Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Greek ...; ... nation + ... leader, commander. See -arch
.] (Gr. Antiq.) The governor of a province or people. Lew Wallace.
Ethnarchy noun [ Greek ....] The dominion of an ethnarch; principality and rule. Wright.
Ethnic noun A heathen; a pagan.
No better reported than impure ethnic and lay dogs. Milton.
Ethnic, Ethnical adjective [ Latin ethnicus , Greek ..., from ... nation, ... ... the nations, heathens, gentiles: confer French ethnique .]
1. Belonging to races or nations; based on distinctions of race; ethnological. 2. Pertaining to the gentiles, or nations not converted to Christianity; heathen; pagan; -- opposed to Jewish and Christian .
Ethnically adverb In an ethnical manner.
Ethnicism noun Heathenism; paganism; idolatry. [ Obsolete] " Taint of ethnicism ." B. Jonson.
Ethnographer noun One who investigates ethnography.
Ethnographic, Ethnographical . adjective [ Confer French ethnographique .] pertaining to ethnography.
Ethnographically adverb In an ethnographical manner.
[ Greek ... nation + -graphy
: confer French ethnographie
.] That branch of knowledge which has for its subject the characteristics of the human family, developing the details with which ethnology as a comparative science deals; descriptive ethnology. See Ethnology .
Ethnologic, Ethnological a Of or pertaining to ethnology.
Ethnologically adverb In an ethnological manner; by ethnological classification; as, one belonging ethnologically to an African race.
Ethnologist noun One versed in ethnology; a student of ethnology.
Ethnology noun [ Greek ... nation + -logy .] The science which treats of the division of mankind into races, their origin, distribution, and relations, and the peculiarities which characterize them.
Ethologic, Ethological a
[ See Ethology
.] treating of, or pertaining to, ethnic or morality, or the science of character. J. S. Mill.
Ethologist noun One who studies or writes upon ethology.
Ethology noun [ Greek ... a depicting of character; ... custom, moral nature + ... to speak.]
1. A treatise on morality; ethics. 2. The science of the formation of character, national and collective as well as individual. J. S. Mill.
Ethopoetic [ Greek ...; ... custom, manners + ... to make or form.] Expressing character. [ Obsolete] Urquhart.
[ Latin , from Greek ... character. See Ethic
.] 1. The character, sentiment, or disposition of a community or people, considered as a natural endowment; the spirit which actuates manners and customs; also, the characteristic tone or genius of an institution or social organization. 2. (Æsthetics) The traits in a work of art which express the ideal or typic character -- character as influenced by the ethos (sense 1) of a people -- rather than realistic or emotional situations or individual character in a narrow sense; -- opposed to pathos .
[ Ether + Greek ... substance, base. Confer Ethyl
, and see -yl
.] (Chemistry) Ethyl.
+ - yl
.] (Chemistry) A monatomic, hydrocarbon radical, C 2 H 5 of the paraffin series, forming the essential radical of ethane, and of common alcohol and ether. Ethyl aldehyde
. (Chemistry) See Aldehyde .
Ethylamine noun [ Ethyl + amine .] (Chemistry) A colorless, mobile, inflammable liquid, C 2 H 5 .NH 2 , very volatile and with an ammoniacal odor. It is a strong base, and is a derivative of ammonia. Called also ethyl carbamine , and amido ethane .
[ From Ethyl
.] (Chemistry) A compound derived from ethyl alcohol by the replacement of the hydroxyl hydrogen, after the manner of a hydrate; an ethyl alcoholate; as, potassium ethylate , C 2 H 5 .O.K.
Ethylate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Ethylated
; present participle & verbal noun Ethylating
.] [ From Ethyl
.] (Chemistry) To treat in such a way as to cause the introduction of one or more ethyl groups, C 2 H 5 ; as, to ethylate alcohol.
[ From Ethyl
.] (Chemistry) A colorless, gaseous hydrocarbon, C 2 H 4 , forming an important ingredient of illuminating gas, and also obtained by the action of concentrated sulphuric acid in alcohol. It is an unsaturated compound and combines directly with chlorine and bromine to form oily liquids (Dutch liquid), -- hence called olefiant gas . Called also ethene , elayl , and formerly, bicarbureted hydrogen . Ethylene series (Chemistry)
, the series of unsaturated hydrocarbons of which ethylene is the type, and represented by the general formula CnH 2 noun
Ethylic (Chemistry) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, ethyl; as, ethylic alcohol.
Ethylidene (Chemistry) An unsymmetrical, divalent, hydrocarbon radical, C 2 H 4 metameric with ethylene but written thus, CH 3 .CH to distinguish it from the symmetrical ethylene, CH 2 .CH 2 . Its compounds are derived from aldehyde. Formerly called also ethidene .
Ethylin (Chemistry) Any one of the several complex ethers of ethyl and glycerin.
Ethylsulphuric adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or containing, ethyl and sulphuric acid. Ethylsulphuric acid (Chemistry) , an acid sulphate of ethyl, H.C 2 H 5 .SO 4 , produced as a thick liquid by the action of sulphiric acid on alcohol. It appears to be the active catalytic agent in the process of etherification.
Etiolate intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Etiolated
; present participle & verbal noun
.] [ French étioler
to blanch.] 1. To become white or whiter; to be whitened or blanched by excluding the light of the sun, as, plants. 2. (Medicine) To become pale through disease or absence of light.
Etiolate transitive verb
1. To blanch; to bleach; to whiten by depriving of the sun's rays. 2. (Medicine) To cause to grow pale by disease or absence of light.
Etiolate, Etiolated adjective Having a blanched or faded appearance, as birds inhabiting desert regions.
1. The operation of blanching plants, by excluding the light of the sun; the condition of a blanched plant. 2. (Medicine) Paleness produced by absence of light, or by disease. Dunglison.
[ See Etiolate
.] (Botany) A yellowish coloring matter found in plants grown in darkness, which is supposed to be an antecedent condition of chlorophyll. Encyc. Brit.
Etiological adjective Pertaining to, or inquiring into, causes; ætiological.
[ Confer French étiologie
.] The science of causes. Same as ... tiology .
[ French prop., a little piece of paper, or a mark or title, affixed to a bag or bundle, expressing its contents, a label, ticket, Old French estiquete
, of German origin; confer LG. stikke
peg, pin, tack, stikken
to stick, German stecken
. See Stick
, and confer Ticket
.] The forms required by good breeding, or prescribed by authority, to be observed in social or official life; observance of the proprieties of rank and occasion; conventional decorum; ceremonial code of polite society.
The pompous etiquette to the court of Louis the Fourteenth. Prescott.
Etna noun A kind of small, portable, cooking apparatus for which heat is furnished by a spirit lamp.
There should certainly be an etna for getting a hot cup of coffee in a hurry. V. Baker.
Etnean adjective [ Latin Aetnaeus , Greek ... , from ... (L. Aetna , Aetne ).] Pertaining to Etna, a volcanic mountain in Sicily.
[ French] (Her.) See Estoile .
Etrurian adjective Of or relating to ancient Etruria, in Italy. " Etrurian Shades." Milton, -- noun A native or inhabitant of ancient Etruria.
Etruscan noun [ Latin Etruscus .] Of or relating to Etruria. -- noun A native or inhabitant of Etruria.
Etter pike noun
[ Confer Atter
.] (Zoology) The stingfish, or lesser weever ( Tranchinus vipera ).
Ettin noun [ SA. eten , eoten , orig., gluttonous, from etan to eat.] A giant. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.
Ettle transitive verb
[ Perh. the same word as addle
to earn; bur confer Middle English atlien
, to intend, prepare, Icelandic ætla
to think, suppose, mean.] To earn. [ Obsolete] See Addle , to earn. Boucher.
[ French See Study
.] 1. A composition in the fine arts which is intended, or may serve, for a study. 2. (Mus.) A study; an exercise; a piece for practice of some special point of technical execution.
Étui (a`twe") noun [ French] A case for one or several small articles; esp., a box in which scissors, tweezers, and other articles of toilet or of daily use are carried.
(ĕt*eē") noun See Étui . Shenstone.
(ĕt"ĭm) noun See Etymon . H. F. Talbot.
Etymic (e*tĭm"ĭk) adjective Relating to the etymon; as, an etymic word.