Orchitis Or·chi"tis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a testicle + -itis .] (Medicine) Inflammation of the testicles.
Orchotomy Or·chot"o·my noun [ Greek ... a testicle + ... to cut.] (Surg.) The operation of cutting out or removing a testicle by the knife; castration.
Orcin Or"cin noun [ Etymology uncertain: confer French orcine .] (Chemistry) A colorless crystalline substance, C 6 H 3 .CH 3 .(OH) 2 , which is obtained from certain lichens ( Roccella , Lecanora , etc.), also from extract of aloes, and artificially from certain derivatives of toluene. It changes readily into orcein.
Ord Ord noun [ Anglo-Saxon ord point.] An edge or point; also, a beginning. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Chaucer. Ord and end , the beginning and end. Confer Odds and ends , under Odds . [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Chaucer. Halliwell.
Ordain Or·dain" transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Ordained
; present participle & verbal noun Ordaining
.] [ Middle English ordeinen
, Old French ordener
, French ordonner
, from Latin ordinare
, from ordo
, order. See Order
, and confer Ordinance
.] 1. To set in order; to arrange according to rule; to regulate; to set; to establish.
"Battle well ordained
The stake that shall be ordained on either side. Chaucer. 2. To regulate, or establish, by appointment, decree, or law; to constitute; to decree; to appoint; to institute.
Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month. 1 Kings xii. 32.
And doth the power that man adores ordain Byron. 3. To set apart for an office; to appoint.
Their doom ?
Being ordained his special governor. Shak. 4. (Eccl.) To invest with ministerial or sacerdotal functions; to introduce into the office of the Christian ministry, by the laying on of hands, or other forms; to set apart by the ceremony of ordination.
Meletius was ordained by Arian bishops. Bp. Stillingfleet.
Ordainable Or·dain"a·ble adjective Capable of being ordained; worthy to be ordained or appointed. Bp. Hall.
Ordainer Or·dain"er noun One who ordains.
Ordainment Or·dain"ment noun Ordination. [ R.] Burke.
Ordal Or"dal noun Ordeal. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Ordalian Or·da"li·an adjective [ Late Latin ordalium .] Of or pertaining to trial by ordeal. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Ordeal Or"de·al (ôr"de* a l) noun [ Anglo-Saxon ordāl , ordǣl , a judgment; akin to Dutch oordeel , German urteil , urtheil ; orig., what is dealt out, the prefix or- being akin to ā- compounded with verbs, German er- , ur- , Goth. us- , orig. meaning, out. See Deal , v. & noun , and confer Arise , Ort .] 1. An ancient form of test to determine guilt or innocence, by appealing to a supernatural decision, -- once common in Europe, and still practiced in the East and by savage tribes. » In England ordeal by fire and ordeal by water were used, the former confined to persons of rank, the latter to the common people. The ordeal by fire was performed, either by handling red-hot iron, or by walking barefoot and blindfold over red-hot plowshares, laid at unequal distances. If the person escaped unhurt, he was adjudged innocent; otherwise he was condemned as guilty. The ordeal by water was performed, either by plunging the bare arm to the elbow in boiling water, an escape from injury being taken as proof of innocence, or by casting the accused person, bound hand and foot, into a river or pond, when if he floated it was an evidence of guilt, but if he sunk he was acquitted. It is probable that the proverbial phrase, to go through fire and water , denoting severe trial or danger, is derived from the ordeal. See Wager of battle , under Wager . 2. Any severe trial, or test; a painful experience. Ordeal bean . (Botany) See Calabar bean , under Calabar . -- Ordeal root (Botany) the root of a species of Strychnos growing in West Africa, used, like the ordeal bean, in trials for witchcraft. -- Ordeal tree (Botany) , a poisonous tree of Madagascar ( Tanghinia, or Cerbera, venenata ). Persons suspected of crime are forced to eat the seeds of the plumlike fruit, and criminals are put to death by being pricked with a lance dipped in the juice of the seeds.
Ordeal Or"de·al adjective Of or pertaining to trial by ordeal.
Order Or"der noun
[ Middle English ordre
, French ordre
, from Latin ordo
. Confer Ordain
.] 1. Regular arrangement; any methodical or established succession or harmonious relation; method; system
; as: (a) Of material things, like the books in a library. (b) Of intellectual notions or ideas, like the topics of a discource. (c) Of periods of time or occurrences, and the like.
The side chambers were . . . thirty in order . Ezek. xli. 6.
Bright-harnessed angels sit in order serviceable. Milton.
Good order is the foundation of all good things. Burke. 2. Right arrangement; a normal, correct, or fit condition; as, the house is in order ; the machinery is out of order . Locke. 3. The customary mode of procedure; established system, as in the conduct of debates or the transaction of business; usage; custom; fashion. Dantiel.
And, pregnant with his grander thought, Emerson. 4. Conformity with law or decorum; freedom from disturbance; general tranquillity; public quiet; as, to preserve order in a community or an assembly. 5. That which prescribes a method of procedure; a rule or regulation made by competent authority; as, the rules and orders of the senate.
Brought the old order into doubt.
The church hath authority to establish that for an order at one time which at another time it may abolish. Hooker. 6. A command; a mandate; a precept; a direction.
Upon this new fright, an order was made by both houses for disarming all the papists in England. Clarendon. 7. Hence: A commission to purchase, sell, or supply goods; a direction, in writing, to pay money, to furnish supplies, to admit to a building, a place of entertainment, or the like; as, orders for blankets are large.
In those days were pit orders -- beshrew the uncomfortable manager who abolished them. Lamb. 8. A number of things or persons arranged in a fixed or suitable place, or relative position; a rank; a row; a grade; especially, a rank or class in society; a group or division of men in the same social or other position; also, a distinct character, kind, or sort; as, the higher or lower orders of society; talent of a high order .
They are in equal order to their several ends. Jer. Taylor.
Various orders various ensigns bear. Granville.
Which, to his order of mind, must have seemed little short of crime. Hawthorne. 9. A body of persons having some common honorary distinction or rule of obligation; esp., a body of religious persons or aggregate of convents living under a common rule; as, the Order of the Bath; the Franciscan order .
Find a barefoot brother out, Shak.
One of our order , to associate me.
The venerable order of the Knights Templars. Sir W. Scott. 10. An ecclesiastical grade or rank, as of deacon, priest, or bishop; the office of the Christian ministry; -- often used in the plural; as, to take orders , or to take holy orders , that is, to enter some grade of the ministry. 11. (Architecture) The disposition of a column and its component parts, and of the entablature resting upon it, in classical architecture; hence (as the column and entablature are the characteristic features of classical architecture) a style or manner of architectural designing.
» The Greeks used three different orders, easy to distinguish, Doric
, and Corinthian
. The Romans added the Tuscan
, and changed the Doric so that it is hardly recognizable, and also used a modified Corinthian called Composite
. The Renaissance writers on architecture recognized five orders as orthodox or classical
, -- Doric
(the Roman sort), Ionic
, and Composite
. See Illust.
. 12. (Nat. Hist.) An assemblage of genera having certain important characters in common; as, the Carnivora and Insectivora are orders of Mammalia.
» The Linnæan artificial orders
of plants rested mainly on identity in the numer of pistils, or agreement in some one character. Natural orders
are groups of genera agreeing in the fundamental plan of their flowers and fruit. A natural order is usually (in botany) equivalent to a family, and may include several tribes. 13. (Rhet.) The placing of words and members in a sentence in such a manner as to contribute to force and beauty or clearness of expression. 14. (Math.) Rank; degree; thus, the order of a curve or surface is the same as the degree of its equation. Artificial order
. See Artificial classification , under Artificial , and Note to def. 12 above.
-- Close order (Mil.)
, the arrangement of the ranks with a distance of about half a pace between them; with a distance of about three yards the ranks are in open order .
-- The four Orders
, The Orders four
, the four orders of mendicant friars. See Friar . Chaucer.
-- General orders (Mil.)
, orders issued which concern the whole command, or the troops generally, in distinction from special orders .
-- Holy orders
. (a) (Eccl.) The different grades of the Christian ministry; ordination to the ministry. See def. 10 above. (b) (R. C. Ch.) A sacrament for the purpose of conferring a special grace on those ordained.
-- In order to
, for the purpose of; to the end; as means to.
The best knowledge is that which is of greatest use in order to our eternal happiness. Tillotson.
-- Minor orders (R. C. Ch.)
, orders beneath the diaconate in sacramental dignity, as acolyte, exorcist, reader, doorkeeper.
-- Money order
. See under Money
. -- Natural order
. (Botany) See def.
12, Note. -- Order book
. (a) A merchant's book in which orders are entered. (b) (Mil.) A book kept at headquarters, in which all orders are recorded for the information of officers and men
. (c) A book in the House of Commons in which proposed orders must be entered
. [ Eng.] -- Order in Council
, a royal order issued with and by the advice of the Privy Council.
[ Great Britain] -- Order of battle (Mil.)
, the particular disposition given to the troops of an army on the field of battle.
-- Order of the day
, in legislative bodies, the special business appointed for a specified day.
-- Order of a differential equation (Math.)
, the greatest index of differentiation in the equation.
-- Sailing orders (Nautical)
, the final instructions given to the commander of a ship of war before a cruise.
-- Sealed orders
, orders sealed, and not to be opened until a certain time, or arrival at a certain place, as after a ship is at sea.
-- Standing order
. (a) A continuing regulation for the conduct of parliamentary business. (b) (Mil.) An order not subject to change by an officer temporarily in command
. -- To give order
, to give command or directions. Shak.
-- To take order for
, to take charge of; to make arrangements concerning.
Whiles I take order for mine own affairs. Shak. Syn.
-- Arrangement; management. See Direction
Order Or"der transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Ordered
; p pr. & verbal noun Ordering
.] [ From Order
] 1. To put in order; to reduce to a methodical arrangement; to arrange in a series, or with reference to an end. Hence, to regulate; to dispose; to direct; to rule.
To him that ordereth his conversation aright. Ps. 1. 23.
Warriors old with ordered spear and shield. Milton. 2. To give an order to; to command; as, to order troops to advance. 3. To give an order for; to secure by an order; as, to order a carriage; to order groceries. 4. (Eccl.) To admit to holy orders; to ordain; to receive into the ranks of the ministry.
These ordered folk be especially titled to God. Chaucer.
Persons presented to be ordered deacons. Bk. of Com. Prayer. Order arms (Mil.)
, the command at which a rifle is brought to a position with its but resting on the ground; also, the position taken at such a command.
Order Or"der intransitive verb To give orders; to issue commands.
Orderable Or"der·a·ble adjective Capable of being ordered; tractable.
Being very orderable in all his sickness. Fuller.
Orderer Or"der·er noun 1. One who puts in order, arranges, methodizes, or regulates. 2. One who gives orders.
Ordering Or"der·ing noun Disposition; distribution; management. South.
Orderless Or"der·less adjective Being without order or regularity; disorderly; out of rule.
Orderliness Or"der·li·ness noun The state or quality of being orderly.
Orderly Or"der·ly adjective 1. Conformed to order; in order; regular; as, an orderly course or plan. Milton. 2. Observant of order, authority, or rule; hence, obedient; quiet; peaceable; not unruly; as, orderly children; an orderly community. 3. Performed in good or established order; well-regulated. "An orderly . . . march." Clarendon. 4. Being on duty; keeping order; conveying orders. "Aids-de-camp and orderly men." Sir W. Scott. Orderly book (Mil.) , a book for every company, in which the general and regimental orders are recorded. -- Orderly officer , the officer of the day, or that officer of a corps or regiment whose turn it is to supervise for the day the arrangements for food, cleanliness, etc. Farrow. -- Orderly room . (a) The court of the commanding officer, where charges against the men of the regiment are tried . (b) The office of the commanding officer, usually in the barracks, whence orders emanate. Farrow. -- Orderly sergeant , the first sergeant of a company.
Orderly Or"der·ly adverb According to due order; regularly; methodically; duly.
You are blunt; go to it orderly . Shak.
Orderly Or"der·ly noun
; plural Orderlies 1. (Mil.) A noncommissioned officer or soldier who attends a superior officer to carry his orders, or to render other service.
Orderlies were appointed to watch the palace. Macaulay. 2. A street sweeper.
[ Eng.] Mayhew.
Ordinability Or`di·na·bil"i·ty noun Capability of being ordained or appointed. [ Obsolete] Bp. Bull.
Ordinable Or"di·na·ble adjective [ See Ordinate , Ordain .] Capable of being ordained or appointed. [ Obsolete]
Ordinal Or"di·nal adjective [ Latin ordinalis , from ordo , ordinis , order. See Order .] 1. Indicating order or succession; as, the ordinal numbers, first, second, third, etc. 2. Of or pertaining to an order.
Ordinal Or"di·nal noun 1. A word or number denoting order or succession. 2. (Ch. of Eng.) The book of forms for making, ordaining, and consecrating bishops, priests, and deacons. 3. (R. C. Ch.) A book containing the rubrics of the Mass. [ Written also ordinale .]
Ordinalism Or"di·nal·ism noun The state or quality of being ordinal. [ R.] Latham.
Ordinance Or"di·nance noun
[ Middle English ordenance
, Old French ordenance
, French ordonnance
. See Ordain
, and confer Ordnance
.] 1. Orderly arrangement; preparation; provision.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
They had made their ordinance Chaucer. 2. A rule established by authority; a permanent rule of action; a statute, law, regulation, rescript, or accepted usage; an edict or decree; esp., a local law enacted by a municipal government; as, a municipal ordinance .
Of victual, and of other purveyance.
Thou wilt die by God's just ordinance . Shak.
By custom and the ordinance of times. Shak.
Walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless. Luke i. 6.
» Acts of Parliament are sometimes called ordinances
; also, certain colonial laws and certain acts of Congress under Confederation; as, the ordinance
of 1787 for the government of the territory of the United States northwest of the Ohio River; the colonial ordinance
of 1641, or 1647. This word is often used in Scripture in the sense of a law or statute of sovereign power. Ex. xv. 25. Num. x. 8. Ezra iii. 10.
Its most frequent application now in the United States is to laws and regulations of municipal corporations. Wharton (Law Dict.). 3. (Eccl.) An established rite or ceremony. 4. Rank; order; station.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 5.
[ See Ordnance
.] Ordnance; cannon.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Ordinand Or"di·nand` noun [ Latin ordinandus , gerundive of ordinare . See Ordain .] One about to be ordained.
Ordinant Or"di·nant adjective [ Latin ordinans , present participle of ordinare . See Ordain .] Ordaining; decreeing. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Ordinant Or"di·nant noun One who ordains. F. G. Lee.
Ordinarily Or"di·na·ri·ly adverb According to established rules or settled method; as a rule; commonly; usually; in most cases; as, a winter more than ordinarily severe.
Those who ordinarily pride themselves not a little upon their penetration. I. Taylor.
Ordinary Or"di·na·ry adjective
[ Latin ordinarius
, from ordo
, order: confer French ordinaire
. See Order
.] 1. According to established order; methodical; settled; regular.
forms of law." Addison. 2. Common; customary; usual. Shak.
Method is not less reguisite in ordinary conversation that in writing. Addison. 3. Of common rank, quality, or ability; not distinguished by superior excellence or beauty; hence, not distinguished in any way; commonplace; inferior; of little merit; as, men of ordinary judgment; an ordinary book.
An ordinary lad would have acquired little or no useful knowledge in such a way. Macaulay. Ordinary seaman (Nautical)
, one not expert or fully skilled, and hence ranking below an able seaman . Syn.
-- Normal; common; usual; customary. See Normal
. -- Ordinary
. A thing is common
in which many persons share or partake; as, a common
practice. A thing is ordinary
when it is apt to come round in the regular common order or succession of events.
Ordinary Or"di·na·ry noun
; plural Ordinaries
(-rĭz). 1. (Law) (a) (Roman Law) An officer who has original jurisdiction in his own right, and not by deputation. (b) (Eng. Law) One who has immediate jurisdiction in matters ecclesiastical; an ecclesiastical judge; also, a deputy of the bishop, or a clergyman appointed to perform divine service for condemned criminals and assist in preparing them for death. (c) (Am. Law) A judicial officer, having generally the powers of a judge of probate or a surrogate. 2. The mass; the common run.
I see no more in you than in the ordinary Shak. 3. That which is so common, or continued, as to be considered a settled establishment or institution.
Of nature's salework.
Spain had no other wars save those which were grown into an ordinary . Bacon. 4. Anything which is in ordinary or common use.
Water buckets, wagons, cart wheels, plow socks, and other ordinaries . Sir W. Scott. 5. A dining room or eating house where a meal is prepared for all comers, at a fixed price for the meal, in distinction from one where each dish is separately charged; a table d'hôte; hence, also, the meal furnished at such a dining room. Shak.
All the odd words they have picked up in a coffeehouse, or a gaming ordinary , are produced as flowers of style. Swift.
He exacted a tribute for licenses to hawkers and peddlers and to ordinaries . Bancroft. 6. (Her.) A charge or bearing of simple form, one of nine or ten which are in constant use. The bend , chevron , chief , cross , fesse , pale , and saltire are uniformly admitted as ordinaries. Some authorities include bar , bend sinister , pile , and others. See Subordinary . In ordinary
. (a) In actual and constant service; statedly attending and serving; as, a physician or chaplain in ordinary . An ambassador in ordinary is one constantly resident at a foreign court. (b) (Nautical) Out of commission and laid up; -- said of a naval vessel.
-- Ordinary of the Mass (R. C. Ch.)
, the part of the Mass which is the same every day; -- called also the canon of the Mass .
Ordinaryship Or"di·na·ry·ship noun The state of being an ordinary. [ R.] Fuller.
Ordinate Or"di·nate adjective [ Latin ordinatus , past participle of ordinare . See Ordain .] Well-ordered; orderly; regular; methodical. "A life blissful and ordinate ." Chaucer. Ordinate figure (Math.) , a figure whose sides and angles are equal; a regular figure.
Ordinate Or"di·nate noun (Geom.) The distance of any point in a curve or a straight line, measured on a line called the axis of ordinates or on a line parallel to it, from another line called the axis of abscissas , on which the corresponding abscissa of the point is measured. » The ordinate and abscissa, taken together, are called coördinates , and define the position of the point with reference to the two axes named, the intersection of which is called the origin of coördinates . See Coordinate .
Ordinate Or"di·nate transitive verb To appoint, to regulate; to harmonize. Bp. Hall.
Ordinately Or"di·nate·ly adverb In an ordinate manner; orderly. Chaucer. Skelton.
Ordination Or`di·na"tion noun
[ Latin ordinatio
: confer French ordination
.] 1. The act of ordaining, appointing, or setting apart; the state of being ordained, appointed, etc.
The holy and wise ordination of God. Jer. Taylor.
Virtue and vice have a natural ordination to the happiness and misery of life respectively. Norris. 2. (Eccl.) The act of setting apart to an office in the Christian ministry; the conferring of holy orders. 3. Disposition; arrangement; order.
[ R.] Angle of ordination (Geom.)
, the angle between the axes of coördinates.
Ordinative Or"di·na·tive adjective [ Latin ordinativus .] Tending to ordain; directing; giving order. [ R.] Gauden.
Ordinator Or"di·na`tor noun [ Latin ] One who ordains or establishes; a director. [ R.] T. Adams.
Ordnance Ord"nance noun
[ From Middle English ordenance
, referring orig. to the bore or size of the cannon. See Ordinance
.] Heavy weapons of warfare; cannon, or great guns, mortars, and howitzers; artillery; sometimes, a general term for all weapons and appliances used in war.
All the battlements their ordnance fire. Shak.
Then you may hear afar off the awful roar of his [ Rufus Choate's] rifled ordnance . E. Ererett. Ordnance survey
, the official survey of Great Britain and Ireland, conducted by the ordnance department.
Ordonnance Or"don·nance noun
[ French See Ordinance
.] (Fine Arts) The disposition of the parts of any composition with regard to one another and the whole.
Their dramatic ordonnance of the parts. Coleridge.
Ordonnant Or"don·nant adjective [ French, present participle of ordonner . See Ordinant .] Of or pertaining to ordonnance. Dryden.
Ordovian Or·do"vi·an adjective & noun (Geol.) Ordovician.
Ordovician Or`do·vi"cian adjective [ From Latin Ordovices , a Celtic people in Wales.] (Geol.) Of or pertaining to a division of the Silurian formation, corresponding in general to the Lower Silurian of most authors, exclusive of the Cambrian. -- noun The Ordovician formation.
Ordure Or"dure noun [ French ordure , Old French ord filthy, foul, from Latin horridus horrid. See Horrid .] 1. Dung; excrement; fæces. Shak. 2. Defect; imperfection; fault. [ Obsolete] Holland.
Ordurous Or"dur·ous adjective Of or pertaining to ordure; filthy. Drayton.
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