Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Conjecturally noun That which depends upon guess; guesswork. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.

Conjecturally adverb In a conjectural manner; by way of conjecture. Boyle.

Conjecture noun [ Latin conjectura , from conjicere , conjectum , to throw together, infer, conjecture; con- + jacere to throw: confer French conjecturer . See Jet a shooting forth.] An opinion, or judgment, formed on defective or presumptive evidence; probable inference; surmise; guess; suspicion.

He [ Herodotus] would thus have corrected his first loose conjecture by a real study of nature.
Whewell.

Conjectures , fancies, built on nothing firm.
Milton.

Conjecture transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Conjectured ; present participle & verbal noun Conjecturing .] [ Confer French conjecturer . Confer Conject .] To arrive at by conjecture; to infer on slight evidence; to surmise; to guess; to form, at random, opinions concerning.

Human reason can then, at the best, but conjecture what will be.
South.

Conjecture intransitive verb To make conjectures; to surmise; to guess; to infer; to form an opinion; to imagine.

Conjecturer noun One who conjectures. Hobbes.

Conjoin transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Conjoined ; present participle & verbal noun Conjoining .] [ French conjoindre , from Latin conjungere , -junctum ; con- + jungere to join. See Join , and confer Conjugate , Conjunction .] To join together; to unite.

The English army, that divided was
Into two parties, is now conjoined in one.
Shak.

If either of you know any inward impediment why you should not be conjoined .
Shak.

Let that which he learns next be nearly conjoined with what he knows already.
Locke.

Conjoin intransitive verb To unite; to join; to league. Shak.

Conjoined adjective (Her.) Joined together or touching.

Conjoint adjective [ French conjoint , past participle of conjoindre . See Conjoin , and confer Conjunct .] United; connected; associated. "Influence conjoint ." Glover.

Conjoint degrees (Mus.) , two notes which follow each other immediately in the order of the scale, as ut and re . Johnson. -- Conjoint tetrachords (Mus.) , two tetrachords or fourths, where the same note is the highest of one and the lowest of the other; -- also written conjunct .

Conjointly adverb In a conjoint manner; untitedly; jointly; together. Sir T. Browne.

Conjointness noun The quality of being conjoint.

Conjubilant adjective Shouting together for joy; rejoicing together. [ R.] Neale.

Conjugal adjective [ Latin conjugalis , from conjux husband, wife, consort, from conjungere to unite, join in marriage. See Conjoin .] Belonging to marriage; suitable or appropriate to the marriage state or to married persons; matrimonial; connubial. " Conjugal affection." Milton.

Conjugality noun The conjugal state; sexual intercourse. [ R.] Milton.

Conjugally adverb In a conjugal manner; matrimonially; connubially.

Conjugate adjective [ Latin conjugatus , past participle or conjugare to unite; con- + jugare to join, yoke, marry, jugum yoke; akin to jungere to join. See Join .]
1. United in pairs; yoked together; coupled.

2. (Botany) In single pairs; coupled.

3. (Chemistry) Containing two or more radicals supposed to act the part of a single one. [ R.]

4. (Gram.) Agreeing in derivation and radical signification; -- said of words.

5. (Math.) Presenting themselves simultaneously and having reciprocal properties; -- frequently used in pure and applied mathematics with reference to two quantities, points, lines, axes, curves, etc.

Conjugate axis of a hyperbola (Math.) , the line through the center of the curve, perpendicular to the line through the two foci. -- Conjugate diameters (Conic Sections) , two diameters of an ellipse or hyperbola such that each bisects all chords drawn parallel to the other. -- Conjugate focus (Opt.) See under Focus . -- Conjugate mirrors (Optics) , two mirrors so placed that rays from the focus of one are received at the focus of the other, especially two concave mirrors so placed that rays proceeding from the principal focus of one and reflected in a parallel beam are received upon the other and brought to the principal focus. -- Conjugate point (Geom.) , an acnode. See Acnode , and Double point . -- Self-conjugate triangle (Conic Sections) , a triangle each of whose vertices is the pole of the opposite side with reference to a conic.

Conjugate noun [ Latin conjugatum a combining, etymological relationship.]
1. A word agreeing in derivation with another word, and therefore generally resembling it in signification.

We have learned, in logic, that conjugates are sometimes in name only, and not in deed.
Abp. Bramhall.

2. (Chemistry) A complex radical supposed to act the part of a single radical. [ R.]

Conjugate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Conjugated ; present participle & verbal noun Conjugating .]
1. To unite in marriage; to join. [ Obsolete] Sir H. Wotton.

2. (Gram.) To inflect (a verb), or give in order the forms which it assumes in its several voices, moods, tenses, numbers, and persons.

Conjugate intransitive verb (Biol.) To unite in a kind of sexual union, as two or more cells or individuals among the more simple plants and animals.

Conjugation noun [ Latin conjugatio conjugation (in senses 1 & 3).]
1. the act of uniting or combining; union; assemblage. [ Obsolete]

Mixtures and conjugations of atoms.
Bentley.

2. Two things conjoined; a pair; a couple. [ Obsolete]

The sixth conjugations or pair of nerves.
Sir T. Browne.

3. (Gram.) (a) The act of conjugating a verb or giving in order its various parts and inflections. (b) A scheme in which are arranged all the parts of a verb. (c) A class of verbs conjugated in the same manner.

4. (Biol.) A kind of sexual union; -- applied to a blending of the contents of two or more cells or individuals in some plants and lower animals, by which new spores or germs are developed.

Conjugational adjective relating to conjugation. Ellis.

Conjugial adjective [ Latin conjugialis , from conjugium . Confer Conjugal .] Conjugal. [ R.] Swedenborg.

Conjugium noun [ Latin ] (Rom. Law) The marriage tie.

Conjunct adjective [ Latin conjunctus , past participle See Conjoin .]
1. United; conjoined; concurrent. [ Archaic]

2. (Her.) Same as Conjoined .

Conjunction noun [ Latin conjunctio : confer French conjunction . See Conjoin .]
1. The act of conjoining, or the state of being conjoined, united, or associated; union; association; league.

He will unite the white rose and the red:
Smille heaven upon his fair conjunction .
Shak.

Man can effect no great matter by his personal strength but as he acts in society and conjunction with others.
South.

2. (Astron.) The meeting of two or more stars or planets in the same degree of the zodiac; as, the conjunction of the moon with the sun, or of Jupiter and Saturn. See the Note under Aspect , noun , 6.

» Heavenly bodies are said to be in conjunction when they are seen in the same part of the heavens, or have the same longitude or right ascension. The inferior conjunction of an inferior planet is its position when in conjunction on the same side of the sun with the earth; the superior conjunction of a planet is its position when on the side of the sun most distant from the earth.

3. (Gram.) A connective or connecting word; an indeclinable word which serves to join together sentences, clauses of a sentence, or words; as, and , but , if .

Though all conjunctions conjoin sentences, yet, with respect to the sense, some are conjunctive and some disjunctive.
Harris.

Conjunctional adjective Relating to a conjunction.

Conjunctiva noun [ New Latin , from Latin conjunctivus connective.] (Anat.) The mucous membrane which covers the external surface of the ball of the eye and the inner surface of the lids; the conjunctival membrane.

Conjunctival adjective
1. Joining; connecting.

2. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the conjunctiva.

Conjunctive adjective [ Latin conjunctivus .]
1. Serving to unite; connecting together.

2. Closely united. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Conjunctive mood (Gram.) , the mood which follows a conjunction or expresses contingency; the subjunctive mood. -- Conjunctive tissue (Anat.) , the tissue found in nearly all parts of most animals. It yields gelatin on boiling, and consists of vriously arranged fibers which are imbedded protoplasmic cells, or corpuscles; -- called also cellular tissue and connective tissue . Adipose or fatty tissue is one of its many forms, and cartilage and bone are sometimes included by the phrase.

Conjunctively adverb In conjunction or union; together. Sir T. Browne.

Conjunctiveness noun The state or quality of being conjunctive. Johnson.

Conjunctivitis noun (Medicine) Inflammation of the conjunctiva.

Conjunctly adverb In union; conjointly; unitedly; together. Sir W. Hamilton.

Conjuncture noun [ Confer French conjoncture , Late Latin conjunctura .]
1. The act of joining, or state of being joined; union; connection; combination.

The conjuncture of philosophy and divinity.
Hobbes.

A fit conjuncture or circumstances.
Addison.

2. A crisis produced by a combination of circumstances; complication or combination of events or circumstances; plight resulting from various conditions.

He [ Chesterfield] had recently governed Ireland, at a momentous conjuncture , with eminent firmness, wisdom, and humanity.
Macaulay.

Conjuration noun [ Latin conjuratio , confer French conjuration .]
1. The act of calling or summoning by a sacred name, or in solemn manner; the act of binding by an oath; an earnest entreaty; adjuration.

We charge you, in the name of God, take heed; . . .
Under this conjuration speak, my lord.
Shak.

2. The act or process of invoking supernatural aid by the use of a magical form of words; the practice of magic arts; incantation; enchantment.

Pretended conjurations and prophecies of that event.
Hallam.

3. A league for a criminal purpose; conspiracy. [ Obsolete] "The conjuration of Catiline." Sir T. Elyot.

Conjurator noun [ Late Latin ] (O. Eng. Law) One who swears or is sworn with others; one bound by oath with others; a compurgator. Burrill.

Conjure (kŏn*jūr") transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Conjured (- jūrd"); present participle & verbal noun Conjuring .] [ French conjurer , from Latin conjurare to swear together, to conspire; con- + jurare to swear. See Jury .] To call on or summon by a sacred name or in solemn manner; to implore earnestly; to adjure.

I conjure you, let him know,
Whate'er was done against him, Cato did it.
Addison.

Conjure intransitive verb To combine together by an oath; to conspire; to confederate. [ A Latinism]

Drew after him the third part of Heaven's sons
Conjured against the Highest.
Milton.

Conjure transitive verb To affect or effect by conjuration; to call forth or send away by magic arts; to excite or alter, as if by magic or by the aid of supernatural powers.

The habitation which your prophet . . . conjured the devil into.
Shak.

To conjure up , or make visible, as a spirit, by magic arts; hence, to invent; as, to conjure up a story; to conjure up alarms.

Conjure intransitive verb To practice magical arts; to use the tricks of a conjurer; to juggle; to charm.

She conjures ; away with her.
Shak.

Conjurement noun Serious injunction; solemn demand or entreaty. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Conjurer noun One who conjures; one who calls, entreats, or charges in a solemn manner.

Conjurer noun
1. One who practices magic arts; one who pretends to act by the aid super natural power; also, one who performs feats of legerdemain or sleight of hand.

Dealing with witches and with conjurers .
Shak.

From the account the loser brings,
The conjurer knows who stole the things.
Prior.

2. One who conjectures shrewdly or judges wisely; a man of sagacity. [ Obsolete] Addison.

Conjuror noun (Law) One bound by a common oath with others. [ Obsolete]

Conjury noun The practice of magic; enchantment. Motley.

Conn (kŏn) transitive verb See Con , to direct a ship.

Connascence, Connascency noun [ Latin con- + nascentia birth, from nascens , present participle of nasci to be born.]
1. The common birth of two or more at the same tome; production of two or more together. Johnson.

2. That which is born or produced with another.

3. The act of growing together. [ Obsolete] Wiseman.

Connascent adjective Born together; produced at the same time. Craig.

Connate adjective [ Latin connatus ; con- + natus born, past participle of nasci . See Cognate .]


1. Born with another; being of the same birth.

2. Congenital; existing from birth. " Connate notions." South.

A difference has been made by some; those diseases or conditions which are dependent on original conformation being called congenital ; while the diseases of affections that may have supervened during gestation or delivery are called connate .
Dunglison.

3. (Botany) Congenitally united; growing from one base, or united at their bases; united into one body; as, connate leaves or athers. See Illust. of Connate-perfoliate .

Connate-perfoliate adjective (Botany) Connate or coalescent at the base so as to produce a broad foliaceous body through the center of which the stem passes; -- applied to leaves, as the leaves of the boneset.