Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Rissole noun [ French, from rissoler to fry meat till it is brown.] (Cookery) A small ball of rich minced meat or fish, covered with pastry and fried.
obsolete 3d pers. sing. present of Rise , contracted from riseth . Chaucer.
obsolete 3d pers. sing. present of Ride , contracted from rideth . Chaucer.
Ritardando adjective [ Italian ] (Mus.) Retarding; -- a direction for slower time; rallentado.
[ Latin ritus
; confer Sanskrit rīti
a stream, a running, way, manner, ri
to flow: confer French rit
. CF. Rivulet
.] The act of performing divine or solemn service, as established by law, precept, or custom; a formal act of religion or other solemn duty; a solemn observance; a ceremony; as, the rites of freemasonry.
He looked with indifference on rites , names, and forms of ecclesiastical polity. Macaulay. Syn.
-- Form; ceremony; observance; ordinance.
Ritenuto adjective [ Italian ] (Mus.) Held back; holding back; ritardando.
Ritornelle Ri`tor*nel"lo noun [ Italian ritornello , dim. of ritorno return, from ritornare to return: confer French ritournelle .] (Mus.) (a) A short return or repetition; a concluding symphony to an air, often consisting of the burden of the song. (a) A short intermediate symphony, or instrumental passage, in the course of a vocal piece; an interlude.
Ritratto noun [ Italian ] A picture. Sterne.
Ritual adjective [ Latin ritualis , from ritus a rite: confer French rituel .] Of or pertaining to rites or ritual; as, ritual service or sacrifices; the ritual law.
Ritual noun [ Confer F. rituel .]
1. A prescribed form of performing divine service in a particular church or communion; as, the Jewish ritual . 2. Hence, the code of ceremonies observed by an organization; as, the ritual of the freemasons. 3. A book containing the rites to be observed.
Ritualism noun [ Confer French ritualisme .]
1. A system founded upon a ritual or prescribed form of religious worship; adherence to, or observance of, a ritual. 2. Specifically : (a) The principles and practices of those in the Church of England, who in the development of the Oxford movement, so-called, have insisted upon a return to the use in church services of the symbolic ornaments (altar cloths, encharistic vestments, candles, etc.) that were sanctioned in the second year of Edward VI., and never, as they maintain, forbidden by competennt authority, although generally disused. Schaff-Herzog Encyc . (b) Also, the principles and practices of those in the Protestant Episcopal Church who sympathize with this party in the Church of England.
Ritualist noun [ CF. French ritualiste .] One skilled un, or attached to, a ritual; one who advocates or practices ritualism.
Ritualistic adjective Pertaining to, or in accordance with, a ritual; adhering to ritualism.
Ritually adverb By rites, or by a particular rite.
[ French, from Latin ripa
bank, shore.] 1. A bank, shore, or coast.
[ Archaic] Spenser.
From the green rivage many a fall Tennyson. 2. (O.Eng.Law) A duty paid to the crown for the passage of vessels on certain rivers.
Of diamond rillets musical.
[ French rival
(cf. Italian rivale
), Latin rivales
two neigbors having the same brook in common, rivals, from rivalis
belonging to a brook, from rivus
a brook. Confer Rivulet
.] 1. A person having a common right or privilege with another; a partner.
If you do meet Horatio and Marcellus, Shak. 2. One who is in pursuit of the same object as another; one striving to reach or obtain something which another is attempting to obtain, and which one only can posses; a competitor; as, rivals in love; rivals for a crown.
The rivals of my watch, bid them make haste.
» " Rivals
, in the primary sense of the word, are those who dwell on the banks of the same stream. But since, as all experience shows, there is no such fruitful source of coutention as a water right, it would continually happen that these occupants of the opposite banks would be at strife with one another in regard of the periods during which they severally had a right to the use of the stream . . . And thus 'rivals'
. . . came to be used of any who were on any grounds in more or less unfriendly competition with one another." Trench. Syn.
-- Competitor; emulator; antagonist.
Rival adjective Having the same pretensions or claims; standing in competition for superiority; as, rival lovers; rival claims or pretensions.
The strenuous conflicts and alternate victories of two rival confederacies of statesmen. Macaulay.
Rival transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Rivaled
; present participle & verbal noun Rivaling
.] 1. To stand in competition with; to strive to gain some object in opposition to; as, to rival one in love. 2. To strive to equal or exel; to emulate.
To rival thunder in its rapid course. Dryden.
Rival intransitive verb To be in rivalry. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Rivaless noun A female rival. [ Obsolete] Richardson.
Rivality noun [ Latin rivalitas : confer French rivalité .]
1. Rivalry; competition. [ Obsolete] 2. Equality, as of right or rank. [ Obsolete] hak.
; plural Rivalries The act of rivaling, or the state of being a rival; a competition.
"Keen contention and eager rivalries
." Jeffrey. Syn.
-- Emulation; competition. See Emulation
Rivalship noun Rivalry. [ R.] B. Jonson.
Rive transitive verb
[ imperfect Rived
; past participle Rived
; present participle & verbal noun Riving
.] [ Icelandic rīfa
, akin to Swedish rifva
to pull asunder, burst, tear, Danish rive
to rake, pluck, tear. Confer Reef
of land, Rifle
a gun, Rift
.] To rend asunder by force; to split; to cleave; as, to rive timber for rails or shingles.
I shall ryve him through the sides twain. Chaucer.
The scolding winds have rived the knotty oaks. Shak.
Brutus hath rived my heart. Shak.
Rive intransitive verb To be split or rent asunder.
Freestone rives , splits, and breaks in any direction. Woodward.
Rive noun A place torn; a rent; a rift. [ Prov. Eng.]
Rivel transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Riveled
; present participle & verbal noun Riveling
.] [ Anglo-Saxon gerifled
, wrinkled, geriflian
, to wrinkle. See Rifle
a gun, Rive
.] To contract into wrinkles; to shrivel; to shrink; as, riveled fruit; riveled flowers.
[ Obsolete] Pope.
Rivel noun A wrinkle; a rimple. [ Obsolete] Holland.
Riven past participle & adjective from Rive .
River noun One who rives or splits.
[ French rivère
a river, Late Latin riparia
river, bank of a river, from Latin riparius
belonging to a bank or shore, from ripa
a bank or shore; of uncertain origin. Confer Arrive
.] 1. A large stream of water flowing in a bed or channel and emptying into the ocean, a sea, a lake, or another stream; a stream larger than a rivulet or brook.
Transparent and sparkling rivers , from which it is delightful to drink as they flow. Macaulay. 2. Fig.: A large stream; copious flow; abundance; as, rivers of blood; rivers of oil. River chub (Zoology)
, the hornyhead and allied species of fresh-water fishes.
-- River crab (Zoology)
, any species of fresh-water crabs of the genus Thelphusa , as T. depressa of Southern Europe.
-- River dragon
, a crocodile; -- applied by Milton to the king of Egypt.
-- River driver
, a lumberman who drives or conducts logs down rivers. Bartlett.
-- River duck (Zoology)
, any species of duck belonging to Anas , Spatula , and allied genera, in which the hind toe is destitute of a membranous lobe, as in the mallard and pintail; -- opposed to sea duck .
-- River god
, a deity supposed to preside over a river as its tutelary divinity.
-- River herring (Zoology)
, an alewife.
-- River hog
. (Zoology) (a) Any species of African wild hogs of the genus Potamochœrus . They frequent wet places along the rivers. (b) The capybara.
-- River horse (Zoology)
, the hippopotamus.
-- River jack (Zoology)
, an African puff adder ( Clotho nasicornis ) having a spine on the nose.
-- River limpet (Zoology)
, a fresh-water, air-breathing mollusk of the genus Ancylus , having a limpet-shaped shell.
-- River pirate (Zoology)
, the pike.
-- River snail (Zoology)
, any species of fresh-water gastropods of Paludina , Melontho , and allied genera. See Pond snail , under Pond .
-- River tortoise (Zoology)
, any one of numerous fresh-water tortoises inhabiting rivers, especially those of the genus Trionyx and allied genera. See Trionyx .
River intransitive verb To hawk by the side of a river; to fly hawks at river fowl. [ Obsolete] Halliwell.
Rivered adjective Supplied with rivers; as, a well rivered country.
Riveret noun A rivulet. [ Obsolete] Drayton.
Riverhood noun The quality or state of being a river. "Useful riverhood ." H. Miller.
Riverling noun A rivulet. [ R.] Sylvester.
Riverside noun The side or bank of a river.
Rivery adjective Having rivers; as, a rivery country. Drayton.
[ French, from river
to rivet; perhaps from Icelandic rifa
to fasten together. Confer Reef
part of a sail.] A metallic pin with a head, used for uniting two plates or pieces of material together, by passing it through them and then beating or pressing down the point so that it shall spread out and form a second head; a pin or bolt headed or clinched at both ends.
With busy hammers closing rivets up. Shak. Rivet joint
, or Riveted joint
, a joint between two or more pieces secured by rivets.
Rivet transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Riveted
; present participle & verbal noun Riveting
.] 1. To fasten with a rivet, or with rivets; as, to rivet two pieces of iron. 2. To spread out the end or point of, as of a metallic pin, rod, or bolt, by beating or pressing, so as to form a sort of head. 3. Hence, to fasten firmly; to make firm, strong, or immovable; as, to rivet friendship or affection.
Rivet and nail me where I stand, ye powers! Congreve.
Thus his confidence was riveted and confirmed. Sir W. Scott.
Riveter noun One who rivets.
Riveting noun Butt riveting , riveting in which the ends or edges of plates form a butt joint, and are fastened together by being riveted to a narrow strip which covers the joint. -- Chain riveting , riveting in which the rivets, in two or more rows along the seam, are set one behind the other. -- Crossed riveting , riveting in which the rivets in one row are set opposite the spaces between the rivets in the next row. -- Double riveting , in lap riveting, two rows of rivets along the seam; in butt riveting, four rows, two on each side of the joint. -- Lap riveting , riveting in which the ends or edges of plates overlap and are riveted together.
1. The act of joining with rivets; the act of spreading out and clinching the end, as of a rivet, by beating or pressing. 2. The whole set of rivets, collectively. Tomlinsin.
Rivière noun [ French] A necklace of diamonds or other precious stones, esp. one of several strings.
Rivose adjective [ From Latin rivus a brook, channel.] Marked with sinuate and irregular furrows.
[ Earlier rivolet
, Italian rivoletto
, a dim. from rivolo
, Latin rivulus
, dim. of rivus
a brook. CF. Rival
.] A small stream or brook; a streamlet.
By fountain or by shady rivulet Milton.
He sought them.
[ Swedish riksdaler
, or Danish rigsdaler
, or Dutch rijksdaalder
, or German reichsthaler
, literally, dollar of the empire or realm, from words akin to English rich
, and dollar
. See Rich
.] A name given to several different silver coins of Denmark, Holland, Sweden,, NOrway, etc., varying in value from about 30 cents to $1.10; also, a British coin worth about 36 cents, used in Ceylon and at the Cape of Good Hope. See Rigsdaler , Riksdaler , and Rixdaler .
» Most of these pieces are now no longer coined, but some remain in circulation.
Rixation noun [ Latin rixari , past participle rixatus , to brawl, from rixa a quarrel.] A brawl or quarrel. [ Obsolete]
Rixatrix noun [ Latin ] (Old Eng. Law) A scolding or quarrelsome woman; a scold. Burrill.
Rixdaler noun A Dutch silver coin, worth about $1.00.
Rizzar transitive verb [ Etymol. uncertain.] To dry in the sun; as, rizzared haddock. [ Scot.]