Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Gullage noun Act of being gulled.
Had you no quirk. B. Jonson
To avoid gullage , sir, by such a creature?
Guller noun One who gulls; a deceiver.
Gullery noun An act, or the practice, of gulling; trickery; fraud. [ R.] "A mere gullery ." Selden.
[ Middle English golet
, Old French Goulet
, dim. of gole
, French gueule
, Latin gula
; perhaps akin to Sanskrit gula
, German kenle
; confer French goulet
the neck of a bottle, goulotte
channel gutter. Confer Gules
.] 1. (Anat.) The tube by which food and drink are carried from the pharynx to the stomach; the esophagus. 2. Something shaped like the food passage, or performing similar functions
; as: (a) A channel for water. (b) (Engineering) A preparatory cut or channel in excavations, of sufficient width for the passage of earth wagons. (c) A concave cut made in the teeth of some saw blades.
Gulleting noun (Engineering) A system of excavating by means of gullets or channels.
Gullible adjective Easily gulled; that may be duped. -- Gul"li*bii`i*ty noun Burke.
Gullish adjective Foolish; stupid. [ Obsolete] Gull"ish*ness , noun [ Obsolete]
; plural Gulles
. [ Etymol
] A large knife.
[ Scot.] Sir W. Scott.
Gully transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Gullied
; present participle & verbal noun Gullying
.] To wear into a gully or into gullies.
Gully intransitive verb To flow noisily. [ Obsolete] Johnson.
[ Latin gulositas
, from gulosus
gluttonous. See Gullet
.] Excessive appetite; greediness; voracity.
[ R.] Sir T. Browne.
Gulp transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Gulped
; present participle & verbal noun Gulping
.] [ Dutch gulpen
, confer OD. golpe gulf
.] To swallow eagerly, or in large draughts; to swallow up; to take down at one swallow.
He does not swallow, but he gulps it down. Cowper.
The old man . . . glibly gulped down the whole narrative. Fielding. To gulp up
, to throw up from the stomach; to disgorge.
1. The act of taking a large mouthful; a swallow, or as much as is awallowed at once. 2. A disgorging. [ Colloq.]
[ Obsolete] See Gulf .
Gult noun Guilt. See Guilt .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Gulty adjective Guilty. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Guly adjective Of or pertaining to gules; red. "Those fatal guly dragons." Milton.
Gum noun [ Middle English gome , Anglo-Saxon gama palate; akin Co G. g aumen , Old High German goumo , guomo , Icelandic g...mr , Swedish gom ; confer Greek ... to gape.] The dense tissues which invest the teeth, and cover the adjacent parts of the jaws. Gum rash (Medicine) , strophulus in a teething child; red gum. -- Gum stick , a smooth hard substance for children to bite upon while teething.
Gum transitive verb To deepen and enlarge the spaces between the teeth of (a worn saw). See Gummer .
[ Middle English gomme
, French gomme
, Latin gummi
and commis, from Greek ..., probably from an Egyptian form kam...
; confer Italian gomma
.] 1. A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic; gum tragacanth; the gum of the cherry tree. Also, with less propriety, exudations that are not soluble in water; as, gum copal and gum sandarac, which are really resins. 2. (Botany) See Gum tree , below . 3. A hive made of a section of a hollow gum tree; hence, any roughly made hive; also, a vessel or bin made of a hollow log.
[ Southern U. S.] 4. A rubber overshoe.
[ Local, U. S.] Black gum
, Blue gum
, British gum
, etc. See under Black , Blue , etc.
-- Gum Acaroidea
, the resinous gum of the Australian grass tree ( Xanlhorrhœa ).
-- Gum animal (Zoology)
, the galago of West Africa; -- so called because it feeds on gums. See Galago .
-- Gum animi or animé
. See Animé .
- - Gum arabic , a gum yielded mostly by several species of Acacia (chiefly A. vera and A. Arabica ) growing in Africa and Southern Asia; -- called also gum acacia . East Indian gum arabic comes from a tree of the Orange family which bears the elephant apple.
-- Gum butea
, a gum yielded by the Indian plants Butea frondosa and B. superba , and used locally in tanning and in precipitating indigo.
-- Gum cistus
, a plant of the genus Cistus ( Cistus ladaniferus ), a species of rock rose.
-- Gum dragon
. See Tragacanth .
-- Gum elastic
, Elastic gum
. See Caoutchouc .
-- Gum elemi
. See Elemi .
-- Gum juniper
. See Sandarac .
-- Gum kino
. See under Kino .
-- Gum lac
. See Lac .
-- Gum Ladanum , a fragrant gum yielded by several Oriental species of Cistus or rock rose.
-- Gum passages
, sap receptacles extending through the parenchyma of certain plants ( Amygdalaceæ , Cactaceæ , etc.), and affording passage for gum.
-- Gum pot , a varnish maker's utensil for melting gum and mixing other ingredients.
-- Gum resin
, the milky juice of a plant solidified by exposure to air; one of certain inspissated saps, mixtures of, or having properties of, gum and resin; a resin containing more or less mucilaginous and gummy matter.
-- Gum sandarac
. See Sandarac .
-- Gum Senegal , a gum similar to gum arabic, yielded by trees ( Acacia Verek and A. Adansoniä ) growing in the Senegal country, West Africa.
-- Gum tragacanth
. See Tragacanth .
-- Gum tree
, the name given to several trees in America and Australia
: (a) The black gum ( Nyssa multiflora ), one of the largest trees of the Southern States, bearing a small blue fruit, the favorite food of the opossum.
Most of the large trees become hollow. (b) A tree of the genus Eucalyptus.
See Eucalpytus. (c) The sweet gum tree of the United States ( Liquidambar styraciflua ), a large and beautiful tree with pointedly lobed leaves and woody burlike fruit. It exudes an aromatic terebinthine juice.
-- Gum water
, a solution of gum, esp. of gum arabic, in water.
-- Gum wood
, the wood of any gum tree, esp. the wood of the Eucalyptus piperita , of New South Wales.
Gum transitive verb
[ imperfect &. p. Gummed
; present participle & verbal noun Gumming
.] To smear with gum; to close with gum; to unite or stiffen by gum or a gumlike substance; to make sticky with a gumlike substance.
He frets like a gummed velvet. Shak.
Gum intransitive verb To exude or from gum; to become gummy.
Gumbo noun [ Written also gombo .]
1. A soup thickened with the mucilaginous pods of the okra; okra soup. 2. The okra plant or its pods.
Gumboil noun (Medicine) A small suppurating inflamed spot on the gum.
; plural Gummata
. [ New Latin So called from its gummy contents See Gum
.] (Medicine) A kind of soft tumor, usually of syphilitic origin.
Gummatous adjective (Medicine) Belonging to, or resembling, gumma.
[ From 2d Gum
.] A punch-cutting tool, or machine for deepening and enlarging the spaces between the teeth of a worn saw.
Gummiferous adjective [ Latin gummi gum + -ferous .] Producing gum; gum- bearing.
Gumminess noun The state or quality of being gummy; viscousness.
Gummite noun [ So called because it occurs in rounded or flattened pieces which look like gum.] (Min.) A yellow amorphous mineral, essentially a hydrated oxide of uranium derived from the alteration of uraninite.
Gummosity noun Gumminess; a viscous or adhesive quality or nature. [ R.] Floyer.
Gummous adjective [ Latin gummosus ; confer F. gommeux .]
1. Gumlike, or composed of gum; gummy. 2. (Medicine) Of or pertaining to a gumma.
[ Compar. Gummer
; superl. Gummirst
.] Consisting of gum; viscous; adhesive; producing or containing gum; covered with gum or a substance resembling gum.
Kindles the gummy bark of fir or pine. Milton.
Then rubs his gummy eyes. Dryden. Gummy tumor (Medicine)
, a gumma.
Gump (gŭmp) noun [ Confer Swedish & Danish gump buttocks, rump, Icelandic gumpr .] A dolt; a dunce. [ Low.] Holloway.
[ Middle English gom
, attention; akin to Anglo-Saxon geómian
, to regard, observe, gyme
care, Old Saxon gomean
to heed, Goth. gaumjan
to see, notice.] 1. Capacity; shrewdness; common sense.
One does not have gumption till one has been properly cheated. Lord Lytton. 2. (Paint.) (a) The art of preparing colors. Sir W. Scott. (b) Megilp. Fairholt.
[ Middle English gonne
; of uncertain origin; confer Ir., Gael., & Late Latin gunna
, W. gum
; possibly (like cannon) from Latin canna
reed, tube; or abbreviated from Old French mangonnel
, English mangonel
, a machine for hurling stones.] 1. A weapon which throws or propels a missile to a distance; any firearm or instrument for throwing projectiles by the explosion of gunpowder, consisting of a tube or barrel closed at one end, in which the projectile is placed, with an explosive charge behind, which is ignited by various means. Muskets, rifles, carbines, and fowling pieces are smaller guns, for hand use, and are called small arms . Larger guns are called cannon , ordnance , fieldpieces , carronades , howitzers , etc. See these terms in the Vocabulary.
As swift as a pellet out of a gunne Chaucer.
When fire is in the powder runne.
The word gun was in use in England for an engine to cast a thing from a man long before there was any gunpowder found out. Selden. 2. (Mil.) A piece of heavy ordnance; in a restricted sense, a cannon. 3. plural (Nautical) Violent blasts of wind.
» Guns are classified, according to their construction or manner of loading as rifled
, breech- loading
or built-up guns
; or according to their use, as field
, and siege guns
. Armstrong gun
, a wrought iron breech-loading cannon named after its English inventor, Sir William Armstrong .
-- Great gun
, a piece of heavy ordnance
; hence (Fig.), a person superior in any way.
-- Gun barrel
, the barrel or tube of a gun.
-- Gun carriage
, the carriage on which a gun is mounted or moved.
-- Gun cotton (Chemistry)
, a general name for a series of explosive nitric ethers of cellulose, obtained by steeping cotton in nitric and sulphuric acids. Although there are formed substances containing nitric acid radicals, yet the results exactly resemble ordinary cotton in appearance. It burns without ash, with explosion if confined, but quietly and harmlessly if free and open, and in small quantity. Specifically, the lower nitrates of cellulose which are insoluble in ether and alcohol in distinction from the highest ( pyroxylin ) which is soluble. See Pyroxylin , and confer Xyloidin . The gun cottons are used for blasting and somewhat in gunnery: for making celluloid when compounded with camphor; and the soluble variety ( pyroxylin ) for making collodion. See Celluloid , and Collodion . Gun cotton is frequenty but improperly called nitrocellulose . It is not a nitro compound, but an ethereal salt of nitric acid.
-- Gun deck
. See under Deck .
-- Gun fire
, the time at which the morning or the evening gun is fired.
-- Gun metal
, a bronze, ordinarily composed of nine parts of copper and one of tin, used for cannon, etc. The name is also given to certain strong mixtures of cast iron.
-- Gun port (Nautical)
, an opening in a ship through which a cannon's muzzle is run out for firing.
-- Gun tackle (Nautical)
, the blocks and pulleys affixed to the side of a ship, by which a gun carriage is run to and from the gun port.
- - Gun tackle purchase (Nautical)
, a tackle composed of two single blocks and a fall. Totten.
-- Krupp gun
, a wrought steel breech-loading cannon, named after its German inventor, Herr Krupp.
-- Machine gun
, a breech-loading gun or a group of such guns, mounted on a carriage or other holder, and having a reservoir containing cartridges which are loaded into the gun or guns and fired in rapid succession, sometimes in volleys, by machinery operated by turning a crank. Several hundred shots can be fired in a minute with accurate aim. The Gatling gun , Gardner gun , Hotchkiss gun , and Nordenfelt gun , named for their inventors, and the French mitrailleuse , are machine guns .
-- To blow great guns (Nautical)
, to blow a gale. See Gun , noun , 3.
Gun intransitive verb To practice fowling or hunting small game; -- chiefly in participial form; as, to go gunning.
Guna (gō"nȧ) noun [ Sanskrit guna quality.] In Sanskrit grammar, a lengthening of the simple vowels a , i , e , by prefixing an a element. The term is sometimes used to denote the same vowel change in other languages.
Gunboat noun (Nav.) A vessel of light draught, carrying one or more guns.
Guncotton See under Gun .
[ Obsolete] See Gondola . Marston.
Gunflint noun A sharpened flint for the lock of a gun, to ignite the charge. It was in common use before the introduction of percussion caps.
Gunjah noun (Botany) See Ganja .
Gunlock noun The lock of a gun, for producing the discharge. See Lock .
Gunnage noun The number of guns carried by a ship of war.
[ See Gunwale
.] 1. A gunwale. 2. (Zoology) A small, eel-shaped, marine fish of the genus Murænoides ; esp., M. gunnellus of Europe and America; -- called also gunnel fish , butterfish , rock eel .
Gunner noun 1. One who works a gun, whether on land or sea; a cannoneer. 2. A warrant officer in the navy having charge of the ordnance on a vessel. 3. (Zoology) (a) The great northern diver or loon. See Loon . (b) The sea bream.
[ Prov. Eng. or Irish] Gunner's daughter
, the gun to which men or boys were lashed for punishment.
[ Sailor's slang] W. C. Russell.
Gunnery noun That branch of military science which comprehends the theory of projectiles, and the manner of constructing and using ordnance.