Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Confess transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Confessed
; present participle & verbal noun Confessing
.] [ French confesser
, from Latin confessus
, past participle of confiteri
to confess; con-
to confess; akin to fari
to speak. See 2d Ban
.] 1. To make acknowledgment or avowal in a matter pertaining to one's self; to acknowledge, own, or admit, as a crime, a fault, a debt.
And there confess
Humbly our faults, and pardon beg.
I must confess I was most pleased with a beautiful prospect that none of them have mentioned. 2. To acknowledge faith in; to profess belief in.
Whosoever, therefore, shall confess me before men, him will I confess , also, before my Father which is in heaven.
Matt. x. 32.
For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, neither angel, nor spirit; but the Pharisees confess both. 3. To admit as true; to assent to; to acknowledge, as after a previous doubt, denial, or concealment.
Acts xxiii. 8.
I never gave it him. Send for him hither,
And let him confess a truth.
As I confess it needs must be.
As an actor confessed without rival to shine. 4. (Eccl.) (a) To make known or acknowledge, as one's sins to a priest, in order to receive absolution; -- sometimes followed by the reflexive pronoun.
Our beautiful votary took an opportunity of confessing herself to this celebrated father. (b) To hear or receive such confession; - - said of a priest.
He . . . heard mass, and the prince, his son, with him, and the most part of his company were confessed . 5. To disclose or reveal, as an effect discloses its cause; to prove; to attest.
Tall thriving trees confessed the fruitful mold. Syn.
-- Admit; grant; concede; avow; own; assent; recognize; prove; exhibit; attest. -- To Confess
is opposed to conceal
. We acknowledge
what we feel must or ought to be made known. (See Acknowledge
is opposed to withhold
. We avow
when we make an open and public declaration, as against obloquy or opposition; as, to avow
one's principles; to avow
one's participation in some act. Confess
is opposed to deny
. We confess
(in the ordinary sense of the word) what we feel to have been wrong; as, to confess
one's errors or faults. We sometimes use confess
when there is no admission of our being in the wrong; as, this, I confess
, is my opinion; I acknowledge
I have always thought so; but in these cases we mean simply to imply that others may perhaps think
us in the wrong, and hence we use the words by way of deference to their opinions. It was in this way that the early Christians were led to use the Latin confiteor
and confessio fidei
to denote the public declaration of their faith in Christianity; and hence the corresponding use in English of the verb confess
and the noun confession
Confess intransitive verb 1. To make confession; to disclose sins or faults, or the state of the conscience.
Every tongue shall confess to God. 2. To acknowledge; to admit; to concede.
Rom. xiv. 11.
(And I confess with right) you think me bound.
Confessant noun [ French confessant .] One who confesses to a priest. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Confessary noun [ Late Latin confessarius .] One who makes a confession. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Confessedly adverb By confession; without denial. [ Written also confessly .]
Confesser noun One who makes a confession.
[ French confession
, Latin confessio
.] 1. Acknowledgment; avowal, especially in a matter pertaining to one's self; the admission of a debt, obligation, or crime.
With a crafty madness keeps aloof, 2. Acknowledgment of belief; profession of one's faith.
When we would bring him on to some confession
Of his true state.
With the mouth confession is made unto salvation. 3. (Eccl.) The act of disclosing sins or faults to a priest in order to obtain sacramental absolution.
Rom. x. 10.
Auricular confession . . . or the private and special confession of sins to a priest for the purpose of obtaining his absolution. 4. A formulary in which the articles of faith are comprised; a creed to be assented to or signed, as a preliminary to admission to membership of a church; a confession of faith. 5. (Law) An admission by a party to whom an act is imputed, in relation to such act. A judicial confession settles the issue to which it applies; an extrajudical confession may be explained or rebutted. Wharton. Confession and avoidance (Law)
, a mode of pleading in which the party confesses the facts as stated by his adversary, but alleges some new matter by way of avoiding the legal effect claimed for them. Mozley & W. Confession of faith
, a formulary containing the articles of faith; a creed.
-- General confession
, the confession of sins made by a number of persons in common, as in public prayer.
-- Westminster Confession
. See Westminster Assembly , under Assembly .
Confessional noun [ French confessional .] The recess, seat, or inclosed place, where a priest sits to hear confessions; often a small structure furnished with a seat for the priest and with a window or aperture so that the penitent who is outside may whisper into the priest's ear without being seen by him or heard by others.
Confessional adjective Pertaining to a confession of faith. Confessional equality , equality before the law of persons confessing different creeds.
Confessionalism noun (Eccl.) An exaggerated estimate of the importance of giving full assent to any particular formula of the Christian faith. Shaff.
Confessionalist noun A priest hearing, or sitting to hear, confession. [ R.] Boucher
Confessionary noun [ Late Latin confessionarium .] A confessional. [ Obsolete] Johnson.
Confessionary adjective Pertaining to auricular confession; as, a confessionary litany.
Confessionist noun [ Confer French confessioniste .] One professing a certain faith. Bp. Montagu.
[ Old French confessor
, French confesseur
, from Latin & Late Latin confessor
.] 1. One who confesses; one who acknowledges a fault, or the truth of a charge, at the risk of suffering; specifically, one who confesses himself a follower of Christ and endures persecution for his faith.
He who dies for religion is a martyr; he who suffers for it is a confessor .
Our religion which hath been sealed with the blood of so many martyrs and confessors . 2. A priest who hears the confessions of others and is authorized to grant them absolution.
Confessorship noun The act or state of suffering persecution for religious faith.
Our duty to contend even to confessorship .
J. H. Newman.
Confetti noun plural
; sing. -fetto
[ Italian Confer Comfit
.] Bonbons; sweetmeats; confections; also, plaster or paper imitations of, or substitutes for, bonbons, often used by carnival revelers, at weddings, etc.
; 277) noun masc.
(?; 277) noun fem.
[ French confident
, formerly also spelt confidant
. See Confide
, and confer Confident
.] One to whom secrets, especially those relating to affairs of love, are confided or intrusted; a confidential or bosom friend.
You love me for no other end
Than to become my confidant and friend;
As such I keep no secret from your sight.
Confide intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Confided
; present participle & verbal noun Confiding
.] [ Latin confidere
to trust. See Faith
, and confer Affiance
.] To put faith ( in ); to repose confidence; to trust; -- usually followed by in ; as, the prince confides in his ministers.
By thy command I rise or fall,
In thy protection I confide .
Judge before friendships, then confide till death.
Confide transitive verb To intrust; to give in charge; to commit to one's keeping; -- followed by to .
Congress may . . . confide to the Circuit jurisdiction of all offenses against the United States.
[ Latin confidentia
firm trust in, self-confidence: confer French confidence
.] 1. The act of confiding, trusting, or putting faith in; trust; reliance; belief; -- formerly followed by of , now commonly by in .
Society is built upon trust, and trust upon confidence of one another's integrity.
A cheerful confidence in the mercy of God . 2. That in which faith is put or reliance had.
The Lord shall be thy confidence . 3. The state of mind characterized by one's reliance on himself, or his circumstances; a feeling of self-sufficiency; such assurance as leads to a feeling of security; self-reliance; -- often with self prefixed.
Prov. iii. 26.
Your wisdom is consumed in confidence ;
Do not go forth to-day.
But confidence then bore thee on secure 4. Private conversation; ( plural ) secrets shared; as, there were confidences between them.
Either to meet no danger, or to find
Matter of glorious trial.
Sir, I desire some confidence with you. Confidence game
, any swindling operation in which advantage is taken of the confidence reposed by the victim in the swindler.
-- Confidence man
, a swindler.
-- To take into one's confidence
, to admit to a knowledge of one's feelings, purposes, or affairs. Syn.
-- Trust; assurance; expectation; hope.
I am confident that very much be done. 2. Trustful; without fear or suspicion; frank; unreserved.
Be confident to speak, Northumberland; 3. Having self-reliance; bold; undaunted.
We three are but thyself.
As confident as is the falcon's flight 4. Having an excess of assurance; bold to a fault; dogmatical; impudent; presumptuous.
Against a bird, do I with Mowbray fight.
The fool rageth and is confident . 5. Giving occasion for confidence.
Prov. xiv. 16.
The cause was more confident than the event was prosperous.
Confident noun See Confidant . South. Dryden.
[ Confer French confidentiel
.] 1. Enjoying, or treated with, confidence; trusted in; trustworthy; as, a confidential servant or clerk. 2. Communicated in confidence; secret.
messages." Burke. Confidential communication (Law) See Privileged communication , under Privileged .
-- Confidential creditors
, those whose claims are of such a character that they are entitled to be paid before other creditors.
-- Confidential debts
, debts incurred for borrowed money, and regarded as having a claim to be paid before other debts. McElrath.
Confidentially adverb In confidence; in reliance on secrecy.
Confidently adverb With confidence; with strong assurance; positively.
Confidentness noun The quality of being confident.
Confider noun One who confides.
Confiding adjective That confides; trustful; unsuspicious. -- Con*fid"ing*ly , adverb -- Con*fid"ing*ness , noun
Configurate intransitive verb
[ Latin configuratus
, past participle of configurare
to form or after; con-
to form, figura
form. See Figure
.] To take form or position, as the parts of a complex structure; to agree with a pattern.
Known by the name of uniformity;
Where pyramids to pyramids relate
And the whole fabric doth configurate .
[ Latin configuratio
.] 1. Form, as depending on the relative disposition of the parts of a thing; shape; figure.
It is the variety of configurations [ of the mouth] . . . which gives birth and origin to the several vowels. 2. (Astrol.) Relative position or aspect of the planets; the face of the horoscope, according to the relative positions of the planets at any time.
They [ astrologers] undertook . . . to determine the course of a man's character and life from the configuration of the stars at the moment of his birth. 3. (Chemistry) the spatial arrangement of atoms in a molecule as determined by the covalent bonds between them; the three-dimensional structure that cannot be changed without breaking the covalent bonds between atoms of a molecule. It is distinguished from conformation , which is the exact relative location in space of all of the atoms of a molecule, which may vary at different times or in different environments.
[ PJC] 4. (Computers) a specification of the parts of a computer system, consisting of the essential components of the computer plus the complete set of all internal and external devices directly attached to it; as, by the year 2000, a microcomputer configuration without a CD-ROM or DVD drive will be unsalable.
Configure transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Configured
; present participle & verbal noun Configuring
.] [ Latin configurare
: confer French configurer
. See Configurate
.] To arrange or dispose in a certain form, figure, or shape. Bentley.
Confinable adjective Capable of being confined, restricted, or limited.
Not confinable to any limits.
Confine transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Confined
; present participle & verbal noun Confining
.] [ French confiner
to border upon, Late Latin confinare
to set bounds to; con-
boundary, end. See Final
.] To restrain within limits; to restrict; to limit; to bound; to shut up; to inclose; to keep close.
Now let not nature's hand
Keep the wild flood confined ! let order die!
He is to confine himself to the compass of numbers and the slavery of rhyme. To be confined
, to be in childbed. Syn.
-- To bound; limit; restrain; imprison; immure; inclose; circumscribe; restrict.
Confine intransitive verb To have a common boundary; to border; to lie contiguous; to touch; -- followed by on or with .
Where your gloomy bounds
Confine with heaven.
Bewixt heaven and earth and skies there stands a place.
Confining on all three.
Confine noun 1. Common boundary; border; limit; -- used chiefly in the plural.
Events that came to pass within the confines of Judea.
And now in little space
The confines met of empyrean heaven,
And of this world.
On the confines of the city and the Temple. 2. Apartment; place of restraint; prison.
Confines , wards, and dungeons.
The extravagant and erring spirit hies
To his confine .
Confineless adjective Without limitation or end; boundless. Shak.
Confinement noun 1. Restraint within limits; imprisonment; any restraint of liberty; seclusion.
The mind hates restraint, and is apt to fancy itself under confinement when the sight is pent up. 2. Restraint within doors by sickness, esp. that caused by childbirth; lying-in.
Confiner noun One who, or that which, limits or restrains.
Confiner noun One who lives on confines, or near the border of a country; a borderer; a near neighbor.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
Happy confiners you of other lands,
That shift your soil, and oft 'scape tyrants' hands.
Confinity noun [ Confer French confinité .] Community of limits; contiguity. [ R.] Bailey.
Confirm transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Confrmed
; present participle & verbal noun Confirming
.] [ Middle English confermen
, Old French confermer
, French confirmer
, from Latin confirmare
to make firm, from firmus
firm. See Firm
.] 1. To make firm or firmer; to add strength to; to establish; as, health is confirmed by exercise.
Confirm the crown to me and to mine heirs.
And confirmed the same unto Jacob for a law. 2. To strengthen in judgment or purpose.
Ps. cv. 10.
Confirmed , then, I resolve 3. To give new assurance of the truth of; to render certain; to verify; to corroborate; as, to confirm a rumor.
Adam shall share with me in bliss or woe.
Your eyes shall witness and confirm my tale.
These likelihoods confirm her flight. 4. To render valid by formal assent; to complete by a necessary sanction; to ratify; as, to confirm the appoinment of an official; the Senate confirms a treaty.
That treaty so prejudicial ought to have been remitted rather than confimed . 5. (Eccl.) To administer the rite of confirmation to. See Confirmation , 3.
Those which are thus confirmed are thereby supposed to be fit for admission to the sacrament. Syn.
-- To strengthen; corroborate; substantiate; establish; fix; ratify; settle; verify; assure.
Confirmable adjective That may be confirmed.
Confirmance noun Confirmation. [ Obsolete]
[ French confirmation
, Latin confirmatio
.] 1. The act of confirming or strengthening; the act of establishing, ratifying, or sanctioning; as, the confirmation of an appointment.
Their blood is shed 2. That which confirms; that which gives new strength or assurance; as to a statement or belief; additional evidence; proof; convincing testimony.
In confirmation of the noblest claim.
Trifles light as air 3. (Eccl.) A rite supplemental to baptism, by which a person is admitted, through the laying on of the hands of a bishop, to the full privileges of the church, as in the Roman Catholic, the Episcopal Church, etc.
Are to the jealous confirmations strong
As proofs of holy writ.
This ordinance is called confirmation , because they who duly receive it are confirmed or strengthened for the fulfillment of their Christian duties, by the grace therein bestowed upon them. 4. (Law) A conveyance by which a voidable estate is made sure and not voidable, or by which a particular estate is increased; a contract, express or implied, by which a person makes that firm and binding which was before voidable.
Confirmative adjective [ Latin confirmativus : confer French confirmatif .] Tending to confirm or establish. Sherwood. -- Con*firm"a*tive*ly , adverb
Confirmator noun [ Latin ] One who, or that which, confirms; a confirmer. Sir T. Browne.
Confirmatory adjective . Serving to confirm; corroborative.
A fact confirmatory of the conclusion. 2. Pertaining to the rite of confirmation. Compton.
Confirmedly adverb With confirmation.
Confirmedness noun A fixed state.
Confirmee noun [ French confirmé , past participle of confirmer .] (Law) One to whom anything is confirmed.