Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Grout (grout) noun [ Anglo-Saxon grūt ; akin to grytt , German grütze , griess , Icelandic grautr , Lithuanian grudas corn, kernel, and English groats .]
1. Coarse meal; ground malt; plural groats. 2. Formerly, a kind of beer or ale. [ Eng.] 3. plural Lees; dregs; grounds. [ Eng.] " Grouts of tea." Dickens. 4. A thin, coarse mortar, used for pouring into the joints of masonry and brickwork; also, a finer material, used in finishing the best ceilings. Gwilt.
Grout transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Grouted
; present participle & verbal noun Grouting
.] To fill up or finish with grout, as the joints between stones.
Grouting noun The process of filling in or finishing with grout; also, the grout thus filled in. Gwilt.
Grouty adjective Cross; sulky; sullen. [ Colloq.]
[ Anglo-Saxon graf
, from grafan
to dig. The original sense seems to have been a lane cut through trees
. See Grave
, and confer Groove
.] A smaller group of trees than a forest, and without underwood, planted, or growing naturally as if arranged by art; a wood of small extent.
» The Hebrew word Asherah
, rendered grove
in the Authorized Version of the Bible, is left untranslated in the Revised Version. Almost all modern interpreters agree that by Asherah
an idol or image of some kind is intended.
Grovel intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Groveled
; present participle & verbal noun Groveling
.] [ From Middle English grovelinge
, on the face, prone, which was misunderstood as a present participle; confer Middle English gruf
, in the same sense; of Scand. origin, confer Icelandic grūfa
, in ā grūfu
on the face, prone, grūfa
to grovel.] 1. To creep on the earth, or with the face to the ground; to lie prone, or move uneasily with the body prostrate on the earth; to lie flat on one's belly, expressive of abjectness; to crawl.
To creep and grovel on the ground. Dryden. 2. To tend toward, or delight in, what is sensual or base; to be low, abject, or mean.
Groveler noun One who grovels; an abject wretch. [ Written also groveller. ]
Groveling adjective Lying prone; low; debased. [ Written also grovelling .] "A groveling creature." Cowper.
Grovy adjective Pertaining to, or resembling, a grove; situated in, or frequenting, groves. Dampier.
(grō) intransitive verb
[ imperfect Grew
(gru); past participle Grown
(grōn); present participle & verbal noun Growing
.] [ Anglo-Saxon grōwan
; akin to Dutch groeijen
, Icelandic grōa
, Danish groe
, Swedish gro
. Confer Green
.] 1. To increase in size by a natural and organic process; to increase in bulk by the gradual assimilation of new matter into the living organism; -- said of animals and vegetables and their organs. 2. To increase in any way; to become larger and stronger; to be augmented; to advance; to extend; to wax; to accrue.
Winter began to grow fast on. Knolles.
Even just the sum that I do owe to you Shak. 3. To spring up and come to maturity in a natural way; to be produced by vegetation; to thrive; to flourish; as, rice grows in warm countries.
Is growing to me by Antipholus.
Where law faileth, error groweth . Gower. 4. To pass from one state to another; to result as an effect from a cause; to become; as, to grow pale.
For his mind Byron. 5. To become attached or fixed; to adhere.
Had grown Suspicion's sanctuary.
Our knees shall kneel till to the ground they grow . Shak. Growing cell
, or Growing slide
, a device for preserving alive a minute object in water continually renewed, in a manner to permit its growth to be watched under the microscope.
-- Grown over
, covered with a growth.
-- To grow out of
, to issue from, as plants from the soil, or as a branch from the main stem; to result from.
These wars have grown out of commercial considerations. A. Hamilton.
-- To grow up
, to arrive at full stature or maturity; as, grown up children.
-- To grow together
, to close and adhere; to become united by growth, as flesh or the bark of a tree severed. Howells. Syn.
-- To become; increase; enlarge; augment; improve; expand; extend.
Grow transitive verb To cause to grow; to cultivate; to produce; as, to grow a crop; to grow wheat, hops, or tobacco. Macaulay. Syn.
-- To raise; to cultivate. See Raise
, transitive verb
Growable adjective Capable of growth.
Growan noun [ Confer Arm. grouan gravel, Corn. grow gravel, sand.] (Mining.) A decomposed granite, forming a mass of gravel, as in tin lodes in Cornwall.
Grower noun One who grows or produces; as, a grower of corn; also, that which grows or increases; as, a vine may be a rank or a slow grower .
(groul) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Growled
(grould); present participle & verbal noun Growling
.] [ Dutch grollen
to grunt, murmur, be angry; akin to German grollen
to be angry.] To utter a deep guttural sound, as an angry dog; to give forth an angry, grumbling sound. Gay.
Growl transitive verb To express by growling. Thomson.
Growl noun The deep, threatening sound made by a surly dog; a grumbling sound.
1. One who growls. 2. (Zoology) The large-mouthed black bass. [ Local] 3. A four-wheeled cab. [ Slang, Eng.]
Growlingly adverb In a growling manner.
Grown past participle of Grow .
Growse intransitive verb [ Confer gruesome , grewsome , and German grausen to make shudder, shiver.] To shiver; to have chills. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Ray.
[ Icelandic grōðr, grōði. See Grow
.] 1. The process of growing; the gradual increase of an animal or a vegetable body; the development from a seed, germ, or root, to full size or maturity; increase in size, number, frequency, strength, etc.; augmentation; advancement; production; prevalence or influence; as, the growth of trade; the growth of power; the growth of intemperance. Idle weeds are fast in growth . Shak. 2. That which has grown or is growing; anything produced; product; consequence; effect; result.
Nature multiplies her fertile growth . Milton.
Growthead noun [ Lit., greathead .] A lazy person; a blockhead. [ Obsolete] Tusser.
Growthful adjective Having capacity of growth. [ R.] J. Hamilton.
[ Obsolete] See Groin .
1. A tool with a hardened steel point, formerly used instead of a diamond for cutting glass. 2. (Plumbing) A tool for smoothing the solder joints of lead pipe. Knight.
Grub intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Grubbed
, present participle & verbal noun Grubbing
] [ Middle English grubbin
., confer English grab
.] 1. To dig in or under the ground, generally for an object that is difficult to reach or extricate; to be occupied in digging. 2. To drudge; to do menial work. Richardson.
Grub transitive verb 1. To dig; to dig up by the roots; to root out by digging; -- followed by up; as, to grub up trees, rushes, or sedge.
They do not attempt to grub up the root of sin. Hare. 2. To supply with food.
[ Slang] Dickens.
Grub noun 1. (Zoology) The larva of an insect, especially of a beetle; -- called also grubworm . See Illust. of Goldsmith beetle , under Goldsmith .
Yet your butterfly was a grub . Shak. 2. A short, thick man; a dwarf.
[ Obsolete] Carew. 3. Victuals; food.
[ Slang] Halliwell. Grub ax
, a kind of mattock used in grubbing up roots, etc.
-- Grub breaker
. Same as Grub hook ( below ).
-- Grub hoe
, a heavy hoe for grubbing.
-- Grub hook
, a plowlike implement for uprooting stumps, breaking roots, etc.
-- Grub saw
, a handsaw used for sawing marble.
-- Grub Street
, a street in London (now called Milton Street ), described by Dr. Johnson as "much inhabited by writers of small histories, dictionaries, and temporary poems, whence any mean production is called grubstreet ." As an adjective, suitable to, or resembling the production of, Grub Street.
I 'd sooner ballads write, and grubstreet lays. Gap.
Grubber noun One who, or that which, grubs; especially, a machine or tool of the nature of a grub ax, grub hook, etc.
Grubble transitive verb & i. [ Freq. of grub , but confer grabble .] To feel or grope in the dark. [ Obsolete] Dryden.
[ From Grub
.] Dirty; unclean.
The grubby game of marbles. Lond. Sat. Rev.
Grubby noun (Zoology) Any species of Cottus ; a sculpin. [ Local, U. S.]
Grubworm noun (Zoology) See Grub , noun , 1.
And gnats and grubworms crowded on his view. C. Smart.
(grŭch) intransitive verb
[ See Grudge
.] To murmur; to grumble.
What aileth you, thus for grucche and groan. Chaucer.
(grŭj) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Grudger
; present participle & verbal noun Grudging
.] [ Middle English grutchen
, to murmur, grumble, Old French grochier
; confer Icelandic krytja
to murmur, krutr
a murmur, or English grunt
.] 1. To look upon with desire to possess or to appropriate; to envy (one) the possession of; to begrudge; to covet; to give with reluctance; to desire to get back again; -- followed by the direct object only, or by both the direct and indirect objects.
Tis not in thee To grudge my pleasures, to cut off my train. Shak.
I have often heard the Presbyterians say, they did not grudge us our employments. Swift.
They have grudged us contribution. Shak. 2. To hold or harbor with malicious disposition or purpose; to cherish enviously.
Perish they Shak.
That grudge one thought against your majesty !
(grŭj) intransitive verb 1. To be covetous or envious; to show discontent; to murmur; to complain; to repine; to be unwilling or reluctant.
Grudge not one against another. James v. 9.
He eats his meat without grudging . Shak. 2. To feel compunction or grief.
[ Obsolete] Bp. Fisher.
Grudge noun 1. Sullen malice or malevolence; cherished malice, enmity, or dislike; ill will; an old cause of hatred or quarrel.
Esau had conceived a mortal grudge and enmity against his brother Jacob. South.
The feeling may not be envy; it may not be imbittered by a grudge . I. Taylor. 2. Slight symptom of disease.
Our shaken monarchy, that now lies . . . struggling against the grudges of more dreaded calamities. Milton. Syn.
-- Pique; aversion; dislike; ill will; hatred; spite. See Pique
Grudgeful adjective Full of grudge; envious. " Grudgeful discontent." Spenser.
Grudgeons, Gurgeons noun plural [ Prob. from P. grugir to craunch; confer Dutch gruizen to crush, grind, and English grout .] Coarse meal. [ Obsolete]
Grudger (grŭj"ẽr) noun One who grudges.
Grudgingly adverb In a grudging manner.
Grudgingness noun The state or quality of grudging, or of being full of grudge or unwillingness.
[ Old French gruel
, French gruau
; of German origin; confer Old High German gruzzi
groats, German grütze
, As. grūt
. See Grout
.] A light, liquid food, made by boiling meal of maize, oatmeal, or flour in water or milk; thin porridge.
Gruelly adjective Like gruel; of the consistence of gruel.
Gruesome adjective Same as Grewsome .
[ Confer Grovel
.] Forwards; with one's face to the ground.
They fellen gruf , and cryed piteously. Chaucer.
[ Compar. Gruffer
; superl. Gruffest
.] [ Dutch grof
; akin to German grob
, Old High German gerob
, grob, Danish grov
, Swedish grof
, perhaps akin to Anglo-Saxon rcófan
to break, Z. reavc
, rupture, g-
standing for the Anglo-Saxon prefix ge-
, Goth. ga-
.] Of a rough or stern manner, voice, or countenance; sour; surly; severe; harsh. Addison.
Gruff , disagreeable, sarcastic remarks. Thackeray.