Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Erd noun [ Middle English erd , eard , earth, land, country, Anglo-Saxon eard ; akin to Old Saxon ard dwelling place, Old High German art plowing, tillage, Icelandic örð crop, and to Latin arare to plow, English ear to plow.] The earth. [ Prov. Eng.] Wright. Erd shrew (Zoology) , the common European shrew ( Sorex vulgaris ); the shrewmouse.
âr; 277) preposition & adverb
[ Anglo-Saxon ǣr
, preposition , adverb , & conj.; akin to Old Saxon , OFries., & Old High German ēr
, German eher
, Dutch eer
, Icelandic ār
, Goth. air
. √204. Confer Early
] 1. Before; sooner than.
[ Archaic or Poetic]
Myself was stirring ere the break of day. Shak.
Ere sails were spread new oceans to explore. Dryden.
Sir, come down ere my child die. John iv. 49. 2. Rather than.
I will be thrown into Etna, . . . ere I will leave her. Shak. Ere long
, before, shortly. Shak.
-- Ere now
, formerly, heretofore. Shak.
-- Ere that
, & Or are
. Same as Ere . Shak.
Ere transitive verb To plow. [ Obsolete] See Ear , transitive verb Chaucer.
[ Latin , from Greek ....] 1. (Greek Myth.) A place of nether darkness, being the gloomy space through which the souls passed to Hades. See Milton's "Paradise Lost," Book II., line 883. 2. (Greek Myth.) The son of Chaos and brother of Nox , who dwelt in Erebus.
To the infernal deep, with Erebus and tortures vile. Shak.
[ Latin erectus
, past participle of erigere
to erect; e
out + regere
to lead straight. See Right
, and confer Alert
.] 1. Upright, or having a vertical position; not inverted; not leaning or bent; not prone; as, to stand erect .
Two of far nobler shape, erect and tall. Milton.
Among the Greek colonies and churches of Asia, Philadelphia is still erect -- a column of ruins. Gibbon. 2. Directed upward; raised; uplifted.
His piercing eyes, erect , appear to view Pope. 3. Bold; confident; free from depression; undismayed.
Superior worlds, and look all nature through.
But who is he, by years Keble. 4. Watchful; alert.
Bowed, but erect in heart?
Vigilant and erect attention of mind. Hooker. 5. (Botany) Standing upright, with reference to the earth's surface, or to the surface to which it is attached. 6. (Her.) Elevated, as the tips of wings, heads of serpents, etc.
Erect transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Erected
; present participle & verbal noun Erecting
.] 1. To raise and place in an upright or perpendicular position; to set upright; to raise; as, to erect a pole, a flagstaff, a monument, etc. 2. To raise, as a building; to build; to construct; as, to erect a house or a fort; to set up; to put together the component parts of, as of a machine. 3. To lift up; to elevate; to exalt; to magnify.
That didst his state above his hopes erect . Daniel.
I, who am a party, am not to erect myself into a judge. Dryden. 4. To animate; to encourage; to cheer.
It raiseth the dropping spirit, erecting it to a loving complaisance. Barrow. 5. To set up as an assertion or consequence from premises, or the like.
conclusions." Sir T. Browne.
this proposition." Locke. 6. To set up or establish; to found; to form; to institute.
a new commonwealth." Hooker. Erecting shop (Machinery)
, a place where large machines, as engines, are put together and adjusted. Syn.
-- To set up; raise; elevate; construct; build; institute; establish; found.
Erect intransitive verb To rise upright.
By wet, stalks do erect . Bacon.
Erectable adjective Capable of being erected; as, an erectable feather. Col. G. Montagu.
Erecter noun An erector; one who raises or builds.
Erectile adjective [ Confer French érectile .] Capable of being erected; susceptible of being erected of dilated. Erectile tissue (Anat.) , a tissue which is capable of being greatly dilated and made rigid by the distension of the numerous blood vessels which it contains.
Erectility noun The quality or state of being erectile.
[ Latin erectio
: confer French érection
.] 1. The act of erecting, or raising upright; the act of constructing, as a building or a wall, or of fitting together the parts of, as a machine; the act of founding or establishing, as a commonwealth or an office; also, the act of rousing to excitement or courage. 2. The state of being erected, lifted up, built, established, or founded; exaltation of feelings or purposes.
Her peerless height my mind to high erection draws up. Sidney 3. State of being stretched to stiffness; tension. 4. Anything erected; a building of any kind. 5. (Physiol.) The state of a part which, from having been soft, has become hard and swollen by the accumulation of blood in the erectile tissue.
Erective adjective Making erect or upright; raising; tending to erect.
Erectly adverb In an erect manner or posture.
Erectness noun Uprightness of posture or form.
1. (Botany) Having a position intermediate between erect and patent, or spreading. 2. (Zoology) Standing partially spread and erect; -- said of the wings of certain insects.
1. One who, or that which, erects. 2. (Anat.) A muscle which raises any part. 3. (Physics) An attachment to a microscope, telescope, or other optical instrument, for making the image erect instead of inverted.
Erelong adverb Before the ...apse of a long time; soon; -- usually separated, ere long .
A man, . . . following the stag, erelong slew him. Spenser.
The world, erelong , a world of tears must weep. Milton.
Eremacausis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... quietly + ... burning, from ... to burn.] A gradual oxidation from exposure to air and moisture, as in the decay of old trees or of dead animals.
[ See Hermit
.] A hermit.
Thou art my heaven, and I thy eremite . Keats.
Eremitic, Eremitical adjective Of or pertaining to an eremite; hermitical; living in solitude. "An eremitical life in the woods." Fuller. "The eremitic instinct." Lowell.
Eremitish adjective Eremitic. Bp. Hall.
Eremitism noun The state of a hermit; a living in seclusion from social life.
Ereptation noun [ Latin erepere to creep out; e out + repere to creep.] A creeping forth. [ Obsolete]
Ereption noun [ Latin ereptio , from eripere to snatch away; e out + rapere to snatch.] A snatching away. [ Obsolete] Cockeram.
Erethism noun [ Greek ... irritation, from ... to stir, rouse, from ... to stir: confer French éréthisme .] (Medicine) A morbid degree of excitement or irritation in an organ. Hoblyn.
Erethistic adjective [ Greek ... irritating.] Relating to erethism.
Erewhile, Erewhiles adverb Some time ago; a little while before; heretofore.
I am as fair now as I was erewhile . Shak.
; plural Erven
. [ D.] A garden plot, usually about half an acre.
[ Cape Colony]
Erg noun [ Greek ... work.] (Physics) The unit of work or energy in the C. G. S. system, being the amount of work done by a dyne working through a distance of one centimeter; the amount of energy expended in moving a body one centimeter against a force of one dyne. One foot pound is equal to 13,560,000 ergs.
Ergal noun [ G., from Greek ... work.] (Physics) Potential energy; negative value of the force function.
Ergat transitive verb [ Latin ergo therefore.] To deduce logically, as conclusions. [ Obsolete] Hewyt.
Ergmeter noun [ Erg + - meter .] (Physics) An instrument for measuring energy in ergs.
Ergo conj. or adverb [ Latin ] Therefore; consequently; -- often used in a jocular way. Shak.
Ergograph noun [ Greek ... work + - graph .] An instrument for measuring and recording the work done by a single muscle or set of muscles, the rate of fatigue, etc. -- Er`go*graph"ic adjective
Ergometer noun [ Greek ... work + -meter .] (Physics) A device for measuring, or an instrument for indicating, energy expended or work done; a dynamometer. -- Er`go*met"ric adjective
[ New Latin , from Greek ... work.] (Physics) (a) Work, measured in terms of the quantity of heat to which it is equivalent. (b) = Erg .
[ French ergot
, lit., a spur.] 1. A diseased condition of rye and other cereals, in which the grains become black, and often spur-shaped. It is caused by a parasitic fungus, Claviceps purpurea . 2. The mycelium or spawn of this fungus infecting grains of rye and wheat. It is a powerful remedial agent, and also a dangerous poison, and is used as a means of hastening childbirth, and to arrest bleeding. 3. (Far.) A stub, like soft horn, about the size of a chestnut, situated behind and below the pastern joint. 4. (Anat.) See 2d Calcar , 3 (b) .
Ergotic adjective Pertaining to, or derived from, ergot; as, ergotic acid.
Ergotin noun (Medicine) An extract made from ergot.
Ergotine (Chemistry) A powerful astringent alkaloid extracted from ergot as a brown, amorphous, bitter substance. It is used to produce contraction of the uterus.
Ergotism noun [ French ergotisme , from Latin ergo .] A logical deduction. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
[ From Ergot
; confer French ergotisme
.] (Medicine) A diseased condition produced by eating rye affected with the ergot fungus.
Ergotized adjective Affected with the ergot fungus; as, ergotized rye.
Eriach, Eric noun [ Ir. eiric .] (Old Irish Law) A recompense formerly given by a murderer to the relatives of the murdered person.
Erica noun [ New Latin , from Latin erice heath, Greek ....] (Botany) A genus of shrubby plants, including the heaths, many of them producing beautiful flowers.
Ericaceous adjective (Botany) Belonging to the Heath family, or resembling plants of that family; consisting of heats.
Ericinol (e*rĭs"ĭ*nōl) noun [ New Latin eric aceae the Heath family + Latin oleum oil.] (Chemistry) A colorless oil (quickly becoming brown), with a pleasant odor, obtained by the decomposition of ericolin.
[ Latin , a hedgehog.] The Vulgate rendering of the Hebrew word qipōd , which in the "Authorized Version" is translated bittern, and in the Revised Version, porcupine.
I will make it [ Babylon] a possession for the ericius and pools of waters. Is. xiv. 23 (Douay version).