Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin organicus
, Greek ...: confer French organique
.] 1. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to an organ or its functions, or to objects composed of organs; consisting of organs, or containing them; as, the organic structure of animals and plants; exhibiting characters peculiar to living organisms; as, organic bodies, organic life, organic remains. Confer Inorganic . 2. Produced by the organs; as, organic pleasure.
[ R.] 3. Instrumental; acting as instruments of nature or of art to a certain destined function or end.
Those organic arts which enable men to discourse and write perspicuously. Milton. 4. Forming a whole composed of organs. Hence: Of or pertaining to a system of organs; inherent in, or resulting from, a certain organization; as, an organic government; his love of truth was not inculcated, but organic . 5. Pertaining to, or denoting, any one of the large series of substances which, in nature or origin, are connected with vital processes, and include many substances of artificial production which may or may not occur in animals or plants; -- contrasted with inorganic .
» The principles of organic and inorganic chemistry are identical; but the enormous number and the completeness of related series of organic compounds, together with their remarkable facility of exchange and substitution, offer an illustration of chemical reaction and homology not to be paralleled in inorganic chemistry. Organic analysis (Chemistry)
, the analysis of organic compounds, concerned chiefly with the determination of carbon as carbon dioxide, hydrogen as water, oxygen as the difference between the sum of the others and 100 per cent, and nitrogen as free nitrogen, ammonia, or nitric oxide; -- formerly called ultimate analysis , in distinction from proximate analysis .
-- Organic chemistry
. See under Chemistry .
-- Organic compounds
. (Chemistry) See Carbon compounds , under Carbon .
-- Organic description of a curve (Geom.)
, the description of a curve on a plane by means of instruments. Brande & C.
-- Organic disease (Medicine)
, a disease attended with morbid changes in the structure of the organs of the body or in the composition of its fluids; -- opposed to functional disease .
-- Organic electricity
. See under Electricity .
-- Organic law or laws
, a law or system of laws, or declaration of principles fundamental to the existence and organization of a political or other association; a constitution.
-- Organic stricture (Medicine)
, a contraction of one of the natural passages of the body produced by structural changes in its walls, as distinguished from a spasmodic stricture , which is due to muscular contraction.
Organical adjective Organic.
The organical structure of human bodies, whereby they live and move. Bentley.
Organically adverb In an organic manner; by means of organs or with reference to organic functions; hence, fundamentally. Gladstone.
Organicalness noun The quality or state of being organic.
Organicism noun (Medicine) The doctrine of the localization of disease, or which refers it always to a material lesion of an organ. Dunglison.
+ Latin -ficare
(in comp.) to make. See fy
.] Making an organic or organized structure; producing an organism; acting through, or resulting from, organs. Prof. Park.
Organism noun [ Confer French organisme .]
1. Organic structure; organization. "The advantageous organism of the eye." Grew. 2. (Biol.) An organized being; a living body, either vegetable or animal, compozed of different organs or parts with functions which are separate, but mutually dependent, and essential to the life of the individual. » Some of the lower forms of life are so simple in structure as to be without organs, but are still called organisms , since they have different parts analogous in functions to the organs of higher plants and animals.
Organist noun [ Confer French organiste .]
1. (Mus.) One who plays on the organ. 2. (R. C. Ch.) One of the priests who organized or sung in parts. [ Obsolete]
Organista noun [ Spanish , an organis.] (Zoology) Any one of several South American wrens, noted for the sweetness of their song.
Organity noun Organism. [ R.]
Organizability noun Quality of being organizable; capability of being organized.
Organizable adjective Capable of being organized; esp. (Biol.) , capable of being formed into living tissue; as, organizable matter.
[ Confer French organisation
.] 1. The act of organizing; the act of arranging in a systematic way for use or action; as, the organization of an army, or of a deliberative body.
"The first organization
of the general government." Pickering. 2. The state of being organized; also, the relations included in such a state or condition.
What is organization but the connection of parts in and for a whole, so that each part is, at once, end and means? Coleridge. 3. That which is organized; an organized existence; an organism
; specif. (Biol.)
, an arrangement of parts for the performance of the functions necessary to life.
The cell may be regarded as the most simple, the most common, and the earliest form of organization . McKendrick.
Organize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Organized
; present participle & verbal noun Organizing
.] [ Confer French organiser
, Greek .... See Organ
.] 1. (Biol.) To furnish with organs; to give an organic structure to; to endow with capacity for the functions of life; as, an organized being; organized matter; -- in this sense used chiefly in the past participle.
These nobler faculties of the mind, matter organized could never produce. Ray. 2. To arrange or constitute in parts, each having a special function, act, office, or relation; to systematize; to get into working order; -- applied to products of the human intellect, or to human institutions and undertakings, as a science, a government, an army, a war, etc.
This original and supreme will organizes the government. Cranch. 3. (Mus.) To sing in parts; as, to organize an anthem.
[ R.] Busby.
Organizer noun One who organizes.
Organling noun (Zoology) A large kind of sea fish; the orgeis.
[ See Organ
.] A combining form denoting relation to , or connection with , an organ or organs .
Organogen noun [ Organo- + -gen .] (Chemistry) A name given to any one of the four elements, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, which are especially characteristic ingredients of organic compounds; also, by extension, to other elements sometimes found in the same connection; as sulphur, phosphorus, etc.
Organogenesis noun [ Organo- + genesis .]
1. (Biol.) The origin and development of organs in animals and plants. 2. (Biol.) The germ history of the organs and systems of organs, -- a branch of morphogeny. Haeckel.
Organogenic adjective (Biol.) Of or pertaining to organogenesis.
Organogeny noun (Biol.) Organogenesis.
Organographic, Organographical adjective [ Confer French organographique .] Of or pertaining to organography.
Organographist noun One versed in organography.
Organography noun [ Organo- + -graphy : confer French organographie .] A description of the organs of animals or plants.
Organoleptic adjective [ French organoleptique , from Greek ... an organ + ... to lay hold of.] (Physiol.) Making an impression upon an organ; plastic; - - said of the effect or impression produced by any substance on the organs of touch, taste, or smell, and also on the organism as a whole.
Organological adjective Of or relating to organology.
: confer French organologie
.] 1. The science of organs or of anything considered as an organic structure.
The science of style, as an organ of thought, of style in relation to the ideas and feelings, might be called the organology of style. De Quincey. 2. That branch of biology which treats, in particular, of the organs of animals and plants. See Morphology .
Organometallic adjective (Chemistry) Metalorganic.
Organon Or"ga*num noun [ New Latin organon , Latin organum . See Organ .] An organ or instrument; hence, a method by which philosophical or scientific investigation may be conducted; -- a term adopted from the Aristotelian writers by Lord Bacon, as the title ("Novum Organon ") of part of his treatise on philosophical method. Sir. W. Hamilton.
Organonymy noun [ Organo- + Greek ..., for ..., a name.] (Biol.) The designation or nomenclature of organs. B. G. Wilder.
Organophyly noun [ Organo- + Greek ... clan.] (Biol.) The tribal history of organs, -- a branch of morphophyly. Haeckel.
Organoplastic adjective [ Organo- + -plastic .] (Biol.) Having the property of producing the tissues or organs of animals and plants; as, the organoplastic cells.
Organoscopy noun [ Organo- + -scopy .] Phrenology. Fleming.
Organotrophic adjective [ Organo- + Greek ... to nourish.] (Biol.) Relating to the creation, organization, and nutrition of living organs or parts.
[ Dim. of organ
.] (Anat.) One of the essential cells or elements of an organ. See Sense organule , under Sense . Huxley.
[ Anglo-Saxon Organe
, from the Latin. See Origan
.] (Botany) See Origan .
Organzine noun [ French organsin ; confer Spanish organsino , Italian organzino .] A kind of double thrown silk of very fine texture, that is, silk twisted like a rope with different strands, so as to increase its strength.
Orgasm noun [ French orgasme ; confer Greek ... a kneading, softening, probably confused with ... to swell, espicially with lust; to feel an ardent desire.] (Physiol.) Eager or immoderate excitement or action; the state of turgescence of any organ; erethism; esp., the height of venereal excitement in sexual intercourse.
Orgeat noun [ French, from orge barley, Latin hordeum .] A sirup in which, formerly, a decoction of barley entered, but which is now prepared with an emulsion of almonds, -- used to flavor beverages or edibles.
[ Greek .... See Orgy
.] Pertaining to, or of the nature of, orgies. Elton.
Orgies noun plural
; sing. Orgy
[ The singular is rarely used.] [ French orgie
, Latin orgia
, plural, Greek ...; akin to ... work. See Organ
, and Work
.] 1. A sacrifice accompanied by certain ceremonies in honor of some pagan deity; especially, the ceremonies observed by the Greeks and Romans in the worship of Dionysus, or Bacchus, which were characterized by wild and dissolute revelry.
As when, with crowned cups, unto the Elian god, Drayton. 2. Drunken revelry; a carouse. B. Jonson. Tennyson.
Those priests high orgies held.
Orgillous adjective [ Old French orguillous , French orgueilleux , from Old French orgoil pride, French orgueil .] Proud; haughty. [ Obsolete] Shak.
[ French, from Latin organum
organ, Greek .... See Organ
.] (Mil.) (a) Any one of a number of long, thick pieces of timber, pointed and shod with iron, and suspended, each by a separate rope, over a gateway, to be let down in case of attack. (b) A piece of ordnance, consisting of a number of musket barrels arranged so that a match or train may connect with all their touchholes, and a discharge be secured almost or quite simultaneously.
Orgulous adjective See Orgillous .
; plural Orgies A frantic revel; drunken revelry. See Orgies
Orgyia noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... the length of the outstretched arms. So named because, when at rest, it stretches forward its fore legs like arms.] (Zoology) . A genus of bombycid moths whose caterpillars (esp. those of Orgyia leucostigma ) are often very injurious to fruit trees and shade trees. The female is wingless. Called also vaporer moth .
[ Obsolete] See Orichalch .
Costly oricalche from strange Phœnice. Spenser.
Orichalceous adjective Pertaining to, or resembling, orichalch; having a color or luster like that of brass. Maunder.
Orichalch noun [ Latin orichalcum , Greek ...; 'o`ros , mountain + chalko`s brass: confer French orichalque .] A metallic substance, resembling gold in color, but inferior in value; a mixed metal of the ancients, resembling brass; -- called also aurichalcum , orichalcum , etc.