Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Ericolin noun (Chemistry) A glucoside found in the bearberry (and others of the Ericaceæ ), and extracted as a bitter, yellow, amorphous mass.
Eridanus noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., the Greek name of the River Po.] (Anat.) A long, winding constellation extending southward from Taurus and containing the bright star Achernar.
[ See Erect
.] Capable of being erected.
[ Ir. Confer Aryan
.] An early, and now a poetic, name of Ireland.
Erinaceous adjective [ Latin erinaceus hedgehog.] (Zoology) Of the Hedgehog family; like, or characteristic of, a hedgehog.
Eringo noun The sea holly. See Eryngo .
Erinite noun (Min.) A hydrous arseniate of copper, of an emerald-green color; -- so called from Erin , or Ireland, where it occurs.
; plural Erinyes
. [ Latin , from Greek ....] (Class. Myth.) An avenging deity; one of the Furies; sometimes, conscience personified.
[ Written also Erinnys
Eriometer noun [ Greek ... wool + -meter .] (Opt.) An instrument for measuring the diameters of minute particles or fibers, from the size of the colored rings produced by the diffraction of the light in which the objects are viewed.
Eristalis noun [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A genus of dipterous insects whose young (called rat-tailed larvæ ) are remarkable for their long tapering tail, which spiracles at the tip, and for their ability to live in very impure and salt waters; -- also called drone fly .
Eristic, Eristical adjective
[ Greek ..., from ... to strive, wrangle, ... strife.] Controversial.
A specimen of admirable special pleading in the court of eristic logic. Coleridge.
[ Confer Irk
[ Obsolete] Rom. of R.
Erlking noun [ German erlkönig , from Danish ellekonge elfking.] A personification, in German and Scandinavian mythology, of a spirit or natural power supposed to work mischief and ruin, esp. to children.
Erme intransitive verb
[ Middle English ermen
, Anglo-Saxon yrman
. Confer Yearn
.] To grieve; to feel sad.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Ermelin, Ermilin noun (Zoology) See Ermine . Shenstone.
Ermin noun [ Old French Ermin , Latin Armenius .] An Armenian. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Old French ermine
, French hermine
, probably of German origin; confer Old High German harmo
, German hermelin
, akin to Lithuanian szarm...
, weasel, confer Anglo-Saxon hearma
; but confer also Late Latin armelinus
, and pellis Armenia
, the fur of the Armenian
rat, mus Armenius
, the animal being found also in Armenia
.] 1. (Zoology) A valuable fur-bearing animal of the genus Mustela ( M. erminea ), allied to the weasel; the stoat. It is found in the northern parts of Asia, Europe, and America. In summer it is brown, but in winter it becomes white, except the tip of the tail, which is always black. 2. The fur of the ermine, as prepared for ornamenting garments of royalty, etc., by having the tips of the tails, which are black, arranged at regular intervals throughout the white. 3. By metonymy, the office or functions of a judge, whose state robe, lined with ermine, is emblematical of purity and honor without stain. Chatham. 4. (Her.) One of the furs. See Fur (Her.)
is represented by an argent field, tufted with black. Ermines
is the reverse of ermine, being black, spotted or timbered with argent. Erminois
is the same as ermine, except that or
is substituted for argent
. Ermine moth (Zoology)
, a white moth with black spots (esp. Yponomeuta padella of Europe); -- so called on account of the resemblance of its covering to the fur of the ermine; also applied to certain white bombycid moths of America.
Ermine transitive verb To clothe with, or as with, ermine.
The snows that have ermined it in the winter. Lowell.
Ermined adjective Clothed or adorned with the fur of the ermine. Pope.
, Er"min*ois noun (Her.) See Note under Ermine , noun , 4.
[ See Hermit
.] A hermit.
Ern intransitive verb
[ Confer Erme
.] To stir with strong emotion; to grieve; to mourn. [ Corrupted into yearn in modern editions of Shakespeare.]
Ern, Erne noun
[ Anglo-Saxon earn
eagle; akin to Dutch arend
, Old High German aro
, German aar
, Icelandic , Swedish , & Danish örn
, Goth. ara
, and to Greek ... bird. √11. Confer Ornithology
.] (Zoology) A sea eagle, esp. the European white-tailed sea eagle ( Haliæetus albicilla ).
Ernest noun See Earnest .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ See Earnest
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Erode transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Eroded
; present participle & verbal noun Eroding
.] [ Latin erodere
out + rodere
to gnaw. See Rodent
.] To eat into or away; to corrode; as, canker erodes the flesh.
"The blood . . . erodes
the vessels." Wiseman.
The smaller charge is more apt to . . . erode the gun. Am. Cyc.
Erode transitive verb (Geol. & Physics Geology) (a) To wear away; as, streams and glaciers erode the land. (b) To produce by erosion, or wearing away; as, glaciers erode U -shaped valleys.
Eroded past participle & adjective
1. Eaten away; gnawed; irregular, as if eaten or worn away. 2. (Botany) Having the edge worn away so as to be jagged or irregularly toothed.
[ Latin erodens
, present participle of erodere
. See Erode
.] (Medicine) A medicine which eats away extraneous growths; a caustic.
Erogate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Erogated
; present participle & verbal noun Erogating
.] [ Latin erogatus
, past participle of erogare
out + rogare
to ask.] To lay out, as money; to deal out; to expend.
Erogation noun [ Latin erogatio .] The act of giving out or bestowing. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Elyot.
Eros noun [ Latin , from Greek ... love, ... (personified) Eros, from ... to love.] (Greek Myth.) Love; the god of love; -- by earlier writers represented as one of the first and creative gods, by later writers as the son of Aphrodite, equivalent to the Latin god Cupid.
[ Latin erosus
, past participle See Erode
.] 1. Irregular or uneven as if eaten or worn away. 2. (Botany) Jagged or irregularly toothed, as if nibbled out or gnawed.
[ Latin erosio
. See Erode
.] 1. The act or operation of eroding or eating away. 2. The state of being eaten away; corrosion; canker.
Erosion noun The wearing away of the earth's surface by any natural process. The chief agent of erosion is running water; minor agents are glaciers, the wind, and waves breaking against the coast.
Erosive adjective That erodes or gradually eats away; tending to erode; corrosive. Humble.
Erostrate adjective [ Prefix e- out + rostrate .] (Botany) Without a beak.
Eroteme noun [ Greek ... question.] A mark indicating a question; a note of interrogation.
[ New Latin , from Greek ... a questioning, from ... to ask.] (Rhet.) A figure of speech by which a strong affirmation of the contrary, is implied under the form of an earnest interrogation, as in the following lines; -
Must I give way and room to your rash choler? Shak.
Shall I be frighted when a madman stares?
Erotic noun An amorous composition or poem.
Erotic, Erotical adjective
[ Greek ...: confer French érotique
. See Eros
.] Of or pertaining to the passion of love; treating of love; amatory.
Eroticism noun Erotic quality.
Erpetologist noun Herpetologist.
Erpetology noun [ Confer French erpétologie .] (Zoology) Herpetology.
Err intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Erred
; present participle & verbal noun Erring
(?; 277, 85).] [ French errer
, Latin errare
; akin to German irren
, Old High German irran
, transitive verb , irr...n
, intransitive verb , Old Saxon irrien
, Swedish irra
, Danish irre
, Goth, aírzjan
to lead astray, airzise
astray.] 1. To wander; to roam; to stray.
[ Archaic] "Why wilt thou err
from me?" Keble.
What seemeth to you, if there were to a man an hundred sheep and one of them hath erred . Wyclif (Matt. xviii. 12). 2. To deviate from the true course; to miss the thing aimed at.
"My jealous aim might err
." Shak. 3. To miss intellectual truth; to fall into error; to mistake in judgment or opinion; to be mistaken.
The man may err in his judgment of circumstances. Tillotson. 4. To deviate morally from the right way; to go astray, in a figurative sense; to do wrong; to sin.
Do they not err that devise evil? Prov. xiv. 22. 5. To offend, as by erring.
Errable adjective Liable to error; fallible.
Errableness noun Liability to error. Dr. H. More.
Errabund adjective [ Latin errabundus .] Erratic. " Errabund guesses." Southey.
Errancy noun [ Latin errantia .] A wandering; state of being in error.
[ Middle English erende
, message, business, Anglo-Saxon ærende
; akin to Old Saxon arundi
, Old High German arunti
, Icelandic eyrendi
, Swedish ärende
, Danish ærende
; perhaps akin to Anglo-Saxon earu
swift, Icelandic örr
, and to Latin oriri
to rise, English orient
.] A special business intrusted to a messenger; something to be told or done by one sent somewhere for the purpose; often, a verbal message; a commission; as, the servant was sent on an errand ; to do an errand . Also, one's purpose in going anywhere.
I have a secret errand to thee, O king. Judg. iii. 19.
I will not eat till I have told mine errand . Gen. xxiv. 33.