Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Epiornis noun [ New Latin : confer French épiornis . See Æpyornis .] (Zoology) One of the gigantic ostrichlike birds of the genus Æpiornis , only recently extinct. Its remains have been found in Madagascar. [ Written also Æpyornis .]

Epiotic noun [ Prefix epi- + Greek ..., gen. ..., ear.] (Anat.) The upper and outer element of periotic bone, -- in man forming a part of the temporal bone.

Epipedometry noun [ Greek 'epi`pedos on the ground, level ( 'epi` + pe`don ground) + -metry .] (Geom.) The mensuration of figures standing on the same base. [ Obsolete]

Epiperipheral adjective [ Prefix epi- + peripheral .] (Physiol.) Connected with, or having its origin upon, the external surface of the body; -- especially applied to the feelings which originate at the extremities of nerves distributed on the outer surface, as the sensation produced by touching an object with the finger; -- opposed to entoperipheral . H. Spenser.

Epipetalous adjective [ Prefix epi- + petal .] (Botany) Borne on the petals or corolla.

Epiphany noun [ French épiphanie , Latin epiphania , Greek 'epifa`nia (sc. ...), for 'epifa`neia appearance, from 'epifai`nein to show forth; 'epi` + fai`nein to show. See Fancy .]
1. An appearance, or a becoming manifest.

Whom but just before they beheld transfigured and in a glorious epiphany upon the mount.
Jer. Taylor.

An epic poet, if ever such a difficult birth should make its epiphany in Paris.
De Quincey.

2. (Eccl.) A church festival celebrated on the 6th of January, the twelfth day after Christmas, in commemoration of the visit of the Magi of the East to Bethlehem, to see and worship the child Jesus; or, as others maintain, to commemorate the appearance of the star to the Magi, symbolizing the manifestation of Christ to the Gentles; Twelfthtide.

Epipharyngeal adjective [ Prefix epi- + pharyngeal .] (Anat.) Pertaining to the segments above the epibranchial in the branchial arches of fishes. -- noun An epipharyngeal bone or cartilage.

Epipharynx noun [ Epi- + pharynx .] (Zoology) A structure which overlaps the mouth of certain insects.

Epiphonema noun [ Latin , from Greek 'epifw`nhma , from 'epifwnei^n to mention; 'epi` + fwnei^n to speak.] (Rhet.) An exclamatory sentence, or striking reflection, which sums up or concludes a discourse.

Epiphoneme noun Epiphonema. [ R.]

Epiphora noun [ Latin , from Greek 'epifora` , from 'epife`rein to bring to or upon; 'epi` + fe`rein to bring.]
1. (Medicine) The watery eye; a disease in which the tears accumulate in the eye, and trickle over the cheek.

2. (Rhet.) The emphatic repetition of a word or phrase, at the end of several sentences or stanzas.

Epiphragm noun [ Greek ... a covering, lid, from ... to block up.] (Zoology) A membranaceous or calcareous septum with which some mollusks close the aperture of the shell during the time of hibernation, or æstivation.

Epiphyllospermous adjective [ Greek 'epi` + fy`llon leaf + spe`rma seed.] (Botany) Bearing fruit on the back of the leaves, as ferns. Harris (1710).

Epiphyllous adjective [ Greek 'epi` + fy`llon leaf.] (Botany) Growing upon, or inserted into, the leaf.

Epiphyllum noun [ New Latin ] (Botany) A genus of cactaceous plants having flattened, jointed stems, and petals united in a tube. The flowers are very showy, and several species are in cultivation.

Epiphyseal, Epiphysial (Anat.) Pertaining to, or having the nature of, an epiphysis.

Epiphysis noun ; plural Epiphyses . [ New Latin , from Greek 'epi`fysis , from 'epify`ein to grow upon; 'epi` upon + fy`ein to grow.] (Anat.) (a) The end, or other superficial part, of a bone, which ossifies separately from the central portion, or diaphysis . (b) The cerebral epiphysis, or pineal gland. See Pineal gland , under Pineal .

Epiphytal adjective (Botany) Pertaining to an epiphyte.

Epiphyte noun [ Greek 'epi` upon + fyto`n plant, ... to grow: confer French épiphyte .]
1. (Botany) An air plant which grows on other plants, but does not derive its nourishment from them. See Air plant .

2. (Medicine) A vegetable parasite growing on the surface of the body.

Epiphytic, Epiphytical adjective (Botany) Pertaining to, or having the nature of, an epiphyte. -- Ep`i*phyt"ic*al*ly , adverb

Epiplastron noun ; plural Epiplastra . [ Prefix epi- + plastron .] (Anat.) One of the first pair of lateral plates in the plastron of turtles.

Epipleural adjective [ Prefix epi- + pleural .] (Anat.) Arising from the pleurapophysis of a vertebra. Owen.

Epiplexis noun [ Latin , reproof, from Greek ... , from ... to strike at, reprove; 'epi` + ... to strike.] (Rhet.) A figure by which a person seeks to convince and move by an elegant kind of upbraiding.

Epiploce noun [ Latin , connection, from Greek ... a plaiting together, from ... to plait or braid in; 'epi` upon + ... to twist, plait.] (Rhet.) A figure by which one striking circumstance is added, in due gradation, to another; climax; e. g. , "He not only spared his enemies, but continued them in employment; not only continued, but advanced them." Johnson.

Epiploic adjective Relating to the epiploön.

Epiploön noun ; plural Epiploa . [ New Latin , from Greek ....] (Anat.) See Omentum .

Epipodial adjective
1. (Anat.) Pertaining to the epipodialia or the parts of the limbs to which they belong.

2. (Zoology) Pertaining to the epipodium of Mollusca.

Epipodiale noun ; plural Epipodialia . [ New Latin , from Greek 'epi` upon + ..., dim. of ..., ..., foot.] (Anat.) One of the bones of either the forearm or shank, the epipodialia being the radius, ulna, tibia, and fibula.

Epipodite noun [ See Epipodium .] (Zoology) The outer branch of the legs in certain Crustacea. See Maxilliped .

Epipodium noun ; plural Epipodia . [ New Latin , from Greek 'epi` upon + ..., ..., foot.] (Zoology) One of the lateral lobes of the foot in certain gastropods.

Epipolic adjective (Opt.) Producing, or relating to, epipolism or fluorescence. [ R.]

Epipolism noun [ Greek ... a surface; 'epi` + pe`lein to be.] (Opt.) See Fluorescence . [ R.] Sir J. Herschel.

Epipolized adjective Changed to the epipolic condition, or that in which the phenomenon of fluorescence is presented; produced by fluorescence; as, epipolized light. [ R.] Stokes.

Epipteric adjective [ Prefix epi- + Greek ... wing. So called because above the wing of the sphenoid.] (Anat.) Pertaining to a small Wormian bone sometimes present in the human skull between the parietal and the great wing of the sphenoid. -- noun The epipteric bone.

Epipterygoid adjective [ Prefix epi- + pterygoid .] (Anat.) Situated upon or above the pterygoid bone. -- noun An epipterygoid bone or cartilage; the columella in the skulls of many lizards.

Epipubic adjective Relating to the epipubis.

Epipubis noun ; plural Epipubes . [ New Latin , epi- + pubis .] (Anat.) A cartilage or bone in front of the pubis in some amphibians and other animals.

Episcopacy noun [ See Episcopate .] Government of the church by bishops; church government by three distinct orders of ministers -- bishops, priests, and deacons -- of whom the bishops have an authority superior and of a different kind.

Episcopal adjective [ Latin episcopalis , from episcopus : confer French épiscopal . See Bishop .]
1. Governed by bishops; as, an episcopal church.

2. Belonging to, or vested in, bishops; as, episcopal jurisdiction or authority; the episcopal system.

Episcopalian adjective Pertaining to bishops, or government by bishops; episcopal; specifically, of or relating to the Protestant Episcopal Church.

Episcopalian noun One who belongs to an episcopal church, or adheres to the episcopal form of church government and discipline; a churchman; specifically, in the United States, a member of the Protestant Episcopal Church.

Episcopalianism noun The doctrine and usages of Episcopalians; episcopacy.

Episcopally adverb By episcopal authority; in an episcopal manner.

Episcopant noun A bishop. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Episcoparian adjective Episcopal. [ R.] Wood.

Episcopate noun [ Latin episcopatus , from episcopus : confer French épiscopat . See Bishop .]
1. A bishopric; the office and dignity of a bishop.

2. The collective body of bishops.

3. The time of a bishop's rule.

Episcopate intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Episcopated ; present participle & verbal noun Episcopating .] To act as a bishop; to fill the office of a prelate. [ Obsolete]

Feeding the flock episcopating .

Episcopicide noun [ Latin episcopus bishop + caedere to kill.] The killing of a bishop.

Episcopize transitive verb To make a bishop of by consecration. Southey.

Episcopize intransitive verb To perform the duties of a bishop.