Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Derne transitive verb & i.
[ Anglo-Saxon dyrnan
to hide. See Dern
] To hide; to skulk.
He at length escaped them by derning himself in a foxearth. H. Miller.
Dernful adjective Secret; hence, lonely; sad; mournful. [ Obsolete] " Dernful noise." Spenser.
[ French, from Old French darrein
. See Darrein
.] Last; final. Dernier ressort
[ French], last resort or expedient.
Dernly adverb Secretly; grievously; mournfully. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Derogant adjective [ Latin derogans , present participle] Derogatory. [ R.] T. Adams.
Derogate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Derogated
; present participle & verbal noun Derogating
.] [ Latin derogatus
, past participle of derogare
to derogate; de-
to ask, to ask the people about a law. See Rogation
.] 1. To annul in part; to repeal partly; to restrict; to limit the action of; -- said of a law.
By several contrary customs, . . . many of the civil and canon laws are controlled and derogated . Sir M. Hale. 2. To lessen; to detract from; to disparage; to depreciate; -- said of a person or thing.
Anything . . . that should derogate , minish, or hurt his glory and his name. Sir T. More.
Derogate intransitive verb 1. To take away; to detract; to withdraw; -- usually with from .
If we did derogate from them whom their industry hath made great. Hooker.
It derogates little from his fortitude, while it adds infinitely to the honor of his humanity. Burke. 2. To act beneath one-s rank, place, birth, or character; to degenerate.
You are a fool granted; therefore your issues, being foolish, do not derogate . Shak.
Would Charles X. derogate from his ancestors? Would he be the degenerate scion of that royal line? Hazlitt.
Derogate noun [ Latin derogatus , past participle ] Diminished in value; dishonored; degraded. [ R.] Shak.
Derogately adverb In a derogatory manner.
[ Latin derogatio
: confer French dérogation
.] 1. The act of derogating, partly repealing, or lessening in value; disparagement; detraction; depreciation; -- followed by of , from , or to .
I hope it is no derogation to the Christian religion. Locke.
He counted it no derogation of his manhood to be seen to weep. F. W. Robertson. 2. (Stock Exch.) An alteration of, or subtraction from, a contract for a sale of stocks.
Derogative adjective Derogatory. -- De*rog"a*tive*ly , adverb [ R.] Sir T. Browne.
Derogator noun [ Latin ] A detractor.
Derogatorily adverb In a derogatory manner; disparagingly. Aubrey.
Derogatoriness noun Quality of being derogatory.
Derogatory adjective Tending to derogate, or lessen in value; expressing derogation; detracting; injurious; -- with from , to , or unto .
Acts of Parliament derogatory from the power of subsequent Parliaments bind not. Blackstone.
His language was severely censured by some of his brother peers as derogatory to their order. Macaulay. Derogatory clause in a testament (Law)
, a sentence of secret character inserted by the testator alone, of which he reserves the knowledge to himself, with a condition that no will he may make thereafter shall be valid, unless this clause is inserted word for word; -- a precaution to guard against later wills extorted by violence, or obtained by suggestion.
Derotremata noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek de`ros skin + ..., ..., hole.] (Zoology) The tribe of aquatic Amphibia which includes Amphiuma, Menopoma, etc. They have permanent gill openings, but no external gills; -- called also Cryptobranchiata . [ Written also Derotrema .]
Derre adjective Dearer. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Orig., a gallows, from a hangman named Derrick
. The name is of Dutch origin; Dutch Diederik
, prop. meaning, chief of the people; confer Anglo-Saxon peódric
, English Theodoric
, German Dietrich
. See Dutch
, and Rich
.] A mast, spar, or tall frame, supported at the top by stays or guys, with suitable tackle for hoisting heavy weights, as stones in building. Derrick crane
, a combination of the derrick and the crane, having facility for hoisting and also for swinging the load horizontally.
Derrick noun (Mining) The pyramidal structure or tower over a deep drill hole, such as that of an oil well.
Derring adjective Daring or warlike.
Drad for his derring doe and bloody deed. Spenser.
Derringer noun [ From the American inventor.] A kind of short-barreled pocket pistol, of very large caliber, often carrying a half-ounce ball.
Derth noun Dearth; scarcity. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Dertrotheca noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... beak + ... box, case.] (Zoology) The horny covering of the end of the bill of birds.
Dervish noun One of the fanatical followers of the Mahdi, in the Sudan.
Dervish, Dervise Der"vis noun [ Persian derwēsch , from OPer. derew to beg, ask alms: confer French derviche .] A Turkish or Persian monk, especially one who professes extreme poverty and leads an austere life.
Derworth (dēr"wẽrth) adjective [ Anglo-Saxon deórwurþe , lit., dearworth.] Precious. [ Obsolete] Piers Plowman.
[ Old French descant
, French déchant
, Late Latin discantus
, from Latin dis
singing, melody, from canere
to sing. See Chant
, and confer Descant
, intransitive verb
.] 1. (Mus.) (a) Originally, a double song; a melody or counterpoint sung above the plain song of the tenor; a variation of an air; a variation by ornament of the main subject or plain song. (b) The upper voice in part music. (c) The canto , cantus , or soprano voice; the treble. Grove.
Twenty doctors expound one text twenty ways, as children make descant upon plain song. Tyndale.
She [ the nightingale] all night long her amorous descant sung. Milton.
» The term has also been used synonymously with counterpoint, or polyphony, which developed out of the French déchant
, of the 12th century. 2. A discourse formed on its theme, like variations on a musical air; a comment or comments.
Upon that simplest of themes how magnificent a descant ! De Quincey.
(dĕs*kănt") intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Descanted
; present participle & verbal noun Descanting
.] [ From descant
; or directly from Old French descanter
; Latin dis-
to sing.] 1. To sing a variation or accomplishment. 2. To comment freely; to discourse with fullness and particularity; to discourse at large.
A virtuous man should be pleased to find people descanting on his actions. Addison.
Descanter noun One who descants.
Descend intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Descended
; present participle & verbal noun Descending
.] [ French descendre
, Latin descendere
to climb. See Scan
.] 1. To pass from a higher to a lower place; to move downwards; to come or go down in any way, as by falling, flowing, walking, etc.; to plunge; to fall; to incline downward; -- the opposite of ascend .
The rain descended , and the floods came. Matt. vii. 25.
We will here descend to matters of later date. Fuller. 2. To enter mentally; to retire.
[ He] with holiest meditations fed, Milton. 3. To make an attack, or incursion, as if from a vantage ground; to come suddenly and with violence; -- with on or upon .
Into himself descended .
And on the suitors let thy wrath descend . Pope. 4. To come down to a lower, less fortunate, humbler, less virtuous, or worse, state or station; to lower or abase one's self; as, he descended from his high estate. 5. To pass from the more general or important to the particular or less important matters to be considered. 6. To come down, as from a source, original, or stock; to be derived; to proceed by generation or by transmission; to fall or pass by inheritance; as, the beggar may descend from a prince; a crown descends to the heir. 7. (Anat.) To move toward the south, or to the southward. 8. (Mus.) To fall in pitch; to pass from a higher to a lower tone.
Descend transitive verb To go down upon or along; to pass from a higher to a lower part of; as, they descended the river in boats; to descend a ladder.
But never tears his cheek descended . Byron.
[ French descendant
, present participle of descendre
. Confer Descendent
Descendant noun One who descends, as offspring, however remotely; -- correlative to ancestor or ascendant .
Our first parents and their descendants . Hale.
The descendant of so many kings and emperors. Burke.
[ Latin descendens
, present participle of descendre
. Confer Descendant
.] Descending; falling; proceeding from an ancestor or source.
More than mortal grace Pope.
Speaks thee descendent of ethereal race.
Descender noun One who descends.
Descendibility noun The quality of being descendible; capability of being transmitted from ancestors; as, the descendibility of an estate.
1. Admitting descent; capable of being descended. 2. That may descend from an ancestor to an heir. "A descendant estate." Sir W. Jones.
Descending adjective Of or pertaining to descent; moving downwards. Descending constellations or signs (Astron.) , those through which the planets descent toward the south. -- Descending node (Astron.) , that point in a planet's orbit where it intersects the ecliptic in passing southward. -- Descending series (Math.) , a series in which each term is numerically smaller than the preceding one; also, a series arranged according to descending powers of a quantity.
Descendingly adverb In a descending manner.
[ Old French descension
, Latin descensio
. See Descent
.] The act of going downward; descent; falling or sinking; declension; degradation. Oblique descension (Astron.)
, the degree or arc of the equator which descends, with a celestial object, below the horizon of an oblique sphere.
-- Right descension
, the degree or arc of the equator which descends below the horizon of a right sphere at the same time with the object.
Descensional adjective Pertaining to descension. Johnson.
Descensive adjective Tending to descend; tending downwards; descending. Smart.
[ New Latin descensorium
: confer Old French descensoire
. See Descend
.] A vessel used in alchemy to extract oils.
[ French descente
, from descendre
; like vente
, from vendre
. See Descend
.] 1. The act of descending, or passing downward; change of place from higher to lower. 2. Incursion; sudden attack; especially, hostile invasion from sea; -- often followed by upon or on ; as, to make a descent upon the enemy.
The United Provinces . . . ordered public prayer to God, when they feared that the French and English fleets would make a descent upon their coasts. Jortin. 3. Progress downward, as in station, virtue, as in station, virtue, and the like, from a higher to a lower state, from a higher to a lower state, from the more to the less important, from the better to the worse, etc. 2. Derivation, as from an ancestor; procedure by generation; lineage; birth; extraction. Dryden. 5. (Law) Transmission of an estate by inheritance, usually, but not necessarily, in the descending line; title to inherit an estate by reason of consanguinity. Abbott. 6. Inclination downward; a descending way; inclined or sloping surface; declivity; slope; as, a steep descent . 7. That which is descended; descendants; issue.
If care of our descent perplex us most, Milton. 8. A step or remove downward in any scale of gradation; a degree in the scale of genealogy; a generation.
Which must be born to certain woe.
No man living is a thousand descents removed from Adam himself. Hooker. 9. Lowest place; extreme downward place.
And from the extremest upward of thy head, Shak. 10. (Mus.) A passing from a higher to a lower tone. Syn.
To the descent and dust below thy foot.
-- Declivity; slope; degradation; extraction; lineage; assault; invasion; attack.
Describable adjective That can be described; capable of description.
Describe transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Described
; present participle & verbal noun Describing
.] [ Latin describere
to write: confer Middle English descriven
, Old French descrivre
, French décrire
. See Scribe
, and confer Descry
.] 1. To represent by drawing; to draw a plan of; to delineate; to trace or mark out; as, to describe a circle by the compasses; a torch waved about the head in such a way as to describe a circle. 2. To represent by words written or spoken; to give an account of; to make known to others by words or signs; as, the geographer describes countries and cities. 3. To distribute into parts, groups, or classes; to mark off; to class.
Passed through the land, and described it by cities into seven parts in a book. Josh. xviii. 9. Syn.
-- To set forth; represent; delineate; relate; recount; narrate; express; explain; depict; portray; chracterize.
Describe intransitive verb To use the faculty of describing; to give a description; as, Milton describes with uncommon force and beauty.
[ Latin describens
, present participle of describere
.] (Geom.) Same as Generatrix .
Describer noun One who describes.
Descrier noun One who descries.