Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Gally transitive verb
[ See Gallow
, transitive verb
] To frighten; to worry.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] T. Brown.
Gally adjective Like gall; bitter as gall. Cranmer.
Gally noun See Galley , noun , 4.
[ Middle English galoche
, shoe, French galoche
galoche, perhaps altered from Latin gallica
a Gallic shoe, or from Late Latin calopedia
wooden shoe, or shoe with a wooden sole, Greek ..., dim. of ..., ..., a shoemaker's last; ... wood + ... foot.] 1. A clog or patten.
Nor were worthy [ to] unbuckle his galoche . Chaucer. 2. Hence: An overshoe worn in wet weather. 3. A gaiter, or legging, covering the upper part of the shoe and part of the leg.
Galoot noun A noisy, swaggering, or worthless fellow; a rowdy. [ Slang, U. S.]
Galop noun [ French] (Mus.) A kind of lively dance, in 2-4 time; also, the music to the dance.
Galore noun & adjective [ Scot. gelore , gilore , galore , from Gael . gu leòr , enough; gu- to, also an adverbial prefix + leòr , leòir , enough; or from Ir. goleor , the same word.] Plenty; abundance; in abundance.
Galosh noun 1. Same as Galoche , Galoshe . 2. A strip of material, as leather, running around a shoe at and above the sole, as for protection or ornament.
Galpe intransitive verb To gape,; to yawn. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Galsome adjective [ Gall bitterness + some .] Angry; malignant. [ Obsolete] Bp. Morton.
[ From Galvani
, a professor of physiology at Bologna, on account of his connection (about 1780) with the discovery of dynamical or current electricity: confer French galvanique
.] Of or pertaining to, or exhibiting the phenomena of, galvanism; employing or producing electrical currents. Galvanic battery (Electricity)
, an apparatus for generating electrical currents by the mutual action of certain liquids and metals; -- now usually called voltaic battery . See Battery .
-- Galvanic circuit or circle
. (Electricity) See under Circuit .
-- Galvanic pile (Electricity)
, the voltaic pile. See under Voltaic .
[ From Galvani
: confer French galvanisme
. See Galvanic
.] (Physics) (a) Electricity excited by the mutual action of certain liquids and metals; dynamical electricity. (b) The branch of physical science which treats of dynamical elecricity, or the properties and effects of electrical currents.
» The words galvanism
, formerly in very general use, are now rarely employed. For the latter, voltaic
, from the name of Volta
, is commonly used.
Galvanist noun One versed in galvanism.
Galvanization noun The act of process of galvanizing.
Galvanize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Galvanized
; p pr. & verbal noun Galvanizing
.] [ Confer French galvaniser
.] 1. To affect with galvanism; to subject to the action of electrical currents. 2. To plate, as with gold, silver, etc., by means of electricity. 3. To restore to consciousness by galvanic action (as from a state of suspended animation); hence, to stimulate or excite to a factitious animation or activity. 4. To coat, as iron, with zinc. See Galvanized iron . Galvanized iron
, formerly, iron coated with zink by electrical deposition; now more commonly, iron coated with zink by plunging into a bath of melted zink, after its surface has been cleaned by friction with the aid of dilute acid.
Galvanizer noun One who, or that which, galvanize.
Galvanocaustic adjective [ Galvanic + caustic .] Relating to the use of galvanic heat as a caustic, especially in medicine.
Galvanocautery noun (Medicine) Cautery effected by a knife or needle heated by the passage of a galvanic current.
+ Greek ... to engrave.] Same as Glyphography .
Galvanograph noun [ Galvanic + -graph .] (Engraving) A copperplate produced by the method of galvanography; also, a picture printed from such a plate.
Galvanographic adjective Of or pertaining to galvanography.
Galvanography noun [ Galvanic + -graphy .]
1. The art or process of depositing metals by electricity; electrotypy. 2. A method of producing by means of electrotyping process (without etching) copperplates which can be printed from in the same manner as engraved plates.
Galvanologist noun One who describes the phenomena of galvanism; a writer on galvanism.
Galvanology noun [ Galvanic + -logy .] A treatise on galvanism, or a description of its phenomena.
: confer French galvanomètre
.] (Electricity) An instrument or apparatus for measuring the intensity of an electric current, usually by the deflection of a magnetic needle. Differential galvanometer
. See under Differental , adjective
-- Sine galvanometer
, Cosine galvanometer
, Tangent galvanometer (Electricity)
, a galvanometer in which the sine, cosine, or tangent respectively, of the angle through which the needle is deflected, is proportional to the strength of the current passed through the instrument.
Galvanometric adjective Of, pertaining to, or measured by, a galvanometer.
Galvanometry noun The art or process of measuring the force of electric currents.
Galvanoplastic adjective [ Galvanic + -plastic .] Of or pertaining to the art or process of electrotyping; employing, or produced by, the process of electolytic deposition; as, a galvano-plastic copy of a medal or the like.
Galvanoplasty noun [ Confer French galanoplastie .] The art or process of electrotypy.
Galvanoscope noun [ Galvanic + -scope : confer French galvanoscope .] (Electricity) An instrument or apparatus for detecting the presence of electrical currents, especially such as are of feeble intensity.
Galvanoscopic adjective Of or pertaining to a galvanoscope.
Galvanoscopy noun (Physiol.) The use of galvanism in physiological experiments.
[ New Latin , from English galvanic
+ Greek ... to tone.] (Physiol.) Same as Electrotonus .
Galvanotropism noun [ Galvanic + Greek ... to turn.] (Botany) The tendency of a root to place its axis in the line of a galvanic current.
Galwes noun Gallows. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Gam noun [ Orig. uncert.] (Nautical) (a) A herd, or school, of whales. (b) A visit between whalers at sea; a holding of social intercourse between those on different vessels at sea, or (Local U. S.) between persons ashore.
Gam intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Gammed
; present participle & verbal noun Gam"ming
.] (Nautical) (a) To gather in a gam; -- said of whales. (b) To engage in a gam, or (Local, U. S.) in social intercourse anywhere.
Gam transitive verb (Nautical) To have a gam with; to pay a visit to, esp. among whalers at sea.
Gama grass [ From Gama , a cluster of the Maldive Islands.] (Botany) A species of grass ( Tripsacum dactyloides ) tall, stout, and exceedingly productive; cultivated in the West Indies, Mexico, and the Southern States of North America as a forage grass; -- called also sesame grass .
Gamashes noun plural [ French gamaches .] High boots or buskins; in Scotland, short spatterdashes or riding trousers, worn over the other clothing.
Gamba noun A viola da gamba.
Gambadoes noun plural
[ I. or Spanish gamba
leg. See Gambol
] Same as Gamashes .
His thin legs tenanted a pair of gambadoes fastened at the side with rusty clasps. Sir W. Scott.
Gambeer transitive verb [ Confer French gambier a kind of hook.] (Fishing) To gaff, as mackerel.
[ Fr. gambette
, or Italian gambetta
.] (Zoology) Any bird of the genuis Totanus . See Tattler .
Gambier noun [ Malayan.] (a) The inspissated juice of a plant ( Uncaria Gambir ) growing in Malacca. It is a powerful astringent, and, under the name of Terra Japonica , is used for chewing with the Areca nut, and is exported for tanning and dyeing. (b) Catechu. [ Written also gambeer and gambir .]
[ Old French gambeson
, from gambais
, of German origin: confer Middle High German wambeis
, German wams
doublet, from Old High German w amba
, stomach. See Womb
.] A defensive garment formerly in use for the body, made of cloth stuffed and quilted.
[ Italian gamba
leg.] (Mus.) A performer upon the viola di gamba . See under Viola .