Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Middle English gap
; confer Icelandic gap
an empty space, Swedish gap
mouth, breach, abyss, Danish gab
mouth, opening, Anglo-Saxon geap
expanse; as adj., wide, spacious. See Gape
.] An opening in anything made by breaking or parting; as, a gap in a fence; an opening for a passage or entrance; an opening which implies a breach or defect; a vacant space or time; a hiatus; a mountain pass.
Miseries ensued by the opening of that gap . Knolles.
It would make a great gap in your own honor. Shak. Gap lathe (Machinery)
, a turning lathe with a deep notch in the bed to admit of turning a short object of large diameter.
-- To stand in the gap
, to expose one's self for the protection of something; to make defense against any assailing danger; to take the place of a fallen defender or supporter.
-- To stop a gap
, to secure a weak point; to repair a defect.
Gap transitive verb 1. To notch, as a sword or knife. 2. To make an opening in; to breach.
Their masses are gapp'd with our grape. Tennyson.
Gap noun (Aëronautics) The vertical distance between two superposed surfaces, esp. in a biplane.
Gap-toothed adjective Having interstices between the teeth. Dryden.
Gape intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Gaped
(? or ?); present participle & verbal noun Gaping
] [ Middle English gapen
, Anglo-Saxon geapan
to open; akin to Dutch gapen
to gape, German gaffen
, Icelandic & Swedish gapa
, Danish gabe
; confer Sanskrit jabh
to snap at, open the mouth. Confer Gaby
.] 1. To open the mouth wide
; as: (a) Expressing a desire for food; as, young birds gape . Dryden. (b) Indicating sleepiness or indifference; to yawn.
She stretches, gapes , unglues her eyes, Swift. (c) Showing self-forgetfulness in surprise, astonishment, expectation, etc.
And asks if it be time to rise.
With gaping wonderment had stared aghast. Byron. (d) Manifesting a desire to injure, devour, or overcome.
They have gaped upon me with their mouth. Job xvi. 10. 2. To pen or part widely; to exhibit a gap, fissure, or hiatus.
May that ground gape and swallow me alive! Shak. 3. To long, wait eagerly, or cry aloud for something; -- with for , after , or at .
The hungry grave for her due tribute gapes . Denham. Syn.
-- To gaze; stare; yawn. See Gaze
Gape noun 1. The act of gaping; a yawn. Addison. 2. (Zoology) The width of the mouth when opened, as of birds, fishes, etc.
The gapes . (a) A fit of yawning. (b) A disease of young poultry and other birds, attended with much gaping. It is caused by a parasitic nematode worm ( Syngamus trachealis ), in the windpipe, which obstructs the breathing. See Gapeworm .
Gaper noun 1. One who gapes. 2. (Zoology) (a) A European fish. See 4th Comber . (b) A large edible clam ( Schizothærus Nuttalli ), of the Pacific coast; -- called also gaper clam . (c) An East Indian bird of the genus Cymbirhynchus , related to the broadbills.
Gapeseed noun Any strange sight. Wright.
Gapeseed noun A person who looks or stares gapingly. -- To buy, or sow , gapeseed , to stare idly or in idle wonderment, instead of attending to business.
Gapesing noun Act of gazing about; sightseeing. [ Prov. Eng.]
Gapeworm noun (Zoology) The parasitic worm that causes the gapes in birds. See Illustration in Appendix.
Gapingstock noun One who is an object of open-mouthed wonder.
I was to be a gapingstock and a scorn to the young volunteers. Godwin.
[ Prob. Anglo-Saxon gār
dart, spear, lance. The name is applied to the fish on account of its long and slender body and pointed head. Confer Goad
] (Zoology) (a) Any slender marine fish of the genera Belone and Tylosurus . See Garfish . (b) The gar pike. See Alligator gar (under Alligator ), and Gar pike . Gar pike
, or Garpike (Zoology)
, a large, elongated ganoid fish of the genus Lepidosteus , of several species, inhabiting the lakes and rivers of temperate and tropical America.
Gar transitive verb
[ Of Scand. origin. See Gear
] To cause; to make.
[ Obsolete or Scot.] Spenser.
Gar pike, Garpike (Zoology) See under Gar .
Garage noun [ French]
1. A place for housing automobiles. 2. (Aëronautics) A shed for housing an airship or flying machine; a hangar. 3. A side way or space in a canal to enable vessels to pass each other; a siding. » Garage is recent in English, and has as yet acquired no settled pronunciation.
Garage transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Garaged
; present participle & verbal noun Garaging
.] To keep in a garage.
Garancin noun [ French garance madder, Late Latin garantia .] (Chemistry) An extract of madder by sulphuric acid. It consists essentially of alizarin.
[ Old French garbe
looks, countenance, grace, ornament, from Old High German garawī
, ornament, dress. akin to English gear
. See Gear
] 1. (a) Clothing in general. (b) The whole dress or suit of clothes worn by any person, especially when indicating rank or office; as, the garb of a clergyman or a judge. (c) Costume; fashion; as, the garb of a gentleman in the 16th century. 2. External appearance, as expressive of the feelings or character; looks; fashion or manner, as of speech.
You thought, because he could not speak English in the native garb , he could not therefore handle an English cudgel. Shak.
Garb noun [ French gerbe , Old French also garbe , Old High German garba , German garbe ; confer Sanskrit grbh to seize, English grab .] (Her.) A sheaf of grain (wheat, unless otherwise specified).
Garb transitive verb To clothe; array; deck.
These black dog-Dons Tennyson.
Garb themselves bravely.
Garbage noun [ Middle English also garbash , perhaps orig., that which is purged or cleansed away; confer Old French garber to make fine, neat, Old High German garawan to make ready, prepare, akin to English garb dress; or perhaps for garbleage , from garble ; or confer Old French garbage tax on sheaves, English garb sheaf.] Offal, as the bowels of an animal or fish; refuse animal or vegetable matter from a kitchen; hence, anything worthless, disgusting, or loathsome. Grainger.
Garbage transitive verb To strip of the bowels; to clean. "Pilchards . . . are garbaged ." Holland.
Garbed adjective Dressed; habited; clad.
Garbel noun (Nautical) Same as Garboard .
[ Confer Garble
, transitive verb
] Anything sifted, or from which the coarse parts have been taken.
Garble transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Garbled
; present participle & verbal noun Garbling
.] [ Formerly, to pick out, sort, Old French grabeler
, for garbeler
to examine precisely, garble spices, from Late Latin garbellare
to sift; confer Spanish garbillar
to sift, garbillo
a coarse sieve, Latin cribellum
, dim. of cribrum
sieve, akin to cernere
to separate, sift (cf. English Discern
); or perhaps rather from Arabic gharbāl
, sieve.] 1. To sift or bolt, to separate the fine or valuable parts of from the coarse and useless parts, or from dros or dirt; as, to garble spices.
[ Obsolete] 2. To pick out such parts of as may serve a purpose; to mutilate; to pervert; as, to garble a quotation; to garble an account.
1. Refuse; rubbish. [ Obsolete] Wolcott. 2. plural Impurities separated from spices, drugs, etc.; -- also called garblings .
Garbler noun One who garbles.
Garboard noun (Nautical) One of the planks next the keel on the outside, which form a garboard strake. Garboard strake or streak , the first range or strake of planks laid on a ship's bottom next the keel. Totten.
Garboil noun [ Old French garbouil ; confer Spanish garbullo , Italian garbuglio ; of uncertain origin; the last part is perhaps from Latin bullire to boil, English boil .] Tumult; disturbance; disorder. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Garcinia noun [ New Latin ] (Botany) A genus of plants, including the mangosteen tree ( Garcinia Mangostana ), found in the islands of the Indian Archipelago; -- so called in honor of Dr. Garcin .
Garçon noun [ French] A boy; fellow; esp., a serving boy or man; a waiter; -- in Eng. chiefly applied to French waiters.
[ See Garde
[ Obsolete] "Trees of the gard
." F. Beaumont.
Gard v. & noun See Guard .
[ French See Guardant
.] (Her.) Turning the head towards the spectator, but not the body; -- said of a lion or other beast.
(gär"d'n; 277) noun
[ Middle English gardin
, Old French gardin
, French jardin
, of German origin; confer Old High German garto
, German garten
; akin to Anglo-Saxon geard
. See Yard
an inclosure.] 1. A piece of ground appropriated to the cultivation of herbs, fruits, flowers, or vegetables. 2. A rich, well-cultivated spot or tract of country.
I am arrived from fruitful Lombardy, Shak.
The pleasant garden of great Italy.
is often used adjectively or in self- explaining compounds; as, garden
house or garden
house. Garden balsam
, an ornamental plant ( Impatiens Balsamina ).
-- Garden engine
, a wheelbarrow tank and pump for watering gardens.
-- Garden glass
. (a) A bell glass for covering plants. (b) A globe of dark-colored glass, mounted on a pedestal, to reflect surrounding objects; -- much used as an ornament in gardens in Germany.
-- Garden house (a) A summer house. Beau. & Fl. (b) A privy.
[ Southern U.S.] -- Garden husbandry
, the raising on a small scale of seeds, fruits, vegetables, etc., for sale.
-- Garden mold or mould
, rich, mellow earth which is fit for a garden. Mortimer.
-- Garden nail
, a cast nail used, for fastening vines to brick walls. Knight.
-- Garden net
, a net for covering fruits trees, vines, etc., to protect them from birds.
-- Garden party
, a social party held out of doors, within the grounds or garden attached to a private residence.
-- Garden plot
, a plot appropriated to a garden. Garden pot
, a watering pot.
-- Garden pump
, a garden engine; a barrow pump.
-- Garden shears
, large shears, for clipping trees and hedges, pruning, etc.
- - Garden spider
, the diadem spider ( Epeira diadema ), common in gardens, both in Europe and America. It spins a geometrical web. See Geometric spider , and Spider web .
-- Garden stand
, a stand for flower pots.
-- Garden stuff
, vegetables raised in a garden.
[ Colloq.] -- Garden syringe
, a syringe for watering plants, sprinkling them with solutions for destroying insects, etc.
-- Garden truck
, vegetables raised for the market.
[ Colloq.] -- Garden ware
, garden truck.
[ Obsolete] Mortimer.
-- Bear garden
, Botanic garden
, etc. See under Bear , etc.
-- Hanging garden
. See under Hanging .
-- Kitchen garden
, a garden where vegetables are cultivated for household use.
-- Market garden
, a piece of ground where vegetable are cultivated to be sold in the markets for table use.
Garden intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Gardened
; present participle & verbal noun Gardening
.] To lay out or cultivate a garden; to labor in a garden; to practice horticulture.
Garden transitive verb To cultivate as a garden.
Gardener noun One who makes and tends a garden; a horticulturist.
Gardenia noun [ New Latin ] (Botany) A genus of plants, some species of which produce beautiful and fragrant flowers; Cape jasmine; -- so called in honor of Dr. Alexander Garden .
Gardening noun The art of occupation of laying out and cultivating gardens; horticulture.
Gardenless adjective Destitute of a garden. Shelley.
Gardenly adjective Like a garden. [ R.] W. Marshall.
Gardenship noun Horticulture. [ Obsolete]
Gardon noun [ F] (Zoology) A European cyprinoid fish; the id.
Gardyloo noun [ French gare l'eau beware of the water.] An old cry in throwing water, slops, etc., from the windows in Edingburgh. Sir. W. Scott.
[ Confer Gear
.] Coarse wool on the legs of sheep. Blount.
Garefowl noun (Zoology) The great auk; also, the razorbill. See Auk .
[ Written also gairfowl
, and gurfel
[ See Gar
] (Zoology) (a) A European marine fish ( Belone vulgaris ); -- called also gar , gerrick , greenback , greenbone , gorebill , hornfish , longnose , mackerel guide , sea needle , and sea pike . (b) One of several species of similar fishes of the genus Tylosurus , of which one species ( T. marinus ) is common on the Atlantic coast. T. Caribbæus , a very large species, and T. crassus , are more southern; -- called also needlefish . Many of the common names of the European garfish are also applied to the American species.
Gargalize transitive verb
[ Confer Gargle
.] To gargle; to rinse.
[ Obsolete] Marston.