Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Gadolinic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to or containing gadolinium.

Gadolinite noun [ Named after Gadolin , a Russian chemist.] (Min.) A mineral of a nearly black color and vitreous luster, and consisting principally of the silicates of yttrium, cerium, and iron.

Gadolinium noun [ New Latin See Gadolinite .] (Chemistry) A supposed rare metallic element, with a characteristic spectrum, found associated with yttrium and other rare metals. Its individuality and properties have not yet been determined.

Gadsman noun One who uses a gad or goad in driving.

Gaduin noun [ New Latin gadus codfish.] (Chemistry) A yellow or brown amorphous substance, of indifferent nature, found in cod-liver oil.

Gadwall noun [ Gad to walk about + well .] (Zoology) A large duck ( Anas strepera ), valued as a game bird, found in the northern parts of Europe and America; -- called also gray duck . [ Written also gaddwell .]

Gaekwar noun [ Also Gaikwar , Guicowar .] [ Marathi gāekwār , prop., a cowherd.] The title of the ruling Prince of Baroda, in Gujarat, in Bombay, India.

Gael noun sing. & plural [ See Gaelic .] (Ethnol.) A Celt or the Celts of the Scotch Highlands or of Ireland; now esp., a Scotch Highlander of Celtic origin.

Gaelic adjective [ Gael. Gàidhealach , Gaelach , from Gàidheal , Gael , a Scotch Highlander.] (Ethnol.) Of or pertaining to the Gael, esp. to the Celtic Highlanders of Scotland; as, the Gaelic language.

Gaelic noun [ Gael. Gaelig , Gàilig .] The language of the Gaels, esp. of the Highlanders of Scotland. It is a branch of the Celtic.

Gaff noun [ Middle English gaffe , French gaffe an iron hook with which seamen pull great fishes into their ships; confer Ir. gaf , gafa hook; perhaps akin to German gabel fork, Sanskrit gabhasti . Confer Gaffle , Gable .]
1. A barbed spear or a hook with a handle, used by fishermen in securing heavy fish.

2. (Nautical) The spar upon which the upper edge of a fore-and-aft sail is extended.

3. Same as Gaffle , 1. Wright.

Gaff transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gaffed ; present participle & verbal noun Gaffing .] To strike with a gaff or barbed spear; to secure by means of a gaff; as, to gaff a salmon.

Gaff-topsail noun (Nautical) A small triangular sail having its foot extended upon the gaff and its luff upon the topmast.

Gaffer noun [ Possibly contr. from godfather ; but probably from gramfer for grandfather . Confer Gammer .]
1. An old fellow; an aged rustic.

Go to each gaffer and each goody.
Fawkes.

» Gaffer was originally a respectful title, now degenerated into a term of familiarity or contempt when addressed to an aged man in humble life.

2. A foreman or overseer of a gang of laborers. [ Prov. Eng.]

Gaffle noun [ Confer Anglo-Saxon geafl fork, LG., D., Swedish , & Danish gaffel , German gabel , W. gafl , Ir. & Gael. gabhal . Confer Gaff .]
1. An artificial spur or gaff for gamecocks.

2. A lever to bend crossbows.

Gag transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gagged ; present participle & verbal noun Gagging .] [ Prob. from W. cegio to choke or strangle, from ceg mouth, opening, entrance.]
1. To stop the mouth of, by thrusting sometimes in, so as to hinder speaking; hence, to silence by authority or by violence; not to allow freedom of speech to. Marvell.

The time was not yet come when eloquence was to be gagged , and reason to be hood winked.
Maccaulay.

2. To pry or hold open by means of a gag.

Mouths gagged to such a wideness.
Fortescue (Transl.).

3. To cause to heave with nausea.

Gag intransitive verb
1. To heave with nausea; to retch.

2. To introduce gags or interpolations. See Gag , noun , 3. [ Slang] Cornill Mag.

Gag noun
1. Something thrust into the mouth or throat to hinder speaking.

2. A mouthful that makes one retch; a choking bit; as, a gag of mutton fat. Lamb.

3. A speech or phrase interpolated offhand by an actor on the stage in his part as written, usually consisting of some seasonable or local allusion. [ Slang]

Gag rein (Harness) , a rein for drawing the bit upward in the horse's mouth. -- Gag runner (Harness) , a loop on the throat latch guiding the gag rein.

Gag law (Parliamentary Law) A law or ruling prohibiting proper or free debate, as in closure. [ Colloq. or Cant]

Gag-toothed adjective Having gagteeth. [ Obsolete]

Gagate noun [ Latin gagates . See Jet a black mineral.] Agate. [ Obsolete] Fuller.

Gage noun [ French gage , Late Latin gadium , wadium ; of German origin; confer Goth. wadi , Old High German wetti , weti , akin to English wed . See Wed , and confer Wage , noun ]
1. A pledge or pawn; something laid down or given as a security for the performance of some act by the person depositing it, and forfeited by nonperformance; security.

Nor without gages to the needy lend.
Sandys.

2. A glove, cap, or the like, cast on the ground as a challenge to combat, and to be taken up by the accepter of the challenge; a challenge; a defiance. "There I throw my gage ." Shak.

Gage noun [ So called because an English family named Gage imported the greengage from France, in the last century.] A variety of plum; as, the greengage ; also, the blue gage , frost gage , golden gage , etc., having more or less likeness to the greengage. See Greengage .

Gage transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gaged ; p. pr & verbal noun Gaging .] [ Confer French gager . See Gage , noun , a pledge.]
1. To give or deposit as a pledge or security for some act; to wage or wager; to pawn or pledge. [ Obsolete]

A moiety competent
Was gaged by our king.
Shak.

2. To bind by pledge, or security; to engage.

Great debts
Wherein my time, sometimes too prodigal,
Hath left me gaged .
Shak.

Gage noun A measure or standard. See Gauge , noun

Gage transitive verb To measure. See Gauge , transitive verb

You shall not gage me
By what we do to-night .
Shak.

Gager noun A measurer. See Gauger .

Gagger noun
1. One who gags.

2. (Founding) A piece of iron imbedded in the sand of a mold to keep the sand in place.

Gaggle intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gaggled ; present participle & verbal noun Gaggling .] [ Of imitative origin; confer Dutch gaggelen , gagelen , German gackeln , gackern , Middle High German g...gen , English giggle , cackle .] To make a noise like a goose; to cackle. Bacon.

Gaggle noun [ Confer Gaggle intransitive verb ] (Zoology) A flock of wild geese. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

Gagtooth noun ; plural Gagteeth A projecting tooth. [ Obsolete]

Gahnite noun [ Named after Gahn , a Swedish chemist.] (Min.) Zinc spinel; automolite.

Gaidic adjective [ Greek ... earth.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to hypogeic acid; -- applied to an acid obtained from hypogeic acid.

Gaiety noun Same as Gayety .

Gailer noun A jailer. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Gaillard adjective [ French See Galliard .] Gay; brisk; merry; galliard. Chaucer.

Gailliarde noun [ See Galliard a dance.] A lively French and Italian dance.

Gaily adverb [ From Gay .] Merrily; showily. See gaily .

Gain (gān) noun [ Confer W. gan a mortise.] (Architecture) A square or beveled notch cut out of a girder, binding joist, or other timber which supports a floor beam, so as to receive the end of the floor beam.

Gain adjective [ Middle English gein , gain , good, near, quick; confer Icelandic gegn ready, serviceable, and gegn , adverb , against, opposite. Confer Ahain .] Convenient; suitable; direct; near; handy; dexterous; easy; profitable; cheap; respectable. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]

Gain (gān) noun [ Middle English gain , gein , gaʒhen , gain, advantage, Icelandic gagn ; akin to Swedish gagn , Danish gavn , confer Goth. gageigan to gain. The word was probably influenced by French gain gain, Old French gaain . Confer Gain , transitive verb ]
1. That which is gained, obtained, or acquired, as increase, profit, advantage, or benefit; -- opposed to loss .

But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ.
Phil. iii. 7.

Godliness with contentment is great gain .
1 Tim. vi. 6.

Every one shall share in the gains .
Shak.

2. The obtaining or amassing of profit or valuable possessions; acquisition; accumulation. "The lust of gain ." Tennyson.

Gain transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gained (gānd); present participle & verbal noun Gaining .] [ From gain , noun but. probably influenced by French gagner to earn, gain, Old French gaaignier to cultivate, Old High German weidinōn , weidinen to pasture, hunt, from weida pasturage, German weide , akin to Icelandic veiðr hunting, Anglo-Saxon wāðu , confer Latin venari to hunt, English venison . See Gain , noun , profit.]


1. To get, as profit or advantage; to obtain or acquire by effort or labor; as, to gain a good living.

What is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?
Matt. xvi. 26.

To gain dominion, or to keep it gained .
Milton.

For fame with toil we gain , but lose with ease.
Pope.

2. To come off winner or victor in; to be successful in; to obtain by competition; as, to gain a battle; to gain a case at law; to gain a prize.

3. To draw into any interest or party; to win to one's side; to conciliate.

If he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother.
Matt. xviii. 15.

To gratify the queen, and gained the court.
Dryden.

4. To reach; to attain to; to arrive at; as, to gain the top of a mountain; to gain a good harbor.

Forded Usk and gained the wood.
Tennyson.

5. To get, incur, or receive, as loss, harm, or damage. [ Obsolete or Ironical]

Ye should . . . not have loosed from Crete, and to have gained this harm and loss.
Acts xxvii. 21.

Gained day , the calendar day gained in sailing eastward around the earth. -- To gain ground , to make progress; to advance in any undertaking; to prevail; to acquire strength or extent. -- To gain over , to draw to one's party or interest; to win over. -- To gain the wind (Nautical) , to reach the windward side of another ship.

Syn. -- To obtain; acquire; get; procure; win; earn; attain; achieve. See Obtain . -- To Gain , Win . Gain implies only that we get something by exertion; win , that we do it in competition with others. A person gains knowledge, or gains a prize, simply by striving for it; he wins a victory, or wins a prize, by taking it in a struggle with others.

Gain intransitive verb To have or receive advantage or profit; to acquire gain; to grow rich; to advance in interest, health, or happiness; to make progress; as, the sick man gains daily.

Thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbors by extortion.
Ezek. xxii. 12.

Gaining twist , in rifled firearms, a twist of the grooves, which increases regularly from the breech to the muzzle. To gain on or upon . (a) To encroach on; as, the ocean gains on the land. (b) To obtain influence with. (c) To win ground upon; to move faster than, as in a race or contest. (d) To get the better of; to have the advantage of.

The English have not only gained upon the Venetians in the Levant, but have their cloth in Venice itself.
Addison.

My good behavior had so far gained on the emperor, that I began to conceive hopes of liberty.
Swift.

Gainable adjective [ CF. French gagnable . See Gain , transitive verb ] Capable of being obtained or reached. Sherwood.

Gainage noun [ Old French gaignage pasturage, crop, French gaignage pasturage. See Gain , transitive verb ] (O. Eng. Law) (a) The horses, oxen, plows, wains or wagons and implements for carrying on tillage. (b) The profit made by tillage; also, the land itself. Bouvier.

Gainer noun One who gains. Shak.

Gainful adjective Profitable; advantageous; lucrative. "A gainful speculation." Macaulay. -- Gain"ful*ly , adverb -- Gain"ful*ness , noun

Gaingiving noun [ See Again , and Give .] A misgiving. [ Obsolete]

Gainless adjective Not producing gain; unprofitable. Hammond. -- Gain"less/ness , noun

Gainly adverb [ See Gain , adjective ] Handily; readily; dexterously; advantageously. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.