Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Depend intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Depended
; present participle & verbal noun Depending
.] [ French dépendre
, from Latin depend...re
to hang. See Pendant
.] 1. To hang down; to be sustained by being fastened or attached to something above.
And ever-living lamps depend in rows. Pope. 2. To hang in suspense; to be pending; to be undetermined or undecided; as, a cause depending in court.
You will not think it unnatural that those who have an object depending , which strongly engages their hopes and fears, should be somewhat inclined to superstition. Burke. 3. To rely for support; to be conditioned or contingent; to be connected with anything, as a cause of existence, or as a necessary condition; -- followed by on or upon , formerly by of .
The truth of God's word dependeth not of the truth of the congregation. Tyndale.
The conclusion . . . that our happiness depends little on political institutions, and much on the temper and regulation of our own minds. Macaulay.
Heaven forming each on other to depend . Pope. 4. To trust; to rest with confidence; to rely; to confide; to be certain; -- with on or upon ; as, we depend on the word or assurance of our friends; we depend on the mail at the usual hour.
But if you 're rough, and use him like a dog, Addison. 5. To serve; to attend; to act as a dependent or retainer.
Depend upon it -- he 'll remain incog.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 6. To impend.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Dependable adjective Worthy of being depended on; trustworthy. " Dependable friendships." Pope.
Dependant, Dependance noun
, De*pend"an*cy noun See Dependent , Dependence , Dependency .
» The forms dependant
are from the French; the forms dependent
, etc., are from the Latin. Some authorities give preference to the form dependant
when the word is a noun, thus distinguishing it from the adjective, usually written dependent
[ Late Latin dependentia
, from Latin dependens
. See Dependent
, and confer Dependance
.] 1. The act or state of depending; state of being dependent; a hanging down or from; suspension from a support. 2. The state of being influenced and determined by something; subjection (as of an effect to its cause ).
The cause of effects, and the dependence of one thing upon another. Bp. Burnet. 3. Mutual connection and support; concatenation; systematic inter-relation.
So dark and so intricate of purpose, without any dependence or order. Sir T. More. 4. Subjection to the direction or disposal of another; inability to help or provide for one's self.
Reduced to a servile dependence on their mercy. Burke. 5. A resting with confidence; reliance; trust.
Affectionate dependence on the Creator is the spiritual life of the soul. T. Erskine. 6. That on which one depends or relies; as, he was her sole dependence . 7. That which depends; anything dependent or suspended; anything attached a subordinate to, or contingent on, something else.
Like a large cluster of black grapes they show Dryden. 8. A matter depending, or in suspense, and still to be determined; ground of controversy or quarrel.
And make a large dependence from the bough.
To go on now with my first dependence . Beau. & Fl.
; plural Dependencies 1. State of being dependent; dependence; state of being subordinate; subordination; concatenation; connection; reliance; trust.
Any long series of action, the parts of which have very much dependency each on the other. Sir J. Reynolds.
So that they may acknowledge their dependency on the crown of England. Bacon. 2. A thing hanging down; a dependence. 3. That which is attached to something else as its consequence, subordinate, satellite, and the like.
This earth and its dependencies . T. Burnet.
Modes I call such complex ideas which . . . are considered as dependencies on or affections of substances. Locke. 4. A territory remote from the kingdom or state to which it belongs, but subject to its dominion; a colony; as, Great Britain has its dependencies in Asia, Africa, and America.
is more used in the abstract, and dependency
in the concrete. The latter is usually restricted in meaning to 3 and 4.
[ Latin dependens
, present participle dependere
. See Depend
, and confer Dependant
.] 1. Hanging down; as, a dependent bough or leaf. 2. Relying on, or subject to, something else for support; not able to exist, or sustain itself, or to perform anything, without the will, power, or aid of something else; not self-sustaining; contingent or conditioned; subordinate; -- often with on or upon ; as, dependent on God; dependent upon friends.
England, long dependent and degraded, was again a power of the first rank. Macaulay. Dependent covenant
or contract (Law)
, one not binding until some connecting stipulation is performed.
-- Dependent variable (Math.)
, a varying quantity whose changes are arbitrary, but are regarded as produced by changes in another variable, which is called the independent variable .
Dependent noun 1. One who depends; one who is sustained by another, or who relies on another for support of favor; a hanger-on; a retainer; as, a numerous train of dependents .
A host of dependents on the court, suborned to play their part as witnesses. Hallam. 2. That which depends; corollary; consequence.
With all its circumstances and dependents . Prynne.
» See the Note under Dependant
Dependently adverb In a dependent manner.
Depender noun One who depends; a dependent.
Dependingly adverb As having dependence. Hale.
Depeople transitive verb To depopulate. [ Obsolete]
Deperdit noun [ Late Latin deperditum , from Latin deperditus , past participle of deperdere ; de- + perdere to lose, destroy.] That which is lost or destroyed. [ R.] Paley.
Deperditely adverb Hopelessly; despairingly; in the manner of one ruined; as, deperditely wicked. [ Archaic]
Deperdition noun [ Confer French déperdition .] Loss; destruction. [ Archaic] Sir T. Browne.
[ See Depart
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
Dephase transitive verb (Electricity) To put out of phase, as two parts of a single alternating current.
Dephlegm transitive verb [ Prefix de- + phlegm water; confer French déphlegmer , déflegmer .] (O. Chem.) To rid of phlegm or water; to dephlegmate. [ Obsolete] Boyle.
Dephlegmate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dephlegmated
; present participle & verbal noun Dephlegmating
.] [ See Dephlegm
.] (Chemistry) To deprive of superabundant water, as by evaporation or distillation; to clear of aqueous matter; to rectify; -- used of spirits and acids.
Dephlegmation noun [ Confer French déflegmation .] (Chemistry) The operation of separating water from spirits and acids, by evaporation or repeated distillation; -- called also concentration , especially when acids are the subject of it. [ Obsolete]
Dephlegmator noun An instrument or apparatus in which water is separated by evaporation or distillation; the part of a distilling apparatus in which the separation of the vapors is effected.
Dephlegmatory adjective Pertaining to, or producing, dephlegmation.
Dephlegmedness noun A state of being freed from water. [ Obsolete] Boyle.
Dephlogisticcate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dephlogisticated
; present participle & verbal noun Dephlogisticating
.] [ Prefix de-
: confer French déphlogistiguer
.] (O. Chem.) To deprive of phlogiston, or the supposed principle of inflammability. Priestley. Dephlogisticated air
, oxygen gas; -- so called by Dr. Priestly and others of his time.
-- De`phlo*gis`ti*ca"tion noun
Dephosphorization noun The act of freeing from phosphorous.
(-pĭkt") past participle
[ Latin depictus
, past participle of depingere
to depict; de-
to paint. See Paint
, and confer Depaint
, past participle
] Depicted. Lydgate.
(de*pĭkt") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Depicted
; present participle & verbal noun Depicting
.] 1. To form a colored likeness of; to represent by a picture; to paint; to portray.
His arms are fairly depicted in his chamber. Fuller. 2. To represent in words; to describe vividly.
Cæsar's gout was then depicted in energetic language. Motley.
Depiction noun [ Latin depictio .] A painting or depicting; a representation.
Depicture transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Depictured
; present participle & verbal noun Depicturing
.] To make a picture of; to paint; to picture; to depict.
Several persons were depictured in caricature. Fielding.
Depilate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Depilated
; present participle & verbal noun Depilating
.] [ Latin depilatus
, past participle of depilare
to depilate; de-
to put forth hairs, pilus
hair.] To strip of hair; to husk. Venner.
Depilation noun [ Confer French dépilation .] Act of pulling out or removing the hair; unhairing. Dryden.
Depilatory adjective [ Confer French dépilatoire .] Having the quality or power of removing hair. -- noun An application used to take off hair.
Depilous adjective [ Prefix de- + pilous : confer Latin depilis .] Hairless. Sir t. Browne.
[ Latin deplanetus
, past participle of deplanare
to make level. See Plane
, transitive verb
] (Botany) Flattened; made level or even.
Deplant transitive verb
[ Prefix de-
: confer French déplanter
, Latin deplantare
to take off a twig. See Plant
, transitive verb
] To take up (plants); to transplant.
Deplantation noun [ Confer French déplantation .] Act of taking up plants from beds.
Deplete transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Depleted
; present participle & verbal noun Depleting
.] [ From Latin deplere
to empty out; de-
to fill. Forined like replete
. See Fill
] 1. (Medicine) To empty or unload, as the vessels of human system, by bloodletting or by medicine. Copland. 2. To reduce by destroying or consuming the vital powers of; to exhaust, as a country of its strength or resources, a treasury of money, etc. Saturday Review.
Depletion noun [ Confer French déplétion .]
1. The act of depleting or emptying. 2. (Medicine) the act or process of diminishing the quantity of fluid in the vessels by bloodletting or otherwise; also excessive evacuation, as in severe diarrhea.
Depletive adjective [ Confer French déplétif .] Able or fitted to deplete. -- noun A substance used to deplete.
Depletory adjective Serving to deplete.
Deplication noun [ Late Latin deplicare to unfold; Latin de- + plicare to fold.] An unfolding, untwisting, or unplaiting. [ Obsolete] W. Montagu.
Deplorability noun Deplorableness. Stormonth.
[ Confer French déplorable
.] Worthy of being deplored or lamented; lamentable; causing grief; hence, sad; calamitous; grievous; wretched; as, life's evils are deplorable.
Individual sufferers are in a much more deplorable conditious than any others. Burke.
Deplorableness noun State of being deplorable.
Deplorably adverb In a deplorable manner.
[ Latin deploratus
, past participle of deplorare
. See Deplore
A more deplorate estate. Baker.
Deploration noun [ Latin deploratio : confer French déploration .] The act of deploring or lamenting; lamentation. Speed.
Deplore transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Deplored
; present participle & verbal noun Deploring
.] [ Latin deplorare
to cry out, wail, lament; probably akin to pluere
to rain, and to E. flow: confer F. déplorer. Confer Flow.] 1. To feel or to express deep and poignant grief for; to bewail; to lament; to mourn; to sorrow over.
To find her, or forever to deplore Milton.
As some sad turtle his lost love deplores . Pope. 2. To complain of.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 3. To regard as hopeless; to give up.
[ Obsolete] Bacon. Syn.
-- To Deplore
is the generic term, denoting a state of grief or sadness. To lament
is to express grief by outcries, and denotes an earnest and strong expression of sorrow. To deplore
marks a deeper and more prolonged emotion. To bewail
and to bemoan
are appropriate only to cases of poignant distress, in which the grief finds utterance either in wailing or in moans and sobs. A man laments
his errors, and deplores
the ruin they have brought on his family; mothers bewail
the loss of their children.
Deplore intransitive verb To lament. Gray.
Deploredly adverb Lamentably.