Webster's Dictionary, 1913

Search Webster
Word starts with Word or meaning contains
Griff noun [ Confer Gripe .]
1. Grasp; reach. [ Obsolete]

A vein of gold ore within one spade's griff .
Holland.

2. [ Confer F. griffe, G. griff, prop., a grasping.] (Weaving) An arrangement of parallel bars for lifting the hooked wires which raise the warp threads in a loom for weaving figured goods. Knight.

Griff noun A person of mixed blood.

Griffe noun [ French] The offspring of a mulatto woman and a negro; also, a mulatto. [ Local, U. S.]

Griffe noun A person of mixed negro and American Indian blood.

Griffin noun An Anglo-Indian name for a person just arrived from Europe. H. Kingsley.

Griffin, Griffon noun [ Middle English griffin , griffon , griffoun , French griffon , from Latin gryphus , equiv to gryps , Greek ...; -- so called because of the hooked beak, and akin to grypo`s curved, hook-nosed.]


1. (Myth.) A fabulous monster, half lion and half eagle. It is often represented in Grecian and Roman works of art.

2. (Her.) A representation of this creature as an heraldic charge.

3. (Zoology) A species of large vulture ( Gyps fulvus ) found in the mountainous parts of Southern Europe, North Africa, and Asia Minor; -- called also gripe , and grype . It is supposed to be the " eagle " of the Bible. The bearded griffin is the lammergeir. [ Written also gryphon .]

4. An English early apple.

Griffon (grĭf"fŏn) noun [ French] One of a European breed of rough-coated dogs, somewhat taller than the setter and of a grizzly liver color. They are used in hunt game birds. The Brussels griffon is a very small, wiry- coated, short-nosed pet dog of Belgian origin.

Grig (grĭg) noun [ Confer Swedish kräk little creature, reptile; or Dutch kriek cricket, English cricket .]
1. (Zoology) (a) A cricket or grasshopper. [ Prov. Eng.] (b) Any small eel. (c) The broad-nosed eel. See Glut . [ Prov. Eng.]

2. Heath. [ Prov. Eng.] Audrey.

As merry as a grig [ etymology uncertain], a saying supposed by some to be a corruption of "As merry as a Greek; " by others, to be an allusion to the cricket.

Gril (grĭl) adjective [ Middle English gril harsh; akin to German grell offending the ear or eye, shrill, dazzling, Middle High German grel angry; confer Anglo-Saxon gallan to provoke.] Harsh; hard; severe; stern; rough. [ Obsolete] Rom. of R.

Grill noun [ French gril . See Grill , transitive verb ]
1. A gridiron.

[ They] make grills of [ wood] to broil their meat.
Cotton.

2. That which is broiled on a gridiron, as meat, fish, etc.

Grill transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Grilled ; present participle & verbal noun Grilling .] [ French griller , from gril gridiron, Old French graïl , Latin craticulum for craticula fine hurdlework, a small gridiron, dim. of crates hurdle. See Grate , noun ]


1. To broil on a grill or gridiron.
[ 1913 Webster]

Boiling of men in caldrons, grilling them on gridirons.
Marvell.

2. To torment, as if by broiling. Dickens.

Grill noun
1. A figure of crossed bars with interstices, such as those sometimes impressed upon postage stamps.

2. A grillroom.

Grill transitive verb To stamp or mark with a grill.

Grill intransitive verb To undergo the process of being grilled, or broiled; to broil.

He had grilled in the heat, sweated in the rains.
Kipling.

Grillade noun [ French See Grill , transitive verb ] The act of grilling; also, that which is grilled.

Grillage noun [ French] (Hydraulic Eagin.) A framework of sleepers and crossbeams forming a foundation in marshy or treacherous soil.

Grille adjective [ French See Grill , transitive verb ] A lattice or grating.

The grille which formed part of the gate.
Latin Oliphant.

Grillroom noun A room specially fitted for broiling food, esp. one in a restaurant, hotel, or club...house, arranged for prompt service.

Grilly transitive verb [ See Grill , transitive verb ] To broil; to grill; hence, To harass. [ Obsolete] Hudibras.

Grilse noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] (Zoology) A young salmon after its first return from the sea.

Grim adjective [ Compar. Grimmer (-mer); superl. Grimmest ] [ Anglo-Saxon grim ; akin to German grimm , equiv. to G. & Dutch grimmig , Danish grim , grum , Swedish grym , Icelandic grimmr , G. gram grief, as adj., hostile; confer Greek ..., a crushing sound, ... to neigh.] Of forbidding or fear-inspiring aspect; fierce; stern; surly; cruel; frightful; horrible.

Whose grim aspect sets every joint a- shaking.
Shak.

The ridges of grim war.
Milton.

Syn. -- Fierce; ferocious; furious; horrid; horrible; frightful; ghastly; grisly; hideous; stern; sullen; sour.

Grimace (grĭ*mās") noun [ French, probably of Teutonic origin; confer Anglo-Saxon grīma mask, specter, Icelandic grīma mask, hood, perhaps akin to English grin .] A distortion of the countenance, whether habitual, from affectation, or momentary and occasional, to express some feeling, as contempt, disapprobation, complacency, etc.; a smirk; a made-up face.
[ 1913 Webster]

Moving his face into such a hideous grimace, that every feature of it appeared under a different distortion.
Addison.
[ 1913 Webster]

» "Half the French words used affectedly by Melantha in Dryden's " Marriage a-la-Mode ," as innovations in our language, are now in common use: chagrin , double-entendre , éclaircissement , embarras , équivoque , foible , grimace , naïvete , ridicule . All these words, which she learns by heart to use occasionally, are now in common use." I. Disraeli.
[ 1913 Webster]

Grimace intransitive verb To make grimaces; to distort one's face; to make faces. H. Martineau.

Grimaced adjective Distorted; crabbed.

Grimalkin noun [ For graymalkin ; gray + malkin .] An old cat, esp. a she-cat. J. Philips.

Grime noun [ Confer Danish grim , griim , lampblack, soot, grime, Icelandic grīma mask, sort of hood, OD. grijmsel , grimsel , soot, smut, and English grimace .] Foul matter; dirt, rubbed in; sullying blackness, deeply ingrained.

Grime transitive verb To sully or soil deeply; to dirt. Shak.

Grimily adverb In a grimy manner.

Griminess noun The state of being grimy.

Grimly adjective Grim; hideous; stern. [ R.]

In glided Margaret's grimly ghost,
And stood at William's feet.
D. Mallet.

Grimly adverb In a grim manner; fiercely. Shak.

Grimme noun [ Confer French grimme .] (Zoology) A West African antelope ( Cephalophus rufilotus ) of a deep bay color, with a broad dorsal stripe of black; -- called also conquetoon .

Grimness noun [ Anglo-Saxon grimnes .] Fierceness of look; sternness; crabbedness; forbiddingness.

Grimsir noun A stern man. [ Obsolete] Burton.

Grimy adjective [ Compar. Grimier ; superl. Grimiest .] Full of grime; begrimed; dirty; foul.

Grin (grĭn) noun [ Anglo-Saxon grin .] A snare; a gin. [ Obsolete]

Like a bird that hasteth to his grin .
Remedy of Love.

Grin intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Grinned (grĭnd); present participle & verbal noun Grinning .] [ Middle English grinnen , grennen , Anglo-Saxon grennian , Swedish grina ; akin to Dutch grijnen , German greinen , Old High German grinan , Danish grine . √35. Confer Groan .]
1. To show the teeth, as a dog; to snarl.

2. To set the teeth together and open the lips, or to open the mouth and withdraw the lips from the teeth, so as to show them, as in laughter, scorn, or pain.

The pangs of death do make him grin .
Shak.

Grin transitive verb To express by grinning.

Grinned horrible a ghastly smile.
Milton.

Grin noun The act of closing the teeth and showing them, or of withdrawing the lips and showing the teeth; a hard, forced, or sneering smile. I. Watts.

He showed twenty teeth at a grin .
Addison.

Grind transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Ground ; present participle & verbal noun Grinding .] [ Anglo-Saxon grindan ; perhaps akin to Latin frendere to gnash, grind. Confer Grist .]
1. To reduce to powder by friction, as in a mill, or with the teeth; to crush into small fragments; to produce as by the action of millstones.

Take the millstones, and grind meal.
Is. xivii. 2.

2. To wear down, polish, or sharpen, by friction; to make smooth, sharp, or pointed; to whet, as a knife or drill; to rub against one another, as teeth, etc.

3. To oppress by severe exactions; to harass.

To grind the subject or defraud the prince.
Dryden.

4. To study hard for examination. [ College Slang]

Grind intransitive verb
1. To perform the operation of grinding something; to turn the millstones.

Send thee
Into the common prison, there to grind .
Milton.

2. To become ground or pulverized by friction; as, this corn grinds well.

3. To become polished or sharpened by friction; as, glass grinds smooth; steel grinds to a sharp edge.

4. To move with much difficulty or friction; to grate.

5. To perform hard and distasteful service; to drudge; to study hard, as for an examination. Farrar.

Grind noun
1. The act of reducing to powder, or of sharpening, by friction.

2. Any severe continuous work or occupation; esp., hard and uninteresting study. [ Colloq.] T. Hughes.

3. A hard student; a dig. [ College Slang]

Grinded obsolete past participle of Grind . Ground. Sir W. Scott.

Grindelia noun [ New Latin Named after D. H. Grindel , a Russian.] (Medicine) The dried stems and leaves of tarweed ( Grindelia ), used as a remedy in asthma and bronchitis.

Grinder noun
1. One who, or that which, grinds.

2. One of the double teeth, used to grind or masticate the food; a molar.

3. (Zoology) The restless flycatcher ( Seisura inquieta ) of Australia; -- called also restless thrush and volatile thrush . It makes a noise like a scissors grinder, to which the name alludes.

Grinder's asthma, phthisis, or rot (Medicine) , a lung disease produced by the mechanical irritation of the particles of steel and stone given off in the operation of grinding.

Grindery noun Leather workers' materials. [ Eng.]

Grindery warehouse , a shop where leather workers' materials and tools are kept on sale. [ Eng.]

Grinding adjective & noun from Grind.

Grinding frame , an English name for a cotton spinning machine. -- Grinding mill . (a) A mill for grinding grain. (b) A lapidary's lathe.

Grindingly adverb In a grinding manner. [ Colloq.]

Grindle noun (Zoology) The bowfin; -- called also Johnny Grindle . [ Local, U. S.]

Grindle stone A grindstone. [ Obsolete]