Webster's Dictionary, 1913
1. Of or pertaining to a congregation; conducted, or participated in, by a congregation; as, congregational singing. 2. Belonging to the system of Congregationalism, or to Congregationalist; holding to the faith and polity of Congregationalism; as, a Congregational church.
1. That system of church organization which vests all ecclesiastical power in the assembled brotherhood of each local church. 2. The faith and polity of the Congregational churches, taken collectively. » In this sense (which is its usual signification) Congregationalism is the system of faith and practice common to a large body of evangelical Trinitarian churches, which recognize the local brotherhood of each church as independent of all dictation in ecclesiastical matters, but are united in fellowship and joint action, as in councils for mutual advice, and in consociations, conferences, missionary organizations, etc., and to whose membership the designation "Congregationalists" is generally restricted; but Unitarian and other churches are Congregational in their polity.
Congregationalist noun One who belongs to a Congregational church or society; one who holds to Congregationalism.
; plural Congresses
. [ Latin congressus
, from congredi
, past participle -gressus
, to go or come together; con-
to go or step, gradus
step: confer French congr...s
. See Grade
.] 1. A meeting of individuals, whether friendly or hostile; an encounter.
Here Pallas urges on, and Lausus there; 2. A sudden encounter; a collision; a shock; -- said of things.
Their congress in the field great Jove withstands.
From these laws may be deduced the rules of the congresses and reflections of two bodies. 3. The coming together of a male and female in sexual commerce; the act of coition. Pennant. 4. A gathering or assembly; a conference. 5. A formal assembly, as of princes, deputies, representatives, envoys, or commissioners; esp., a meeting of the representatives of several governments or societies to consider and determine matters of common interest.
The European powers strove to . . . accommodate their differences at the congress of Vienna. 6. The collective body of senators and representatives of the people of a nation, esp. of a republic, constituting the chief legislative body of the nation.
» In the Congress of the United States (which took the place of the Federal Congress, March 4, 1789), the Senate consists of two Senators from each State, chosen by the State legislature for a term of six years, in such a way that the terms of one third of the whole number expire every year; the House of Representatives consists of members elected by the people of the several Congressional districts, for a term of two years, the term of all ending at the same time. The united body of Senators and Representatives for any term of two years for which the whole body of Representatives is chosen is called one Congress
. Thus the session which began in December, 1887, was the first (or long) session, and that which began in December, 1888, was the second (or short) session, of the Fiftieth Congress
. When an extra session is had before the date of the first regular meeting of a Congress, that is called the first session, and the following regular session is called the second session. 7. The lower house of the Spanish Cortes, the members of which are elected for three years. The Continental Congress
, an assembly of deputies from the thirteen British colonies in America, appointed to deliberate in respect to their common interests. They first met in 1774, and from time thereafter until near the close of the Revolution.
-- The Federal Congress
, the assembly of representatives of the original States of the American Union, who met under the Articles of Confederation from 1781 till 1789.
-- Congress boot
, a high shoe or half-boot, coming above the ankle, and having the sides made in part of some elastic material which stretches to allow the boot to be drawn on and off.
[ U.S.] -- Congress water
, a saline mineral water from the Congress spring at Saratoga, in the State of New York. Syn.
-- Assembly; meeting; convention; convocation; council; diet; conclave; parliament; legislature.
Congression noun [ Latin congressio .] A coming or bringing together, as in a public meeting, in a dispute, in the act of comparing, or in sexual intercourse. [ R.] Jer. Taylor.
Congressional adjective Of or pertaining to a congress, especially, to the Congress of the United States; as, congressional debates.
Congressional and official labor. Congressional District
, one of the divisions into which a State is periodically divided (according to population), each of which is entitled to elect a Representative to the Congress of the United States.
Congressive adjective Encountering, or coming together. Sir T. Browne.
; plural Congressmen A member of the Congress of the United States, esp. of the House of Representatives.
Congreve noun [ After Sir William Congreve , the inventor.]
1. Short for Cogreve rocket , a powerful form of rocket formerly used in war, either in the field or for bombardment. In the former case it was armed with shell, shrapnel, or other missiles; in the latter, with an inextinguishable explosive material, inclosed in a metallic case. It was guided by a long wooden stick. 2. Short for Congreve match , an early friction match, containing sulphur, potassium chlorate, and antimony sulphide.
Congreve rocket See under Rocket .
Congrue intransitive verb
[ Latin congruere
. See Congruous
.] To agree; to be suitable.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Congruence noun [ Latin congruentia : confer Old French cornguence .] Suitableness of one thing to another; agreement; consistency. Holland.
Congruency noun Congruence. Congruency of lines
. (Geom.) See Complex of lines , under Complex , noun
[ Latin congruens
, present participle of congruere
: confer French congruent
.] Possessing congruity; suitable; agreeing; corresponding.
The congruent and harmonious fitting of parts in a sentence. Congruent figures (Geom.)
, concurring figures.
[ Confer French congruisme
.] (Scholastic Theol.) See Congruity .
; plural Congruities
. [ Confer French congruit...
.] 1. The state or quality of being congruous; the relation or agreement between things; fitness; harmony; correspondence; consistency.
With what congruity doth the church of Rome deny that her enemies do at all appertain to the church of Christ?
A whole sentence may fail of its congruity by wanting one particle. 2. (Geom.) Coincidence, as that of lines or figures laid over one another. 3. (Scholastic Theol.) That, in an imperfectly good persons, which renders it suitable for God to bestow on him gifts of grace.
Sir P. Sidney.
[ Latin congruus
, from congruere
to come together, to coincide, to agree. Of uncertain origin.] Suitable or concordant; accordant; fit; harmonious; correspondent; consistent.
Not congruous to the nature of epic poetry.
It is no ways congruous that God should be always frightening men into an acknowledgment of the truth.
Congruously adverb In a congruous manner.
Conhydrine noun [ Con ium + hydr ate.] (Chemistry) A vegetable alkaloid found with conine in the poison hemlock ( Conium maculatum ). It is a white crystalline substance, C 8 H 17 NO, easily convertible into conine.
[ New Latin See Conium
.] (Chemistry) Same as Conine .
Conic noun (Math.) A conic section.
Conic, Conical adjective
[ Greek ...: confer French conique
. See Cone
.] 1. Having the form of, or resembling, a geometrical cone; round and tapering to a point, or gradually lessening in circumference; as, a conic or conical figure; a conical vessel. 2. Of or pertaining to a cone; as, conic sections. Conic section (Geom.)
, a curved line formed by the intersection of the surface of a right cone and a plane. The conic sections are the parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola. The right lines and the circle which result from certain positions of the plane are sometimes, though not generally included.
-- Conic sections
, that branch of geometry which treats of the parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola.
-- Conical pendulum
. See Pendulum .
-- Conical projection
, a method of delineating the surface of a sphere upon a plane surface as if projected upon the surface of a cone; -- much used by makers of maps in Europe.
-- Conical surface (Geom.)
, a surface described by a right line moving along any curve and always passing through a fixed point that is not in the plane of that curve.
Conicality noun Conicalness.
Conically adverb In the form of a cone.
Conicalness noun State or quality of being conical.
[ See Conic
.] A combining form, meaning somewhat resembling a cone ; as, conico -cylindrical, resembling a cone and a cylinder; conico -hemispherical; conico -subulate.
.] (Math.) Same as Conoidal .
1. That branch of geometry which treats of the cone and the curves which arise from its sections. 2. Conic sections.
; plural Conida
. [ New Latin ] (Botany) A peculiar kind of reproductive cell found in certain fungi, and often containing zoöspores.
Conifer noun [ Latin conifer ; conus cone + ferre to bear: confer French conifère .] (Botany) A tree or shrub bearing cones; one of the order Coniferae , which includes the pine, cypress, and (according to some) the yew.
Coniferin noun (Chemistry) A glucoside extracted from the cambium layer of coniferous trees as a white crystalline substance.
Coniferous adjective (a) Bearing cones, as the pine and cypress. (b) Pertaining to the order Coniferae , of which the pine tree is the type.
Coniform adjective [ Cone + -form : confer French coniforme .] Cone-shaped; conical.
[ Etymol. uncertain.] (Chemistry) Same as Olibene .
[ From Conium
.] (Chemistry) A powerful and very poisonous vegetable alkaloid found in the hemlock ( Conium maculatum ) and extracted as a colorless oil, C 8 H 17 N, of strong repulsive odor and acrid taste. It is regarded as a derivative of piperidine and likewise of one of the collidines. It occasions a gradual paralysis of the motor nerves. Called also coniine , coneine , conia , etc. See Conium , 2.
Coniroster noun [ New Latin ] (Zoology) One of the Conirostres.
Conirostral adjective (Zoology) Belonging to the Conirostres.
Conirostres noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin conus cone + rostrum beak: confer French conirostre .] (Zoology) A tribe of perching birds, including those which have a strong conical bill, as the finches.
Conistra noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... dust.] (Greek Antiq.) Originally, a part of the palestra, or gymnasium among the Greeks; either the place where sand was stored for use in sprinkling the wrestlers, or the wrestling ground itself. Hence, a part of the orchestra of the Greek theater.
Conite noun [ Greek ... dust: confer French conite . So called on account of its gray color.] (Min.) A magnesian variety of dolomite.
Conium noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... hemlock.]
1. (Botany) A genus of biennial, poisonous, white-flowered, umbelliferous plants, bearing ribbed fruit ("seeds") and decompound leaves. 2. (Medicine) The common hemlock ( Conium maculatum , poison hemlock, spotted hemlock, poison parsley), a roadside weed of Europe, Asia, and America, cultivated in the United States for medicinal purpose. It is an active poison. The leaves and fruit are used in medicine.
Conject transitive verb
[ Latin conjectus
, past participle of conjicere
. See Conjecture
] To throw together, or to throw.
[ Obsolete] Bp. Montagu.
Conject transitive verb To conjecture; also, to plan. [ Obsolete]
[ Latin ] One who guesses or conjectures.
A great conjector at other men by their writings.
Conjecturable adjective Capable of being conjectured or guessed.
[ Latin conjecturalis
: confer French conjectural
.] Dependent on conjecture; fancied; imagined; guessed at; undetermined; doubtful.
And mak'st conjectural fears to come into me.
A slight expense of conjectural analogy.
Who or what such editor may be, must remain conjectural .
Conjecturalist noun A conjecturer. [ R.] Month. rev.