Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Conquer transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Conquered
; present participle & verbal noun Conquering
.] [ Old French conquerre
, French conquérir
, from Latin conquirere
, - quisitum
, to seek or search for, to bring together, Late Latin , to conquer; con-
to seek. See Quest
.] 1. To gain or acquire by force; to take possession of by violent means; to gain dominion over; to subdue by physical means; to reduce; to overcome by force of arms; to cause to yield; to vanquish.
"If thou conquer
If we be conquer'd , let men conquer us.
We conquered France, but felt our captive's charms. 2. To subdue or overcome by mental or moral power; to surmount; as, to conquer difficulties, temptation, etc.
By winning words to conquer hearts, 3. To gain or obtain, overcoming obstacles in the way; to win; as, to conquer freedom; to conquer a peace. Syn.
And make persuasion do the work of fear.
-- To subdue; vanquish; overcome; overpower; overthrow; defeat; rout; discomfit; subjugate; reduce; humble; crush; surmount; subject; master. -- To Conquer
. These words agree in the general idea expressed by overcome
, -- that of bringing under one's power by the exertion of force. Conquer
is wider and more general than vanquish
, denoting usually a succession of conflicts. Vanquish
is more individual, and refers usually to a single conflict. Thus, Alexander conquered
Asia in a succession of battles, and vanquished
Darius in one decisive engagement. Subdue
implies a more gradual and continual pressure, but a surer and more final subjection. We speak of a nation as subdued
when its spirit is at last broken, so that no further resistance is offered. Subjugate
is to bring completely under the yoke of bondage. The ancient Gauls were never finally subdued
by the Romans until they were completely subjugated
. These words, when used figuratively, have correspondent meanings. We conquer
our prejudices or aversions by a succesion of conflicts; but we sometimes vanquish
our reluctance to duty by one decided effort: we endeavor to subdue
our evil propensities by watchful and persevering exertions. Subjugate
is more commonly taken in its primary meaning, and when used figuratively has generally a bad sense; as, his reason was completely subjugated
to the sway of his passions.
Conquer intransitive verb To gain the victory; to overcome; to prevail.
He went forth conquering and to conquer .
Rev. vi. 2.
The champions resolved to conquer or to die.
Conquerable adjective Capable of being conquered or subdued. South. -- Con"quer*a*ble*ness , noun
Conqueress noun A woman who conquers. Fairfax.
Conqueror noun [ Old French conquereor , from conquerre ,] One who conquers. The Conqueror (Eng. Hist.) . William the Norman (1027-1067) who invaded England, defeated Harold in the battle of Hastings, and was crowned king, in 1066.
[ Old French conquest
, French conquête
, Late Latin conquistum
, propast participle p. from Latin conquirere
. See Conquer
.] 1. The act or process of conquering, or acquiring by force; the act of overcoming or subduing opposition by force, whether physical or moral; subjection; subjugation; victory.
In joys of conquest he resigns his breath.
Three years sufficed for the conquest of the country. 2. That which is conquered; possession gained by force, physical or moral.
Wherefore rejoice? What conquest brings he home? 3. (Feudal Law) The acquiring of property by other means than by inheritance; acquisition. Blackstone. 4. The act of gaining or regaining by successful struggle; as, the conquest of liberty or peace. The Conquest (Eng. Hist.)
, the subjugation of England by William of Normandy in 1066. Syn.
-- Victory; triumph; mastery; reduction; subjugation; subjection.
Conquian noun (Card Playing) A game for two, played with 40 cards, in which each player tries to form three or four of a kind or sequences.
Consanguineal adjective Of the same blood; related by birth. Sir T. Browne.
Consanguined adjective Of kin blood; related. [ R.] Johnson.
[ Latin conguineus
blood: confer French consanguin
. See Sanquine
.] Of the same blood; related by birth; descended from the same parent or ancestor. Shak.
[ Latin consanguinitas
: confer French consanguintité
.] The relation of persons by blood, in distinction from affinity or relation by marriage; blood relationship; as, lineal consanguinity ; collateral consanguinity .
Invoking aid by the ties of consanguinity .
Consarcination noun [ Latin consarcinare , -natum , to patch together.] A patching together; patchwork. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
[ French conscience
, from Latin conscientia
, from consciens, present participle of conscire to know, to be conscious; con-
to know. See Science
.] 1. Knowledge of one's own thoughts or actions; consciousness.
The sweetest cordial we receive, at last, 2. The faculty, power, or inward principle which decides as to the character of one's own actions, purposes, and affections, warning against and condemning that which is wrong, and approving and prompting to that which is right; the moral faculty passing judgment on one's self; the moral sense.
Is conscience of our virtuous actions past.
My conscience hath a thousand several tongues,
And every tongue brings in a several tale,
And every tale condemns me for a villain.
As science means knowledge , conscience etymologically means self-knowledge . . . But the English word implies a moral standard of action in the mind as well as a consciousness of our own actions. . . . Conscience is the reason, employed about questions of right and wrong, and accompanied with the sentiments of approbation and condemnation. 3. The estimate or determination of conscience; conviction or right or duty.
Conscience supposes the existence of some such [ i.e. , moral] faculty, and properly signifies our consciousness of having acted agreeably or contrary to its directions. 4. Tenderness of feeling; pity.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. Conscience clause
, a clause in a general law exempting persons whose religious scruples forbid compliance therewith, -- as from taking judicial oaths, rendering military service, etc.
-- Conscience money
, stolen or wrongfully acquired money that is voluntarily restored to the rightful possessor. Such money paid into the United States treasury by unknown debtors is called the Conscience fund .
-- Court of Conscience
, a court established for the recovery of small debts, in London and other trading cities and districts.
[ Eng.] Blackstone.
-- In conscience
, In all conscience
, in deference or obedience to conscience or reason; in reason; reasonably.
"This is enough in conscience
"Half a dozen fools are, in all conscience
, as many as you should require." Swift.
-- To make conscience of
, To make a matter of conscience
, to act according to the dictates of conscience concerning (any matter), or to scruple to act contrary to its dictates.
Conscienced adjective Having a conscience. [ R.] "Soft- conscienced men." Shak.
Conscienceless adjective Without conscience; indifferent to conscience; unscrupulous.
Conscienceless and wicked patrons.
Conscient adjective [ Latin consciens , -entis , present participle] Conscious. [ R.] Bacon.
[ Confer French consciencieux
, Late Latin conscientiosus
.] 1. Influenced by conscience; governed by a strict regard to the dictates of conscience, or by the known or supposed rules of right and wrong; -- said of a person.
The advice of wise and conscientious men. 2. Characterized by a regard to conscience; conformed to the dictates of conscience; -- said of actions.
A holy and conscientious course. Syn.
-- Scrupulous; exact; faithful; just; upright.
Conscientiously adverb In a conscientious manner; as a matter of conscience; hence; faithfully; accurately; completely.
Conscientiousness noun The quality of being conscientious; a scrupulous regard to the dictates of conscience.
[ Irregularly formed from conscience
.] Governed by, or according to, conscience; reasonable; just.
Let my debtors have conscionable satisfaction.
Sir H. Wotton.
Conscionableness noun The quality of being conscionable; reasonableness. Johnson.
Conscionably adverb Reasonably; justly.
[ Latin conscius
to know. See Conscience
.] 1. Possessing the faculty of knowing one's own thoughts or mental operations.
Some are thinking or conscious beings, or have a power of thought. 2. Possessing knowledge, whether by internal, conscious experience or by external observation; cognizant; aware; sensible.
Her conscious heart imputed suspicion where none could have been felt.
The man who breathes most healthilly is least conscious of his own breathing. 3. Made the object of consciousness; known to one's self; as, conscious guilt.
With conscious terrors vex me round. Syn.
-- Aware; apprised; sensible; felt; known.
Consciously adverb In a conscious manner; with knowledge of one's own mental operations or actions.
Consciousness noun 1. The state of being conscious; knowledge of one's own existence, condition, sensations, mental operations, acts, etc.
Consciousness is thus, on the one hand, the recognition by the mind or "ego" of its acts and affections; -- in other words, the self-affirmation that certain modifications are known by me, and that these modifications are mine. 2. Immediate knowledge or perception of the presence of any object, state, or sensation. See the Note under Attention .
Sir W. Hamilton.
Annihilate the consciousness of the object, you annihilate the consciousness of the operation.
Sir W. Hamilton.
And, when the steam
Which overflowed the soul had passed away,
A consciousness remained that it had left.
. . . images and precious thoughts
That shall not die, and can not be destroyed.
The consciousness of wrong brought with it the consciousness of weakness. 3. Feeling, persuasion, or expectation; esp., inward sense of guilt or innocence.
An honest mind is not in the power of a dishonest: to break its peace there must be some guilt or consciousness .
Conscribe transitive verb
[ Latin conscribere
. See Conscript
.] To enroll; to enlist.
[ Obsolete] E. Hall.
[ Latin conscriptus
, past participle of conscribere
to write together, to enroll; con-
to write. See Scribe
.] Enrolled; written; registered. Conscript fathers (Rom. Antiq.)
, the senators of ancient Rome. When certain new senators were first enrolled with the "fathers" the body was called Patres et Conscripti ; afterward all were called Patres conscripti .
Conscript noun One taken by lot, or compulsorily enrolled, to serve as a soldier or sailor.
Conscript transitive verb To enroll, by compulsion, for military service.
[ Latin conscriptio
: confer French conscription
.] 1. An enrolling or registering.
The conscription of men of war. 2. A compulsory enrollment of men for military or naval service; a draft.
Conscription adjective Belonging to, or of the nature of, a conspiration.
[ Latin consceratus
, past participle of conscerare
to conscerate; con-
to consecrate, sacer
sacred. See Sacred
.] Consecrated; devoted; dedicated; sacred.
They were assembled in that consecrate place.
Consecrate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Consecrated
; present participle & verbal noun Consecrating
.] 1. To make, or declare to be, sacred; to appropriate to sacred uses; to set apart, dedicate, or devote, to the service or worship of God; as, to consecrate a church; to give (one's self) unreservedly, as to the service of God.
One day in the week is . . . consecrated to a holy rest. 2. To set apart to a sacred office; as, to consecrate a bishop.
Thou shalt consecrate Aaron and his sons. 3. To canonize; to exalt to the rank of a saint; to enroll among the gods, as a Roman emperor. 4. To render venerable or revered; to hallow; to dignify; as, rules or principles consecrated by time. Burke. Syn.
Ex. xxix. 9.
-- See Addict
Consecrater noun Consecrator.
[ Latin consecratio
: confer French consécration
.] The act or ceremony of consecrating; the state of being consecrated; dedication.
Until the days of your consecration be at an end.
Lev. viii. 33.
Consecration makes not a place sacred, but only solemnly declares it so.
Consecrator noun [ Latin ] One who consecrates; one who performs the rites by which a person or thing is devoted or dedicated to sacred purposes. [ Written also consecrater .]
Consecratory adjective Of or pertaining to the act of consecration; dedicatory.
The consecratory prayer.
Consectaneous adjective [ Latin consectaneus .] Following as a matter of course. Blount.
Consectary adjective [ Latin consectarius , from consectari to follow after eagerly; con- + sectari to follow eagerly, from sequi to follow.] Following by consequence; consequent; deducible. [ R.] " Consectary impieties." Sir T. Browne.
Consectary noun That which follows by consequence or is logically deducible; deduction from premises; corollary. [ R.] Milton.
Consecute transitive verb To follow closely; to endeavor to overtake; to pursue. [ Obsolete] Bp. Burnet.
[ Latin consecutio
. See Consequent
.] 1. A following, or sequel; actual or logical dependence. Sir M. Hale. 2. A succession or series of any kind.
[ Obsolete] Sir I. Newton. Month of consecution (Astron.)
, a month as reckoned from one conjunction of the moon with the sun to another.
[ Confer French consécutif
. See Consequent
.] 1. Following in a train; succeeding one another in a regular order; successive; uninterrupted in course or succession; with no interval or break; as, fifty consecutive years. 2. Following as a consequence or result; actually or logically dependent; consequential; succeeding.
The actions of a man consecutive to volition. 3. (Mus.) Having similarity of sequence; -- said of certain parallel progressions of two parts in a piece of harmony; as, consecutive fifths, or consecutive octaves, which are forbidden. Consecutive chords (Mus.)
, chords of the same kind succeeding one another without interruption.
Consecutively adverb In a consecutive manner; by way of sequence; successively.
Consecutiveness noun The state or quality of being consecutive.
Consension noun [ Latin consensio .] Agreement; accord. Bentley.
[ See Consent
, intransitive verb
, and confer Sensual
.] 1. (Law) Existing, or made, by the mutual consent of two or more parties. 2. (Physiol.) Excited or caused by sensation, sympathy, or reflex action, and not by conscious volition; as, consensual motions. Consensual contract (Law)
, a contract formed merely by consent, as a marriage contract.
[ Latin See Consent
.] Agreement; accord; consent.
That traditional consensus of society which we call public opinion.
Consent intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Consented
; present participle & verbal noun Consenting
.] [ French consentir
, from Latin consentire
, to feel together, agree; con-
to feel. See Sense.] 1. To agree in opinion or sentiment; to be of the same mind; to accord; to concur.
And Saul was consenting unto his death.
Acts. viii. 1.
Flourishing many years before Wyclif, and much consenting with him in jugdment. 2. To indicate or express a willingness; to yield to guidance, persuasion, or necessity; to give assent or approval; to comply.
My poverty, but not my will, consents .
And whispering "I will ne'er consent," -- consented . Syn.
-- To accede; yield; assent; comply; agree; allow; concede; permit; admit; concur; acquiesce.
Consent transitive verb To grant; to allow; to assent to; to admit.
Interpreters . . . will not consent it to be a true story.
[ Confer Old French consent
.] 1. Agreement in opinion or sentiment; the being of one mind; accord.
All with one consent began to make excuse.
Luke xiv. 18.
They fell together all, as by consent . 2. Correspondence in parts, qualities, or operations; agreement; harmony; coherence.
The melodious consent of the birds.
Such is the world's great harmony that springs 3. Voluntary accordance with, or concurrence in, what is done or proposed by another; acquiescence; compliance; approval; permission.
From union, order, full consent of things.
Thou wert possessed of David's throne 4. (Law) Capable, deliberate, and voluntary assent or agreement to, or concurrence in, some act or purpose, implying physical and mental power and free action. 5. (Physiol.) Sympathy. See Sympathy , 4. Syn.
By free consent of all.
-- Assent; acquiescence; concurrence; agreement; approval; permission. See Assent
. Age of consent (Law)
, an age, fixed by statute and varying in different jurisdictions, at which one is competent to give consent. Sexual intercourse with a female child under the age of consent is punishable as rape.