Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Enumerator noun One who enumerates.
Enunciable adjective Capable of being enunciated or expressed.
Enunciate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Enunciated
; present participle & verbal noun Enunciating
.] [ Latin enuntiatus
, - ciatus
, past participle of enuntiare
. See Enounce
.] 1. To make a formal statement of; to announce; to proclaim; to declare, as a truth.
The terms in which he enunciates the great doctrines of the gospel. Coleridge. 2. To make distinctly audible; to utter articulately; to pronounce; as, to enunciate a word distinctly.
Enunciate intransitive verb To utter words or syllables articulately.
[ Latin enuntiatio
.] 1. The act of enunciating, announcing, proclaiming, or making known; open attestation; declaration; as, the enunciation of an important truth.
By way of interpretation and enunciation . Jer. Taylor. 2. Mode of utterance or pronunciation, especially as regards fullness and distinctness or articulation; as, to speak with a clear or impressive enunciation . 3. That which is enunciated or announced; words in which a proposition is expressed; an announcement; a formal declaration; a statement.
Every intelligible enunciation must be either true or false. A. Clarke.
Enunciative adjective [ Latin enuntiativus , -ciativus .] Pertaining to, or containing, enunciation; declarative. Ayliffe. -- E*nun"ci*a*tive*ly , adverb
Enunciator noun [ Latin enuntiator , enunciator .] One who enunciates or proclaims.
Enunciatory adjective Pertaining to, or containing, enunciation or utterance.
Enure transitive verb See Inure .
Enuresis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... to urinate in; ... + ... urine.] (Medicine) An involuntary discharge of urine; incontinence of urine.
Envassal transitive verb To make a vassal of. [ Obsolete]
Envault transitive verb To inclose in a vault; to entomb. [ R.] Swift.
Enveigle transitive verb To entice. See Inveigle .
Envelop transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Enveloped
; present participle & verbal noun Enveloping
.] [ Middle English envolupen
, Old French envoluper
, French envelopper
; prefix en-
) + voluper
. See Develop
.] To put a covering about; to wrap up or in; to inclose within a case, wrapper, integument or the like; to surround entirely; as, to envelop goods or a letter; the fog envelops a ship.
Nocturnal shades this world envelop . J. Philips.
Envelope, Envelop noun [ French enveloppe .]
1. That which envelops, wraps up, encases, or surrounds; a wrapper; an inclosing cover; esp., the cover or wrapper of a document, as of a letter. 2. (Astron.) The nebulous covering of the head or nucleus of a comet; -- called also coma . 3. (Fort.) A work of earth, in the form of a single parapet or of a small rampart. It is sometimes raised in the ditch and sometimes beyond it. Wilhelm. 4. (Geom.) A curve or surface which is tangent to each member of a system of curves or surfaces, the form and position of the members of the system being allowed to vary according to some continuous law. Thus, any curve is the envelope of its tangents.
Envelopment noun [ Confer French enveloppement .]
1. The act of enveloping or wrapping; an inclosing or covering on all sides. 2. That which envelops or surrounds; an envelop.
Envenime transitive verb To envenom. [ Obsolete]
Envenom transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Envenomed
; present participle & verbal noun Envenoming
.] [ Middle English envenimen
, French envenimer
; prefix en-
) + French venin
poison. See Venom
.] 1. To taint or impregnate with venom, or any substance noxious to life; to poison; to render dangerous or deadly by poison, as food, drink, a weapon; as, envenomed meat, wine, or arrow; also, to poison (a person) by impregnating with venom.
Alcides . . . felt the envenomed robe. Milton.
O, what a world is this, when what is comely Shak. 2. To taint or impregnate with bitterness, malice, or hatred; to imbue as with venom; to imbitter.
Envenoms him that bears it!
The envenomed tongue of calumny. Smollett.
On the question of slavery opinion has of late years been peculiarly envenomed . Sir G. C. Lewis.
Envermeil transitive verb
[ Prefix en-
: confer Old French envermeiller
. See Vermil
.] To color with, or as with, vermilion; to dye red.
[ Obsolete] Milton.
[ From Envy
.] Fitted to excite envy; capable of awakening an ardent desire to posses or to resemble.
One of most enviable of human beings. Macaulay.
Envie intransitive verb
[ See Vie
.] To vie; to emulate; to strive.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Envier noun One who envies; one who desires inordinately what another possesses.
Envigor transitive verb To invigorate. [ Obsolete]
[ Old French envios
, French envieux
, from Latin invidiosus
, from invidia
envy. See Envy
, and confer Invidious
.] 1. Malignant; mischievous; spiteful.
Each envious brier his weary legs doth scratch. Shak. 2. Feeling or exhibiting envy; actuated or directed by, or proceeding from, envy; -- said of a person, disposition, feeling, act, etc.; jealously pained by the excellence or good fortune of another; maliciously grudging; -- followed by of , at , and against ; as, an envious man, disposition, attack; envious tongues.
My soul is envious of mine eye. Keble.
Neither be thou envious at the wicked. Prov. xxiv. 19. 3. Inspiring envy.
[ Obsolete or Poetic]
He to him leapt, and that same envious gage Spenser. 4. Excessively careful; cautious.
Of victor's glory from him snatched away.
No men are so envious of their health. Jer. Taylor.
Environ transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Environed
; present participle & verbal noun Environing
.] [ French environner
, from environ
about, thereabout; prefix en-
) + Old French viron
circle, circuit, from Old French & French virer
to turn, Late Latin virare
to turn up and down, topsy-turvy. Confer Veer
.] To surround; to encompass; to encircle; to hem in; to be round about; to involve or envelop.
Dwelling in a pleasant glade, Spenser.
With mountains round about environed .
Environed he was with many foes. Shak.
Environ me with darkness whilst I write. Donne.
[ French] About; around.
Lord Godfrey's eye three times environ goes. Fairfax.
[ Confer French environnement
.] 1. Act of environing; state of being environed. 2. That which environs or surrounds; surrounding conditions, influences, or forces, by which living forms are influenced and modified in their growth and development.
It is no friendly environment , this of thine. Carlyle.
Environs noun plural [ French] The parts or places which surround another place, or lie in its neighborhood; suburbs; as, the environs of a city or town. Chesterfield.
Envisage transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Envisaged
(?; 48); present participle & verbal noun Envisaging
.] [ French envisager
; prefix en-
) + visage
face, visage. See Visage
.] To look in the face of; to apprehend; to regard.
[ R.] Keats.
From the very dawn of existence the infant must envisage self, and body acting on self. McCosh.
Envisagement noun The act of envisaging.
Envolume transitive verb To form into, or incorporate with, a volume. [ R.]
Envolup transitive verb
[ See Envelop
.] To wrap up; to envelop.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ French envoyé
envoy, from envoyer
to send; prefix en-
) + voie
way, Latin via
: confer French envoi
an envoy (in sense 2). See Voyage
, and confer Invoice
.] 1. One dispatched upon an errand or mission; a messenger; esp., a person deputed by a sovereign or a government to negotiate a treaty, or transact other business, with a foreign sovereign or government; a minister accredited to a foreign government. An envoy's rank is below that of an ambassador. 2.
[ French envoi
, from envoyer
to send.] An explanatory or commendatory postscript to a poem, essay, or book; -- also in the French from, l'envoi .
The envoy of a ballad is the "sending" of it forth. Skeat.
Envoyship noun The office or position of an envoy.
; plural Envies
. [ French envie
, Latin invidia
envious; akin to invidere
to look askance at, to look with enmity; in
against + videre
to see. See Vision
.] 1. Malice; ill will; spite.
If he evade us there, Shak. 2. Chagrin, mortification, discontent, or uneasiness at the sight of another's excellence or good fortune, accompanied with some degree of hatred and a desire to possess equal advantages; malicious grudging; -- usually followed by of ; as, they did this in envy of Cæsar.
Enforce him with his envy to the people.
Envy is a repining at the prosperity or good of another, or anger and displeasure at any good of another which we want, or any advantage another hath above us. Ray.
No bliss Milton.
Enjoyed by us excites his envy more.
Envy , to which the ignoble mind's a slave, Pope. 3. Emulation; rivalry.
Is emulation in the learned or brave.
Such as cleanliness and decency Ford. 4. Public odium; ill repute.
Prompt to a virtuous envy .
To lay the envy of the war upon Cicero. B. Jonson. 5. An object of envious notice or feeling.
This constitution in former days used to be the envy of the world. Macaulay.
Envy transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Envied
; present participle & verbal noun Envying
.] [ French envier
.] 1. To feel envy at or towards; to be envious of; to have a feeling of uneasiness or mortification in regard to (any one), arising from the sight of another's excellence or good fortune and a longing to possess it.
A woman does not envy a man for his fighting courage, nor a man a woman for her beauty. Collier.
Whoever envies another confesses his superiority. Rambler. 2. To feel envy on account of; to have a feeling of grief or repining, with a longing to possess (some excellence or good fortune of another, or an equal good fortune, etc.); to look with grudging upon; to begrudge.
I have seen thee fight, Shak.
When I have envied thy behavior.
Jeffrey . . . had actually envied his friends their cool mountain breezes. Froude. 3. To long after; to desire strongly; to covet.
Or climb his knee the envied kiss to share. T. Gray. 4. To do harm to; to injure; to disparage.
If I make a lie J. Fletcher. 5. To hate.
To gain your love and envy my best mistress,
Put me against a wall.
[ Obsolete] Marlowe. 6. To emulate.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Envy intransitive verb 1. To be filled with envious feelings; to regard anything with grudging and longing eyes; -- used especially with at .
Who would envy at the prosperity of the wicked? Jer. Taylor. 2. To show malice or ill will; to rail.
[ Obsolete] "He has . . . envied
against the people." Shak.
[ Old French enviner
to store with wine; prefix en-
) + vin
wine. See Vine
.] Stored or furnished with wine.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Enwall transitive verb See Inwall . Sir P. Sidney.
Enwallow transitive verb To plunge into, or roll in, flith; to wallow.
So now all three one senseless lump remain, Spenser.
Enwallowed in his own black bloody gore.
Enwheel transitive verb To encircle. Shak.
Enwiden transitive verb To widen. [ Obsolete]
Enwind transitive verb To wind about; to encircle.
In the circle of his arms Tennyson.
Enwound us both.
Enwoman transitive verb To endow with the qualities of a woman. [ R.] Daniel.
Enwomb transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Enwombed
; present participle & verbal noun Enwombing
.] 1. To conceive in the womb.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. 2. To bury, as it were in a womb; to hide, as in a gulf, pit, or cavern. Donne.
Enwrap transitive verb To envelop. See Inwrap .
Enwrapment noun Act of enwrapping; a wrapping or an envelope. Shuckford.
Enwreathe transitive verb See Inwreathe . Shelton.
Enzoötic (ĕn`zo*ŏt"ĭk) adjective [ Greek 'en in + zw^,on an animal: confer French enzoötique .] Afflicting animals; -- used of a disease affecting the animals of a district. It corresponds to an endemic disease among men.
Enzyme (ĕn"zīm) noun [ Prefix en- (Gr. 'en in) + Greek zy`mh leaven.] (Physiol. Chem.) An unorganized or unformed ferment, in distinction from an organized or living ferment; a soluble, or chemical, ferment. Ptyalin, pepsin, diastase, and rennet are good examples of enzymes.