Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ French concurrent
, Latin concurrens
, present participle of concurrere
.] 1. Acting in conjunction; agreeing in the same act or opinion; contributing to the same event or effect; coöperating.
I join with these laws the personal presence of the kings' son, as a concurrent cause of this reformation.
Sir J. Davies.
The concurrent testimony of antiquity. 2. Conjoined; associate; concomitant; existing or happening at the same time.
There is no difference the concurrent echo and the iterant but the quickness or slowness of the return.
Changes . . . concurrent with the visual changes in the eye. 3. Joint and equal in authority; taking cognizance of similar questions; operating on the same objects; as, the concurrent jurisdiction of courts. 4. (Geom.) Meeting in one point. Syn.
-- Meeting; uniting; accompanying; conjoined; associated; coincident; united.
Concurrent noun 1. One who, or that which, concurs; a joint or contributory cause.
To all affairs of importance there are three necessary concurrents . . . time, industry, and faculties. 2. One pursuing the same course, or seeking the same objects; hence, a rival; an opponent.
Dr. H. More.
Menander . . . had no concurrent in his time that came near unto him. 3. (Chron.) One of the supernumerary days of the year over fifty-two complete weeks; -- so called because they concur with the solar cycle, the course of which they follow.
Concurrently adverb With concurrence; unitedly.
Concurrentness noun The state or quality of being concurrent; concurrence.
Concurring adjective Agreeing. Concurring figure (Geom.) , one which, being laid on another, exactly meets every part of it, or one which corresponds with another in all its parts.
Concuss transitive verb
[ Latin concussus
, past participle of concutere
. See Concussion
.] 1. To shake or agitate.
with uncertainty." Daniel. 2. (Law) To force (a person) to do something, or give up something, by intimidation; to coerce. Wharton.
Concussation noun A violent shock or agitation. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
[ Latin concussio
, from concutere
, to shake violenty; con-
to shake. See Cashier
.] 1. A shaking or agitation; a shock; caused by the collision of two bodies.
It is believed that great ringing of bells, in populous cities, hath dissipated pestilent air; which may be from the concussion of the air. 2. (Medicine) A condition of lowered functional activity, without visible structural change, produced in an organ by a shock, as by fall or blow; as, a concussion of the brain. 3. (Civil Law) The unlawful forcing of another by threats of violence to yield up something of value.
Then concussion , rapine, pilleries, Concussion fuse (Mil.)
Their catalogue of accusations fill.
, one that is ignited by the concussion of the shell when it strikes. Syn.
-- See Shock
Concussive adjective Having the power or quality of shaking or agitating. Johnson.
Cond transitive verb
[ Middle English conduen
, French conduire
to conduct, from Latin conducere
. See Conduct
, and confer Con
.] (Nautical) To con, as a ship.
Condemn transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Condemned
; present participle & verbal noun Condemning
(? or ...).] [ Latin condemnare
to condemn: confer French condamner
. See Damn
.] 1. To pronounce to be wrong; to disapprove of; to censure.
Condemn the fault, and not the actor of it!
Why, every fault's condemned ere it be done.
Wilt thou condemn him that is most just? 2. To declare the guilt of; to make manifest the faults or unworthiness of; to convict of guilt.
Job xxxiv. 17.
The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it. 3. To pronounce a judicial sentence against; to sentence to punishment, suffering, or loss; to doom; -- with to before the penalty.
Matt. xii. 42.
Driven out from bliss, condemned
In this abhorred deep to utter woe.
To each his sufferings; all are men,
Condemned alike to groan.
And they shall condemn him to death.
Matt. xx. 18.
The thief condemned , in law already dead.
No flocks that range the valley free, 4. To amerce or fine; -- with in before the penalty.
To slaughter I condemn .
The king of Egypt . . . condemned the land in a hundred talents of silver. 5. To adjudge or pronounce to be unfit for use or service; to adjudge or pronounce to be forfeited; as, the ship and her cargo were condemned . 6. (Law) To doom to be taken for public use, under the right of eminent domain. Syn.
2 Cron. xxxvi. 3.
-- To blame; censure; reprove; reproach; upbraid; reprobate; convict; doom; sentence; adjudge.
Condemnable adjective [ Latin condemnabilis .] Worthy of condemnation; blamable; culpable.
[ Latin condemnatio
.] 1. The act of condemning or pronouncing to be wrong; censure; blame; disapprobation.
In every other sense of condemnation , as blame, censure, reproof, private judgment, and the like. 2. The act of judicially condemning, or adjudging guilty, unfit for use, or forfeited; the act of dooming to punishment or forfeiture.
A legal and judicial condemnation .
Whose condemnation is pronounced. 3. The state of being condemned.
His pathetic appeal to posterity in the hopeless hour of condemnation . 4. The ground or reason of condemning.
This is the condemnation , that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather light, because their deeds were evil.
John iii. 19.
Condemnatory adjective Condemning; containing or imposing condemnation or censure; as, a condemnatory sentence or decree.
Condemned adjective 1. Pronounced to be wrong, guilty, worthless, or forfeited; adjudged or sentenced to punishment, destruction, or confiscation. 2. Used for condemned persons.
Richard Savage . . . had lain with fifty pounds weight of irons on his legs in the condemned ward of Newgate.
Condemner noun One who condemns or censures.
Condensability noun Capability of being condensed.
Condensable adjective [ Confer French condensable .] Capable of being condensed; as, vapor is condensable .
[ Latin condensatus
, past participle of condensare
. See Condense
, transitive verb
] Made dense; condensed.
Water . . . thickened or condensate .
Condensate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Condensated
; present participle & verbal noun Condensating
.] To condense.
[ R.] Hammond.
[ Latin condensatio
: confer French condensation
.] 1. The act or process of condensing or of being condensed; the state of being condensed.
He [ Goldsmith] was a great and perhaps an unequaled master of the arts of selection and condensation . 2. (Physics) The act or process of reducing, by depression of temperature or increase of pressure, etc., to another and denser form, as gas to the condition of a liquid or steam to water. 3. (Chemistry) A rearrangement or concentration of the different constituents of one or more substances into a distinct and definite compound of greater complexity and molecular weight, often resulting in an increase of density, as the condensation of oxygen into ozone, or of acetone into mesitylene. Condensation product (Chemistry)
, a substance obtained by the polymerization of one substance, or by the union of two or more, with or without separation of some unimportant side products.
-- Surface condensation
, the system of condensing steam by contact with cold metallic surfaces, in distinction from condensation by the injection of cold water.
Condensative adjective [ Confer French condensatif .] Having the property of condensing.
Condense transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Condensed
; present participle & verbal noun Condensing
.] [ Latin condensare
to make thick or dense, densus
thick, dense: confer French condenser
. See Dense
, and confer Condensate
.] 1. To make more close, compact, or dense; to compress or concentrate into a smaller compass; to consolidate; to abridge; to epitomize.
In what shape they choose,
Dilated or condensed , bright or obscure.
The secret course pursued at Brussels and at Madrid may be condensed into the usual formula, dissimulation, procrastination, and again dissimulation. 2. (Chem. & Physics) To reduce into another and denser form, as by cold or pressure; as, to condense gas into a liquid form, or steam into water. Condensed milk
, milk reduced to the consistence of very thick cream by evaporation (usually with addition of sugar) for preservation and transportation.
-- Condensing engine
, a steam engine in which the steam is condensed after having exerted its force on the piston. Syn.
-- To compress; contract; crowd; thicken; concentrate; abridge; epitomize; reduce.
Condense intransitive verb 1. To become more compact; to be reduced into a denser form.
Nitrous acid is gaseous at ordinary temperatures, but condenses into a very volatile liquid at the zero of Fahrenheit. 2. (Chemistry) (a) To combine or unite (as two chemical substances) with or without separation of some unimportant side products. (b) To undergo polymerization.
[ Latin condensus
.] Condensed; compact; dense.
The huge condense bodies of planets.
Condenser noun 1. One who, or that which, condenses. 2. (Physic) (a) An instrument for condensing air or other elastic fluids, consisting of a cylinder having a movable piston to force the air into a receiver, and a valve to prevent its escape. (b) An instrument for concentrating electricity by the effect of induction between conducting plates separated by a nonconducting plate. (c) A lens or mirror, usually of short focal distance, used to concentrate light upon an object. 3. (Chemistry) An apparatus for receiving and condensing the volatile products of distillation to a liquid or solid form, by cooling. 4. (Steam Engine) An apparatus, separate from the cylinder, in which the exhaust steam is condensed by the action of cold water or air. See Illust. of Steam engine . Achromatic condenser (Optics)
, an achromatic lens used as a condenser.
-- Bull's-eye condenser
, or Bull's-eye (Optics)
, a lens of short focal distance used for concentrating rays of light.
-- Injection condenser
, a vessel in which steam is condensed by the direct contact of water.
-- Surface condenser
, an apparatus for condensing steam, especially the exhaust of a steam engine, by bringing it into contact with metallic surface cooled by water or air.
Condensible adjective Capable of being condensed; as, a gas condensible to a liquid by cold.
[ From Cond
.] One who watches shoals of fish; a balker. See Balker .
Condescend intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Condescended
; present participle & verbal noun Condescending
.] [ French condescendre
, Late Latin condescendere
, from Latin con-
. See Descend
.] 1. To stoop or descend; to let one's self down; to submit; to waive the privilege of rank or dignity; to accommodate one's self to an inferior.
to men of low estate." Rom. xii. 16.
Can they think me so broken, so debased
With corporal servitude, that my mind ever
Will condescend to such absurd commands?
Spain's mighty monarch,
In gracious clemency, does condescend ,
On these conditions, to become your friend.
Often used ironically, implying an assumption of superiority.
Those who thought they were honoring me by condescending to address a few words to me. 2. To consent.
F. W. Robinson.
All parties willingly condescended heruento. Syn.
-- To yield; stoop; descend; deign; vouchsafe.
Condescendence, Condescendency noun [ Confer French condescendance .] Condescension. [ Obsolete]
Condescendingly adverb In a condescending manner. Atterbury.
[ Latin condescensio
.] The act of condescending; voluntary descent from one's rank or dignity in intercourse with an inferior; courtesy toward inferiors.
It forbids pride . . . and commands humility, modesty, and condescension to others.
Such a dignity and condescension . . . as are suitable to a superior nature. Syn.
-- Complaisance; courtesy; affability.
[ Confer Condescend
.] An act of condescension.
[ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.
[ French condigne
, Latin condignus
very worthy; con-
worthy. See Deign
, and confer Digne
.] 1. Worthy; suitable; deserving; fit.
Condign and worthy praise.
Herself of all that rule she deemend most condign . 2. Deserved; adequate; suitable to the fault or crime.
Unless it were a bloody murderer . . .
I never gave them condign punishment.
[ Confer French condignité
.] (Scholastic Theol.) Merit, acquired by works, which can claim reward on the score of general benevolence.
Such a worthiness of condignity , and proper merit of the heavenly glory, cannot be found in any the best, most perfect, and excellent of created beings.
Condignly adverb According to merit.
Condignness noun Agreeableness to deserts; suitableness.
[ Latin condimentum
, from condire
. See Condite
.] Something used to give relish to food, and to gratify the taste; a pungment and appetizing substance, as pepper or mustard; seasoning.
As for radish and the like, they are for condiments , and not for nourishment.
[ Latin condiscipulus
. See Disciple
.] A schoolfellow; a fellow-student.
[ Latin conditus
, past participle of condire
to preserve, pickle, season. See Recondite
.] Preserved; pickled.
[ Obsolete] Burton.
Condite transitive verb To pickle; to preserve; as, to condite pears, quinces, etc. [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.
[ French, from Latin conditio
) agreement, compact, condition; con-
+ a root signifying to show
, point out
, akin to dicere
to say, dicare
to proclaim, dedicate. See Teach
.] 1. Mode or state of being; state or situation with regard to external circumstances or influences, or to physical or mental integrity, health, strength, etc.; predicament; rank; position, estate.
I am in my condition
A prince, Miranda; I do think, a king.
And O, what man's condition can be worse
Than his whom plenty starves and blessings curse?
The new conditions of life. 2. Essential quality; property; attribute.
It seemed to us a condition and property of divine powers and beings to be hidden and unseen to others. 3. Temperament; disposition; character.
The condition of a saint and the complexion of a devil. 4. That which must exist as the occasion or concomitant of something else; that which is requisite in order that something else should take effect; an essential qualification; stipulation; terms specified.
I had as lief take her dowry with this condition , to be whipped at the high cross every morning.
Many are apt to believe remission of sins, but they believe it without the condition of repentance. 5. (Law) A clause in a contract, or agreement, which has for its object to suspend, to defeat, or in some way to modify, the principal obligation; or, in case of a will, to suspend, revoke, or modify a devise or bequest. It is also the case of a future uncertain event, which may or may not happen, and on the occurrence or non-occurrence of which, the accomplishment, recission, or modification of an obligation or testamentary disposition is made to depend. Blount. Tomlins. Bouvier. Wharton. Equation of condition
. (Math.) See under Equation .
-- On or Upon condition
(that), used for if in introducing conditional sentences.
" Upon condition
thou wilt swear to pay him tribute . . . thou shalt be placed as viceroy under him." Shak.
-- Conditions of sale
, the terms on which it is proposed to sell property by auction; also, the instrument containing or expressing these terms. Syn.
-- State; situation; circumstances; station; case; mode; plight; predicament; stipulation; qualification; requisite; article; provision; arrangement. See State
Condition intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Conditioned
; present participle & verbal noun Conditioning
.] 1. To make terms; to stipulate.
Pay me back my credit, 2. (Metaph.) To impose upon an object those relations or conditions without which knowledge and thought are alleged to be impossible.
And I'll condition with ye.
Beau. & Fl.
To think of a thing is to condition .
Sir W. Hamilton.
Condition transitive verb
[ Confer Late Latin conditionare
. See Condition
] 1. To invest with, or limit by, conditions; to burden or qualify by a condition; to impose or be imposed as the condition of.
Seas, that daily gain upon the shore, 2. To contract; to stipulate; to agree.
Have ebb and flow conditioning their march.
It was conditioned between Saturn and Titan, that Saturn should put to death all his male children. 3. (U. S. Colleges) To put under conditions; to require to pass a new examination or to make up a specified study, as a condition of remaining in one's class or in college; as, to condition a student who has failed in some branch of study. 4. To test or assay, as silk (to ascertain the proportion of moisture it contains). McElrath.
Sir W. Raleigh.
[ Latin conditionalis
.] 1. Containing, implying, or depending on, a condition or conditions; not absolute; made or granted on certain terms; as, a conditional promise.
Every covenant of God with man . . . may justly be made (as in fact it is made) with this conditional punishment annexed and declared. 2. (Gram. & Logic) Expressing a condition or supposition; as, a conditional word, mode, or tense.
A conditional proposition is one which asserts the dependence of one categorical proposition on another.
The words hypothetical and conditional may be . . . used synonymously.
J. S. Mill.
Conditional noun 1. A limitation.
[ Obsolete] Bacon. 2. A conditional word, mode, or proposition.
Disjunctives may be turned into conditionals .
Latin H. Atwater.
Conditionality noun The quality of being conditional, or limited; limitation by certain terms.
Conditionally adverb In a conditional manner; subject to a condition or conditions; not absolutely or positively. Shak.
[ Late Latin conditionatus
, past participle See Condition
, transitive verb
Barak's answer is faithful, though conditionate .
Conditionate transitive verb
1. To qualify by conditions; to regulate. [ Obsolete] 2. To put under conditions; to render conditional.