Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ From Gallium
.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or containing, gallium.
[ From Gall
the excrescence.] Pertaining to, or derived from, galls, nutgalls, and the like. Gallic acid (Chemistry)
, an organic acid, very widely distributed
Gallic adjective [ Latin Gallicus belonging to the Gauls, from Galli the Gauls, Gallia Gaul, now France: confer French gallique .] Pertaining to Gaul or France; Gallican.
Gallican adjective [ Latin Gallicanus : confer French gallican .] Of or pertaining to Gaul or France; Gallic; French; as, the Gallican church or clergy.
Gallican noun An adherent to, and supporter of, Gallicanism. Shipley.
Gallicanism noun The principles, tendencies, or action of those, within the Roman Catholic Church in France, who (esp. in 1682) sought to restrict the papal authority in that country and increase the power of the national church. Schaff-Herzog Encyc.
Gallicism noun [ French gallicisme .] A mode of speech peculiar to the French; a French idiom; also, in general, a French mode or custom.
Gallicize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Gallicized
; present participle & verbal noun Gallicizing
.] To conform to the French mode or idiom.
Gallied past participle & adjective (Nautical) Worried; flurried; frightened. Ham. Nav. Encyc.
Galliform adjective (Zoology) Like the Gallinae (or Galliformes ) in structure.
Galligaskins noun plural [ Prob. corrupted from Italian Grechesco Grecian, a name which seems to have been given in Venice, and to have been afterwards confused with Gascony , as if they came from Gascony.] Loose hose or breeches; leather leg quards. The word is used loosely and often in a jocose sense.
Gallimatia noun Senseless talk. [ Obsolete or R.] See Galimatias .
; plural Gallimaufries
. [ French galimafrée
a sort of ragout or mixed hash of different meats.] 1. A hash of various kinds of meats, a ragout.
Delighting in hodge-podge, gallimaufries , forced meat. King. 2. Any absurd medley; a hotchpotch.
The Mahometan religion, which, being a gallimaufry made up of many, partakes much of the Jewish. South.
Gallin noun (Chemistry) A substance obtained by the reduction of galleïn.
Gallinacean noun (Zoology) One of the Gallinae or gallinaceous birds.
Gallinaceous adjective [ Latin gallinaceus , from gallina hen, from gallus cock.] (Zoology) Resembling the domestic fowls and pheasants; of or pertaining to the Gallinae.
Gallinae noun ; plural [ New Latin , from Latin gallina a hen, gallus a cock.] (Zoology) An order of birds, including the common domestic fowls, pheasants, grouse, quails, and allied forms; -- sometimes called Rasores .
Galling adjective Fitted to gall or chafe; vexing; harassing; irritating. -- Gall"ing*ly , adverb
Gallinipper noun A large mosquito.
Gallinule noun [ Latin gallinula chicken, dim. of gallina hen: confer French gallinule .] (Zoology) One of several wading birds, having long, webless toes, and a frontal shield, belonging to the family Rallidae . They are remarkable for running rapidly over marshes and on floating plants. The purple gallinule of America is Ionornis Martinica , that of the Old World is Porphyrio porphyrio . The common European gallinule ( Gallinula chloropus ) is also called moor hen , water hen , water rail , moor coot , night bird , and erroneously dabchick . Closely related to it is the Florida gallinule ( Gallinula galeata ). » The purple gallinule of Southern Europe and Asia was formerly believed to be able to detect and report adultery, and for that reason, chiefly, it was commonly domesticated by the ancients.
Gallipoli oil An inferior kind of olive oil, brought from Gallipoli, in Italy.
[ Prob. from OD. gleypot
, the first part of which is possibly akin to English glad
. See Glad
, and Pot
.] A glazed earthen pot or vessel, used by druggists and apothecaries for containing medicines, etc.
Gallium noun [ New Latin , from Latin Gallia France.] (Chemistry) A rare metallic element, found in certain zinc ores. It is white, hard, and malleable, resembling aluminium, and remarkable for its low melting point (86Â° F., 30Â° C). Symbol Ga. Atomic weight 69.9. » The element was predicted with most of its properties, under the name ekaluminium , by the Russian chemist Mendelejeff, on the basis of the Periodic law. This prediction was verified in its discovery by the French chemist Lecoq de Boisbaudran by its characteristic spectrum (two violet lines), in an examination of a zinc blende from the Pyrenees.
Gallium noun [ New Latin ; perhaps from Latin Gallia France.] (Chemistry) A rare metallic element, found combined in certain zinc ores. It is white, hard, and malleable, resembling aluminium, and remarkable for its low melting point (86Â° F., 30Â° C.). Symbol, Ga ; at. wt., 69.9. Gallium is chiefly trivalent, resembling aluminium and indium. It was predicted with most of its properties, under the name eka-aluminium , by Mendelyeev on the basis of the periodic law. This prediction was verified in its discovery (in 1875) by its characteristic spectrum (two violet lines).
Gallivant intransitive verb
[ From Gallant
.] To play the beau; to wait upon the ladies; also, to roam about for pleasure without any definite plan.
[ Slang] Dickens.
Gallivat noun [ Prob. from Portuguese galeota ; confer English galiot , galley .] (Nautical) A small armed vessel, with sails and oars, -- used on the Malabar coast. A. Chalmers.
Galliwasp noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] (Zoology) A West Indian lizard ( Celestus occiduus ), about a foot long, imagined by the natives to be venomous.
Gallize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Gallized
; present participle & verbal noun Gallizing
.] [ After Dr. Latin Gall
, a French chemist, who invented the process.] In wine making, to add water and sugar to (unfermented grape juice) so as to increase the quantity of wine produced.
-- Gal`li*za"tion noun
Gallnut noun (Zoology) A round gall produced on the leaves and shoots of various species of the oak tree. See Gall , and Nutgall .
Gallomania noun [ Latin Galli Gauls + mania madness.] An excessive admiration of what is French. -- Gal`lo*ma"ni*ac noun
[ OF galon
, Late Latin galo
, from galum
a liquid measure; confer French jale
large bowl. Confer Gill
a measure.] A measure of capacity, containing four quarts; -- used, for the most part, in liquid measure, but sometimes in dry measure.
» The standart gallon
of the Unites States contains 231 cubic inches, or 8.3389 pounds avoirdupois of distilled water at its maximum density, and with the barometer at 30 inches. This is almost exactly equivalent to a cylinder of seven inches in diameter and six inches in height, and is the same as the old English wine gallon
. The beer gallon
, now little used in the United States, contains 282 cubic inches. The English imperial gallon
contains 10 pounds avoirdupois of distilled water at 62... of Fahrenheit, and barometer at 30 inches, equal to 277.274 cubic inches.
[ From F. or Spanish galon
. See Gala
. ] 1. A narrow tapelike fabric used for binding hats, shoes, etc., -- sometimes made ornamental. 2. A similar bordering or binding of rich material, such as gold lace.
Silver and gold galloons , with the like glittering gewgaws. Addison.
Gallooned adjective Furnished or adorned with galloon.
Gallop intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Galloped
; present participle & verbal noun Galloping
.] [ Middle English galopen
, French galoper
, of German origin; confer assumed Goth. ga-hlaupan
to run, Old High German giloufen
, Anglo-Saxon gehleápan
to leap, dance, from root of English leap
, and a prefix; or confer OFlem. walop
a gallop. See Leap
, and confer 1st Wallop
.] 1. To move or run in the mode called a gallop; as a horse; to go at a gallop; to run or move with speed.
But gallop lively down the western hill. Donne. 2. To ride a horse at a gallop. 3. Fig.: To go rapidly or carelessly, as in making a hasty examination.
Such superficial ideas he may collect in galloping over it. Locke.
Gallop transitive verb To cause to gallop.
[ Confer French galop
. See Gallop
, intransitive verb
, and confer Galop
.] A mode of running by a quadruped, particularly by a horse, by lifting alternately the fore feet and the hind feet, in successive leaps or bounds. Hand gallop
, a slow or gentle gallop.
[ French galopade
. See Gallop
] 1. I horsemanship, a sidelong or curveting kind of gallop. 2. A kind of dance; also, music to the dance; a galop.
Gallopade intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Gallopaded
; present participle & verbal noun Gallopading
.] 1. To gallop, as on horseback. 2. To perform the dance called gallopade.
Galloper noun Galloper gun , a light gun, supported on a galloper, -- formerly attached to British infantry regiments.
1. One who, or that which, gallops. 2. (Mil.) A carriage on which very small guns were formerly mounted, the gun resting on the shafts, without a limber. Farrow.
[ French galopin
. See Gallop
, intransitive verb
] An under servant for the kitchen; a scullion; a cook's errand boy.
[ Obsolete] Halliwell.
Galloping adjective Going at a gallop; progressing rapidly; as, a galloping horse.
nutgall + tannic
.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to the tannin or nutgalls. Gallotannic acid
. See Tannic acid , under Tannic .
Gallow transitive verb
[ Confer Anglo-Saxon āgelwan
to stupefy.] To fright or terrify. See Gally , transitive verb
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Galloway noun (Zoology) A small horse of a breed raised at Galloway , Scotland; -- called also garran , and garron .
[ Ir. galloglach
. Confer Gillie
.] A heavy-armed foot soldier from Ireland and the Western Isles in the time of Edward ... Shak.
Gallows noun sing.
; plural Gallowses
. [ Middle English galwes
, plural, Anglo-Saxon galga
, gallows, cross; akin to Dutch galg
gallows, Old Saxon & Old High German galgo
, German galgen
, Icelandic gālgi
, Swedish & Danish galge
, Goth. galga
a cross. Etymologically and historically considered, gallows
is a noun in the plural number, but it is used as a singular, and hence is preceded by a
; as, a gallows
.] 1. A frame from which is suspended the rope with which criminals are executed by hanging, usually consisting of two upright posts and a crossbeam on the top; also, a like frame for suspending anything.
So they hanged Haman on the gallows . Esther vii. 10.
If I hang, I'll make a fat pair of gallows . Shak.
O, there were desolation of gaolers and gallowses ! Shak. 2. A wretch who deserves the gallows.
[ R.] Shak. 3. (Print.) The rest for the tympan when raised. 4. plural A pair of suspenders or braces.
[ Colloq.] Gallows bird
, a person who deserves the gallows.
[ Colloq.] -- Gallows bitts (Nautical)
, one of two or more frames amidships on deck for supporting spare spars; -- called also gallows , gallows top , gallows frame , etc.
-- Gallows frame
. (a) The frame supporting the beam of an engine. (b) (Nautical) Gallows bitts.
, or Gallow tree
, the gallows.
At length him nailéd on a gallow tree . Spenser.
Gallstone noun A concretion, or calculus, formed in the gall bladder or biliary passages. See Calculus , noun , 1.