Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913, 100,000 entries)
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Gainpain Gain"pain` noun [ French gagner to gain + pain bread.] Bread-gainer; -- a term applied in the Middle Ages to the sword of a hired soldier.
Gainsay Gain`say" transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Gainsaid
(? or ?); present participle & verbal noun Gainsaying
.] [ Middle English geinseien
. See Again
, and Say
to utter.] To contradict; to deny; to controvert; to dispute; to forbid.
I will give you a mouth and wisdom which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist. Luke xxi. 15.
The just gods gainsay Shak.
That any drop thou borrow'dst from thy mother,
My sacred aunt, should by my mortal sword
Gainsayer Gain`say"er noun One who gainsays, contradicts, or denies. "To convince the gainsayers ." Tit. i. 9.
Gainsborough hat Gains"borough hat A woman's broad-brimmed hat of a form thought to resemble those shown in portraits by Thomas Gainsborough, the English artist (1727-88).
Gainsome Gain"some adjective 1. Gainful. 2. Prepossessing; well-favored. [ Obsolete] Massinger.
Gainst Gainst preposition A contraction of Against .
Gainstand Gain"stand` transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Gainstood
; present participle & verbal noun gainstanding
.] [ See Again
, and Stand
.] To withstand; to resist.
Durst . . . gainstand the force of so many enraged desires. Sir P. Sidney.
Gainstrive Gain"strive` transitive verb & i. [ See Again , and Strive .] To strive or struggle against; to withstand. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Gairfowl Gair"fowl` noun (Zoology) See Garefowl .
Gairish Gair"ish adjective , Gair"ish*ly adverb , Gair"ish/ness noun Same as Garish , Garishly , Garishness .
Gait Gait noun
[ See Gate
a way.] 1. A going; a walk; a march; a way.
Good gentleman, go your gait , and let poor folks pass. Shak. 2. Manner of walking or stepping; bearing or carriage while moving.
'T is Cinna; I do know him by his gait . Shak.
Gaited Gait"ed adjective Having (such) a gait; -- used in composition; as, slow- gaited ; heavy- gaited .
Gaiter Gait"er noun [ French guêtre , confer Armor. gweltren ; or perhaps of German origin, and akin to English wear , v.] 1. A covering of cloth or leather for the ankle and instep, or for the whole leg from the knee to the instep, fitting down upon the shoe. 2. A kind of shoe, consisting of cloth, and covering the ankle.
Gaiter Gai"ter transitive verb To dress with gaiters.
Gaitre, Gaytre Gai"tre, Gay"tre noun [ Middle English Confer Gatten tree .] The dogwood tree. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Gala Ga"la noun [ French gala show, pomp, from Italian gala finery, gala; of German origin. See Gallant .] Pomp, show, or festivity. Macaulay. Gala day , a day of mirth and festivity; a holiday.
Galacta-gogue Ga·lac"ta-gogue noun [ Greek ..., ..., milk + ... to lead.] (Medicine) An agent exciting secretion of milk.
Galactic Ga·lac"tic adjective [ Greek ... milky, from ..., ..., milk. See Galaxy , and confer Lactic .] 1. Of or pertaining to milk; got from milk; as, galactic acid. 2. Of or pertaining to the galaxy or Milky Way. Galactic circle (Astron.) , the great circle of the heavens, to which the course of the galaxy most nearly conforms. Herschel. -- Galactic poles , the poles of the galactic circle.
Galactin Ga·lac"tin noun [ Greek ..., ..., milk. Confer Lactin .] (Chemistry) (a) An amorphous, gelatinous substance containing nitrogen, found in milk and other animal fluids. It resembles peptone, and is variously regarded as a coagulating or emulsifying agent. (b) A white waxy substance found in the sap of the South American cow tree ( Galactodendron ). (c) An amorphous, gummy carbohydrate resembling gelose, found in the seeds of leguminous plants, and yielding on decomposition several sugars, including galactose.
Galactodensimeter Ga·lac`to·den·sim"e·ter noun [ Greek ..., ... + English densimeter .] Same as Galactometer .
Galactometer Gal`ac·tom"e·ter noun [ Greek ..., ..., milk + -meter : confer French galactomètre . Confer Lactometer .] An instrument for ascertaining the quality of milk ( i.e. , its richness in cream) by determining its specific gravity; a lactometer.
Galactophagist Gal`ac·toph"a·gist noun [ Greek ..., ..., milk + ... to eat: confer ... to live on milk.] One who eats, or subsists on, milk.
Galactophagous Gal`ac·toph"a·gous adjective [ Greek ...: confer French galactophade .] Feeding on milk.
Galactophorous Gal`ac·toph"o·rous adjective [ Greek ...; ..., ..., milk + ... to bear: confer French galactophore . Confer Lactiferous .] (Anat.) Milk-carrying; lactiferous; -- applied to the ducts of mammary glands.
Galactopoietic Ga·lac`to·poi·et"ic adjective [ Greek ..., ..., milk + ... capable of making; from ... to make.] (Medicine) Increasing the flow of milk; milk-producing. -- noun A galactopoietic substance.
Galactose Ga·lac"tose noun (Chemistry) A white, crystalline sugar, C 6 H 12 O 6 , isomeric with dextrose, obtained by the decomposition of milk sugar, and also from certain gums. When oxidized it forms mucic acid. Called also lactose (though it is not lactose proper).
Galage Ga·lage" noun (Obsolete) See Galoche . Spenser.
Galago Ga·la"go noun
; plural Galagos
. [ Native name.] (Zoology) A genus of African lemurs, including numerous species.
» The grand galago
( Galago crassicaudata
) is about the size of a cat; the mouse galago
( G. murinus
)is about the size of a mouse.
Galanga, Galangal Ga·lan"ga, Ga·lan"gal noun [ Middle English galingale , Old French galingal , garingal , French galanga (cf. Spanish galanga ), probably from Arabic khalanj...n . ] The pungent aromatic rhizome or tuber of certain East Indian or Chinese species of Alpinia ( A. Galanga and A. officinarum ) and of the Kæmpferia Galanga ), -- all of the Ginger family.
Galantine Gal"an·tine noun [ French galantine .] A dish of veal, chickens, or other white meat, freed from bones, tied up, boiled, and served cold. Smart.
Galapee tree Gal"a·pee` tree" (Botany) The West Indian Sciadophyllum Brownei , a tree with very large digitate leaves.
Galatea Gal`a·te"a noun [ After Galatea , a British man-of-war, the material being used for children's sailor suits.] A kind of striped cotton fabric, usually of superior quality and striped with blue or red on white.
Galatian Ga·la"tian adjective Of or pertaining to Galatia or its inhabitants. -- A native or inhabitant of Galatia, in Asia Minor; a descendant of the Gauls who settled in Asia Minor.
Galaxy Gal"ax·y noun
; plural Galaxies
. [ French galaxie
, Latin galaxias
, from Greek ... (sc. ... circle), from ..., ..., milk; akin to Latin lac
. Confer Lacteal
.] 1. (Astron.) The Milky Way; that luminous tract, or belt, which is seen at night stretching across the heavens, and which is composed of innumerable stars, so distant and blended as to be distinguishable only with the telescope. The term has recently been used for remote clusters of stars. Nichol. 2. A splendid assemblage of persons or things.
Galban, Galbanum Gal"ban, Gal"ba·num noun [ Latin galbanum , Greek ..., probably from Hebrew klekb'n...h : confer French galbanum .] A gum resin exuding from the stems of certain Asiatic umbelliferous plants, mostly species of Ferula . The Bubon Galbanum of South Africa furnishes an inferior kind of galbanum. It has an acrid, bitter taste, a strong, unpleasant smell, and is used for medical purposes, also in the arts, as in the manufacture of varnish.
Galbe Galbe noun [ F.; Old French garbe , from Italian garbo grace, gracefulness. See Garb dress.] (Art) The general outward form of any solid object, as of a column or a vase.
[ Prob. of Scand. origin; confer Danish gal
furious, Icelandic galinn
, confer Icelandic gala
to sing, Anglo-Saxon galan
to sing, Icelandic galdr
song, witchcraft, Anglo-Saxon galdor
charm, sorcery, E. nightin gale
; also, Icelandic gjōla
gust of wind, gola
breeze. Confer Yell
.] 1. A strong current of air; a wind between a stiff breeze and a hurricane. The most violent gales are called tempests .
have a velocity of from about eighteen ("moderate") to about eighty ("very heavy") miles an our. Sir. W. S. Harris. 2. A moderate current of air; a breeze.
A little gale will soon disperse that cloud. Shak.
And winds of gentlest gale Arabian odors fanned Milton. 3. A state of excitement, passion, or hilarity.
From their soft wings.
The ladies, laughing heartily, were fast getting into what, in New England, is sometimes called a gale . Brooke (Eastford). Topgallant gale (Nautical)
, one in which a ship may carry her topgallant sails.
Gale Gale intransitive verb (Nautical) To sale, or sail fast.
Gale Gale noun [ Middle English gal . See Gale wind.] A song or story. [ Obsolete] Toone.
Gale Gale intransitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon galan . See 1st Gale .] To sing. [ Obsolete] "Can he cry and gale ." Court of Love.
Gale Gale noun [ Anglo-Saxon gagel , akin to Dutch gagel .] (Botany) A plant of the genus Myrica , growing in wet places, and strongly resembling the bayberry. The sweet gale ( Myrica Gale ) is found both in Europe and in America.
Gale Gale noun [ Confer Gabel .] The payment of a rent or annuity. [ Eng.] Mozley & W. Gale day , the day on which rent or interest is due.
Galea Ga"le·a noun [ Latin , a helmet.] 1. (Botany) The upper lip or helmet-shaped part of a labiate flower. 2. (Surg.) A kind of bandage for the head. 3. (Pathol.) Headache extending all over the head. 4. (Paleon.) A genus of fossil echini, having a vaulted, helmet-shaped shell. 5. (Zoology) The anterior, outer process of the second joint of the maxillae in certain insects.
Galeas Gal"e·as noun See Galleass .
Galeate, Galeated Ga"le·ate, Ga"le·a`ted adjective [ Latin galeatus , past participle of galeare helmet.] 1. Wearing a helmet; protected by a helmet; covered, as with a helmet. 2. (Biol.) Helmeted; having a helmetlike part, as a crest, a flower, etc.; helmet-shaped.
Galei Ga"le·i noun plural [ New Latin , from Galeus , name of one genus, from Greek ... a kind of shark.] (Zoology) That division of elasmobranch fishes which includes the sharks.
Galena Ga·le"na noun [ Latin galena lead ore, dross that remains after melting lead: confer French galène sulphide of lead ore, antidote to poison, stillness of the sea, calm, tranquility.] 1. (Medicine) A remedy or antidote for poison; theriaca. [ Obsolete] Parr. 2. (Min.) Lead sulphide; the principal ore of lead. It is of a bluish gray color and metallic luster, and is cubic in crystallization and cleavage. False galena . See Blende .
Galenic, Galenical Ga·len"ic, Ga·len"ic·al adjective Pertaining to, or containing, galena.
Galenic, Galenical Ga·len"ic, Ga·len"ic·al adjective [ From Galen , the physician.] Relating to Galen or to his principles and method of treating diseases. Dunglison. Galenic pharmacy , that branch of pharmacy which relates to the preparation of medicines by infusion, decoction, etc., as distinguished from those which are chemically prepared.
Galenism Ga"len·ism noun The doctrines of Galen.