Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Galenist noun A follower of Galen.

Galenite noun (Min.) Galena; lead ore.

Galeopithecus (gā`le*o*pĭ*thē"kŭs) noun [ New Latin , from Greek gale`h a weasel + pi`qhkos an ape.] (Zoology) A genus of flying Insectivora, formerly called flying lemurs . See Colugo .

Galericulate adjective [ Latin galericulum , dim. of galerum a hat or cap, from galea helmet.] Covered as with a hat or cap. Smart.

Galerite noun [ Latin galerum a hat, cap: confer French galérite .] (Paleon.) A cretaceous fossil sea urchin of the genus Galerites .

Galician adjective [ Confer Spanish Galiciano , Gallego , from Latin Gallaecus , Gallaicus , from Gallaeci a people in Western Spain.] Of or pertaining to Galicia, in Spain, or to Galicia, the kingdom of Austrian Poland. -- noun A native of Galicia in Spain; -- called also Gallegan .

Galilean adjective Of or pertaining to Galileo; as, the Galilean telescope. See Telescope .

Galilean adjective [ Latin Galilaeus , from Galilaea Galilee, Greek ...: confer French galiléen .] Of or relating to Galilee.

Galilean noun
1. A native or inhabitant of Galilee, the northern province of Palestine under the Romans.

2. (Jewish Hist.) One of the party among the Jews, who opposed the payment of tribute to the Romans; -- called also Gaulonite .

3. A Christian in general; -- used as a term of reproach by Mohammedans and Pagans. Byron.

Galilee noun [ Supposed to have been so termed in allusion to the scriptural "Galilee of the Gentiles." confer Old French galilée .] (Architecture) A porch or waiting room, usually at the west end of an abbey church, where the monks collected on returning from processions, where bodies were laid previous to interment, and where women were allowed to see the monks to whom they were related, or to hear divine service. Also, frequently applied to the porch of a church, as at Ely and Durham cathedrals. Gwilt.

Galimatias noun [ French] Nonsense; gibberish; confused and unmeaning talk; confused mixture.

Her dress, like her talk, is a galimatias of several countries.
Walpole.

Galingale noun [ See Galangal .] (Botany) A plant of the Sedge family ( Cyperus longus ) having aromatic roots; also, any plant of the same genus. Chaucer.

Meadow, set with slender galingale .
Tennyson.

Galiot noun [ Middle English galiote , French galiote . See Galley .] (Nautical) (a) A small galley, formerly used in the Mediterranean, built mainly for speed. It was moved both by sails and oars, having one mast, and sixteen or twenty seats for rowers. (b) A strong, light-draft, Dutch merchant vessel, carrying a mainmast and a mizzenmast, and a large gaff mainsail.

Galipot noun [ French galipot ; confer Old French garipot the wild pine or pitch tree.] An impure resin of turpentine, hardened on the outside of pine trees by the spontaneous evaporation of its essential oil. When purified, it is called yellow pitch , white pitch , or Burgundy pitch .

Gall (gal) noun [ Middle English galle , gal , Anglo-Saxon gealla ; akin to D. gal , Old Saxon & Old High German galla , Icelandic gall , SW. galla , Danish galde , Latin fel , Greek ..., and probably to English yellow . √49. See Yellow , and confer Choler ]
1. (Physiol.) The bitter, alkaline, viscid fluid found in the gall bladder, beneath the liver. It consists of the secretion of the liver, or bile, mixed with that of the mucous membrane of the gall bladder.

2. The gall bladder.

3. Anything extremely bitter; bitterness; rancor.

He hath . . . compassed me with gall and travail.
Lam. iii. 5.

Comedy diverted without gall .
Dryden.

4. Impudence; brazen assurance. [ Slang]

Gall bladder (Anat.) , the membranous sac, in which the bile, or gall, is stored up, as secreted by the liver; the cholecystis. See Illust. of Digestive apparatus . -- Gall duct , a duct which conveys bile, as the cystic duct, or the hepatic duct. -- Gall sickness , a remitting bilious fever in the Netherlands. Dunglison. -- Gall of the earth (Botany) , an herbaceous composite plant with variously lobed and cleft leaves, usually the Prenanthes serpentaria .

Gall noun [ French galle , noix de galle , from Latin galla .] (Zoology) An excrescence of any form produced on any part of a plant by insects or their larvae. They are most commonly caused by small Hymenoptera and Diptera which puncture the bark and lay their eggs in the wounds. The larvae live within the galls. Some galls are due to aphids, mites, etc. See Gallnut .

» The galls , or gallnuts , of commerce are produced by insects of the genus Cynips , chiefly on an oak ( Quercus infectoria or Lusitanica ) of Western Asia and Southern Europe. They contain much tannin, and are used in the manufacture of that article and for making ink and a black dye, as well as in medicine.

Gall insect (Zoology) , any insect that produces galls. -- Gall midge (Zoology) , any small dipterous insect that produces galls. -- Gall oak , the oak ( Quercus infectoria ) which yields the galls of commerce. -- Gall of glass , the neutral salt skimmed off from the surface of melted crown glass; -- called also glass gall and sandiver . Ure. -- Gall wasp . (Zoology) See Gallfly .

Gall transitive verb (Dyeing) To impregnate with a decoction of gallnuts. Ure.

Gall transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Galled ; present participle & verbal noun Galling .] [ Middle English gallen ; confer French galer to scratch, rub, gale scurf, scab, German galle a disease in horses' feet, an excrescence under the tongue of horses; of uncertain origin. Confer Gall gallnut.]
1. To fret and wear away by friction; to hurt or break the skin of by rubbing; to chafe; to injure the surface of by attrition; as, a saddle galls the back of a horse; to gall a mast or a cable.

I am loth to gall a new-healed wound.
Shak.

2. To fret; to vex; as, to be galled by sarcasm.

They that are most galled with my folly,
They most must laugh.
Shak.

3. To injure; to harass; to annoy; as, the troops were galled by the shot of the enemy.

In our wars against the French of old, we used to gall them with our longbows, at a greater distance than they could shoot their arrows.
Addison.

Gall intransitive verb To scoff; to jeer. [ R.] Shak.

Gall noun A wound in the skin made by rubbing.

Gallant adjective [ French gallant , prop. present participle of Old French galer to rejoice, akin to Old French gale amusement, Italian gala ornament; of German origin; confer Old High German geil merry, luxuriant, wanton, German geil lascivious, akin to Anglo-Saxon g...l wanton, wicked, Old Saxon g...l merry, Goth. gailjan to make to rejoice, or perhaps akin to English weal . See Gala , Galloon .]


1. Showy; splendid; magnificent; gay; well- dressed.

The town is built in a very gallant place.
Evelyn.

Our royal, good and gallant ship.
Shak.

2. Noble in bearing or spirit; brave; high- spirited; courageous; heroic; magnanimous; as, a gallant youth; a gallant officer.

That gallant spirit hath aspired the clouds.
Shak.

The gay, the wise, the gallant , and the grave.
Waller.

Syn. -- Gallant , Courageous , Brave . Courageous is generic, denoting an inward spirit which rises above fear; brave is more outward, marking a spirit which braves or defies danger; gallant rises still higher, denoting bravery on extraordinary occasions in a spirit of adventure. A courageous man is ready for battle; a brave man courts it; a gallant man dashes into the midst of the conflict.

Gallant adjective Polite and attentive to ladies; courteous to women; chivalrous.

Gallant noun
1. A man of mettle or spirit; a gay, fashionable man; a young blood. Shak.

2. One fond of paying attention to ladies.

3. One who wooes; a lover; a suitor; in a bad sense, a seducer. Addison.

» In the first sense it is by some orthoëpists (as in Shakespeare) accented on the first syllable.

Gallant transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gallanted ; present participle & verbal noun Gallanting .]
1. To attend or wait on, as a lady; as, to gallant ladies to the play.

2. To handle with grace or in a modish manner; as, to gallant a fan. [ Obsolete] Addison.

Gallantly adverb In a polite or courtly manner; like a gallant or wooer.

Gallantly adverb In a gallant manner.

Gallantness noun The quality of being gallant.

Gallantry noun ; plural Gallantries . [ French galanterie .]
1. Splendor of appearance; ostentatious finery. [ Archaic]

Guess the gallantry of our church by this . . . when the desk whereon the priest read was inlaid with plates of silver.
Fuller.

2. Bravery; intrepidity; as, the troops behaved with great gallantry .

3. Civility or polite attention to ladies; in a bad sense, attention or courtesy designed to win criminal favors from a female; freedom of principle or practice with respect to female virtue; intrigue.

4. Gallant persons, collectively. [ R.]

Helenus, Antenor, and all the gallantry of Troy.
Shak.

Syn. -- See Courage , and Heroism .

Gallate noun [ Confer French gallate . See Gall gallnut.] (Chemistry) A salt of gallic acid.

Gallature noun [ From Latin gallus a cock.] (Zoology) The tread, treadle, or chalasa of an egg.

Galleass noun [ French galéasse , galéace ; confer Italian galeazza , Spanish galeaza ; Late Latin galea a galley. See Galley .] (Nautical) A large galley, having some features of the galleon, as broadside guns; esp., such a vessel used by the southern nations of Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries. See Galleon , and Galley . [ Written variously galeas , gallias , etc.]

» "The galleasses . . . were a third larger than the ordinary galley, and rowed each by three hundred galley slaves. They consisted of an enormous towering structure at the stern, a castellated structure almost equally massive in front, with seats for the rowers amidships." Motley.

Gallegan (găl*lē"g a n), Gal*le"go (găl*lē"go or gȧ*lyā"go) noun [ Spanish Gallego .] A native or inhabitant of Galicia, in Spain; a Galician.

Galleïn noun [ Pyro gall ol + phthal eïn .] (Chemistry) A red crystalline dyestuff, obtained by heating together pyrogallic and phthalic acids.

Galleon noun [ Spanish galeon , confer French galion ; from Late Latin galeo , galio . See Galley .] (Nautical) A sailing vessel of the 15th and following centuries, often having three or four decks, and used for war or commerce. The term is often rather indiscriminately applied to any large sailing vessel.

The galleons . . . were huge, round-stemmed, clumsy vessels, with bulwarks three or four feet thick, and built up at stem and stern, like castles.
Motley.

Galleot noun (Nautical) See Galiot .

Gallery noun ; plural Galleries . [ French galerie , Italian galleria , from Late Latin galeria gallery, perhaps orig., a festal hall, banquetting hall; confer Old French galerie a rejoicing, from galer to rejoice. Confer Gallant , adjective ]
1. A long and narrow corridor, or place for walking; a connecting passageway, as between one room and another; also, a long hole or passage excavated by a boring or burrowing animal.

2. A room for the exhibition of works of art; as, a picture gallery ; hence, also, a large or important collection of paintings, sculptures, etc.

3. A long and narrow platform attached to one or more sides of public hall or the interior of a church, and supported by brackets or columns; -- sometimes intended to be occupied by musicians or spectators, sometimes designed merely to increase the capacity of the hall.

4. (Nautical) A frame, like a balcony, projecting from the stern or quarter of a ship, and hence called stern gallery or quarter gallery , -- seldom found in vessels built since 1850.

5. (Fort.) Any communication which is covered overhead as well as at the sides. When prepared for defense, it is a defensive gallery .

6. (Mining) A working drift or level.

Whispering gallery . See under Whispering .

Galletyle noun [ Middle English gallytile . Confer Gallipot .] A little tile of glazed earthenware. [ Obsolete] "The substance of galletyle ." Bacon.

Galley noun ; plural Galleys . [ Middle English gale , galeie (cf. Old French galie , galée , Late Latin galea , LGr. ...; of unknown origin.]
1. (Nautical) A vessel propelled by oars, whether having masts and sails or not ; as: (a) A large vessel for war and national purposes; -- common in the Middle Ages, and down to the 17th century. (b) A name given by analogy to the Greek, Roman, and other ancient vessels propelled by oars. (c) A light, open boat used on the Thames by customhouse officers, press gangs, and also for pleasure. (d) One of the small boats carried by a man-of- war.

» The typical galley of the Mediterranean was from one hundred to two hundred feet long, often having twenty oars on each side. It had two or three masts rigged with lateen sails, carried guns at prow and stern, and a complement of one thousand to twelve hundred men, and was very efficient in mediaeval warfare. Galleons, galliots, galleasses, half galleys, and quarter galleys were all modifications of this type.

2. The cookroom or kitchen and cooking apparatus of a vessel; -- sometimes on merchant vessels called the caboose .

3. (Chemistry) An oblong oven or muffle with a battery of retorts; a gallery furnace.

4. [ French galée ; the same word as English galley a vessel.] (Print.) (a) An oblong tray of wood or brass, with upright sides, for holding type which has been set, or is to be made up, etc. (b) A proof sheet taken from type while on a galley; a galley proof.

Galley slave , a person condemned, often as a punishment for crime, to work at the oar on board a galley. "To toil like a galley slave ." Macaulay. -- Galley slice (Print.) , a sliding false bottom to a large galley. Knight.

Galley-bird noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] (Zoology) The European green woodpecker; also, the spotted woodpecker. [ Prov. Eng.]

Galley-worm noun [ Prob. so called because the numerous legs along the sides move rhythmically like the oars of a galley.] (Zoology) A chilognath myriapod of the genus Iulus , and allied genera, having numerous short legs along the sides; a milliped or "thousand legs." See Chilognatha .

Gallfly noun ; plural Gallflies (Zoology) An insect that deposits its eggs in plants, and occasions galls, esp. any small hymenopteran of the genus Cynips and allied genera. See Illust. of Gall .

Galliambic adjective [ Latin galliambus a song used by the priests of Cybele; Gallus (a name applied to these priests) + iambus ] (Pros.) Consisting of two iambic dimeters catalectic, the last of which lacks the final syllable; -- said of a kind of verse.

Gallian adjective [ See Gallic .] Gallic; French. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Galliard adjective [ Middle English , from French gaillard , perhaps of Celtic origin; confer Ir. & Gael. galach valiant, or Anglo-Saxon gagol , geagl , wanton, lascivious.] Gay; brisk; active. [ Obsolete]

Galliard noun A brisk, gay man. [ Obsolete]

Selden is a galliard by himself.
Cleveland.

Galliard noun [ French gaillarde , confer Spanish gallarda . See Galliard , adjective ] A gay, lively dance. Confer Gailliarde .

Never a hall such a galliard did grace.
Sir. W. Scott.

Galliardise noun [ French gaillardise . See Galliard , adjective ] Excessive gayety; merriment. [ Obsolete]

The mirth and galliardise of company.
Sir. T. Browne.

Galliardness noun Gayety. [ Obsolete] Gayton.

Galliass noun Same as Galleass .