Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Erythrean, Erythræan adjective [ Latin erythraeus ; Greek ..., from 'eryqro`s red.] Red in color. "The erythrean main." Milton.
Erythric adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, derived from, or resembling, erythrin.
Erythrin, Erythrine noun
[ Greek 'eryqro`s
red.] 1. (Chemistry) A colorless crystalline substance, C 20 H 22 O 10 , extracted from certain lichens, as the various species of Rocella . It is a derivative of orsellinic acid. So called because of certain red compounds derived from it. Called also erythric acid. 2. (Min.) See Erythrite , 2.
Erythrina noun [ New Latin , from Greek 'eryqro`s red.] (Botany) A genus of leguminous plants growing in the tropics; coral tree; -- so called from its red flowers.
[ Greek 'eryqro`s
red: confer French érythrisme
.] (Zoology) A condition of excessive redness. See Erythrochroism .
Erythrite noun [ Greek 'eryqro`s red.]
1. (Chemistry) A colorless crystalline substance, C 4 H 6 .(OH) 4 , of a sweet, cooling taste, extracted from certain lichens, and obtained by the decomposition of erythrin ; -- called also erythrol , erythroglucin , erythromannite , pseudorcin , cobalt bloom , and under the name phycite obtained from the alga Protococcus vulgaris . It is a tetrabasic alcohol, corresponding to glycol and glycerin. 2. (Min.) A rose-red mineral, crystallized and earthy, a hydrous arseniate of cobalt, known also as cobalt bloom ; -- called also erythrin or erythrine .
Erythrochroic adjective (Zoology) Having, or subject to, erythrochroism.
Erythrochroism noun [ Greek 'eryqro`s red + ... color.] (Zoology) An unusual redness, esp. in the plumage of birds, or hair of mammals, independently of age, sex, or season.
[ Greek 'eryqro`s
red + English dextrin
.] (Physiol. Chem.) A dextrin which gives a red color with iodine. See Dextrin .
Erythrogen noun [ Greek 'eryqro`s red + -gen .] (Chemistry) (a) Carbon disulphide; -- so called from certain red compounds which it produces in combination with other substances. (b) A substance reddened by acids, which is supposed to be contained in flowers. (c) A crystalline substance obtained from diseased bile, which becomes blood-red when acted on by nitric acid or ammonia.
Erythrogranulose noun [ Greek 'eryqro`s red + English granulose .] (Physiol. Chem.) A term applied by Brücke to a substance present in small amount in starch granules, colored red by iodine.
Erythroid adjective [ Greek 'eryqro`s red + -oid : confer Greek ....] Of a red color; reddish; as, the erythroid tunic (the cremaster muscle).
Erythroleic adjective [ Greek 'eryqro`s red + Latin oleum oil.] (Chemistry) Having a red color and oily appearance; -- applied to a purple semifluid substance said to be obtained from archil.
[ See Erythroleic
.] (Chemistry) A red substance obtained from litmus.
Erythrolitmin noun [ Greek 'eryqro`s red + English litmus .] (Chemistry) Erythrolein.
Erythronium noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a kind of plant, from 'eryqro`s red.] (Chemistry) A name originally given (from its red acid) to the metal vanadium. [ R.]
Erythrophleine noun (Chemistry) A white crystalline alkaloid, extracted from sassy bark ( Erythrophleum Guineense ).
Erythrophyll, Erythrophyllin noun [ Greek 'eryqro`s red + ... leaf.] (Physiol. Bot.) The red coloring matter of leaves, fruits, flowers, etc., in distinction from chlorophyll.
Erythrosin noun [ Greek 'eryqro`s red.] (Chemistry) (a) A red substance formed by the oxidation of tyrosin. (b) A red dyestuff obtained from fluoresceïn by the action of iodine.
[ New Latin , from Greek 'eryqro`s
red + ... wood. So named from the red wood of some species.] (Botany) A genus of shrubs or small trees of the Flax family, growing in tropical countries. E. Coca is the source of cocaine. See Coca .
Erythrozyme noun [ Greek 'eryqro`s red + ... leaven.] (Physiol. Chem.) A ferment extracted from madder root, possessing the power of inducing alcoholic fermentation in solutions of sugar.
[ French, Spanish escalada
(cf. Italian scalata
), from Spanish escalar
to scale, Late Latin scalare
, from Latin scala
ladder. See Scale
, transitive verb
] (Mil.) A furious attack made by troops on a fortified place, in which ladders are used to pass a ditch or mount a rampart.
Sin enters, not by escalade , but by cunning or treachery. Buckminster.
Escalade transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Escaladed
; present participle & verbal noun Escalading
.] (Mil.) To mount and pass or enter by means of ladders; to scale; as, to escalate a wall.
[ New Latin Confer Escalade
.] A stairway or incline arranged like an endless belt so that the steps or treads ascend or descend continuously, and one stepping upon it is carried up or down; -- a trade term.
[ Old French escalope
shell, French escalope
a sort of cut of meat. See Scallop
.] 1. (Zoology) A bivalve shell of the genus Pecten . See Scallop . 2. A regular, curving indenture in the margin of anything. See Scallop .
"So many jags or escalops
." Ray. 3. (a) The figure or shell of an escalop, considered as a sign that the bearer had been on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land.
Hence: (b) (Her.) A bearing or a charge consisting of an escalop shell.
Escaloped adjective 1. Cut or marked in the form of an escalop; scalloped. 2. (Her.) Covered with a pattern resembling a series of escalop shells, each of which issues from between two others. Its appearance is that of a surface covered with scales. Escaloped oysters (Cookery)
. See under Scalloped .
[ Late Latin escambium
. See Excamb
.] (Eng. Law) A license formerly required for the making over a bill of exchange to another over sea. Cowell.
Escapable adjective Avoidable.
[ French, from Spanish escapada
escape, from escapar
to escape; or F., from Italian scappata
escape, escapade, from scappare
to escape. see Escape
.] 1. The fling of a horse, or ordinary kicking back of his heels; a gambol. 2. Act by which one breaks loose from the rules of propriety or good sense; a freak; a prank. Carlyle.
Escape transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Escaped
; present participle & verbal noun Escaping
.] [ Middle English escapen
, Old French escaper
, French echapper
, from Late Latin ex cappa
out of one's cape or cloak; hence, to slip out of one's cape and escape. See 3d Cape
, and confer Scape
] 1. To flee from and avoid; to be saved or exempt from; to shun; to obtain security from; as, to escape danger.
"Sailors that escaped
the wreck." Shak. 2. To avoid the notice of; to pass unobserved by; to evade; as, the fact escaped our attention.
They escaped the search of the enemy. Ludlow.
Escape intransitive verb 1. To flee, and become secure from danger; -- often followed by from or out of .
Haste, for thy life escape , nor look behind...... Keble. 2. To get clear from danger or evil of any form; to be passed without harm.
Such heretics . . . would have been thought fortunate, if they escaped with life. Macaulay. 3. To get free from that which confines or holds; -- used of persons or things; as, to escape from prison, from arrest, or from slavery; gas escapes from the pipes; electricity escapes from its conductors.
To escape out of these meshes. Thackeray.
Escape noun 1. The act of fleeing from danger, of evading harm, or of avoiding notice; deliverance from injury or any evil; flight; as, an escape in battle; a narrow escape ; also, the means of escape; as, a fire escape .
I would hasten my escape from the windy storm. Ps. lv. 8. 2. That which escapes attention or restraint; a mistake; an oversight; also, transgression.
I should have been more accurate, and corrected all those former escapes . Burton. 3. A sally.
of wit." Shak. 4. (Law) The unlawful permission, by a jailer or other custodian, of a prisoner's departure from custody.
is technically distinguishable from prison breach
, which is the unlawful departure of the prisoner from custody, escape
being the permission of the departure by the custodian, either by connivance or negligence. The term escape
, however, is applied by some of the old authorities to a departure from custody by stratagem, or without force. Wharton. 5. (Architecture) An apophyge. 6. Leakage or outflow, as of steam or a liquid. 7. (Electricity) Leakage or loss of currents from the conducting wires, caused by defective insulation. Escape pipe (Steam Boilers)
, a pipe for carrying away steam that escapes through a safety valve.
-- Escape valve (Steam Engine)
, a relief valve; a safety valve. See under Relief , and Safety .
-- Escape wheel (Horol.)
, the wheel of an escapement.
Escape noun (Botany) A plant which has escaped from cultivation.
[ Confer French échappement
. See Escape
.] 1. The act of escaping; escape.
[ R.] 2. Way of escape; vent.
An escapement for youthful high spirits. G. Eliot. 3. The contrivance in a timepiece which connects the train of wheel work with the pendulum or balance, giving to the latter the impulse by which it is kept in vibration; -- so called because it allows a tooth to escape from a pallet at each vibration.
are of several kinds, as the vertical
, or verge
, or crown
, formerly used in watches, in which two pallets on the balance arbor engage with a crown wheel; the anchor escapement
, in which an anchor-shaped piece carries the pallets; -- used in common clocks (both are called recoil escapements
, from the recoil of the escape wheel at each vibration); the cylinder escapement
, having an open-sided hollow cylinder on the balance arbor to control the escape wheel; the duplex escapement
, having two sets of teeth on the wheel; the lever escapement
, which is a kind of detached escapement
, because the pallets are on a lever so arranged that the balance which vibrates it is detached during the greater part of its vibration and thus swings more freely; the detent escapement
, used in chronometers; the remontoir escapement
, in which the escape wheel is driven by an independent spring or weight wound up at intervals by the clock train, -- sometimes used in astronomical clocks. When the shape of an escape- wheel tooth is such that it falls dead on the pallet without recoil, it forms a deadbeat escapement
Escaper noun One who escapes.
[ Old French escarbuncle
, French escaboucle
.] (Her.) See Carbuncle , 3.
Escargatoire noun [ French escargotière , from escargot snail.] A nursery of snails. [ Obsolete] Addison.
Escarp noun [ French escarpe (cf. Spanish escarpa , Italian scarpa ), from escarper to cut steep, cut to a slope, probably of German origin: confer German scharf sharp,, English sharp , or perhaps scrape .] (Fort.) The side of the ditch next the parapet; -- same as scarp , and opposed to counterscarp .
Escarp transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Escarped
; present participle & verbal noun Escarping
.] (Mil.) To make into, or furnish with, a steep slope, like that of a scrap. Carleton.
[ Confer French escarpement
.] A steep descent or declivity; steep face or edge of a ridge; ground about a fortified place, cut away nearly vertically to prevent hostile approach. See Scarp .
Eschalot noun (Botany) See Shallot .
[ Latin eschara
, Greek ...: confer French eschare
. See Scar
.] (Medicine) A dry slough, crust, or scab, which separates from the healthy part of the body, as that produced by a burn, or the application of caustics.
Eschar noun [ Ir.] (Geol.) In Ireland, one of the continuous mounds or ridges of gravelly and sandy drift which extend for many miles over the surface of the country. Similar ridges in Scotland are called kames or kams . [ Written also eskar and esker .]
Eschara noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a grate, a pan of coals.] (Zoology) A genus of Bryozoa which produce delicate corals, often incrusting like lichens, but sometimes branched.
Escharine adjective (Zoology) Like, or pertaining to, the genus Eschara, or family Escharidæ .
Escharotic adjective [ Greek ..., from ... an eschar: confer French escharotique .] (Medicine) Serving or tending to form an eschar; producing a scar; caustic.
Escharotic noun (Medicine) A substance which produces an eschar; a caustic, esp., a mild caustic.