Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Depulsory adjective [ Latin depulsorius .] Driving or thrusting away; averting. [ R.] Holland.
Depurant adjective & noun (Medicine) Depurative.
[ Late Latin depuratus
, past participle of depurare
to purify; Latin de-
to purify, purus
clean, pure. Confer Depure
.] Depurated; cleansed; freed from impurities. Boyle.
Depurate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Depurated
; present participle & verbal noun Depurating
.] To free from impurities, heterogeneous matter, or feculence; to purify; to cleanse.
To depurate the mass of blood. Boyle.
Depuration noun [ Confer French dépuration .] The act or process of depurating or freeing from foreign or impure matter, as a liquid or wound.
Depurative adjective [ Confer French dépuratif .] (Medicine) Purifying the blood or the humors; depuratory. -- noun A depurative remedy or agent; or a disease which is believed to be depurative.
Depurator noun One who, or that which, cleanses.
Depuratory adjective [ Confer French dépuratoire .] Depurating; tending to depurate or cleanse; depurative.
Depure transitive verb
[ French dépurer
. See Depurate
.] To depurate; to purify.
He shall first be depured and cleansed before that he shall be laid up for pure gold in the treasures of God. Sir T. More.
Depurgatory adjective Serving to purge; tending to cleanse or purify. [ Obsolete] Cotgrave.
Deputable adjective Fit to be deputed; suitable to act as a deputy. Carlyle.
[ Confer French députation
. See Depute
.] 1. The act of deputing, or of appointing or commissioning a deputy or representative; office of a deputy or delegate; vicegerency.
The authority of conscience stands founded upon its vicegerency and deputation under God. South. 2. The person or persons deputed or commissioned by another person, party, or public body to act in his or its behalf; delegation; as, the general sent a deputation to the enemy to propose a truce. By deputation
, or In deputation
, by delegated authority; as substitute; through the medium of a deputy.
Say to great Cæsar this: In deputation Shak.
I kiss his conquering hand.
Deputator noun One who deputes, or makes a deputation. [ R.] Locke.
Depute transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Deputed
; present participle & verbal noun Deputing
.] [ French députer
, from Latin deputare
to esteem, consider, in Late Latin , to destine, allot; de-
to clean, prune, clear up, set in order, reckon, think. See Pure
.] 1. To appoint as deputy or agent; to commission to act in one's place; to delegate.
There is no man deputed of the king to hear thee. 2. Sam. xv. 3.
Some persons, deputed by a meeting. Macaulay. 2. To appoint; to assign; to choose.
The most conspicuous places in cities are usually deputed for the erection of statues. Barrow.
Depute noun A person deputed; a deputy. [ Scot.]
Deputize (dĕp"u*tīz) transitive verb To appoint as one's deputy; to empower to act in one's stead; to depute.
; plural Deputies
. [ French député
, from Late Latin deputatus
. See Depute
.] 1. One appointed as the substitute of another, and empowered to act for him, in his name or his behalf; a substitute in office; a lieutenant; a representative; a delegate; a vicegerent; as, the deputy of a prince, of a sheriff, of a township, etc.
There was then [ in the days of Jehoshaphat] no king in Edom; a deputy was king. 1 Kings xxii. 47.
God's substitute, Shak.
His deputy anointed in His sight.
is used in combination with the names of various executive officers, to denote an assistant empowered to act in their name; as, deputy
sheriff. 2. A member of the Chamber of Deputies.
[ France] Chamber of Deputies
, one of the two branches of the French legislative assembly; -- formerly called Corps Législatif . Its members, called deputies , are elected by the people voting in districts. Syn.
-- Substitute; representative; legate; delegate; envoy; agent; factor.
Dequantitate transitive verb
[ Latin de-
. See Quantity
.] To diminish the quantity of; to disquantity.
[ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Dequeen transitive verb (Apiculture) To remove the queen from (a hive of bees).
(de*răs"ĭ*nāt) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Deracinated
(-nā`tĕd); present participle & verbal noun Deracinating
(nā`tĭng).] [ French déraciner
; prefix dé-
) + racine
root, from an assumed Late Latin radicina
, from Latin radix
, root.] To pluck up by the roots; to extirpate.
While that the colter rusts Shak.
That should deracinate such savagery.
Deracination noun The act of pulling up by the roots; eradication. [ R.]
Deraign, Derain transitive verb
[ See Darraign
.] (Old Law) To prove or to refute by proof; to clear (one's self).
Deraignment, Derainment noun
[ See Darraign
.] 1. The act of deraigning.
[ Obsolete] 2. The renunciation of religious or monastic vows.
[ Obsolete] Blount.
Derail transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Derailed
; present participle & verbal noun Derailing
.] To cause to run off from the rails of a railroad, as a locomotive. Lardner.
Derailment noun The act of going off, or the state of being off, the rails of a railroad.
Derange transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Deranged
; present participle & verbal noun Deranging
.] [ French déranger
; prefix dé-
) + ranger
to range. See Range
, and confer Disarrange
.] 1. To put out of place, order, or rank; to disturb the proper arrangement or order of; to throw into disorder, confusion, or embarrassment; to disorder; to disarrange; as, to derange the plans of a commander, or the affairs of a nation. 2. To disturb in action or function, as a part or organ, or the whole of a machine or organism.
A sudden fall deranges some of our internal parts. Blair. 3. To disturb in the orderly or normal action of the intellect; to render insane. Syn.
-- To disorder; disarrange; displace; unsettle; disturb; confuse; discompose; ruffle; disconcert.
Deranged adjective Disordered; especially, disordered in mind; crazy; insane.
The story of a poor deranged parish lad. Lamb.
[ Confer French dérangement
.] The act of deranging or putting out of order, or the state of being deranged; disarrangement; disorder; confusion; especially, mental disorder; insanity. Syn.
-- Disorder; confusion; embarrassment; irregularity; disturbance; insanity; lunacy; madness; delirium; mania. See Insanity
Deranger noun One who deranges.
[ Old French derroi
; prefix des-
) + roi
, order. See Array
.] Disorder; merriment.
Derbio noun (Zoology) A large European food fish ( Lichia glauca ).
Derby noun Derby Day , the day of the annual race for the Derby stakes, -- Wednesday of the week before Whitsuntide. 2. A stiff felt hat with a dome-shaped crown.
1. A race for three-old horses, run annually at Epsom (near London), for the Derby stakes. It was instituted by the 12th Earl of Derby, in 1780.
Derbyshire spar (Min.) A massive variety of fluor spar, found in Derbyshire, England, and wrought into vases and other ornamental work.
[ See Dere
, transitive verb
] Doing daring or chivalrous deeds.
[ Obsolete] "In derdoing
Dere transitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon derian to hurt.] To hurt; to harm; to injure. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Dere noun Harm. [ Obsolete] Robert of Brunne.
Derecho noun [ Spanish derecho straight.] A straight wind without apparent cyclonic tendency, usually accompanied with rain and often destructive, common in the prairie regions of the United States.
Dereine, Dereyne transitive verb Same as Darraign .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Latin derelictus
, past participle of derelinquere
to forsake wholly, to abandon; de-
to leave. See Relinquish
.] 1. Given up or forsaken by the natural owner or guardian; left and abandoned; as, derelict lands.
The affections which these exposed or derelict children bear to their mothers, have no grounds of nature or assiduity but civility and opinion. Jer. Taylor. 2. Lost; adrift; hence, wanting; careless; neglectful; unfaithful.
They easily prevailed, so as to seize upon the vacant, unoccupied, and derelict minds of his [ Chatham's] friends; and instantly they turned the vessel wholly out of the course of his policy. Burke.
A government which is either unable or unwilling to redress such wrongs is derelict to its highest duties. J. Buchanan.
Derelict noun (Law) (a) A thing voluntary abandoned or willfully cast away by its proper owner, especially a ship abandoned at sea. (b) A tract of land left dry by the sea, and fit for cultivation or use.
[ Latin derelictio
.] 1. The act of leaving with an intention not to reclaim or resume; an utter forsaking abandonment.
Cession or dereliction , actual or tacit, of other powers. Burke. 2. A neglect or omission as if by willful abandonment.
A total dereliction of military duties. Sir W. Scott. 3. The state of being left or abandoned. 4. (Law) A retiring of the sea, occasioning a change of high-water mark, whereby land is gained.
Dereligionize transitive verb To make irreligious; to turn from religion.
He would dereligionize men beyond all others. De Quincey.
Dereling noun Darling. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Derf adjective [ Icelandic djafr .] Strong; powerful; fierce. [ Obsolete] -- Derf"ly , adverb [ Obsolete]
Deride transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Derided
; present participle & verbal noun Deriding
.] [ Latin deridere
to laugh. See Ridicule
.] To laugh at with contempt; to laugh to scorn; to turn to ridicule or make sport of; to mock; to scoff at.
And the Pharisees, also, . . . derided him. Luke xvi. 14.
Sport that wrinkled Care derides . Milton. Syn.
And Laughter holding both his sides.
-- To mock; laugh at; ridicule; insult; taunt; jeer; banter; rally. -- To Deride
. A man may ridicule
without any unkindness of feeling; his object may be to correct; as, to ridicule
the follies of the age. He who derides
is actuated by a severe a contemptuous spirit; as, to deride
one for his religious principles. To mock
is stronger, and denotes open and scornful derision; as, to mock
at sin. To taunt
is to reproach with the keenest insult; as, to taunt
one for his misfortunes. Ridicule
consists more in words than in actions; derision
evince themselves in actions as well as words; taunts
are always expressed in words of extreme bitterness.
Derider noun One who derides, or laughs at, another in contempt; a mocker; a scoffer.
Deridingly adverb By way of derision or mockery.
[ Latin derisio
: confer French dérision
. See Deride
.] 1. The act of deriding, or the state of being derided; mockery; scornful or contemptuous treatment which holds one up to ridicule.
He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh; the Lord shall have them in derision . Ps. ii. 4.
Satan beheld their plight, Milton. 2. An object of derision or scorn; a laughing-stock.
And to his mates thus in derision called.
I was a derision to all my people. Lam. iii. 14. Syn.
-- Scorn; mockery; contempt; insult; ridicule.