Webster's Dictionary, 1913
, Latin Epithelia
. [ New Latin , from Greek 'epi`
upon + ... nipple.] (Anat.) The superficial layer of cells lining the alimentary canal and all its appendages, all glands and their ducts, blood vessels and lymphatics, serous cavities, etc. It often includes the epidermis ( i. e. , keratin-producing epithelial cells), and it is sometimes restricted to the alimentary canal, the glands and their appendages, -- the term endothelium being applied to the lining membrane of the blood vessels, lymphatics, and serous cavities.
Epitheloid adjective (Anat.) Epithelioid.
[ Latin epithema
, Greek ..., from ... to lay or put on: confer French épithème
. See Epithet
.] (Medicine) Any external topical application to the body, except ointments and plasters, as a poultice, lotion, etc.
Epithema noun [ New Latin , from Greek 'epi` upon + ... a case, box, from ... to place.] (Zoology) A horny excrescence upon the beak of birds.
Epithesis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a putting on; 'epi` upon + ... to place.] The addition of a letter at the end of a word, without changing its sense; as, numb for num , whilst for whiles .
[ Latin epitheton
, Greek ..., from ... added, from ... to add; 'epi`
upon, to + ... to put, place: confer French épithète
. See Do
.] 1. An adjective expressing some quality, attribute, or relation, that is properly or specially appropriate to a person or thing; as, a just man; a verdant lawn.
A prince [ Henry III.] to whom the epithet "worthless" seems best applicable. Hallam. 2. Term; expression; phrase.
"Stuffed with epithets
of war." Shak. Syn.
. The name epithet
was formerly extended to nouns which give a title or describe character (as the " epithet
of liar"), but is now confined wholly to adjectives. Some rhetoricians, as Whately, restrict it still further, considering the term epithet
as belonging only to a limited class of adjectives, viz., those which add nothing to the sense of their noun, but simply hold forth some quality necessarily implied therein; as, the bright
sun, the lofty
heavens, etc. But this restriction does not prevail in general literature. Epithet
is sometimes confounded with application
, which is always a noun or its equivalent.
Epithet transitive verb To describe by an epithet.
Never was a town better epitheted . Sir H. Wotton.
Epithetic, Epithetical adjective [ Greek ... added.] Pertaining to, or abounding with, epithets. "In epithetic measured prose." Lloyd.
Epithite noun [ Greek ... impostor.] A lazy, worthless fellow; a vagrant. [ Obsolete] Mason.
Epithumetic adjective Epithumetical. [ Obsolete]
Epithumetical adjective [ Greek ..., from ... to long for, lust after; 'epi` + qymo`s soul, heart, desire.] Pertaining to sexual desire; sensual. Sir T. Browne.
[ New Latin , from Greek ... to place upon. See Epithet
.] (Architecture) The uppermost member of the cornice of an entablature.
Epitomator noun [ Late Latin ] An epitomist. Sir W. Hamilton.
; plural Epitomes
. [ Latin , from Greek ... a surface incision, also, and abridgment, from ... to cut into, cut short; 'epi`
upon + te`mnein
to cut: confer French épitome
. See Tome
.] 1. A work in which the contents of a former work are reduced within a smaller space by curtailment and condensation; a brief summary; an abridgement.
[ An] epitome of the contents of a very large book. Sydney Smith. 2. A compact or condensed representation of anything.
An epitome of English fashionable life. Carlyle.
A man so various that he seemed to be Dryden. Syn.
Not one, but all mankind's epitome .
-- Abridgement; compendium; compend; abstract; synopsis; abbreviature. See Abridgment
Epitomist noun One who makes an epitome; one who abridges; an epitomizer. Milton.
Epitomize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Epitomized
; present participle & verbal noun Epitomizing
.] 1. To make an epitome of; to shorten or abridge, as a writing or discourse; to reduce within a smaller space; as, to epitomize the works of Justin. 2. To diminish, as by cutting off something; to curtail; as, to epitomize words.
[ Obsolete] Addison.
Epitomizer noun An epitomist. Burton.
Epitrite noun [ Greek ... containing an integer and one third ( i. e ., &frac43;, or in the ratio of 4 to 3); 'epi` upon, over + ... the third: confer Latin epitritos , French épitrite .] (Gr. & Lat. Pros.) A foot consisting of three long syllables and one short syllable. » It is so called from being compounded of a spondee (which contains 4 times) with an iambus or a trochee (which contains 3 times). It is called 1st, 2d, 3d, or 4th epitrite according as the short syllable stands 1st, 2d, etc.
[ New Latin See Epi-
, and Trochlea
.] (Anat.) A projection on the outer side of the distal end of the humerus; the external condyle.
Epitrochlear adjective Relating to the epitrochlea.
[ Prefix epi-
+ Greek ... wheel + -oid
.] (Geom.) A kind of curve. See Epicycloid , any Trochoid .
Epitrope noun [ Latin , from Greek ... reference, arbitration, from ... to turn over, to give up, yield; 'epi` upon, over + ... to turn.] (Rhet.) A figure by which permission is either seriously or ironically granted to some one, to do what he proposes to do; e. g. , "He that is unjust, let him be unjust still."
[ Latin , from Greek ... a fastening together, repetition, from ... to fasten to or upon; 'epi`
upon + ... to join, yoke.] (Rhet.) A figure by which a word is repeated with vehemence or emphasis, as in the following lines: -
Alone , alone , all all alone , Coleridge.
Alone on a wide wide sea.
Epizoan noun (Zoology) An epizoön.
Epizoic adjective (Zoology) Living upon the exterior of another animal; ectozoic; -- said of external parasites.
; plural Epizoa
. [ New Latin , from Greek 'epi`
upon + zw^,on
animal.] (Zoology) One of the artificial group of invertebrates of various kinds, which live parasitically upon the exterior of other animals; an ectozoön. Among them are the lice, ticks, many acari, the lerneans, or fish lice, and other crustaceans.
[ Confer French épizoötique
.] 1. (Zoology) Of or pertaining to an epizoön. 2. (Geol.) Containing fossil remains; -- said of rocks, formations, mountains, and the like.
Epizoötic mountains are of secondary formation. Kirwan. 3. Of the nature of a disease which attacks many animals at the same time; -- corresponding to epidemic diseases among men.
Epizoöty, Epizoötic noun [ French épizoötie .] An epizoötic disease; a murrain; an epidemic influenza among horses.
ē"pŏk; 277) noun
[ Late Latin epocha
, Greek 'epochh`
check, stop, an epoch of a star, an historical epoch, from 'epe`chein
to hold on, check; 'epi`
upon + 'e`chein
to have, hold; akin to Sanskrit sah
to overpower, Goth. sigis
victory, Anglo-Saxon sigor
, German sieg
: confer French époque
. See Scheme
.] 1. A fixed point of time, established in history by the occurrence of some grand or remarkable event; a point of time marked by an event of great subsequent influence; as, the epoch of the creation; the birth of Christ was the epoch which gave rise to the Christian era.
In divers ages, . . . divers epochs of time were used. Usher.
Great epochs and crises in the kingdom of God. Trench.
The acquittal of the bishops was not the only event which makes the 30th of June, 1688, a great epoch in history. Macaulay.
mark the beginning of new historical periods, and dates are often numbered from them. 2. A period of time, longer or shorter, remarkable for events of great subsequent influence; a memorable period; as, the epoch of maritime discovery, or of the Reformation.
"So vast an epoch
of time." F. Harrison.
The influence of Chaucer continued to live even during the dreary interval which separates from one another two important epochs of our literary history. A. W. Ward. 3. (Geol.) A division of time characterized by the prevalence of similar conditions of the earth; commonly a minor division or part of a period.
The long geological epoch which stored up the vast coal measures. J. C. Shairp. 4. (Astron.) (a) The date at which a planet or comet has a longitude or position. (b) An arbitrary fixed date, for which the elements used in computing the place of a planet, or other heavenly body, at any other date, are given; as, the epoch of Mars; lunar elements for the epoch March 1st, 1860. Syn.
-- Era; time; date; period; age. -- Epoch
. We speak of the era
of the Reformation, when we think of it as a period, during which a new order of things prevailed; so also, the era
of good feeling, etc. Had we been thinking of the time as marked by certain great events, or as a period in which great results were effected, we should have called the times when these events happened epochs
, and the whole period an epoch
The capture of Constantinople is an epoch in the history of Mahometanism; but the flight of Mahomet is its era . C. J. Smith.
[ Latin ] See Epoch . J. Adams.
Epochal adjective Belonging to an epoch; of the nature of an epoch. " Epochal points." Shedd.
[ Latin epodos
, Greek ..., from ..., adj., singing to, sung or said after, from ... to sing to; 'epi`
upon, to + ... to sing: confer French épode
. See Ode
.] (Poet.) (a) The after song; the part of a lyric ode which follows the strophe and antistrophe, -- the ancient ode being divided into strophe, antistrophe, and epode . (b) A species of lyric poem, invented by Archilochus, in which a longer verse is followed by a shorter one; as, the Epodes of Horace. It does not include the elegiac distich.
Epodic adjective [ Greek ....] Pertaining to, or resembling, an epode.
Eponym, Eponyme noun
[ Confer French éponyme
. See Eponymous
.] 1. The hypothetical individual who is assumed as the person from whom any race, city, etc., took its name; as, Hellen is an eponym of the Hellenes. 2. A name, as of a people, country, and the like, derived from that of an individual.
Eponymic adjective Same as Eponymous .
Tablets . . . which bear eponymic dates. I. Taylor (The Alphabet).
Eponymist noun One from whom a race, tribe, city, or the like, took its name; an eponym.
[ Greek ...; 'epi`
upon, to + ... for ... name.] Relating to an eponym; giving one's name to a tribe, people, country, and the like.
What becomes . . . of the Herakleid genealogy of the Spartan kings, when it is admitted that eponymous persons are to be canceled as fictions? Grote.
Eponymy noun [ Greek ... a surname given after some person or thing.] The derivation of the name of a race, tribe, etc., from that of a fabulous hero, progenitor, etc.
Epopee Ep`o*pœ"ia noun [ French épopée , Greek ...; 'e`pos song + ... to make. See Epos .] An epic poem; epic poetry.
Epopt noun [ Greek ... one initiated into the Eleusinian mysteries.] One instructed in the mysteries of a secret system. Carlyle.
Epos noun [ Latin , from Greek ....] An epic.
Epotation noun [ Latin epotare , epotatum , to drink; e out + potare to drink.] A drinking up; a quaffing. [ Obsolete] Feltham.
[ New Latin , from Greek 'epi`
upon + ... egg + fe`rein
to bear.] (Anat.) See Parovarium .
Éprouvette noun [ French] (Gun.) An apparatus for testing or proving the strength of gunpowder.
Epsom salts, salt (Medicine) Sulphate of magnesia having cathartic qualities; -- originally prepared by boiling down the mineral waters at Epsom , England, -- whence the name; afterwards prepared from sea water; but now from certain minerals, as from siliceous hydrate of magnesia.
Epsomite noun Native sulphate of magnesia or Epsom salt.
Epulary adjective [ Latin epularis , from epulum a feast: confer French épulaire .] Of or pertaining to a feast or banquet. [ Obsolete] Smart.
Epulation noun [ Latin epulatio .] A feasting or feast; banquet. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Epulis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a gumboil; Greek 'epi` upon + ... gums.] (Medicine) A hard tumor developed from the gums.
Epulose adjective [ Latin epulum a feast.] Feasting to excess. [ Obsolete]