarendon. 4. Being on duty; keeping order; conveying orders. "Aids-de-camp and orderly men." Sir W. Scott.
Orderly adverb According to due order; regularly; methodically; duly.
You are blunt; go to it orderly . Shak.
; plural Orderlies 1. (Mil.) A noncommissioned officer or soldier who attends a superior officer to carry his orders, or to render other service.
Orderlies were appointed to watch the palace. Macaulay. 2. A street sweeper.
[ Eng.] Mayhew.