Encyclo - Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Orang-outang noun [ Malayan ...rang ...tan , i. e., man of the woods; ...rang man + ...tan a forest, wood, wild, savage.] (Zoology) An arboreal anthropoid ape ( Simia satyrus ), which inhabits Borneo and Sumatra. Often called simply orang . [ Written also orang-outan , orang-utan , ourang- utang , and oran-utan .]

» It is over four feet high, when full grown, and has very long arms, which reach nearly or quite to the ground when the body is erect. Its color is reddish brown. In structure, it closely resembles man in many respects.

Orangeat noun [ French, from orange .] Candied orange peel; also, orangeade.

Orangeism noun Attachment to the principles of the society of Orangemen; the tenets or practices of the Orangemen.

Orangeman noun ; plural -men One of a secret society, organized in the north of Ireland in 1795, the professed objects of which are the defense of the regning sovereign of Great Britain, the support of the Protestant religion, the maintenance of the laws of the kingdom, etc.; -- so called in honor of William, Prince of Orange, who became William III. of England.

Orangeroot noun (Botany) An American ranunculaceous plant ( Hidrastis Canadensis ), having a yellow tuberous root; -- also called yellowroot , golden seal , etc.

Orangery noun [ French orangerie , from orange . See Orange .] A place for raising oranges; a plantation of orange trees.

Orangetawny adjective & noun Deep orange-yellow; dark yellow. Shak.

Orangite (Min.) An orange-yellow variety of the mineral thorite, found in Norway.

Orarian adjective [ Latin orarius , from ora coast.] Of or pertaining to a coast.

Oration noun [ Latin oratio , from orare to speak, utter, pray. See Oral , Orison .] An elaborate discourse, delivered in public, treating an important subject in a formal and dignified manner; especially, a discourse having reference to some special occasion, as a funeral, an anniversary, a celebration, or the like; -- distinguished from an argument in court, a popular harangue, a sermon, a lecture, etc.; as, Webster's oration at Bunker Hill.

The lord archbishop . . . made a long oration .
Bacon.

Syn. -- Address; speech. See Harangue .

Oration intransitive verb To deliver an oration. Donne.

Orator noun [ Latin , from orare to speak, utter. See Oration .]
1. A public speaker; one who delivers an oration; especially, one distinguished for his skill and power as a public speaker; one who is eloquent.

I am no orator , as Brutus is.
Shak.

Some orator renowned
In Athens or free Rome.
Milton.

2. (Law) (a) In equity proceedings, one who prays for relief; a petitioner. (b) A plaintiff, or complainant, in a bill in chancery. Burrill.

3. (Eng. Universities) An officer who is the voice of the university upon all public occasions, who writes, reads, and records all letters of a public nature, presents, with an appropriate address, those persons on whom honorary degrees are to be conferred, and performs other like duties; -- called also public orator .

Oratorial adjective Oratorical. [ R.] Swift. -- Or`a*to"ri*al*ly , adverb

Oratorian adjective Oratorical. [ Obsolete] R. North.

Oratorian noun [ Confer French oratorien .] (R. C. Ch.) See Fathers of the Oratory , under Oratory .

Oratorical adjective Of or pertaining to an orator or to oratory; characterized by oratory; rhetorical; becoming to an orator; as, an oratorical triumph; an oratorical essay. -- Or`a*tor"ic*al*ly , adverb

Oratorio noun [ Italian , from Latin oratorius belonging to praying. See Orator , and confer Oratory .]


1. (Mus.) A more or less dramatic text or poem, founded on some Scripture nerrative, or great divine event, elaborately set to music, in recitative, arias, grand choruses, etc., to be sung with an orchestral accompaniment, but without action, scenery, or costume, although the oratorio grew out of the Mysteries and the Miracle and Passion plays, which were acted.

» There are instances of secular and mythological subjects treated in the form of the oratorios, and called oratorios by their composers; as Haydn's "Seasons," Handel's "Semele," etc.

2. Performance or rendering of such a composition.

Oratorious adjective [ Late Latin oratorius .] Oratorical. [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor. -- Or`a*to"ri*ous*ly , adverb [ Obsolete]

Oratorize intransitive verb To play the orator. [ Jocose or derisive] Dickens.

Oratory noun ; plural Oratories . [ Middle English oratorie , from Latin oratorium , from oratorius of praying, of an orator: confer French oratoire . See Orator , Oral , and confer Oratorio .] A place of orisons, or prayer; especially, a chapel or small room set apart for private devotions.

An oratory [ temple] . . . in worship of Dian.
Chaucer.

Do not omit thy prayers for want of a good oratory , or place to pray in.
Jer. Taylor.

Fathers of the Oratory (R. C. Ch.) , a society of priests founded by St. Philip Neri, living in community, and not bound by a special vow. The members are called also oratorians .

Oratory noun [ Latin oratoria (sc. ars ) the oratorical art.] The art of an orator; the art of public speaking in an eloquent or effective manner; the exercise of rhetorical skill in oral discourse; eloquence. "The oratory of Greece and Rome." Milton.

When a world of men
Could not prevail with all their oratory .
Shak.

Oratress noun A woman who makes public addresses. Warner.

Oratrix noun [ Latin ] A woman plaintiff, or complainant, in equity pleading. Burrill.

Orb noun [ Old French orb blind, from Latin orbus destitute.] (Architecture) A blank window or panel. [ Obsolete] Oxf. Gloss.

Orb noun [ French orbe , from Latin orbis circle, orb. Confer Orbit .]


1. A spherical body; a globe; especially, one of the celestial spheres; a sun, planet, or star.

In the small orb of one particular tear.
Shak.

Whether the prime orb ,
Incredible how swift, had thither rolled.
Milton.

2. One of the azure transparent spheres conceived by the ancients to be inclosed one within another, and to carry the heavenly bodies in their revolutions.

3. A circle; esp., a circle, or nearly circular orbit, described by the revolution of a heavenly body; an orbit.

The schoolmen were like astronomers, which did feign eccentrics, and epicycles, and such engines of orbs .
Bacon.

You seem to me as Dian in her orb .
Shak.

In orbs
Of circuit inexpressible they stood,
Orb within orb .
Milton.

4. A period of time marked off by the revolution of a heavenly body. [ R.] Milton.

5. The eye, as luminous and spherical. [ Poetic]

A drop serene hath quenched their orbs .
Milton.

6. A revolving circular body; a wheel. [ Poetic]

The orbs
Of his fierce chariot rolled.
Milton.

7. A sphere of action. [ R.] Wordsworth.

But in our orbs we'll live so round and safe.
Shak

8. Same as Mound , a ball or globe. See lst Mound .

9. (Mil.) A body of soldiers drawn up in a circle, as for defense, esp. infantry to repel cavalry.

Syn. -- Globe; ball; sphere. See Globe .

Orb transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Orbed ; present participle & verbal noun Orbing .]
1. To form into an orb or circle. [ Poetic] Milton. Lowell.

2. To encircle; to surround; to inclose. [ Poetic]

The wheels were orbed with gold.
Addison.

Orb intransitive verb To become round like an orb. [ Poetic]

And orb into the perfect star.
Tennyson.

Orbate adjective [ Latin orbatus , past participle of orbare to bereave, from orbus bereaved of parents or children. See Orphan .] Bereaved; fatherless; childless. [ Obsolete]

Orbation noun [ Latin orbatio .] The state of being orbate, or deprived of parents or children; privation, in general; bereavement. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

Orbed adjective Having the form of an orb; round.

The orbèd eyelids are let down.
Trench.

Orbic, Orbical adjective [ Latin orbicus , or orbitus , from orbis orb.] Spherical; orbicular; orblike; circular. [ R.] Bacon.

Orbicle noun [ Latin orbiculus , dim. of orbis orb.] A small orb, or sphere. [ Obsolete] G. Fletcher.

Orbicula noun [ New Latin See Orbicle .] (Zoology) Same as Discina .

Orbicular adjective [ Latin orbicularis , from orbiculus , dim. of orbis orb: confer French orbiculaire .] Resembling or having the form of an orb; spherical; circular; orbiculate. -- Or*bic"u*lar*ly , adverb -- Or*bic"u*lar*ness , noun

Orbicular as the disk of a planet.
De Quincey.

Orbiculate noun That which is orbiculate; especially, a solid the vertical section of which is oval, and the horizontal section circular.

Orbiculate, Orbiculated adjective [ Latin orbiculatus . See Orbicular .] Made, or being, in the form of an orb; having a circular, or nearly circular, or a spheroidal, outline.

Orbiculate leaf (Botany) , a leaf whose outline is nearly circular.

Orbiculation noun The state or quality of being orbiculate; orbicularness. Dr. H. More.

Orbit noun [ Latin orbita a track or rut made by a wheel, course, circuit, from orbis a circle: confer French orbite . See 2d Orb .]
1. (Astron.) The path described by a heavenly body in its periodical revolution around another body; as, the orbit of Jupiter, of the earth, of the moon.

2. An orb or ball. [ Rare & Improper]

Roll the lucid orbit of an eye.
Young.

3. (Anat.) The cavity or socket of the skull in which the eye and its appendages are situated.

4. (Zoology) The skin which surrounds the eye of a bird.

Orbital adjective Of or pertaining to an orbit. " Orbital revolution." J. D. Forbes.

Orbital index (Anat.) , in the skull, the ratio of the vertical height to the transverse width of the orbit, which is taken as the standard, equal to 100.

Orbitar adjective [ Confer French orbitaire .] Orbital. [ R.] Dunglison.

Orbitary adjective Situated around the orbit; as, the orbitary feathers of a bird.

Orbitelæ noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin orbis an orb + tela a web.] (Zoology) A division of spiders, including those that make geometrical webs, as the garden spider, or Epeira.

Orbitolites noun [ New Latin See Orbit , and -lite .] (Zoology) A genus of living Foraminifera, forming broad, thin, circular disks, containing numerous small chambers.

Orbitonasal adjective [ Orbit + nasal .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the orbit and the nose; as, the orbitonasal , or ophthalmic, nerve.

Orbitosphenoid adjective [ Orbit + sphenoid .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the sphenoid bone and the orbit, or to the orbitosphenoid bone. -- noun The orbitosphenoid bone, which is situated in the orbit on either side of the presphenoid. It generally forms a part of the sphenoid in the adult.

Orbitosphenoidal adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the orbitosphenoid bone; orbitosphenoid.

Orbituary adjective Orbital. [ R.]

Orbitude, Orbity noun [ Latin orbitudo , orbitas , from orbus : confer French orbité . See Orbate .] Orbation. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

Orbulina noun [ New Latin , dim. of Latin orbis orb.] (Zoology) A genus of minute living Foraminifera having a globular shell.

Orby adjective [ From 2d Orb .] Orblike; having the course of an orb; revolving. [ Obsolete] " Orby hours." Chapman.