Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Oriel noun [ Old French oriol gallery, corridor, Late Latin oriolum portico, hall, probably from Latin aureolus gilded, applied to an apartment decorated with gilding. See Oriole .] [ Formerly written also oriol , oryal , oryall .]


1. A gallery for minstrels. [ Obsolete] W. Hamper.

2. A small apartment next a hall, where certain persons were accustomed to dine; a sort of recess. [ Obsolete] Cowell.

3. (Architecture) A bay window. See Bay window .

The beams that thro' the oriel shine
Make prisms in every carven glass.
Tennyson.

» There is no generally admitted difference between a bay window and an oriel. In the United States the latter name is often applied to bay windows which are small, and either polygonal or round; also, to such as are corbeled out from the wall instead of resting on the ground.

Oriency noun [ See Orient .] Brightness or strength of color. [ R.] E. Waterhouse.

Orient adjective [ French, from Latin oriens , -entis , present participle of oriri to rise. See Origin .]
1. Rising, as the sun.

Moon, that now meet'st the orient sun.
Milton.

2. Eastern; oriental. "The orient part." Hakluyt.

3. Bright; lustrous; superior; pure; perfect; pellucid; -- used of gems and also figuratively, because the most perfect jewels are found in the East. "Pearls round and orient ." Jer. Taylor. " Orient gems." Wordsworth. " Orient liquor in a crystal glass." Milton.

Orient noun
1. The part of the horizon where the sun first appears in the morning; the east.

[ Morn] came furrowing all the orient into gold.
Tennyson.

2. The countries of Asia or the East. Chaucer.

Best built city throughout the Orient .
Sir T. Herbert.

3. A pearl of great luster. [ R.] Carlyle.

Orient transitive verb [ French orienter . Confer Orientate .]


1. To define the position of, in relation to the orient or east; hence, to ascertain the bearings of.

2. Fig.: To correct or set right by recurring to first principles; to arrange in order; to orientate.

Orient transitive verb
1. Same as Orientate , 2.

2. To place (a map or chart) so that its east side, north side, etc., lie toward the corresponding parts of the horizon; specif. (Surv.) , to rotate (a map attached to a plane table) until the line of direction between any two of its points is parallel to the corresponding direction in nature.

Oriental adjective [ Latin orientalis : confer French oriental .] Of or pertaining to the orient or east; eastern; concerned with the East or Orientalism; -- opposed to occidental ; as, Oriental countries.

The sun's ascendant and oriental radiations.
Sir T. Browne.

Oriental noun
1. A native or inhabitant of the Orient or some Eastern part of the world; an Asiatic.

2. plural (Eccl.) Eastern Christians of the Greek rite.

Orientalism noun [ Confer French orientalisme .]


1. Any system, doctrine, custom, expression, etc., peculiar to Oriental people.

2. Knowledge or use of Oriental languages, history, literature, etc. London Quart. Rev.

Orientalist noun [ Confer French orientaliste .]


1. An inhabitant of the Eastern parts of the world; an Oriental.

2. One versed in Eastern languages, literature, etc.; as, the Paris Congress of Orientalists . Sir J. Shore.

Orientality noun The quality or state of being oriental or eastern. Sir T. Browne.

Orientalize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Orientalized ; present participle & verbal noun Orientalizing .] to render Oriental; to cause to conform to Oriental manners or conditions.

Orientate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Orientated ; present participle & verbal noun Orientating .] [ From Orient .]


1. To place or turn toward the east; to cause to assume an easterly direction, or to veer eastward.

2. To arrange in order; to dispose or place (a body) so as to show its relation to other bodies, or the relation of its parts among themselves.

A crystal is orientated when placed in its proper position so as to exhibit its symmetry.
E. S. Dana.

Orientate intransitive verb To move or turn toward the east; to veer from the north or south toward the east.

Orientation noun [ Confer French orientation .]


1. The act or process of orientating; determination of the points of the compass, or the east point, in taking bearings.

2. The tendency of a revolving body, when suspended in a certain way, to bring the axis of rotation into parallelism with the earth's axis.

3. An aspect or fronting to the east; especially (Architecture) , the placing of a church so that the chancel, containing the altar toward which the congregation fronts in worship, will be on the east end.

4. Fig.: A return to first principles; an orderly arrangement.

The task of orientation undertaken in this chapter.
Latin F. Ward.

Orientness noun The quality or state of being orient or bright; splendor. [ Obsolete] Fuller.

Orifice noun [ French, from Latin orificium ; os , oris , a mouth + facere to make. See Oral , and Fact .] A mouth or aperture, as of a tube, pipe, etc.; an opening; as, the orifice of an artery or vein; the orifice of a wound. Shak.

Etna was bored through the top with a monstrous orifice .
Addison.

Oriflamb, Oriflamme noun [ French oriflamme , Old French oriflambe , Late Latin auriflamma ; Latin aurum gold + flamma flame; confer Latin flammula a little banner. So called because it was a flag of red silk, split into many points, and borne on a gilded lance.]
1. The ancient royal standard of France.

2. A standard or ensign, in battle. "A handkerchief like an oriflamb ." Longfellow.

And be your oriflamme to-day the helmet of Navarre.
Macaulay.

Origan O*rig"a*num noun [ Latin origanum , Greek ..., ..., probably from 'o`ros , mountain + ... brightness, beauty. Confer Organy .] (Botany) A genus of aromatic labiate plants, including the sweet marjoram ( O. Marjorana ) and the wild marjoram ( O. vulgare ). Spenser.

Origenism noun (Eccl. Hist.) The opinions of Origen of Alexandria, who lived in the 3d century, one of the most learned of the Greek Fathers. Prominent in his teaching was the doctrine that all created beings, including Satan, will ultimately be saved.

Origenist noun A follower of Origen of Alexandria.

Origin noun [ French origine , Latin origo , -iginis , from oriri to rise, become visible; akin to Greek 'orny`nai to stir up, rouse, Sanskrit r , and perhaps to English run .]


1. The first existence or beginning of anything; the birth.

This mixed system of opinion and sentiment had its origin in the ancient chivalry.
Burke.

2. That from which anything primarily proceeds; the fountain; the spring; the cause; the occasion.

3. (Anat.) The point of attachment or end of a muscle which is fixed during contraction; -- in contradistinction to insertion .

Origin of coördinate axes (Math.) , the point where the axes intersect. See Note under Ordinate .

Syn. -- Commencement; rise; source; spring; fountain; derivation; cause; root; foundation. -- Origin , Source . Origin denotes the rise or commencement of a thing; source presents itself under the image of a fountain flowing forth in a continuous stream of influences. The origin of moral evil has been much disputed, but no one can doubt that it is the source of most of the calamities of our race.

I think he would have set out just as he did, with the origin of ideas -- the proper starting point of a grammarian, who is to treat of their signs.
Tooke.

Famous Greece,
That source of art and cultivated thought
Which they to Rome, and Romans hither, brought.
Waller.

Originable adjective Capable of being originated.

Original adjective [ French original , Latin originalis .]


1. Pertaining to the origin or beginning; preceding all others; first in order; primitive; primary; pristine; as, the original state of man; the original laws of a country; the original inventor of a process.

His form had yet not lost
All her original brightness.
Milton.

2. Not copied, imitated, or translated; new; fresh; genuine; as, an original thought; an original process; the original text of Scripture.

3. Having the power to suggest new thoughts or combinations of thought; inventive; as, an original genius.

4. Before unused or unknown; new; as, a book full of original matter.

Original sin (Theol.) , the first sin of Adam, as related to its consequences to his descendants of the human race; -- called also total depravity . See Calvinism .

Original noun [ Confer French original .]


1. Origin; commencement; source.

It hath it original from much grief.
Shak.

And spangled heavens, a shining frame,
Their great Original proclaim.
Addison.

2. That which precedes all others of its class; archetype; first copy; hence, an original work of art, manuscript, text, and the like, as distinguished from a copy, translation, etc.

The Scriptures may be now read in their own original .
Milton.

3. An original thinker or writer; an originator. [ R.]

Men who are bad at copying, yet are good originals .
C. G. Leland.

4. A person of marked eccentricity. [ Colloq.]

5. (Zoology & Bot.) The natural or wild species from which a domesticated or cultivated variety has been derived; as, the wolf is thought by some to be the original of the dog, the blackthorn the original of the plum.

Originalist noun One who is original. [ R.]

Originality noun [ Confer French originalité .] The quality or state of being original. Macaulay.

Originally adverb
1. In the original time, or in an original manner; primarily; from the beginning or origin; not by derivation, or imitation.

God is originally holy in himself.
Bp. Pearson.

2. At first; at the origin; at the time of formation or costruction; as, a book originally written by another hand. " Originally a half length [ portrait]." Walpole.

Originalness noun The quality of being original; originality. [ R.] Johnson.

Originant adjective Originating; original. [ R.]

An absolutely originant act of self will.
Prof. Shedd.

Originary adjective [ Latin originarius : confer French originaire .]
1. Causing existence; productive. [ R.]

The production of animals, in the originary way, requires a certain degree of warmth.
Cheyne.

2. Primitive; primary; original. [ R.]

The grand originary right of all rights.
Hickok.

Originate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Originated ; present participle & verbal noun Originating .] [ From Origin .] To give an origin or beginning to; to cause to be; to bring into existence; to produce as new.

A decomposition of the whole civill and political mass, for the purpose of originating a new civil order.
Burke.

Originate intransitive verb To take first existence; to have origin or beginning; to begin to exist or act; as, the scheme originated with the governor and council.

Origination noun [ Latin originatio .]


1. The act or process of bringing or coming into existence; first production. "The origination of the universe." Keill.

What comes from spirit is a spontaneous origination .
Hickok.

2. Mode of production, or bringing into being.

This eruca is propagated by animal parents, to wit, butterflies, after the common origination of all caterpillars.
Ray.

Originative adjective Having power, or tending, to originate, or bring into existence; originating. H. Bushnell. -- O*rig"i*na*tive*ly , adverb

Originator noun One who originates.

Orillon noun [ French, lit., a little ear, from oreille an ear, from Latin oricula , auricula , dim. of auris an ear. See Ear .] (Fort.) A semicircular projection made at the shoulder of a bastion for the purpose of covering the retired flank, -- found in old fortresses.

Oriol noun See Oriel .

Oriole noun [ Old French oriol , oriouz , orieus , French loriot (for l'oriol ), from Latin aureolus golden, dim. of aureus golden, from aurum gold. Confer Aureole , Oriel , Loriot .] (Zoology) (a) Any one of various species of Old World singing birds of the family Oriolidæ . They are usually conspicuously colored with yellow and black. The European or golden oriole ( Oriolus galbula , or O. oriolus ) has a very musical flutelike note. (b) In America, any one of several species of the genus Icterus , belonging to the family Icteridæ . See Baltimore oriole , and Orchard oriole , under Orchard .

Crested oriole . (Zoology) See Cassican .

Orion noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., orig., a celebrated hunter in the oldest Greek mythology, after whom this constellation was named.] (Astron.) A large and bright constellation on the equator, between the stars Aldebaran and Sirius. It contains a remarkable nebula visible to the naked eye.

The flaming glories of Orion's belt.
E. Everett.

Oriskany adjective [ From Oriskany , in New York.] (Geol.) Designating, or pertaining to, certain beds, chiefly limestone, characteristic of the latest period of the Silurian age.

Oriskany period , a subdivision of the American Paleozoic system intermediate or translational in character between the Silurian and Devonian ages. See Chart of Geology .

Orismological adjective (Nat. Hist.) Of or pertaining to orismology.

Orismology noun [ Greek ... a marking out by boundaries, the definition of a word + -logy . See Horizon .] That departament of natural history which treats of technical terms.

Orison noun [ Old French orison , oreson , oreison , French oraison , from Latin oratio speech, prayer. See Oration .] A prayer; a supplication. [ Poetic] Chaucer. Shak.

Lowly they bowed, adoring, and began
Their orisons , each morning duly paid.
Milton.

Orisont noun Horizon. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Ork noun (Zoology) See Orc .

Orkneyan adjective Of or pertaining to the Orkney islands. " Orkneyan skerries." Longfellow.

Orle noun [ French orle an orle, a fillet, from Late Latin orla border, dim. of Latin ora border, margin.]


1. (Her.) A bearing, in the form of a fillet, round the shield, within, but at some distance from, the border.

2. (Her.) The wreath, or chaplet, surmounting or encircling the helmet of a knight and bearing the crest.

In orle , round the escutcheon, leaving the middle of the field vacant, or occupied by something else; -- said of bearings arranged on the shield in the form of an orle.

Orleans noun [ So called from the city of Orléans , in France.]
1. A cloth made of worsted and cotton, -- used for wearing apparel.

2. A variety of the plum. See under Plum . [ Eng.]

Orlo noun [ Spanish ] (Mus.) A wind instrument of music in use among the Spaniards.