Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Gainpain noun [ French gagner to gain + pain bread.] Bread-gainer; -- a term applied in the Middle Ages to the sword of a hired soldier.

Gainsay transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gainsaid (? or ?); present participle & verbal noun Gainsaying .] [ Middle English geinseien , ageinseien . See Again , and Say to utter.] To contradict; to deny; to controvert; to dispute; to forbid.

I will give you a mouth and wisdom which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist.
Luke xxi. 15.

The just gods gainsay
That any drop thou borrow'dst from thy mother,
My sacred aunt, should by my mortal sword
Be drained.
Shak.

Gainsayer noun One who gainsays, contradicts, or denies. "To convince the gainsayers ." Tit. i. 9.

Gainsborough hat A woman's broad-brimmed hat of a form thought to resemble those shown in portraits by Thomas Gainsborough, the English artist (1727-88).

Gainsome adjective
1. Gainful.

2. Prepossessing; well-favored. [ Obsolete] Massinger.

Gainst preposition A contraction of Against .

Gainstand transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gainstood ; present participle & verbal noun gainstanding .] [ See Again , and Stand .] To withstand; to resist. [ Obsolete]

Durst . . . gainstand the force of so many enraged desires.
Sir P. Sidney.

Gainstrive transitive verb & i. [ See Again , and Strive .] To strive or struggle against; to withstand. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Gairfowl noun (Zoology) See Garefowl .

Gairish adjective , Gair"ish*ly adverb , Gair"ish/ness noun Same as Garish , Garishly , Garishness .

Gait noun [ See Gate a way.]
1. A going; a walk; a march; a way.

Good gentleman, go your gait , and let poor folks pass.
Shak.

2. Manner of walking or stepping; bearing or carriage while moving.

'T is Cinna; I do know him by his gait .
Shak.

Gaited adjective Having (such) a gait; -- used in composition; as, slow- gaited ; heavy- gaited .

Gaiter noun [ French guêtre , confer Armor. gweltren ; or perhaps of German origin, and akin to English wear , v.]
1. A covering of cloth or leather for the ankle and instep, or for the whole leg from the knee to the instep, fitting down upon the shoe.

2. A kind of shoe, consisting of cloth, and covering the ankle.

Gaiter transitive verb To dress with gaiters.

Gaitre, Gaytre noun [ Middle English Confer Gatten tree .] The dogwood tree. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Gala noun [ French gala show, pomp, from Italian gala finery, gala; of German origin. See Gallant .] Pomp, show, or festivity. Macaulay.

Gala day , a day of mirth and festivity; a holiday.

Galacta-gogue noun [ Greek ..., ..., milk + ... to lead.] (Medicine) An agent exciting secretion of milk.

Galactic adjective [ Greek ... milky, from ..., ..., milk. See Galaxy , and confer Lactic .]
1. Of or pertaining to milk; got from milk; as, galactic acid.

2. Of or pertaining to the galaxy or Milky Way.

Galactic circle (Astron.) , the great circle of the heavens, to which the course of the galaxy most nearly conforms. Herschel. -- Galactic poles , the poles of the galactic circle.

Galactin noun [ Greek ..., ..., milk. Confer Lactin .] (Chemistry) (a) An amorphous, gelatinous substance containing nitrogen, found in milk and other animal fluids. It resembles peptone, and is variously regarded as a coagulating or emulsifying agent. (b) A white waxy substance found in the sap of the South American cow tree ( Galactodendron ). (c) An amorphous, gummy carbohydrate resembling gelose, found in the seeds of leguminous plants, and yielding on decomposition several sugars, including galactose.

Galactodensimeter noun [ Greek ..., ... + English densimeter .] Same as Galactometer .

Galactometer noun [ Greek ..., ..., milk + -meter : confer French galactomètre . Confer Lactometer .] An instrument for ascertaining the quality of milk ( i.e. , its richness in cream) by determining its specific gravity; a lactometer.

Galactophagist noun [ Greek ..., ..., milk + ... to eat: confer ... to live on milk.] One who eats, or subsists on, milk.

Galactophagous adjective [ Greek ...: confer French galactophade .] Feeding on milk.

Galactophorous adjective [ Greek ...; ..., ..., milk + ... to bear: confer French galactophore . Confer Lactiferous .] (Anat.) Milk-carrying; lactiferous; -- applied to the ducts of mammary glands.

Galactopoietic adjective [ Greek ..., ..., milk + ... capable of making; from ... to make.] (Medicine) Increasing the flow of milk; milk-producing. -- noun A galactopoietic substance.

Galactose noun (Chemistry) A white, crystalline sugar, C 6 H 12 O 6 , isomeric with dextrose, obtained by the decomposition of milk sugar, and also from certain gums. When oxidized it forms mucic acid. Called also lactose (though it is not lactose proper).

Galage noun (Obsolete) See Galoche . Spenser.

Galago noun ; plural Galagos . [ Native name.] (Zoology) A genus of African lemurs, including numerous species.

» The grand galago ( Galago crassicaudata ) is about the size of a cat; the mouse galago ( G. murinus )is about the size of a mouse.

Galanga, Galangal noun [ Middle English galingale , Old French galingal , garingal , French galanga (cf. Spanish galanga ), probably from Arabic khalanj...n . ] The pungent aromatic rhizome or tuber of certain East Indian or Chinese species of Alpinia ( A. Galanga and A. officinarum ) and of the Kæmpferia Galanga ), -- all of the Ginger family.

Galantine noun [ French galantine .] A dish of veal, chickens, or other white meat, freed from bones, tied up, boiled, and served cold. Smart.

Galapee tree (Botany) The West Indian Sciadophyllum Brownei , a tree with very large digitate leaves.

Galatea noun [ After Galatea , a British man-of-war, the material being used for children's sailor suits.] A kind of striped cotton fabric, usually of superior quality and striped with blue or red on white.

Galatian adjective Of or pertaining to Galatia or its inhabitants. -- A native or inhabitant of Galatia, in Asia Minor; a descendant of the Gauls who settled in Asia Minor.

Galaxy noun ; plural Galaxies . [ French galaxie , Latin galaxias , from Greek ... (sc. ... circle), from ..., ..., milk; akin to Latin lac . Confer Lacteal .]


1. (Astron.) The Milky Way; that luminous tract, or belt, which is seen at night stretching across the heavens, and which is composed of innumerable stars, so distant and blended as to be distinguishable only with the telescope. The term has recently been used for remote clusters of stars. Nichol.

2. A splendid assemblage of persons or things.

Galban, Galbanum noun [ Latin galbanum , Greek ..., probably from Hebrew klekb'n...h : confer French galbanum .] A gum resin exuding from the stems of certain Asiatic umbelliferous plants, mostly species of Ferula . The Bubon Galbanum of South Africa furnishes an inferior kind of galbanum. It has an acrid, bitter taste, a strong, unpleasant smell, and is used for medical purposes, also in the arts, as in the manufacture of varnish.

Galbe noun [ F.; Old French garbe , from Italian garbo grace, gracefulness. See Garb dress.] (Art) The general outward form of any solid object, as of a column or a vase.

Gale (gāl) noun [ Prob. of Scand. origin; confer Danish gal furious, Icelandic galinn , confer Icelandic gala to sing, Anglo-Saxon galan to sing, Icelandic galdr song, witchcraft, Anglo-Saxon galdor charm, sorcery, E. nightin gale ; also, Icelandic gjōla gust of wind, gola breeze. Confer Yell .]
1. A strong current of air; a wind between a stiff breeze and a hurricane. The most violent gales are called tempests .

» Gales have a velocity of from about eighteen ("moderate") to about eighty ("very heavy") miles an our. Sir. W. S. Harris.

2. A moderate current of air; a breeze.

A little gale will soon disperse that cloud.
Shak.

And winds of gentlest gale Arabian odors fanned
From their soft wings.
Milton.

3. A state of excitement, passion, or hilarity.

The ladies, laughing heartily, were fast getting into what, in New England, is sometimes called a gale .
Brooke (Eastford).

Topgallant gale (Nautical) , one in which a ship may carry her topgallant sails.

Gale intransitive verb (Nautical) To sale, or sail fast.

Gale noun [ Middle English gal . See Gale wind.] A song or story. [ Obsolete] Toone.

Gale intransitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon galan . See 1st Gale .] To sing. [ Obsolete] "Can he cry and gale ." Court of Love.

Gale noun [ Anglo-Saxon gagel , akin to Dutch gagel .] (Botany) A plant of the genus Myrica , growing in wet places, and strongly resembling the bayberry. The sweet gale ( Myrica Gale ) is found both in Europe and in America.

Gale noun [ Confer Gabel .] The payment of a rent or annuity. [ Eng.] Mozley & W.

Gale day , the day on which rent or interest is due.

Galea noun [ Latin , a helmet.]
1. (Botany) The upper lip or helmet-shaped part of a labiate flower.

2. (Surg.) A kind of bandage for the head.

3. (Pathol.) Headache extending all over the head.

4. (Paleon.) A genus of fossil echini, having a vaulted, helmet-shaped shell.

5. (Zoology) The anterior, outer process of the second joint of the maxillae in certain insects.

Galeas noun See Galleass .

Galeate, Galeated adjective [ Latin galeatus , past participle of galeare helmet.]
1. Wearing a helmet; protected by a helmet; covered, as with a helmet.

2. (Biol.) Helmeted; having a helmetlike part, as a crest, a flower, etc.; helmet-shaped.

Galei noun plural [ New Latin , from Galeus , name of one genus, from Greek ... a kind of shark.] (Zoology) That division of elasmobranch fishes which includes the sharks.

Galena noun [ Latin galena lead ore, dross that remains after melting lead: confer French galène sulphide of lead ore, antidote to poison, stillness of the sea, calm, tranquility.]


1. (Medicine) A remedy or antidote for poison; theriaca. [ Obsolete] Parr.

2. (Min.) Lead sulphide; the principal ore of lead. It is of a bluish gray color and metallic luster, and is cubic in crystallization and cleavage.

False galena . See Blende .

Galenic, Galenical adjective Pertaining to, or containing, galena.

Galenic, Galenical adjective [ From Galen , the physician.] Relating to Galen or to his principles and method of treating diseases. Dunglison.

Galenic pharmacy , that branch of pharmacy which relates to the preparation of medicines by infusion, decoction, etc., as distinguished from those which are chemically prepared.

Galenism noun The doctrines of Galen.