Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Estimator noun [ Latin aestimator .] One who estimates or values; a valuer. Jer. Taylor.
, Es"ti*vate intransitive verb
, Es`ti*va"tion noun Same as Æstival , Æstivate , etc.
[ Old French ] (Her.) A six-pointed star whose rays are wavy, instead of straight like those of a mullet.
[ Written also étoile
.] Estoile of eight points
, a star which has four straight and four wavy rays.
-- Estoile of four points
. Same as Cross estoilé , under Cross .
Estop transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Estophed
; present participle & verbal noun Estopping
.] [ Old French estoper
to stop, plug, close, French étouper
, Late Latin stuppare
to close with tow, obstruct, from Latin stuppa
tow, oakum, confer Greek sty`pph
. Confer Stop
.] (Law) To impede or bar by estoppel.
A party will be estopped by his admissions, where his intent is to influence another, or derive an advantage to himself. Abbott.
[ From Estop
.] (Law) (a) A stop; an obstruction or bar to one's alleging or denying a fact contrary to his own previous action, allegation, or denial; an admission, by words or conduct, which induces another to purchase rights, against which the party making such admission can not take a position inconsistent with the admission. (b) The agency by which the law excludes evidence to dispute certain admissions, which the policy of the law treats as indisputable. Wharton. Stephen. Burrill.
(ĕs*tō"vẽrz) noun plural
[ Old French estoveir
, necessary, necessity, need, prop. an infin. meaning to suit, be fit, be necessary. See Stover
.] (Law) Necessaries or supplies; an allowance to a person out of an estate or other thing for support; as of wood to a tenant for life, etc., of sustenance to a man confined for felony out of his estate, or alimony to a woman divorced out of her husband's estate. Blackstone. Common of estovers
. See under Common , noun
[ French, from Spanish estrado
, orig., a carpet on the floor of a room, also, a carpeted platform, from Latin stratum
bed covering. See Stratum
.] (Architecture) A portion of the floor of a room raised above the general level, as a place for a bed or a throne; a platform; a dais.
He [ the teacher] himself should have his desk on a mounted estrade or platform. J. G. Fitch.
Estramacon noun [ French]
1. A straight, heavy sword with two edges, used in the 16th and 17th centuries. 2. A blow with edge of a sword. Farrow.
Estrange transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Estranged
; present participle & verbal noun Estranging
.] [ Old French estrangier
to remove, French étranger
, Latin extraneare
to treat as a stranger, from extraneus
strange. See Strange
.] 1. To withdraw; to withhold; hence, reflexively, to keep at a distance; to cease to be familiar and friendly with.
We must estrange our belief from everything which is not clearly and distinctly evidenced. Glanvill.
Had we . . . estranged ourselves from them in things indifferent. Hooker. 2. To divert from its original use or purpose, or from its former possessor; to alienate.
They . . . have estranged this place, and have burned incense in it unto other gods. Jer. xix. 4. 3. To alienate the affections or confidence of; to turn from attachment to enmity or indifference.
I do not know, to this hour, what it is that has estranged him from me. Pope.
He . . . had pretended to be estranged from the Whigs, and had promised to act as a spy upon them. Macaulay.
Estrangedness noun State of being estranged; estrangement. Prynne.
[ Confer Old French estrangement
.] The act of estranging, or the state of being estranged; alienation.
An estrangement from God. J. C. Shairp.
A long estrangement from better things. South.
Estranger noun One who estranges.
Estrangle transitive verb To strangle. [ Obsolete]
Estrapade noun [ French] (Man.) The action of a horse, when, to get rid of his rider, he rears, plunges, and kicks furiously.
Estray intransitive verb To stray. [ Obsolete] Daniel.
Estray noun (Law) Any valuable animal, not wild, found wandering from its owner; a stray. Burrill.
Estre noun [ Old French estre state, plan.] The inward part of a building; the interior. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Old French estraite
, prop., an extract, from past participle of estraire
to extract, French extraire
, from Latin extrahere
. See Extract
.] (Law) A true copy, duplicate, or extract of an original writing or record, esp. of amercements or penalties set down in the rolls of court to be levied by the bailiff, or other officer. Cowell. Estreat of a recognizance
, the extracting or taking out a forfeited recognizance from among the other records of the court, for the purpose of a prosecution in another court, or it may be in the same court. Burrill.
Estreat transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Estreated
; present participle & verbal noun Estreating
.] (Law) (a) To extract or take out from the records of a court, and send up to the court of exchequer to be enforced; -- said of a forfeited recognizance. (b) To bring in to the exchequer, as a fine.
Estrepe transitive verb [ Old French estreper .] (Law) To strip or lay bare, as land of wood, houses, etc.; to commit waste.
Estrepement noun [ Old French , damage, waste.] (Law) A destructive kind of waste, committed by a tenant for life, in lands, woods, or houses. Cowell.
1. Ostrich. [ Obsolete] Massinger. 2. (Com.) The down of the ostrich. Brande & C.
[ From Latin aestuans
, present participle of aestuare
. See Estuate
Estuarine adjective Pertaining to an estuary; estuary.
; plural Estuaries
. [ Latin aestuarium
, from aestuare
to surge. See Estuate
.] [ Written also æstuary
.] 1. A place where water boils up; a spring that wells forth.
[ Obsolete] Boyle. 2. A passage, as the mouth of a river or lake, where the tide meets the current; an arm of the sea; a frith.
it to the sea was often by long and wide estuaries . Dana.
Estuary adjective Belonging to, or formed in, an estuary; as, estuary strata. Lyell.
Estuate intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Estuated
; present participle & verbal noun Estuating
.] [ Latin aestuare
to be in violent motion, to boil up, burn, from aestus
boiling or undulating motion, fire, glow, heat; akin to Greek ... to burn. See Ether
.] To boil up; to swell and rage; to be agitated. Bacon.
[ Latin aestuatio
.] The act of estuating; commotion, as of a fluid; agitation.
The estuations of joys and fears. W. Montagu.
; plural Estufas
. [ Spanish , a stove, a warm room. Confer Stove
.] An assembly room in dwelling of the Pueblo Indians. Latin H. Morgan.
[ See Estuate
[ Obsolete] Chapman.
Esurient adjective [ Latin esuriens , present participle of ensurire , from edere to eat.] Inclined to eat; hungry; voracious. [ R.] Bailey. "Poor, but esurient ." Carlyle.
Esurient noun One who is hungry or greedy.
An insatiable esurient after riches. Wood.
[ See Esurient
.] Causing hunger; eating; corroding.
[ Obsolete] Wiseman.
Esurine noun (Medicine) A medicine which provokes appetites, or causes hunger. [ Obsolete]
Et cetera Et` cæt"e*ra [ Latin et and + caetera other things.] Others of the like kind; and the rest; and so on; -- used to point out that other things which could be mentioned are to be understood. Usually abbreviated into etc. or &c. ( &c ). Shak.
Etaac noun (Zoology) The blue buck.
[ Greek ... the letter ..., .... Confer Itacism
.] (Greek Gram.) The pronunciation of the Greek η (eta) like the Italian e long, that is like a in the English word ate. See Itacism .
Etacist noun One who favors etacism.
[ French, from étager
to arrange on shelves, from étage
story, floor. See Stage
.] A piece of furniture having a number of uninclosed shelves or stages, one above another, for receiving articles of elegance or use. Fairholt.
Etamine noun [ French élamine .] A light textile fabric, like a fine bunting.
[ French Confer Staple
a mart.] 1. A public storehouse. 2. Supplies issued to troops on the march;
, the place where troops on the march halt over night; also, by extension, the distance marched during a day. 3. In Russia, a prison or stockade for the confinement of prisoners in transit.
État Major [ French, from état state + Latin major greater.] (Mil.) The staff of an army, including all officers above the rank of colonel, also, all adjutants, inspectors, quartermasters, commissaries, engineers, ordnance officers, paymasters, physicians, signal officers, judge advocates; also, the noncommissioned assistants of the above officers.
Etch noun A variant of Eddish .
[ Obsolete] Mortimer.
Etch transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Etched
; present participle & verbal noun Etching
.] [ Dutch etsen
, German ätzen
to feed, corrode, etch. Middle High German etzen
, causative of ezzen
to eat, German essen
....... See Eat
.] 1. To produce, as figures or designs, on mental, glass, or the like, by means of lines or strokes eaten in or corroded by means of some strong acid.
» The plate is first covered with varnish, or some other ground capable of resisting the acid, and this is then scored or scratched with a needle, or similar instrument, so as to form the drawing; the plate is then covered with acid, which corrodes the metal in the lines thus laid bare. 2. To subject to etching; to draw upon and bite with acid, as a plate of metal.
I was etching a plate at the beginning of 1875. Hamerton. 3. To sketch; to delineate.
There are many empty terms to be found in some learned writes, to which they had recourse to etch out their system. Locke.
Etch intransitive verb To practice etching; to make etchings.
Etcher noun One who etches.
Etching noun 1. The act, art, or practice of engraving by means of acid which eats away lines or surfaces left unprotected in metal, glass, or the like. See Etch , transitive verb 2. A design carried out by means of the above process; a pattern on metal, glass, etc., produced by etching. 3. An impression on paper, parchment, or other material, taken in ink from an etched plate. Etching figures (Min.)
, markings produced on the face of a crystal by the action of an appropriate solvent. They have usually a definite form, and are important as revealing the molecular structure.
-- Etching needle
, a sharp-pointed steel instrument with which lines are drawn in the ground or varnish in etching.
-- Etching stitch (Needlework)
, a stitch used outline embroidery.
Eteostic noun [ Greek ..., ..., year + ... row.] A kind of chronogram. [ R.] B. Jonson.
Eterminable adjective [ Prefix e- + terminable .] Interminable. [ Obsolete] Skelton.
Etern, Eterne adjective
[ Old French eterne
, Latin aeternus
, for aeviturnus
, from aevum
age. See Age
, and confer Eternal
[ Poetic] Shak.
Built up to eterne significance. Mrs. Browning.