Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ From Deprave
: confer Latin pravitas
crookedness, perverseness.] The state of being depraved or corrupted; a vitiated state of moral character; general badness of character; wickedness of mind or heart; absence of religious feeling and principle. Total depravity
. See Original sin , and Calvinism . Syn.
-- Corruption; vitiation; wickedness; vice; contamination; degeneracy. -- Depravity
is a vitiated state of mind or feeling; as, the depravity
of the human heart; depravity
of public morals. Depravation
points to the act or process of making
depraved, and hence to the end thus reached; as, a gradual depravation
of principle; a depravation
of manners, of the heart, etc. Corruption
is the only one of these words which applies to physical substances, and in reference to these denotes the process by which their component parts are dissolved. Hence, when figuratively used, it denotes an utter vitiation of principle or feeling. Depravity
applies only to the mind and heart: we can speak of a depraved
taste, or a corrupt
taste; in the first we introduce the notion that there has been the influence of bad training to pervert; in the second, that there is a want of true principle to pervert; in the second, that there is a want of true principles to decide. The other two words have a wider use: we can speak of the depravation
or the corruption
of taste and public sentiment. Depravity
is more or less open; corruption is more or less disguised in its operations. What is depraved
requires to be reformed; what is corrupt
requires to be purified.
Deprecable adjective [ Latin deprecabilis exorable.] That may or should be deprecated. Paley.
(dĕp"re*kāt) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Deprecated
(- kā`tĕd); present participle & verbal noun Deprecating
(-kā`tĭng).] [ Latin deprecatus
, past participle of deprecari
to avert by player, to deprecate; de-
to pray. See Pray
.] To pray against, as an evil; to seek to avert by prayer; to desire the removal of; to seek deliverance from; to express deep regret for; to disapprove of strongly.
His purpose was deprecated by all round him, and he was with difficulty induced to adandon it. Sir W. Scott.
Deprecatingly (-kā`tĭng*lȳ) adverb In a deprecating manner.
[ Latin deprecatio
; confer French déprécation
.] 1. The act of deprecating; a praying against evil; prayer that an evil may be removed or prevented; strong expression of disapprobation.
Humble deprecation . Milton. 2. Entreaty for pardon; petitioning. 3. An imprecation or curse.
[ Obsolete] Gilpin.
Deprecative adjective [ Latin deprecativus : confer French déprécatif .] Serving to deprecate; deprecatory. -- Dep"re*ca*tive*ly , adverb
Deprecator noun [ Latin ] One who deprecates.
[ Latin deprecatorius
.] Serving to deprecate; tending to remove or avert evil by prayer; apologetic.
Humble and deprecatory letters. Bacon.
Depreciate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Depreciated
; present participle & verbal noun Depreciating
.] [ Latin depretiatus
, past participle of depretiare
, to depreciate; de-
to prize, from pretium
price. See Price
.] To lessen in price or estimated value; to lower the worth of; to represent as of little value or claim to esteem; to undervalue. Addison.
Which . . . some over-severe philosophers may look upon fastidiously, or undervalue and depreciate . Cudworth.
To prove that the Americans ought not to be free, we are obliged to depreciate the value of freedom itself. Burke. Syn.
-- To decry; disparage; traduce; lower; detract; underrate. See Decry
Depreciate intransitive verb To fall in value; to become of less worth; to sink in estimation; as, a paper currency will depreciate , unless it is convertible into specie.
Depreciation noun [ Confer French dépréciation .]
1. The act of lessening, or seeking to lessen, price, value, or reputation. 2. The falling of value; reduction of worth. Burke. 3. the state of being depreciated.
Depreciative adjective Tending, or intended, to depreciate; expressing depreciation; undervaluing. -- De*pre"ci*a`tive*ly , adverb
Depreciator noun [ Latin ] One who depreciates.
Depreciatory adjective Tending to depreciate; undervaluing; depreciative.
Depredable adjective Liable to depredation. [ Obsolete] "Made less depredable ." Bacon.
Depredate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Depredated
; present participle & verbal noun Depredating
.] [ Latin depraedatus
, past participle of depraedari
to plunder; de-
to plunder, praeda
plunder, prey. See Prey
.] To subject to plunder and pillage; to despoil; to lay waste; to prey upon.
It makes the substance of the body . . . less apt to be consumed and depredated by the spirits. Bacon.
Depredate intransitive verb To take plunder or prey; to commit waste; as, the troops depredated on the country.
Depredation noun [ Latin depraedatio : confer French déprédation .] The act of depredating, or the state of being depredated; the act of despoiling or making inroads; as, the sea often makes depredation on the land.
Depredator noun [ Latin depraedator .] One who plunders or pillages; a spoiler; a robber.
Depredatory adjective Tending or designed to depredate; characterized by depredation; plundering; as, a depredatory incursion.
Depredicate transitive verb [ Prefix de- (intensive) + predicate .] To proclaim; to celebrate. [ R.]
Deprehend transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Deprehended
; present participle & verbal noun Deprehending
.] [ Latin deprehendere
to lay hold of, seize. See Prehensile
.] 1. To take unawares or by surprise; to seize, as a person commiting an unlawful act; to catch; to apprehend.
The deprehended adulteress.Jer. Taylor. 2. To detect; to discover; to find out.
The motion . . . are to be deprehended by experience. Bacon.
Deprehensible adjective That may be caught or discovered; apprehensible. [ Obsolete] Petty. -- Dep`re*hen"si*ble*ness , noun [ Obsolete]
Deprehension noun [ Latin deprehensio .] A catching; discovery. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Depress transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Depressed
; present participle & verbal noun Depressing
.] [ Latin depressus
, past participle of deprimere
to press. See Press
.] 1. To press down; to cause to sink; to let fall; to lower; as, to depress the muzzle of a gun; to depress the eyes.
"With lips depressed
." Tennyson. 2. To bring down or humble; to abase, as pride. 3. To cast a gloom upon; to sadden; as, his spirits were depressed . 4. To lessen the activity of; to make dull; embarrass, as trade, commerce, etc. 5. To lessen in price; to cause to decline in value; to cheapen; to depreciate. 6. (Math.) To reduce (an equation) in a lower degree. To depress the pole (Nautical)
, to cause the sidereal pole to appear lower or nearer the horizon, as by sailing toward the equator. Syn.
-- To sink; lower; abase; cast down; deject; humble; degrade; dispirit; discourage.
[ Latin depressus
, past participle ] Having the middle lower than the border; concave.
If the seal be depress or hollow. Hammond.
Depressant noun (Medicine) An agent or remedy which lowers the vital powers.
1. Pressed or forced down; lowed; sunk; dejected; dispirited; sad; humbled. 2. (Botany) (a) Concave on the upper side; -- said of a leaf whose disk is lower than the border. (b) Lying flat; -- said of a stem or leaf which lies close to the ground. 3. (Zoology) Having the vertical diameter shorter than the horizontal or transverse; -- said of the bodies of animals, or of parts of the bodies.
Depressingly adverb In a depressing manner.
[ Latin depressio
: confer French dépression
.] 1. The act of depressing. 2. The state of being depressed; a sinking. 3. A falling in of the surface; a sinking below its true place; a cavity or hollow; as, roughness consists in little protuberances and depressions . 4. Humiliation; abasement, as of pride. 5. Dejection; despondency; lowness.
In a great depression of spirit. Baker. 6. Diminution, as of trade, etc.; inactivity; dullness. 7. (Astron.) The angular distance of a celestial object below the horizon. 8. (Math.) The operation of reducing to a lower degree; -- said of equations. 9. (Surg.) A method of operating for cataract; couching. See Couch , transitive verb , 8. Angle of depression (Geod.)
, one which a descending line makes with a horizontal plane.
-- Depression of the dewpoint (Meteor.)
, the number of degrees that the dew-point is lower than the actual temperature of the atmosphere.
-- Depression of the pole
, its apparent sinking, as the spectator goes toward the equator.
-- Depression of the visible horizon
. (Astron.) Same as Dip of the horizon , under Dip . Syn.
-- Abasement; reduction; sinking; fall; humiliation; dejection; melancholy.
Depressive adjective Able or tending to depress or cast down. -- De*press"ive*ness , noun
Depressomotor adjective (Medicine) Depressing or diminishing the capacity for movement, as depressomotor nerves, which lower or inhibit muscular activity. -- noun Any agent that depresses the activity of the motor centers, as bromides, etc.
Depressor noun Depressor nerve (Physiol.) , a nerve which lowers the activity of an organ; as, the depressor nerve of the heart.
1. One who, or that which, presses down; an oppressor. 2. (Anat.) A muscle that depresses or tends to draw down a part.
[ Latin deprimens
, present participle of deprimere
. See Depress
.] Serving to depress.
[ R.] " Depriment
[ French dépriser
to undervalue; prefix dé-
) + priser
to prize, from prix
price, from Latin pretium
. See Dispraise
.] Low estimation; disesteem; contempt.
Deprivable adjective Capable of being, or liable to be, deprived; liable to be deposed.
Kings of Spain . . . deprivable for their tyrannies. Prynne.
Deprivation noun [ Late Latin deprivatio .]
1. The act of depriving, dispossessing, or bereaving; the act of deposing or divesting of some dignity. 2. The state of being deprived; privation; loss; want; bereavement. 3. (Eccl. Law) the taking away from a clergyman his benefice, or other spiritual promotion or dignity. » Deprivation may be a beneficio or ab officio ; the first takes away the living, the last degrades and deposes from the order.
Deprive transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Deprived
; present participle & verbal noun Depriving
.] [ Late Latin deprivare
, to divest of office; Latin de-
to bereave, deprive: confer Old French depriver
. See Private
.] 1. To take away; to put an end; to destroy.
'Tis honor to deprive dishonored life. Shak. 2. To dispossess; to bereave; to divest; to hinder from possessing; to debar; to shut out from; -- with a remoter object, usually preceded by of.
God hath deprived her of wisdom. Job xxxix. 17.
It was seldom that anger deprived him of power over himself. Macaulay. 3. To divest of office; to depose; to dispossess of dignity, especially ecclesiastical.
A minister deprived for inconformity. Bacon. Syn.
-- To strip; despoil; rob; abridge.
Deprivement noun Deprivation. [ R.]
Depriver noun One who, or that which, deprives.
Deprostrate adjective Fully prostrate; humble; low; rude.
How may weak mortal ever hope to file G. Fletcher.
His unsmooth tongue, and his deprostrate style.
Deprovincialize transitive verb To divest of provincial quality or characteristics.
[ From Deep
; akin to Dutch diepte
, Icelandic dȳpt
, Goth. diupiþa
.] 1. The quality of being deep; deepness; perpendicular measurement downward from the surface, or horizontal measurement backward from the front; as, the depth of a river; the depth of a body of troops. 2. Profoundness; extent or degree of intensity; abundance; completeness; as, depth of knowledge, or color.
Mindful of that heavenly love Keble. 3. Lowness; as, depth of sound. 4. That which is deep; a deep, or the deepest, part or place; the deep; the middle part; as, the depth of night, or of winter.
Which knows no end in depth or height.
From you unclouded depth above. Keble.
The depth closed me round about. Jonah ii. 5. 5. (Logic) The number of simple elements which an abstract conception or notion includes; the comprehension or content. 6. (Horology) A pair of toothed wheels which work together.
[ R.] Depth of a sail (Nautical)
, the extent of a square sail from the head rope to the foot rope; the length of the after leach of a staysail or boom sail; -- commonly called the drop of a sail .
Depth noun (Aëronautics) The perpendicular distance from the chord to the farthest point of an arched surface.
Depthen transitive verb To deepen. [ Obsolete]
Depthless adjective 1. Having no depth; shallow. 2. Of measureless depth; unfathomable.
In clouds of depthless night. Francis.
Depucelate transitive verb [ Latin de + Late Latin pucella virgin, French pucelle : confer French dépuceler .] To deflour; to deprive of virginity. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Depudicate transitive verb [ Latin depudicatus , past participle of depudicare .] To deflour; to dishonor. [ Obsolete]
Depulse transitive verb [ Latin depulsus , past participle of depellere to drive out; de- + pellere to drive.] To drive away. [ Obsolete] Cockeram.
Depulsion noun [ Latin depulsio .] A driving or thrusting away. [ R.] Speed.