Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Esodic adjective [ Greek ... within + ... way.] (Physiol.) Conveying impressions from the surface of the body to the spinal cord; -- said of certain nerves. Opposed to exodic .
Esophagal adjective (Anat.) Esophageal.
Esophageal adjective (Anat.) Pertaining to the esophagus. [ Written also œsophageal .]
Esophagean adjective (Anat.) Esophageal.
Esophagotomy noun [ Greek o'isofa`gos the esophagus + te`mnein to cut.] (Surg.) The operation of making an incision into the esophagus, for the purpose of removing any foreign substance that obstructs the passage. [ Written also œsophagotomy .]
[ New Latin , from Greek o'isofa`gos
; root of o'i`sw
which is used as future of fe`rein
to bear, carry (cf. Sanskrit vī
to go, drive) + fagei^n
to eat.] (Anat.) That part of the alimentary canal between the pharynx and the stomach; the gullet. See Illust. of Digestive apparatus , under Digestive .
[ Written also œsophagus
[ Greek 'eswteriko`s
, from 'esw`teros
inner, interior, comp. from 'e`sw
in, within, from 'es
, into, from 'en
in. See In
.] Designed for, and understood by, the specially initiated alone; not communicated, or not intelligible, to the general body of followers; private; interior; acroamatic; -- said of the private and more recondite instructions and doctrines of philosophers. Opposed to exoteric .
Enough if every age produce two or three critics of this esoteric class, with here and there a reader to understand them. De Quincey.
Esoteric adjective Marked by secrecy or privacy; private; select; confidential; as, an esoteric purpose; an esoteric meeting.
Esoteric noun (Philos.) (a) An esoteric doctrine or treatise; esoteric philosophy; esoterics. (b) One who believes, or is an initiate, in esoteric doctrines or rites.
Esoterical adjective Esoteric.
Esoterically adverb In an esoteric manner.
Esotericism noun Esoteric doctrine or principles.
Esoterics noun Mysterious or hidden doctrines; secret science.
Esotery noun Mystery; esoterics; -- opposed to exotery . A. Tucker.
Esox noun [ Latin , a kind of pike.] (Zoology) A genus of fresh-water fishes, including pike and pickerel.
Espace noun Space. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Espadon noun [ French espadon , from Spanish espadon , from espada sword; or from Italian spadone an espadon, spada sword.] A long, heavy, two-handed and two-edged sword, formerly used by Spanish foot soldiers and by executioners. Wilhelm.
[ French espalier
, from Italian spalliera
, from spalla
shoulder, the same word as French épaule
. See Epaulet
.] (Hort.) A railing or trellis upon which fruit trees or shrubs are trained, as upon a wall; a tree or row of trees so trained.
And figs from standard and espalier join. Pope.
Espalier transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Espaliered
; present participle & verbal noun Espaliering
.] To form an espalier of, or to protect by an espalier.
Esparcet noun [ French esparcet , esparcette , éparcet , from Spanish esparceta , esparcilla .] (Botany) The common sainfoin ( Onobrychis sativa ), an Old World leguminous forage plant.
Esparto noun [ Spanish ; confer Latin spartum Spanish broom, Greek ....] (Botany) A species of Spanish grass ( Macrochloa tenacissima ), of which cordage, shoes, baskets, etc., are made. It is also used for making paper.
[ Old French & French épaulière
. See Espalier
.] A defense for the shoulder, composed of flexible overlapping plates of metal, used in the 15th century; -- the origin of the modern epaulette . Fairholt.
[ Old French especial
, French spécial
, Latin specialis
, from species
a particular sort, kind, or quality. See Species
, and confer Special
.] Distinguished among others of the same class or kind; special; concerning a species or a single object; principal; particular; as, in an especial manner or degree. Syn.
-- Peculiar; special; particular; uncommon; chief. See Peculiar
Especially adverb In an especial manner; chiefly; particularly; peculiarly; in an uncommon degree.
Especialness noun The state of being especial.
Esperance noun [ French espérance , from Latin sperans , present participle of sperare to hope.] Hope. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Esperanto noun An artificial language, intended to be universal, devised by Dr. Zamenhof, a Russian, who adopted the pseudonym "Dr. Esperanto" in publishing his first pamphlet regarding it in 1887. The vocabulary is very largely based upon words common to the chief European languages, and sounds peculiar to any one language are eliminated. The spelling is phonetic, and the accent (stress) is always on the penult. -- Es`pe*ran"tist noun
Espiaille noun Espial. [ Obsolete]
[ Middle English & Norm. French espiaille
. See Espy
.] 1. The act of espying; notice; discovery.
Screened from espial by the jutting cape. Byron. 2. One who espies; a spy; a scout.
[ Obsolete] "Their espials
. . . brought word." Holland.
Espier noun One who espies. Harmar.
Espinel noun A kind of ruby. See Spinel .
[ French espionnage
, from espionner
to spy, from espion
spy, Old French espie
. See Espy
.] The practice or employment of spies; the practice of watching the words and conduct of others, to make discoveries, as spies or secret emissaries; secret watching.
[ French esplanade
, Spanish esplanada
, confer Italian spianata
; from Spanish explanar
to level, Latin explanare
to flatten or spread out. See Explain
.] 1. (Fort.) (a) A clear space between a citadel and the nearest houses of the town. Campbell (Mil. Dict. ). (b) The glacis of the counterscarp, or the slope of the parapet of the covered way toward the country. 2. (Hort.) A grass plat; a lawn. Simmonds. 3. Any clear, level space used for public walks or drives; esp., a terrace by the seaside.
Esplees noun plural
[ Late Latin expletia
, Old French espleit
. Confer Exploit
.] (Old Eng. Law) The full profits or products which ground or land yields, as the hay of the meadows, the feed of the pasture, the grain of arable fields, the rents, services, and the like. Cowell.
Espousage noun Espousal. [ Obsolete] Latimer.
[ Old French espousailles
, plural, French épousailles
, Latin sponsalia
, from sponsalis
belonging to betrothal or espousal. See Espouse
, and confer Sponsal
.] 1. The act of espousing or betrothing; especially, in the plural, betrothal; plighting of the troths; a contract of marriage; sometimes, the marriage ceremony. 2. The uniting or allying one's self with anything; maintenance; adoption; as, the espousal of a quarrel.
The open espousal of his cause. Lord Orford.
Espouse transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Espoused
; present participle & verbal noun Espousing
.] [ Old French espouser
, French épouser
, Latin sponsare
to betroth, espouse, from sponsus
betrothed, past participle of spondere
to promise solemnly or sacredly. Confer Spouse
.] 1. To betroth; to promise in marriage; to give as spouse.
A virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph. Luke i. 27. 2. To take as spouse; to take to wife; to marry.
Lavinia will I make my empress, . . . Shak. 3. To take to one's self with a view to maintain; to make one's own; to take up the cause of; to adopt; to embrace.
And in the sacred Pantheon her espouse .
that quarrel." Bacon.
Promised faithfully to espouse his cause as soon as he got out of the war. Bp. Burnet.
Espousement noun [ Confer Old French espousement .] The act of espousing, or the state of being espoused.
Espouser noun One who espouses; one who embraces the cause of another or makes it his own.
Espressivo adjective [ Italian ] (Mus.) With expression.
[ See Springal
.] (Mil. Antiq.) An engine of war used for throwing viretons, large stones, and other missiles; a springal.
[ French See Spirit
.] Spirit. Esprit de corps a French phrase much used by English writers to denote the common spirit pervading the members of a body or association of persons. It implies sympathy, enthusiasm, devotion, and jealous regard for the honor of the body as a whole.
Espy transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Espied
; present participle & verbal noun Espying
.] [ Old French espier
, French épier
, from Old High German speh...n
to watch, spy, German spähen
; akin to Latin specere
to look, species
sight, shape, appearance, kind. See Spice
, and confer Espionage
.] 1. To catch sight of; to perceive with the eyes; to discover, as a distant object partly concealed, or not obvious to notice; to see at a glance; to discern unexpectedly; to spy; as, to espy land; to espy a man in a crowd.
As one of them opened his sack to give his ass provender in the inn, . . . he espied his money. Gen. xlii. 27.
A goodly vessel did I then espy Wordsworth. 2. To inspect narrowly; to examine and keep watch upon; to watch; to observe.
Come like a giant from a haven broad.
He sends angels to espy us in all our ways. Jer. Taylor. Syn.
-- To discern; discover; detect; descry; spy.
Espy intransitive verb To look or search narrowly; to look about; to watch; to take notice; to spy.
Stand by the way, and espy . Jer. xlviii. 19.
; plural Espies
. [ Old French espie
. See Espy
, v., Spy
.] A spy; a scout.
[ Obsolete] Huloet.
; plural Esquimaux
. [ French] Same as Eskimo .
It is . . . an error to suppose that where an Esquimau can live, a civilized man can live also. McClintock.
[ Old French escuyer
, properly, a shield-bearer, French écuyer
shield-bearer, armor-bearer, squire of a knight, esquire, equerry, rider, horseman, Late Latin scutarius
shield-bearer, from Latin scutum
shield, akin to Greek ... skin, hide, from a root meaning to cover
; probably akin to English hide
to cover. See Hide
to cover, and confer Equerry
.] Originally, a shield-bearer or armor-bearer, an attendant on a knight; in modern times, a title of dignity next in degree below knight and above gentleman ; also, a title of office and courtesy; -- often shortened to squire .
» In England, the title of esquire
belongs by right of birth to the eldest sons of knights and their eldest sons in perpetual succession; to the eldest sons of younger sons of peers and their eldest sons in perpetual succession. It is also given to sheriffs, to justices of the peace while in commission, to those who bear special office in the royal household, to counselors at law, bachelors of divinity, law, or physic, and to others. In the United States the title is commonly given in courtesy to lawyers and justices of the peace, and is often used in the superscription of letters instead of Mr
Esquire transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Esquired
; present participle & verbal noun Esquiring
.] To wait on as an esquire or attendant in public; to attend.
[ French See Sketch
.] (Fine Arts) The first sketch of a picture or model of a statue.