Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Middle English gilds
, Anglo-Saxon gild
, tribute, a society or company where payment was made for its charge and support, from Anglo-Saxon gildan, gieldan, to pay. See Yield
, transitive verb
] 1. An association of men belonging to the same class, or engaged in kindred pursuits, formed for mutual aid and protection; a business fraternity or corporation; as, the Stationers' Guild ; the Ironmongers' Guild . They were originally licensed by the government, and endowed with special privileges and authority. 2. A guildhall.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. 3. A religious association or society, organized for charitable purposes or for assistance in parish work.
Guildable adjective Liable to a tax. [ Obsolete]
[ Dutch gulden
, orig., golden
. Confer Golden
.] A Dutch silver coin worth about forty cents; -- called also florin and gulden .
Guildhall noun The hall where a guild or corporation usually assembles; a townhall.
[ Middle English guile
, Old French guile
; of German origin, and the same word as English wile
. See Wile
.] Craft; deceitful cunning; artifice; duplicity; wile; deceit; treachery.
Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile . John i. 47.
To wage by force or guile eternal war. Milton.
Guile transitive verb
[ Old French guiler
. See Guile
] To disguise or conceal; to deceive or delude.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Guileful adjective Full of guile; characterized by cunning, deceit, or treachery; guilty. -- Guile"ful*ly , adverb -- Guile"ful*ness , noun
Guileless adjective Free from guile; artless. -- Guile"less*ly , adverb Guile"less*ness , noun
Guiler (gīl"ẽr) noun [ Confer Old French guileor .] A deceiver; one who deludes, or uses guile. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Guillemet noun [ French] A quotation mark. [ R.]
[ French] (Zoology) One of several northern sea birds, allied to the auks. They have short legs, placed far back, and are expert divers and swimmers.
» The common guillemots, or murres, belong to the genus Uria
(as U. troile
); the black or foolish guillemot ( Cepphus grylle
, formerly Uria grylle
), is called also sea pigeon
. See Murre
Guillevat (-văt") noun [ French guilloire (fr. guiller to work, ferment) + English vat .] A vat for fermenting liquors.
Guilloche noun [ French guillochis ; -- said to be from Guillot , the inventor of a machine for carving it.] (Architecture) An ornament in the form of two or more bands or strings twisted over each other in a continued series, leaving circular openings which are filled with round ornaments.
Guilloche noun In ornamental art, any pattern made by interlacing curved lines.
Guilloched adjective Waved or engine-turned. Mollett.
Guillotine (gĭl"lo*tēn`) noun [ French, from Guillotin , a French physician, who proposed, in the Constituent Assembly of 1789, to abolish decapitation with the ax or sword. The instrument was invented by Dr. Antoine Louis, and was called at first Louison or Louisette . Similar machines, however, were known earlier.]
1. A machine for beheading a person by one stroke of a heavy ax or blade, which slides in vertical guides, is raised by a cord, and let fall upon the neck of the victim. 2. Any machine or instrument for cutting or shearing, resembling in its action a guillotine.
(gĭl`lo*tēn") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Guillotined
; present participle & verbal noun Guillotining
.] [ Confer French guillotiner
.] To behead with the guillotine.
[ Middle English gilt
, Anglo-Saxon gylt
, crime; probably originally signifying, the fine or mulct paid for an offence, and afterward the offense itself, and akin to Anglo-Saxon gieldan
to pay, English yield
. See Yield
, transitive verb
] 1. The criminality and consequent exposure to punishment resulting from willful disobedience of law, or from morally wrong action; the state of one who has broken a moral or political law; crime; criminality; offense against right.
Satan had not answer, but stood struck Milton. 2. Exposure to any legal penalty or forfeiture.
With guilt of his own sin.
A ship incurs guilt by the violation of a blockade. Kent.
Guilt-sick adjective Made sick by consciousness of guilt. "A guilt-sick conscience." Beau. & Fl.
Guiltily (gĭlt"ĭ*lȳ) adverb In a guilty manner.
Guiltiness noun The quality or state of being guilty.
Guiltless adjective 1. Free from guilt; innocent.
The Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. Ex. xx. 7. 2. Without experience or trial; unacquainted (with).
Such gardening tools, as art, yet rude, Milton.
Guiltless of fire, had formed.
[ Compar. Gultier
; superl. Guiltiest
.] [ Anglo-Saxon gyltig
liable. See Guilt
.] 1. Having incurred guilt; criminal; morally delinquent; wicked; chargeable with, or responsible for, something censurable; justly exposed to penalty; -- used with of , and usually followed by the crime, sometimes by the punishment.
They answered and said, He is guilty of death. Matt. xxvi. 66.
Nor he, nor you, were guilty of the strife. Dryden. 2. Evincing or indicating guilt; involving guilt; as, a guilty look; a guilty act; a guilty feeling. 3. Conscious; cognizant.
[ Obsolete] B. Jonson. 4. Condemned to payment.
[ Obsolete & R.] Dryden.
Guiltylike (-lĭk`) adverb Guiltily. [ Obsolete] Shak.
[ French See 2d Gimp
.] A kind of short chemisette, worn with a low-necked dress.
(gĭn"e) noun 1. A district on the west coast of Africa (formerly noted for its export of gold and slaves) after which the Guinea fowl , Guinea grass , Guinea peach , etc., are named. 2. A gold coin of England current for twenty- one shillings sterling, or about five dollars, but not coined since the issue of sovereigns in 1817.
The guinea, so called from the Guinea gold out of which it Pinkerton. Guinea corn
was first struck, was proclaimed in 1663, and to go for twenty shillings; but it never went for less than twenty-one shillings.
. (Botany) See Durra .
-- Guinea Current (Geology)
, a current in the Atlantic Ocean setting southwardly into the Bay of Benin on the coast of Guinea.
-- Guinea dropper one who cheats by dropping counterfeit guineas.
[ Obsolete] Gay.
-- Guinea fowl
, Guinea hen (Zoology)
, an African gallinaceous bird, of the genus Numida , allied to the pheasants. The common domesticated species ( N. meleagris ), has a colored fleshy horn on each aide of the head, and is of a dark gray color, variegated with small white spots. The crested Guinea fowl ( N. cristata ) is a finer species.
-- Guinea grains (Botany)
, grains of Paradise, or amomum. See Amomum .
-- Guinea grass (Botany)
, a tall strong forage grass ( Panicum jumentorum ) introduced. from Africa into the West Indies and Southern United States.
-- Guinea-hen flower (Botany)
, a liliaceous flower ( Fritillaria Meleagris ) with petals spotted like the feathers of the Guinea hen.
-- Guinea peach
. See under Peach .
-- Guinea pepper (Botany)
, the pods of the Xylopia aromatica , a tree of the order Anonaceæ , found in tropical West Africa. They are also sold under the name of Piper Æthiopicum .
-- Guinea pig
. [ Prob. a mistake for Guiana pig
.] (a) (Zoology) A small Brazilian rodent ( Cavia cobaya ), about seven inches in length and usually of a white color, with spots of orange and black. (b) A contemptuous sobriquet. Smollett
-- Guinea plum (Botany)
, the fruit of Parinarium excelsum , a large West African tree of the order Chrysobalaneæ , having a scarcely edible fruit somewhat resembling a plum, which is also called gray plum and rough-skin plum .
-- Guinea worm (Zoology)
, a long and slender African nematoid worm ( Filaria Medinensis ) of a white color. It lives in the cellular tissue of man, beneath the skin, and produces painful sores.
Guinea-pig director A director (usually one holding a number of directorships) who serves merely or mainly for the fee (in England, often a guinea) paid for attendance. [ Colloq.]
Guipure noun [ French] A term used for lace of different kinds; most properly for a lace of large pattern and heavy material which has no ground or mesh, but has the pattern held together by connecting threads called bars or brides .
[ Obsolete] See Garland .
[ Middle English guise
, way, manner, French guise
, from Old High German wīsa
, German weise
. See Wise
] 1. Customary way of speaking or acting; custom; fashion; manner; behavior; mien; mode; practice; -- often used formerly in such phrases as: at his own guise ; that is, in his own fashion, to suit himself. Chaucer.
The swain replied, "It never was our guise Pope. 2. External appearance in manner or dress; appropriate indication or expression; garb; shape.
To slight the poor, or aught humane despise."
As then the guise was for each gentle swain. Spenser.
A . . . specter, in a far more terrific guise than any which Burke. 3. Cover; cloak; as, under the guise of patriotism.
ever yet have overpowered the imagination.
[ From Guise
.] A person in disguise; a masker; a mummer.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]
[ French guitare
; confer Pr., Spanish , & Portuguese guitarra
, Italian chitarra
; all from Greek ...; confer Latin cithara
. Confer Cittern
.] A stringed instrument of music resembling the lute or the violin, but larger, and having six strings, three of silk covered with silver wire, and three of catgut, -- played upon with the fingers.
[ So called from its note.] (Zoology) One of several species of small tropical American birds of the family Cœrebidæ , allied to the creepers; -- called also quit . See Quit .
, English Gulas
. [ Latin , the throat, gullet.] 1. (Zoology) (a) The upper front of the neck, next to the chin; the upper throat. (b) A plate which in most insects supports the submentum. 2. (Architecture) A capping molding. Same as Cymatium .
[ Confer French gulaire
.] (Zoology) Pertaining to the gula or throat; as, gular plates. See Illust. of Bird , and Bowfin .
Gulaund noun [ Icelandic gul- önd .] An arctic sea bird.
1. Act of gulching or gulping. [ Obsolete] 2. A glutton. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson. 3. A ravine, or part of the deep bed of a torrent when dry; a gully.
Gulch transitive verb [ Middle English gulchen ; confer dial. Swedish gölka to gulch , Dutch gulzig greedy, or English gulp .] To swallow greedily; to gulp down. [ Obsolete]
(gŭld) noun A flower. See Gold .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Gule transitive verb To give the color of gules to.
Gule noun The throat; the gullet.
Throats so wide and gules so gluttonous. Gauden.
[ Middle English goules
, French gueules
, the same word as gueule
throat, Old French gole
, Latin gula
. So named from the red color of the throat. See Gullet
, and confer Gula
.] (Her.) The tincture red, indicated in seals and engraved figures of escutcheons by parallel vertical lines. Hence, used poetically for a red color or that which is red.
His sev'n-fold targe a field of gules did stain P. Fletcher.
In which two swords he bore; his word,
"Divide and reign."
Follow thy drum; Shak.
With man's blood paint the ground; gules , gules .
Let's march to rest and set in gules , like suns. Beau. & Fl.
[ French golfe
, Italian golfo
, from Greek ...
bosom, bay, gulf, LGr. ....] 1. A hollow place in the earth; an abyss; a deep chasm or basin,
He then surveyed Milton.
Hell and the gulf between.
Between us and you there is a great gulf fixed. Luke xvi. 26. 2. That which swallows; the gullet.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 3. That which swallows irretrievably; a whirlpool; a sucking eddy. Shak.
A gulf of ruin, swallowing gold. Tennyson. 4. (Geology) A portion of an ocean or sea extending into the land; a partially land-locked sea; as, the Gulf of Mexico. 5. (Mining) A large deposit of ore in a lode. Gulf Stream (Geology)
, the warm ocean current of the North Atlantic.
It originates in the westward equatorial current, due to the trade winds, is deflected northward by Cape St. Roque through the Gulf of Mexico, and flows parallel to the coast of North America, turning eastward off the island of Nantucket. Its average rate of flow is said to be about two miles an hour. The similar Japan current, or Kuro-Siwo
, is sometimes called the Gulf Stream
of the Pacific. -- Gulf weed (Botany)
, a branching seaweed ( Sargassum bacciferum , or sea grape), having numerous berrylike air vessels, -- found in the Gulf Stream, in the Sargasso Sea, and elsewhere.
Gulfy adjective Full of whirlpools or gulfs. Chapman.
Gulgul noun [ Hind. galgal .] A cement made in India from sea shells, pulverized and mixed with oil, and spread over a ship's bottom, to prevent the boring of worms.
Gulist noun [ Latin gulo .] A glutton. [ Obsolete]
Gull transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Gulled
; present participle & verbal noun Gulling
.] [ Prob. from gull
the bird; but confer OSw. gylla
to deceive, Dutch kullen
, and English cullibility
.] To deceive; to cheat; to mislead; to trick; to defraud.
The rulgar, gulled into rebellion, armed. Dryden.
I'm not gulling him for the emperor's service. Coleridge.
1. A cheating or cheat; trick; fraud. Shak. 2. One easily cheated; a dupe. Shak.
Gull noun [ Of Celtic origin; confer Corn. gullan , W. gwylan .] (Zoology) One of many species of long-winged sea birds of the genus Larus and allied genera. » Among the best known American species are the herring gull ( Larus argentatus ), the great black-backed gull ( Latin murinus ) the laughing gull ( Latin atricilla ), and Bonaparte's gull ( Latin Philadelphia ). The common European gull is Larus canus . Gull teaser (Zoology) , the jager; -- also applied to certain species of terns.