Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Design transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Designed
; present participle & verbal noun Designing
.] [ French désigner
to designate, confer French dessiner
to draw, dessin
a plan or scheme; all, ultimately, from Latin designare
to designate; de-
to mark, mark out, signum
mark, sign. See Sign
, and confer Design
.] 1. To draw preliminary outline or main features of; to sketch for a pattern or model; to delineate; to trace out; to draw. Dryden. 2. To mark out and exhibit; to designate; to indicate; to show; to point out; to appoint.
We shall see Shak.
Justice design the victor's chivalry.
Meet me to-morrow where the master Beau. & Fl. 3. To create or produce, as a work of art; to form a plan or scheme of; to form in idea; to invent; to project; to lay out in the mind; as, a man designs an essay, a poem, a statue, or a cathedral. 4. To intend or purpose; -- usually with for before the remote object, but sometimes with to .
And this fraternity shall design .
Ask of politicians the end for which laws were originally designed . Burke.
He was designed to the study of the law. Dryden. Syn.
-- To sketch; plan; purpose; intend; propose; project; mean.
Design intransitive verb To form a design or designs; to plan. Design for , to intend to go to. [ Obsolete] "From this city she designed for Collin [ Cologne]." Evelyn.
[ Confer dessein
.] 1. A preliminary sketch; an outline or pattern of the main features of something to be executed, as of a picture, a building, or a decoration; a delineation; a plan. 2. A plan or scheme formed in the mind of something to be done; preliminary conception; idea intended to be expressed in a visible form or carried into action; intention; purpose; -- often used in a bad sense for evil intention or purpose; scheme; plot.
The vast design and purpos... of the King. Tennyson.
The leaders of that assembly who withstood the designs of a besotted woman. Hallam.
A . . . settled design upon another man's life. Locke.
How little he could guess the secret designs of the court! Macaulay. 3. Specifically, intention or purpose as revealed or inferred from the adaptation of means to an end; as, the argument from design . 4. The realization of an inventive or decorative plan; esp., a work of decorative art considered as a new creation; conception or plan shown in completed work; as, this carved panel is a fine design , or of a fine design . 5. (Mus.) The invention and conduct of the subject; the disposition of every part, and the general order of the whole. Arts of design
, those into which the designing of artistic forms and figures enters as a principal part, as architecture, painting, engraving, sculpture.
-- School of design
, one in which are taught the invention and delineation of artistic or decorative figures, patterns, and the like. Syn.
-- Intention; purpose; scheme; project; plan; idea. - - Design
has reference to something definitely aimed at. Intention
points to the feelings or desires with which a thing is sought. Purpose has
reference to a settled choice or determination for its attainment. "I had no design
to injure you," means it was no part of my aim or object. "I had no intention
to injure you," means, I had no wish or desire of that kind. "My purpose
was directly the reverse," makes the case still stronger.
Is he a prudent man . . . that lays designs only for a day, without any prospect to the remaining part of his life? Tillotson.
I wish others the same intention , and greater successes. Sir W. Temple.
It is the purpose that makes strong the vow. Shak.
Designable adjective Capable of being designated or distinctly marked out; distinguishable. Boyle.
[ Latin designatus
, past participle of designare
. See Design
, transitive verb
] Designated; appointed; chosen.
[ R.] Sir G. Buck.
Designate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Designated
; present participle & verbal noun Designating
.] 1. To mark out and make known; to point out; to name; to indicate; to show; to distinguish by marks or description; to specify; as, to designate the boundaries of a country; to designate the rioters who are to be arrested. 2. To call by a distinctive title; to name. 3. To indicate or set apart for a purpose or duty; -- with to or for ; as, to designate an officer for or to the command of a post or station. Syn.
-- To name; denominate; style; entitle; characterize; describe.
[ Latin designatio
: confer French désignation
.] 1. The act of designating; a pointing out or showing; indication. 2. Selection and appointment for a purpose; allotment; direction. 3. That which designates; a distinguishing mark or name; distinctive title; appellation.
The usual designation of the days of the week. Whewell. 4. Use or application; import; intention; signification, as of a word or phrase.
Finite and infinite seem . . . to be attributed primarily, in their first designation , only to those things which have parts. Locke.
Designative adjective [ Confer French désignatif .] Serving to designate or indicate; pointing out.
Designator noun [ Latin ]
1. (Rom. Antiq.) An officer who assigned to each his rank and place in public shows and ceremonies. 2. One who designates.
Designatory adjective Serving to designate; designative; indicating. [ R.]
Designedly adverb By design; purposely; intentionally; -- opposed to accidentally , ignorantly , or inadvertently .
1. One who designs, marks out, or plans; a contriver. 2. (Fine Arts) One who produces or creates original works of art or decoration. 3. A plotter; a schemer; -- used in a bad sense.
Designful adjective Full of design; scheming. [ R.] -- De*sign"ful*ness , noun [ R.] Barrow.
Designing adjective Intriguing; artful; scheming; as, a designing man.
Designing noun The act of making designs or sketches; the act of forming designs or plans.
Designless adjective Without design. [ Obsolete] -- De*sign"less*ly , adverb [ Obsolete]
Designment noun 1. Delineation; sketch; design; ideal; invention.
For though that some mean artist's skill were shown Dryden. 2. Design; purpose; scheme.
In mingling colors, or in placing light,
Yet still the fair designment was his own.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Desilver transitive verb To deprive of silver; as, to desilver lead.
Desilverization noun The act or the process of freeing from silver; also, the condition resulting from the removal of silver.
Desilverize transitive verb To deprive, or free from, silver; to remove silver from.
Desinence noun [ Confer French désinence .] Termination; ending. Bp. Hall.
Desinent adjective [ Latin desinens , present participle of desinere , desitum , to leave off, cease; de- + sinere to let, allow.] Ending; forming an end; lowermost. [ Obsolete] "Their desinent parts, fish." B. Jonson.
[ Confer French désinentiel
Furthermore, b , as a desinential element, has a dynamic function. Fitzed. Hall.
Desipient adjective [ Latin desipiens , present participle of desipere to be foolish; de- + sapere to be wise.] Foolish; silly; trifling. [ R.]
Desirability noun The state or quality of being desirable; desirableness.
[ French désirable
, from Latin desiderabilis
. See Desire
, transitive verb
] Worthy of desire or longing; fitted to excite desire or a wish to possess; pleasing; agreeable.
All of them desirable young men. Ezek. xxiii. 12.
As things desirable excite Blackmore.
Desire, and objects move the appetite.
Desirableness noun The quality of being desirable.
The desirableness of the Austrian alliance. Froude.
Desirably adverb In a desirable manner.
Desire transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Desired
; present participle & verbal noun Desiring
.] [ French désirer
, Latin desiderare
, origin uncertain, perhaps from de-
star, constellation, and hence orig., to turn the eyes from the stars. Confer Consider
, and Desiderate
, and see Sidereal
.] 1. To long for; to wish for earnestly; to covet.
Neither shall any man desire thy land. Ex. xxxiv. 24.
Ye desire your child to live. Tennyson. 2. To express a wish for; to entreat; to request.
Then she said, Did I desire a son of my lord? 2 Kings iv. 28.
Desire him to go in; trouble him no more. Shak. 3. To require; to demand; to claim.
A doleful case desires a doleful song. Spenser. 4. To miss; to regret.
She shall be pleasant while she lives, and desired when she dies. Jer. Taylor. Syn.
-- To long for; hanker after; covet; wish; ask; request; solicit; entreat; beg. -- To Desire
. In desire
the feeling is usually more eager than in wish
. "I wish
you to do this" is a milder form of command than "I desire
you to do this," though the feeling prompting the injunction may be the same. C. J. Smith.
[ French désir
, from désirer
. See Desire
, transitive verb
] 1. The natural longing that is excited by the enjoyment or the thought of any good, and impels to action or effort its continuance or possession; an eager wish to obtain or enjoy.
Unspeakable desire to see and know. Milton. 2. An expressed wish; a request; petition.
And slowly was my mother brought Tennyson. 3. Anything which is desired; an object of longing.
To yield consent to my desire .
The Desire of all nations shall come. Hag. ii. 7. 4. Excessive or morbid longing; lust; appetite. 5. Grief; regret.
[ Obsolete] Chapman. Syn.
-- Wish; appetency; craving; inclination; eagerness; aspiration; longing.
Desireful adjective Filled with desire; eager.
The desireful troops. Godfrey (1594).
Desirefulness noun The state of being desireful; eagerness to obtain and possess.
The desirefulness of our minds much augmenteth and increaseth our pleasure. Udall.
Desireless adjective Free from desire. Donne.
Desirer noun One who desires, asks, or wishes.
[ French désireux
, Old French desiros
, from desir
. See Desire
] Feeling desire; eagerly wishing; solicitous; eager to obtain; covetous.
Jesus knew that they were desirous to ask him. John xvi. 19.
Be not desirous of his dainties. Prov. xxiii. 3.
Desirously adverb With desire; eagerly.
Desirousness noun The state of being desirous.
Desist intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Desisted
; present participle & verbal noun Desisting
.] [ Latin desistere
to stand, stop, from stare
to stand: confer French désister
. See Stand
.] To cease to proceed or act; to stop; to forbear; -- often with from .
Never desisting to do evil. E. Hall.
To desist from his bad practice. Massinger.
Desist (thou art discern'd, Milton.
And toil'st in vain).
[ Confer French desistance
.] The act or state of desisting; cessation.
[ R.] Boyle.
If fatigue of body or brain were in every case followed by desistance . . . then would the system be but seldom out of working order. H. Spencer.
[ See Desist
.] Final; conclusive; ending.
[ See Desinent
.] An end or ending.
Desitive adjective Final; serving to complete; conclusive. [ Obsolete] " Desitive propositions." I. Watts.
Desitive noun (Logic) A proposition relating to or expressing an end or conclusion. [ Obsolete] I. Watts.
[ Middle English deske
, the same word as dish
. See Dish
, and confer Disk
.] 1. A table, frame, or case, usually with sloping top, but often with flat top, for the use writers and readers. It often has a drawer or repository underneath. 2. A reading table or lectern to support the book from which the liturgical service is read, differing from the pulpit from which the sermon is preached; also (esp. in the United States), a pulpit. Hence, used symbolically for "the clerical profession."
Desk transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Desked
; present participle & verbal noun Desking
.] To shut up, as in a desk; to treasure.
Deskwork noun Work done at a desk, as by a clerk or writer. Tennyson.
Desman (dĕs"m a n) noun [ Confer Swedish desman musk.] (Zoology) An amphibious, insectivorous mammal found in Russia ( Myogale moschata ). It is allied to the moles, but is called muskrat by some English writers. [ Written also dæsman .]
Desmid, Desmidian noun [ Greek desmo`s chain + e'i^dos form.] (Botany) A microscopic plant of the family Desmidiæ , a group of unicellular algæ in which the species have a greenish color, and the cells generally appear as if they consisted of two coalescing halves.
[ Greek de`smh
, bundle, from dei^n
to bind.] (Min.) Same as Stilbite . It commonly occurs in bundles or tufts of crystals.
(dĕs`mo*băk*tē"rĭ*ȧ) noun plural
[ Greek desmo`s
bond + English bacteria
.] See Microbacteria .