Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Guarana noun [ Portuguese ] (Medicine) A preparation from the seeds of Paullinia sorbilis , a woody climber of Brazil, used in making an astringent drink, and also in the cure of headache.

Guaranine noun (Chemistry) An alkaloid extracted from guarana. Same as Caffeine .

Guarantee noun ; plural Guarantees . [ For guaranty, probably influenced by words like assignee, lessee, etc. See Guaranty , and confer Warrantee .]
1. In law and common usage: A promise to answer for the payment of some debt, or the performance of some duty, in case of the failure of another person, who is, in the first instance, liable to such payment or performance; an engagement which secures or insures another against a contingency; a warranty; a security. Same as Guaranty .

His interest seemed to be a guarantee for his zeal.
Macaulay.

2. One who binds himself to see an undertaking of another performed; a guarantor. South.

» Guarantor is the correct form in this sense.

3. (Law) The person to whom a guaranty is made; -- the correlative of guarantor .

Syn. -- Guarantee , Warranty. A guarantee is an engagement that a certain act will be done or not done in future. A warranty is an engagement as to the qualities or title of a thing at the time of the engagement.

Guarantee transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle guaranteed ; p, pr. & verbal noun Guaranteeing .] [ From Guarantee , noun ] In law and common usage: to undertake or engage for the payment of (a debt) or the performance of (a duty) by another person; to undertake to secure (a possession, right, claim, etc.) to another against a specified contingency, or at all events; to give a guarantee concerning; to engage, assure, or secure as a thing that may be depended on; to warrant; as, to guarantee the execution of a treaty.

The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a republican form of government.
Constitution of the U. S.

Guarantor noun [ See Guaranty , and confer Warrantor .] (Law) (a) One who makes or gives a guaranty; a warrantor; a surety. (b) One who engages to secure another in any right or possession.

Guaranty noun ; plural Guaranies . [ Old French guarantie , garantie , French garantie , Old French guarantir , garantir , to warrant, to guaranty , English garantir , from Old French guarant , garant , a warranter, French garant ; of German origin, and from the same word as warranty. See Warrant , and confer Warranty , Guarantee .] In law and common usage: An undertaking to answer for the payment of some debt, or the performance of some contract or duty, of another, in case of the failure of such other to pay or perform; a guarantee; a warranty; a security.

Guaranty transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Guarantied ; present participle & verbal noun Guarantying .] [ From Guaranty , noun ] In law and common usage: To undertake or engage that another person shall perform (what he has stipulated); to undertake to be answerable for (the debt or default of another); to engage to answer for the performance of (some promise or duty by another) in case of a failure by the latter to perform; to undertake to secure (something) to another, as in the case of a contingency. See Guarantee , transitive verb

» Guaranty agrees in form with warranty . Both guaranty and guarantee are well authorized by legal writers in the United States. The prevailing spelling, at least for the verb, is guarantee .

Guard transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Guarded ; present participle &, verbal noun Gurding .] [ Old French guarder , garder , warder, French garder , from Old High German wart...n to be on the watch, await, German marten . See Ward , v. & noun , and confer Guard , noun ]
1. To protect from danger; to secure against surprise, attack, or injury; to keep in safety; to defend; to shelter; to shield from surprise or attack; to protect by attendance; to accompany for protection; to care for.

For Heaven still guards the right.
Shak.

2. To keep watch over, in order to prevent escape or restrain from acts of violence, or the like.

3. To protect the edge of, esp. with an ornamental border; hence, to face or ornament with lists, laces, etc.

The body of your discourse it sometime guarded with fragments, and the guards are but slightly basted on neither.
Shak.

4. To fasten by binding; to gird. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

Syn. -- To defend, protect, shield; keep; watch.

Guard (gärd) intransitive verb To watch by way of caution or defense; to be caution; to be in a state or position of defense or safety; as, careful persons guard against mistakes.

Guard noun [ Old French guarde , French garde ; of German origin; confer Old High German wart , marto , one who watches, mata a watching, Goth. wardja watchman. See Guard , transitive verb ]


1. One who, or that which, guards from injury, danger, exposure, or attack; defense; protection.

His greatness was no guard to bar heaven's shaft.
Shak.

2. A man, or body of men, stationed to protect or control a person or position; a watch; a sentinel.

The guard which kept the door of the king's house.
Kings xiv. 27.

3. One who has charge of a mail coach or a railway train; a conductor. [ Eng.]

4. Any fixture or attachment designed to protect or secure against injury, soiling, or defacement, theft or loss ; as: (a) That part of a sword hilt which protects the hand. (b) Ornamental lace or hem protecting the edge of a garment. (c) A chain or cord for fastening a watch to one's person or dress. (d) A fence or rail to prevent falling from the deck of a vessel. (e) An extension of the deck of a vessel beyond the hull; esp., in side-wheel steam vessels, the framework of strong timbers, which curves out on each side beyond the paddle wheel, and protects it and the shaft against collision. (f) A plate of metal, beneath the stock, or the lock frame, of a gun or pistol, having a loop, called a bow, to protect the trigger. (g) (Bookbinding) An interleaved strip at the back, as in a scrap book, to guard against its breaking when filled.

5. A posture of defense in fencing, and in bayonet and saber exercise.

6. An expression or admission intended to secure against objections or censure.

They have expressed themselves with as few guards and restrictions as I.
Atterbury.

7. Watch; heed; care; attention; as, to keep guard.

8. (Zoology) The fibrous sheath which covers the phragmacone of the Belemnites.

» Guard is often used adjectively or in combination; as, guard boat or guardboat; guardroom or guard room; guard duty.

Advanced guard , Coast guard , etc. See under Advanced , Coast , etc. -- Grand guard (Mil.) , one of the posts of the second line belonging to a system of advance posts of an army. Mahan. -- Guard boat . (a) A boat appointed to row the rounds among ships of war in a harbor, to see that their officers keep a good lookout. (b) A boat used by harbor authorities to enforce the observance of quarantine regulations. -- Guard cells (Botany) , the bordering cells of stomates; they are crescent-shaped and contain chlorophyll. -- Guard chamber , a guardroom. -- Guard detail (Mil.) , men from a company regiment etc., detailed for guard duty. - - Guard duty (Mil.) , the duty of watching patrolling, etc., performed by a sentinel or sentinels. -- Guard lock (Engineering) , a tide lock at the mouth of a dock or basin. -- Guard of honor (Mil.) , a guard appointed to receive or to accompany eminent persons. -- Guard rail (Railroads) , a rail placed on the inside of a main rail, on bridges, at switches, etc., as a safeguard against derailment. -- Guard ship , a war vessel appointed to superintend the marine affairs in a harbor, and also, in the English service, to receive seamen till they can be distributed among their respective ships. -- Life guard (Mil.) , a body of select troops attending the person of a prince or high officer. -- Off one's guard , in a careless state; inattentive; unsuspicious of danger. -- On guard , serving in the capacity of a guard; doing duty as a guard or sentinel; watching. -- On one's guard , in a watchful state; alert; vigilant. -- To mount guard (Mil.) , to go on duty as a guard or sentinel. -- To run the guard , to pass the watch or sentinel without leave.

Syn. -- Defense; shield; protection; safeguard; convoy; escort; care; attention; watch; heed.

Guardable adjective [ Confer French gardable . See Guard , transitive verb ] Capable of being guarded or protected.

Guardage noun [ Confer Old French wardage . See Guard , transitive verb ] Wardship [ Obsolete] Shak.

Guardant adjective [ Old French guardant , present participle of guard... . See Guard , transitive verb ]
1. Acting as guardian. [ Obsolete] Shak.

2. (Her.) Same as Gardant .

Guardant noun A guardian. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Guarded adjective Cautious; wary; circumspect; as, he was guarded in his expressions; framed or uttered with caution; as, his expressions were guarded . -- Guard"edly , adverb -- Guard"ed*ness , noun

Guardenage noun Guardianship. [ Obsolete & R.] " His tuition and guardenage." Holland.

Guarder noun One who guards.

Guardfish noun (Zoology) The garfish.

Guardful adjective Cautious; wary; watchful. [ Obsolete or Poetic.] -- Guard"ful*ly , adverb

Guardhouse noun (Mil.) A building which is occupied by the guard, and in which soldiers are confined for misconduct; hence, a lock-up.

Guardian noun [ Old French guardain , gardien , French gardien , Late Latin guardianus . See Guard , transitive verb , and confer Wasden .]
1. One who guards, preserves, or secures; one to whom any person or thing is committed for protection, security, or preservation from injury; a warden.

2. (Law) One who has, or is entitled to, the custody of the person or property of an infant, a minor without living parents, or a person incapable of managing his own affairs.

Of the several species of guardians , the first are guardians by nature. -- viz., the father and (in some cases) the mother of the child.
Blackstone.

Guardian ad litem (Law) , a guardian appointed by a court of justice to conduct a particular suit. -- Guardians of the poor , the members of a board appointed or elected to care for the relief of the poor within a township, or district.

Guardian adjective Performing, or appropriate to, the office of a protector; as, a guardian care.

Feast of Guardian Angels (R. C. Ch.) a church festival instituted by Pope Paul V., and celebrated on October 2d. -- Guardian angel . (a) The particular spiritual being believed in some branches of the Christian church to have guardianship and protection of each human being from birth. (b) Hence, a protector or defender in general. O. W. Holmes. -- Guardian spirit , in the belief of many pagan nations, a spirit, often of a deceased relative or friend, that presides over the interests of a household, a city, or a region.

Guardianage noun Guardianship. [ Obsolete]

Guardiance noun Guardianship. [ Obsolete]

Guardianess noun A female guardian.

I have placed a trusty, watchful guardianess .
Beau. & Fl.

Guardianless adjective Without a guardian. Marston.

Guardianship noun The office, duty, or care, of a guardian; protection; care; watch.

Guardless adjective Without a guard or defense; unguarded. Chapman.

Guardroom noun (Mil.) The room occupied by the guard during its term of duty; also, a room where prisoners are confined.

Guards (gärdz) noun plural A body of picked troops; as, "The Household Guards. "

Guardship noun Care; protection. [ Obsolete] Swift.

Guardsman noun ; plural Guardsmen
1. One who guards; a guard.

2. A member, either officer or private, of any military body called Guards.

Guarish transitive verb [ Old French guarir , garir , F. guérir .] To heal. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Guatemala grass (Botany) See Teosinte .

Guava noun [ Spanish guayaba the guava fruit, guayabo the guava tree; probably from the native West Indian name.] A tropical tree, or its fruit, of the genus Psidium . Two varieties are well known, the P. pyriferum , or white guava , and P. pomiferum , or red guava . The fruit or berry is shaped like a pomegranate, but is much smaller. It is somewhat astringent, but makes a delicious jelly.

Gubernance noun Government. [ Obsolete]

Gubernate transitive verb [ Latin gubernatus , past participle of gubernare . See Govern .] To govern. [ Obsolete] Cockeram.

Gubernation noun [ Latin gubernatio .] The act of governing; government [ Obsolete] I. Watts.

Gubernative adjective Governing. [ Obsolete]

Gubernatorial adjective [ Latin gubernator governor. See Gabernate .] Pertaining to a governor, or to government.

Gudgeon (gŭj"ŭn) noun [ Middle English gojon , French goujon , from Latin gobio , or gobius , Greek kwbio`s Confer 1st Goby . ]
1. (Zoology) A small European freshwater fish ( Gobio fluviatilis ), allied to the carp. It is easily caught and often used for food and for bait. In America the killifishes or minnows are often called gudgeons.

2. What may be got without skill or merit.

Fish not, with this melancholy bait,
For this fool gudgeon , this opinion.
Shak.

3. A person easily duped or cheated. Swift.

4. (Machinery) The pin of iron fastened in the end of a wooden shaft or axle, on which it turns; formerly, any journal, or pivot, or bearing, as the pintle and eye of a hinge, but esp. the end journal of a horizontal.

6. (Nautical) A metal eye or socket attached to the sternpost to receive the pintle of the rudder.

Ball gudgeon . See under Ball .

Gudgeon transitive verb To deprive fraudulently; to cheat; to dupe; to impose upon. [ R.]

To be gudgeoned of the opportunities which had been given you.
Sir IV. Scott.

Gue noun A sharper; a rogue. [ Obsolete] J. Webstar.

Gueber, Guebre noun Same as Gheber .

Guelderrose' noun [ Supposed to be brought from Guelderland ; hence, Dutch Geldersche roos , German Gelderische rose , French rose de Gueldre , Italian rose di Gueldra , Spanish rosa de Gueldres .] (Botany) A cultivated variety of a species of Viburnum ( V. Opulus ), bearing large bunches of white flowers; -- called also snowball tree .

Guelph, Guelf (gwĕlf) noun [ Italian Guelfo , from Welf , the name of a German family.] (Hist.) One of a faction in Germany and Italy, in the 12th and 13th centuries, which supported the House of Guelph and the pope, and opposed the Ghibellines, or faction of the German emperors.

Guelphic, Guelfic adjective Of or pertaining to the family or the faction of the Guelphs.

Guenon noun [ French] (Zoology) One of several long-tailed Oriental monkeys, of the genus Cercocebus , as the green monkey and grivet.

Gueparde noun [ Confer French guépard .] (Zoology) The cheetah.