Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Congenialize transitive verb To make congenial. [ R.]

Congenially adverb In a congenial manner; as, congenially married or employed.

Congenialness noun Congeniality.

Congenious adjective Congeneric. [ Obsolete]

Congenital adjective [ From Congenite .] Existing at, or dating from, birth; pertaining to one from birth; born with one; connate; constitutional; natural; as, a congenital deformity. See Connate .

Congenitally adverb In a congenital manner.

Congenite adjective [ Latin congenitus ; con- + genitus , past participle of gignere to beget. See Generate .] Congenital; connate; inborn. See Congenital . [ Obsolete]

Many conclusions, of moral and intellectual truths, seem . . . to be congenite with us.
Sir M. Hale.

Conger noun [ Latin conger , congrus , akin to Greek ...: confer French congre .] (Zoology) The conger eel; -- called also congeree .

Conger sea (Zoology) , the sea eel; a large species of eel ( Conger vulgaris ), which sometimes grows to the length of ten feet.

Congeries noun sing & plural [ Latin , from congerere . See Congest .] A collection of particles or bodies into one mass; a heap; an aggregation.

Congest transitive verb [ Latin congestus , past participle of congere to bring together; con- + gerere . See Gerund .]


1. To collect or gather into a mass or aggregate; to bring together; to accumulate.

To what will thy congested guilt amount?
Blackmore.

2. (Medicine) To cause an overfullness of the blood vessels (esp. the capillaries) of an organ or part.

Congested adjective
1. (Botany) Crowded together. Gray.

2. (Medicine) Containing an unnatural accumulation of blood; hyperæmic; -- said of any part of the body.

Congestion noun [ Latin congestio : confer French congestion .]
1. The act of gathering into a heap or mass; accumulation. [ Obsolete]

The congestion of dead bodies one upon another.
Evelyn.

2. (Medicine) Overfullness of the capillary and other blood vessels, etc., in any locality or organ (often producing other morbid symptoms); local hyperæmia, active or passive; as, arterial congestion ; venous congestion ; congestion of the lungs.

Congestive adjective (Medicine) Pertaining to, indicating, or attended with, congestion in some part of the body; as, a congestive fever.

Congiary noun ; plural Congiaries . [ Latin congiarium , from congius a liquid measure.] A present, as of corn, wine, or oil, made by a Roman emperor to the soldiers or the people; -- so called because measured to each in a congius . Addison.

» In later years, when gifts of money were distributed, the name congius was retained.

Congius noun [ Latin ]
1. (Roman Antiq.) A liquid measure containing about three quarts.

2. (Medicine) A gallon, or four quarts. [ Often abbreviated to cong. ]

Conglaciate transitive verb & i. [ Latin conglaciatus , past participle of conglaciare . See Glaciate .] To turn to ice; to freeze. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Conglaciation noun [ Confer French conglaciation .] The act or process of changing into ice, or the state of being converted to ice; a freezing; congelation; also, a frost. Bacon.

Conglobate adjective [ Latin conglobatus , past participle of conglobare to conglobate. See Globate .] Collected into, or forming, a rounded mass or ball; as, the conglobate [ lymphatic] glands; conglobate flowers.

Conglobate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Conglobated ; present participle & verbal noun Conglobating .] [ Confer Conglore .] To collect or form into a ball or rounded mass; to gather or mass together.

Conglobated bubbles undissolved.
Wordsworth.

Conglobation noun [ Latin conglobatio : confer French conglobation .]
1. The act or process of forming into a ball. Sir T. Browne.

2. A round body.

Conglobe transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Conglobed ; present participle & verbal noun Conglobing .] [ Latin conglobare : confer French conglober . Confer Conglobate .] To gather into a ball; to collect into a round mass.

Then founded, then conglobed
Like things to like.
Milton.

Conglobe intransitive verb To collect, unite, or coalesce in a round mass. Milton.

Conglobulate intransitive verb [ Prefix con- + globule .] To gather into a small round mass.

Conglomerate adjective [ Latin conglomeratus , past participle of conglomerare to roll together; con- + glomerare to wind into a ball. See Glomerate .]
1. Gathered into a ball or a mass; collected together; concentrated; as, conglomerate rays of light.

Beams of light when they are multiplied and conglomerate .
Bacon.

Fluids are separated in the liver and the other conglobate and conglomerate glands.
Cheyne.

2. (Botany) Closely crowded together; densly clustered; as, conglomerate flowers. Gray.

3. (Geol.) Composed of stones, pebbles, or fragments of rocks, cemented together.

Conglomerate noun
1. That which is heaped together in a mass or conpacted from various sources; a mass formed of fragments; collection; accumulation.

A conglomerate of marvelous anecdotes, marvelously heaped together.
Trench.

2. (Geol.) A rock, composed or rounded fragments of stone cemented together by another mineral substance, either calcareous, siliceous, or argillaceous; pudding stone; -- opposed to agglomerate . See Breccia .

A conglomerate , therefore, is simply gravel bound together by a cement.
Lyell.

Conglomerate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Conglomerated ; present participle & verbal noun Conglomerating .] To gather into a ball or round body; to collect into a mass.

Conglomeration noun [ Latin conglomeratio : confer French conglomeration .] The act or process of gathering into a mass; the state of being thus collected; collection; accumulation; that which is conglomerated; a mixed mass. Bacon.

Conglutin noun [ From Conglutinate .] (Chemistry) A variety of vegetable casein, resembling legumin, and found in almonds, rye, wheat, etc.

Conglutinant adjective [ Latin , conglutinans , present participle] Cementing together; uniting closely; causing to adhere; promoting healing, as of a wound or a broken bone, by adhesion of the parts.

Conglutinate adjective [ Latin conglutinatus , past participle of conglutinare to glue; con- + glutinare to glue, gluten glue.] Glued together; united, as by some adhesive substance.

Conglutinate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Conglutinated ; present participle & verbal noun Conglutinating.] To glue together; to unite by some glutinous or tenacious substance; to cause to adhere or to grow together.

Bones . . . have had their broken parts conglutinated within three or four days.
Boyle.

Conglutinate intransitive verb To unite by the intervention of some glutinous substance; to coalesce.

Conglutination noun [ Latin conglutinatio : confer French conglutination .] A gluing together; a joining by means of some tenacious substance; junction; union.

Conglutination of parts separated by a wound.
Arbuthnot.

Conglutinative adjective [ Confer French conglutinatif .] Conglutinant.

Congo group [ From Congo red .] A group of artificial dyes with an affinity for vegetable fibers, so that no mordant is required. Most of them are azo compounds derived from benzidine or tolidine. Called also benzidine dyes .

Congo red (Chemistry) An artificial red dye from which the Congo group received its name. It is also widely used either in aqueous solution or as test paper ( Congo paper ) for the detection of free acid, which turns it blue.

Congo snake (Zoology) An amphibian ( Amphiuma means ) of the order Urodela , found in the southern United States. See Amphiuma .

Congou, Congo noun [ Chin. kung-foo labor.] Black tea, of higher grade (finer leaf and less dusty) than the present bohea. See Tea .

Of black teas, the great mass is called Congou , or the "well worked", a name which took the place of the Bohea of 150 years ago, and is now itself giving way to the term "English breakfast tea."
S. W. Williams.

Congratulant adjective [ Latin congratulans , present participle] Rejoicing together; congratulatory.

With like joy
Congratulant approached him.
Milton.

Congratulate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Congratulated ; present participle & verbal noun Congratulating .] [ Latin congratulatus , past participle of congratulari to wish joy abundantly; con- + gratulari to wish joy, from gratus pleasing. See Grateful .] To address with expressions of sympathetic pleasure on account of some happy event affecting the person addressed; to wish joy to.

It is the king's most sweet pleasure and affection to congratulate the princess at her pavilion.
Shak.

To congratulate one's self , to rejoice; to feel satisfaction; to consider one's self happy or fortunate.

Syn. -- To Congratulate , Felicitate . To felicitate is simply to wish a person joy. To congratulate has the additional signification of uniting in the joy of him whom we congratulate. Hence they are by no means synonymous. One who has lost the object of his affections by her marriage to a rival, might perhaps felicitate that rival on his success, but could never be expected to congratulate him on such an event.

Felicitations are little better than compliments; congratulations are the expression of a genuine sympathy and joy.
Trench.

Congratulate intransitive verb To express of feel sympathetic joy; as, to congratulate with one's country. [ R.] Swift.

The subjects of England may congratulate to themselves.
Dryden.

Congratulation noun [ Latin congratulatio : confer French congratulation .] The act of congratulating; an expression of sympathetic pleasure.

With infinite congratulations for our safe arrival.
Dr. J. Scott.

Congratulator noun One who offers congratulation. Milton.

Congratulatory adjective Expressive of sympathetic joy; as, a congratulatory letter.

Congree intransitive verb [ Prefix on- + Latin gratus pleasing. Confer Agree .] To agree. [ bs.] Shak.

Congreet transitive verb To salute mutually. [ Obsolete]

Congregate adjective [ Latin congregatus , past participle of congregare to congregate; on- + gregare to collect into a flock, from grex flock, herd. See Gregarious .] Collected; compact; close. [ R.] Bacon.

Congregate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Congregated ; present participle & verbal noun Congregating ] To collect into an assembly or assemblage; to assemble; to bring into one place, or into a united body; to gather together; to mass; to compact.

Any multitude of Christian men congregated may be termed by the name of a church.
Hooker.

Cold congregates all bodies.
Coleridge.

The great receptacle
Of congregated waters he called Seas.
Milton.

Congregate intransitive verb To come together; to assemble; to meet.

Even there where merchants most do congregate .
Shak.

Congregation noun [ Latin congregatio : confer French congrégation .]
1. The act of congregating, or bringing together, or of collecting into one aggregate or mass.

The means of reduction in the fire is but by the congregation of homogeneal parts.
Bacon.

2. A collection or mass of separate things.

A foul and pestilent congregation of vapors.
Shak.

3. An assembly of persons; a gathering; esp. an assembly of persons met for the worship of God, and for religious instruction; a body of people who habitually so meet.

He [ Bunyan] rode every year to London, and preached there to large and attentive congregations .
Macaulay.

4. (Anc. Jewish Hist.) The whole body of the Jewish people; -- called also Congregation of the Lord .

It is a sin offering for the congregation .
Lev. iv. 21.

5. (R. C. Ch.) (a) A body of cardinals or other ecclesiastics to whom as intrusted some department of the church business; as, the Congregation of the Propaganda , which has charge of the missions of the Roman Catholic Church. (b) A company of religious persons forming a subdivision of a monastic order.

6. The assemblage of Masters and Doctors at Oxford or Cambrige University, mainly for the granting of degrees. [ Eng.]

7. (Scotch Church Hist.) the name assumed by the Protestant party under John Knox. The leaders called themselves (1557) Lords of the Congregation .