Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Grindlet noun A small drain.

Grindstone noun A flat, circular stone, revolving on an axle, for grinding or sharpening tools, or shaping or smoothing objects.

To hold, pat, or bring one's nose to the grindstone , to oppress one; to keep one in a condition of servitude.

They might be ashamed, for lack of courage, to suffer the Lacedæmonians to hold their noses to the grindstone .
Sir T. North.

Gringo noun [ Amer. Spanish , from Spanish gringo gibberish; confer griego Greek, French grigou wretch.] Among Spanish Americans, a foreigner, esp. an Englishman or American; -- often used as a term of reproach.

Grinner noun One who grins. Addison.

Grinningly adverb In a grinning manner.

Grint 3d pers. sing. present of Grind , contr. from grindeth . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Grinte obsolete imperfect of Grin , intransitive verb , 1.

[ He] grinte with his teeth, so was he wroth.
Chaucer.

Grinting noun Grinding. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Grip noun [ Latin gryps , gryphus . See Griffin , Grype .] (Zoology) The griffin. [ Obsolete]

Grip noun [ Confer Anglo-Saxon grip furrow, hitch, Dutch greb .] A small ditch or furrow. Ray.

Grip transitive verb To trench; to drain.

Grip noun [ Anglo-Saxon gripe . Confer Grip , transitive verb , Gripe , transitive verb ]
1. An energetic or tenacious grasp; a holding fast; strength in grasping.

2. A peculiar mode of clasping the hand, by which members of a secret association recognize or greet, one another; as, a masonic grip .

3. That by which anything is grasped; a handle or gripe; as, the grip of a sword.

4. A device for grasping or holding fast to something.

Grip transitive verb [ From Grip a grasp; or P. gripper to seize; -- of German origin. See Gripe , transitive verb ] To give a grip to; to grasp; to gripe.

Grip noun
1. Specif., an apparatus attached to a car for clutching a traction cable.

2. A gripsack; a hand bag; a satchel. [ Colloq.]

3. (Medicine) The influenza; grippe.

Grip car A car with a grip to clutch a traction cable.

Gripe noun [ See Grype .] (Zoology) A vulture; the griffin. [ Obsolete]

Like a white hind under the gripe's sharp claws.
Shak.

Gripe's egg , an alchemist's vessel. [ Obsolete] E. Jonson.

Gripe transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Griped ; present participle & verbal noun Griping .] [ Anglo-Saxon gripan ; akin to Dutch grijpen , German greifen , Old High German gr...fan , Icelandic gripa , Swedish gripe , Danish gribe , Goth. greipan ; confer Lithuanian graibyti , Russian grabite to plunder, Sanskrit grah , grabh , to seize. Confer Grip , transitive verb , Grope .]


1. To catch with the hand; to clasp closely with the fingers; to clutch.

2. To seize and hold fast; to embrace closely.

Wouldst thou gripe both gain and pleasure ?
Robynson (More's Utopia).

3. To pinch; to distress. Specifically, to cause pinching and spasmodic pain to the bowels of, as by the effects of certain purgative or indigestible substances.

How inly sorrow gripes his soul.
Shak.

Gripe intransitive verb
1. To clutch, hold, or pinch a thing, esp. money, with a gripe or as with a gripe.

2. To suffer griping pains. Jocke.

3. (Nautical) To tend to come up into the wind, as a ship which, when sailing closehauled, requires constant labor at the helm. R. H. Dana, Jr.

Gripe noun
1. Grasp; seizure; fast hold; clutch.

A barren scepter in my gripe .
Shak.

2. That on which the grasp is put; a handle; a grip; as, the gripe of a sword.

3. (Mech.) A device for grasping or holding anything; a brake to stop a wheel.

4. Oppression; cruel exaction; affiction; pinching distress; as, the gripe of poverty.

5. Pinching and spasmodic pain in the intestines; -- chiefly used in the plural.

6. (Nautical) (a) The piece of timber which terminates the keel at the fore end; the forefoot. (b) The compass or sharpness of a ship's stern under the water, having a tendency to make her keep a good wind. (c) plural An assemblage of ropes, dead-eyes, and hocks, fastened to ringbolts in the deck, to secure the boats when hoisted; also, broad bands passed around a boat to secure it at the davits and prevent swinging.

Gripe penny , a miser; a niggard. D. Latin Mackenzie.

Gripeful adjective Disposed to gripe; extortionate.

Griper adjective One who gripes; an oppressor; an extortioner. Burton.

Gripingly adverb In a griping or oppressive manner. Bacon.

Gripman noun The man who manipulates a grip.

Grippe noun [ French] (Medicine) The influenza or epidemic catarrh. Dunglison.

Gripper noun
1. One who, or that which, grips or seizes.

2. plural In printing presses, the fingers or nippers.

Gripple noun A grasp; a gripe. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Gripple adjective [ Dim. from gripe.] Griping; greedy; covetous; tenacious. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Grippleness noun The quality of being gripple. [ Obsolete]

Gripsack noun A traveler's handbag. [ Colloq.]

Gris adjective [ Old French & F., from Late Latin griseus ; of German origin; confer Middle High German gris , German greis , hoary. Confer Grizzle .] Gray. [ R.] Chaucer.

Gris noun [ Old French , from gris gray. Confer German grauwerk (lit. gray work) the gray skin of the Siberian squirrel. See Gris , adjective ] A costly kind of fur. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Gris (grĭs) noun sing. & plural [ See Grice a pig.] A little pig. [ Obsolete] Piers Plowman.

Grisaille noun [ French, from gris gray.]
1. (Fine Arts) Decorative painting in gray monochrome; -- used in English especially for painted glass.

2. A kind of French fancy dress goods. Knight.

Grisamber noun [ See Ambergris .] Ambergris. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Grise (grīs) noun See Grice , a pig. [ Prov. Eng.]

Grise (grīs or grēs) noun [ Prop. plural of gree a step.] A step (in a flight of stairs); a degree. [ Obsolete]

Every grise of fortune
Is smoothed by that below.
Shak.

Griseous adjective [ Late Latin griseus . See Gris .] Of a light color, or white, mottled with black or brown; grizzled or grizzly. Maunder.

Grisette noun [ French, from grisette a gray woolen cloth, from gris gray. Grisettes were so called because they wore gray gowns made of this stuff. See Gars .] A French girl or young married woman of the lower class; more frequently, a young working woman who is fond of gallantry. Sterne.

Griskin noun [ Grise a pig + - kin .] The spine of a hog. [ Obsolete]

Grisled adjective [ Obsolete] See Grizzled.

Grisliness noun The quality or state of being grisly; horrid. Sir P. Sidney.

Grisly adjective [ OE, grisly , grislich , Anglo-Saxon grislic , gryslic , from gr...san t o shudder; confer OD. grijselick horrible, Old High German grisenl ? ch , and also Anglo-Saxon gre ? san to frighten, and English gruesome .] Frightful; horrible; dreadful; harsh; as, grisly locks; a grisly specter. "Grisly to behold." Chaucer.

A man of grisly and stern gravity.
Robynson (More's Utopia).

Grisly bear . (Zoology) See under Grizzly .

Grison noun [ French, from grison gray, gray-haired, gris gray. See Gris .] (Zoology) (a) A South American animal of the family Mustelidae ( Galictis vittata ). It is about two feet long, exclusive of the tail. Its under parts are black. Also called South American glutton . (b) A South American monkey ( Lagothrix infumatus ), said to be gluttonous.

Grisons noun plural [ French] (Geology) (a) Inhabitants of the eastern Swiss Alps. (b) sing. The largest and most eastern of the Swiss cantons.

Grist noun [ Anglo-Saxon grist , from grindan . See Grind .]


1. Ground corn; that which is ground at one time; as much grain as is carried to the mill at one time, or the meal it produces.

Get grist to the mill to have plenty in store.
Tusser. Q.

2. Supply; provision. Swift.

3. In rope making, a given size of rope, common grist being a rope three inches in circumference, with twenty yarns in each of the three strands. Knight.

All is grist that comes to his mill , all that he has anything to do with is a source of profit. [ Colloq.] -- To bring grist to the maill , to bring profitable business into one's hands; to be a source of profit. [ Colloq.] Ayliffe.

Gristle noun [ Middle English gristel , gristil , Anglo-Saxon gristl ; akin to OFries. gristel , grestel . Perh. a dim. of grist but confer Old High German krustila , krostela . Confer Grist .] (Anat.) Cartilage. See Cartilage . Bacon.

Gristly adjective (Anat.) Consisting of, or containing, gristle; like gristle; cartilaginous.

Gristmill noun A mill for grinding grain; especially, a mill for grinding grists, or portions of grain brought by different customers; a custom mill.