Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Ripe (rīp) noun [ Latin ripa .] The bank of a river. [ Obsolete]
[ Compar. Riper
(-ẽr); superl. Ripest
.] [ Anglo-Saxon rīpe
; akin to Old Saxon rīpi
, Dutch rijp
, German rief
, Old High German rīft
; confer Anglo-Saxon rīp
to reap. Confer Reap
.] 1. Ready for reaping or gathering; having attained perfection; mature; -- said of fruits, seeds, etc.; as, ripe grain.
So mayst thou live, till, like ripe fruit, thou drop Milton. 2. Advanced to the state of fitness for use; mellow; as, ripe cheese; ripe wine. 3. Having attained its full development; mature; perfected; consummate.
Into thy mother's lap.
He was a scholar, and a ripe and good one. Shak. 4. Maturated or suppurated; ready to discharge; -- said of sores, tumors, etc. 5. Ready for action or effect; prepared.
While things were just ripe for a war. Addison.
I am not ripe to pass sentence on the gravest public bodies. Burke. 6. Like ripened fruit in ruddiness and plumpness.
Those happy smilets, Shak. 7. Intoxicated.
That played on her ripe lip.
[ Obsolete] "Reeling ripe
." Shak. Syn.
-- Mature; complete; finished. See Mature
Ripe intransitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon rīpian .] To ripen; to grow ripe. [ Obsolete]
Ripe transitive verb To mature; to ripen. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Ripely adverb Maturely; at the fit time. Shak.
Ripen intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Ripened
; present participle & verbal noun Ripening
.] 1. To grow ripe; to become mature, as grain, fruit, flowers, and the like; as, grapes ripen in the sun. 2. To approach or come to perfection.
Ripen transitive verb 1. To cause to mature; to make ripe; as, the warm days ripened the corn. 2. To mature; to fit or prepare; to bring to perfection; as, to ripen the judgment.
When faith and love, which parted from thee never, Milton.
Had ripined thy iust soul to dwell with God.
[ Anglo-Saxon rīpness
.] The state or quality of being ripe; maturity;; completeness; perfection; as, the ripeness of grain; ripeness of manhood; ripeness of judgment.
Time, which made them their fame outlive, Denham.
To Cowley scarce did ripeness give.
Ripidolite noun [ Greek .......... .......... fan + -lite .] (Min.) A translucent mineral of a green color and micaceous structure, belonging to the chlorite group; a hydrous silicate of alumina, magnesia, and iron; -- called also clinochlore .
Ripienist noun (Mus.) A player in the ripieno portion of an orchestra. See Ripieno .
Ripieno adjective [ Italian ] (Mus.) Filling up; supplementary; supernumerary; -- a term applied to those instruments which only swell the mass or tutti of an orchestra, but are not obbligato.
Ripler, Ripper noun
[ Confer Rip
a basket, or Riparian
.] (O.E. Law) One who brings fish from the seacoast to markets in inland towns.
But what's the action we are for now ? Beau. & Fl.
Robbing a ripper of his fish.
Ripost noun [ French riposte .]
1. In fencing, a return thrust after a parry. 2. A quick and sharp refort; a repartee. J. Morley.
1. One who, or that which, rips; a ripping tool. 2. A tool for trimming the edges of roofing slates. 3. Anything huge, extreme, startling, etc. [ Slang.]
Ripper act, bill An act or a bill conferring upon a chief executive, as a governor or mayor, large powers of appointment and removal of heads of departments or other subordinate officials. [ Polit. Cant, U. S.]
Ripping panel (Aëronautics) A long patch, on a balloon, to be ripped off, by the rip cord, at landing, in order to allow the immediate escape of gas and instant deflation of the bag.
[ FRom Rip
] An implement, with teeth like those of a comb, for removing the seeds and seed vessels from flax, broom corn, etc.
Ripple transitive verb
1. To remove the seeds from (the stalks of flax, etc.), by means of a ripple. 2. Hence, to scratch or tear. Holland.
Ripple intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Rippled
; present participle & verbal noun Rippling
.] [ Confer Rimple
.] 1. To become fretted or dimpled on the surface, as water when agitated or running over a rough bottom; to be covered with small waves or undulations, as a field of grain. 2. To make a sound as of water running gently over a rough bottom, or the breaking of ripples on the shore.
Ripple transitive verb To fret or dimple, as the surface of running water; to cover with small waves or undulations; as, the breeze rippled the lake.
Ripple noun 1. The fretting or dimpling of the surface, as of running water; little curling waves. 2. A little wave or undulation; a sound such as is made by little waves; as, a ripple of laughter. 3. (physics) a small wave on the surface of water or other liquids for which the driving force is not gravity, but surface tension. 4. (Electrical engineering) the residual AC component in the DC current output from a rectifier, expressed as a percentage of the steady component of the current. Ripple grass
. (Botany) See Ribwort .
-- Ripple marks
, a system of parallel ridges on sand, produced by wind, by the current of a steam, or by the agitation of wind waves; also (Geol.) , a system of parallel ridges on the surface of a sandstone stratum.
Ripple-marked adjective Having ripple marks.
Ripplet noun A small ripple.
Ripplingly adverb In a rippling manner.
Ripply adjective Having ripples; as, ripply water; hence, resembling the sound of rippling water; as, ripply laughter; a ripply cove. Keats.
[ Confer Rap
.] (Masonry) A foundation or sustaining wall of stones thrown together without order, as in deep water or on a soft bottom.
Riprap transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Riprapped
; present participle & verbal noun Riprapping
.] To form a riprap in or upon .
[ See Rip
, transitive verb
, 4.] (Carp.) A handsaw with coarse teeth which have but a slight set, used for cutting wood in the direction of the fiber; -- called also ripping saw .
Riptowel noun [ Anglo-Saxon rīp . harvest + a word of uncertain etymology.] (Feud. Law) A gratuity given to tenants after they had reaped their lord's corn. [ Obsolete]
[ Anglo-Saxon hrīs
; akin to Dutch rils
, German reis
, Old High German hrīs
.] A bough or branch; a twig.
As white as is the blossom upon the ris . Chaucer.
Rise intransitive verb
[ imperfect Rose
; past participle Risen
; present participle & verbal noun Rising
.] [ Anglo-Saxon rīsan
; akin to Old Saxon rīsan
, Dutch rijzen
, Old High German rīsan
to rise, fall, Icelandic rīsa
, Goth. ur reisan
, German reise
journey. CF. Arise
] 1. To move from a lower position to a higher; to ascend; to mount up. Specifically: -- (a) To go upward by walking, climbing, flying, or any other voluntary motion; as, a bird rises in the air; a fish rises to the bait. (b) To ascend or float in a fluid, as gases or vapors in air, cork in water, and the like. (c) To move upward under the influence of a projecting force; as, a bullet rises in the air. (d) To grow upward; to attain a certain height; as, this elm rises to the height of seventy feet. (e) To reach a higher level by increase of quantity or bulk; to swell; as, a river rises in its bed; the mercury rises in the thermometer. (f) To become erect; to assume an upright position; as, to rise from a chair or from a fall. (g) To leave one's bed; to arise; as, to rise early.
He that would thrive, must rise by five. Old Proverb. (h) To tower up; to be heaved up; as, the Alps rise far above the sea. (i) To slope upward; as, a path, a line, or surface rises in this direction.
ground." Dryden. (j) To retire; to give up a siege.
He, rising with small honor from Gunza, . . . was gone. Knolles. (k) To swell or puff up in the process of fermentation; to become light, as dough, and the like. 2. To have the aspect or the effect of rising.
Specifically: -- (a) To appear above the horizont, as the sun, moon, stars, and the like.
"He maketh his sun to rise
on the evil and the good." Matt. v. 45. (b) To become apparent; to emerge into sight; to come forth; to appear; as, an eruption rises on the skin; the land rises to view to one sailing toward the shore. (c) To become perceptible to other senses than sight; as, a noise rose on the air; odor rises from the flower. (d) To have a beginning; to proceed; to originate; as, rivers rise in lakes or springs.
A scepter shall rise out of Israel. Num. xxiv. 17.
Honor and shame from no condition rise . Pope. 3. To increase in size, force, or value; to proceed toward a climax.
Specifically: -- (a) To increase in power or fury; -- said of wind or a storm, and hence, of passion.
"High winde . . . began to rise
, high passions -- anger, hate." Milton. (b) To become of higher value; to increase in price.
Bullion is risen to six shillings . . . the ounce. Locke. (c) To become larger; to swell; -- said of a boil, tumor, and the like. (d) To increase in intensity; -- said of heat. (e) To become louder, or higher in pitch, as the voice. (f) To increase in amount; to enlarge; as, his expenses rose beyond his expectations. 4. In various figurative senses.
Specifically: -- (a) To become excited, opposed, or hostile; to go to war; to take up arms; to rebel.
At our heels all hell should rise Milton.
With blackest insurrection.
No more shall nation against nation rise . Pope. (b) To attain to a better social position; to be promoted; to excel; to succeed.
Some rise by sin, and some by virtue fall. Shak. (c) To become more and more dignified or forcible; to increase in interest or power; -- said of style, thought, or discourse; as, to rise in force of expression; to rise in eloquence; a story rises in interest. (d) To come to mind; to be suggested; to occur.
A thought rose in me, which often perplexes men of contemplative natures. Spectator. (e) To come; to offer itself.
There chanced to the prince's hand to rise Spenser. 5. To ascend from the grave; to come to life.
An ancient book .
But now is Christ risen from the dead. 1. Cor. xv. 20. 6. To terminate an official sitting; to adjourn; as, the committee rose after agreeing to the report.
It was near nine . . . before the House rose . Macaulay. 7. To ascend on a musical scale; to take a higher pith; as, to rise a tone or semitone. 8. (Print.) To be lifted, or to admit of being lifted, from the imposing stone without dropping any of the type; -- said of a form. Syn.
-- To arise; mount; ascend; climb; scale. -- Rise
. Some in America use the word appreciate
for "rise in value;" as, stocks appreciate
, money appreciates
, etc. This use is not unknown in England, but it is less common there. It is undesirable, because rise
sufficiently expresses the idea, and appreciate
has its own distinctive meaning, which ought not to be confused with one so entirely different.
Rise noun 1. The act of rising, or the state of being risen. 2. The distance through which anything rises; as, the rise of the thermometer was ten degrees; the rise of the river was six feet; the rise of an arch or of a step. 3. Land which is somewhat higher than the rest; as, the house stood on a rise of land.
[ Colloq.] 4. Spring; source; origin; as, the rise of a stream.
All wickednes taketh its rise from the heart. R. Nelson. 5. Appearance above the horizon; as, the rise of the sun or of a planet. Shak. 6. Increase; advance; augmentation, as of price, value, rank, property, fame, and the like.
The rise or fall that may happen in his constant revenue by a Spanish war. Sir W. Temple. 7. Increase of sound; a swelling of the voice.
The ordinary rises and falls of the voice. Bacon. 8. Elevation or ascent of the voice; upward change of key; as, a rise of a tone or semitone. 9. The spring of a fish to seize food (as a fly) near the surface of the water.
Rise transitive verb
[ See Rise
, intransitive verb
] 1. To go up; to ascend; to climb; as, to rise a hill. 2. To cause to rise; as, to rise a fish, or cause it to come to the surface of the water; to rise a ship, or bring it above the horizon by approaching it; to raise.
Until we rose the bark we could not pretend to call it a chase. W. C. Russell.
Risen 1. past participle & adjective from Rise .
Son and Lord." Keble. 2. Obsolete imperfect plural of Rise . Chaucer.
Riser noun 1. One who rises; as, an early riser . 2. (Architecture) (a) The upright piece of a step, from tread to tread.
Hence: (b) Any small upright face, as of a seat, platform, veranda, or the like. 3. (Mining) A shaft excavated from below upward. 4. (Founding) A feed head. See under Feed , noun
Rish noun A rush (the plant). [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ CF. French risibilité
.] The quality of being risible; as, risibility is peculiar to the human species.
A strong and obvious disposition to risibility . Sir W. Scott.
[ French, from Latin risibilis
, from ridere
, to laugh. Confer Ridiculous
.] 1. Having the faculty or power of laughing; disposed to laugh.
Laughing is our busines, . . . it has been made the definition of man that he is risible . Dr. H. More. 2. Exciting laughter; worthy to be laughed at; amusing.
I hope you find nothing risible in my complaisance. Sir W. Scott. 3. Used in, or expressing, laughter; as, risible muscles.
is sometimes used as a noun, in the plural, for the feeling of amusement and for the muscles and other organs used in laughing, collectively; as, unable to control one's risibles
-- Ludicrous; laughable; amusing; ridiculous -- Risible
differs from ludicrous
as species from genus; ludicrous
expressing that which is playful and sportive; risible
, that which may excite laughter. Risible
differs from ridiculous
, as the latter implies something contemptuous, and risible
does not. -- Ris"i*ble*ness noun
Rising adjective 1. Attaining a higher place; taking, or moving in, an upward direction; appearing above the horizon; ascending; as, the rising moon. 2. Increasing in wealth, power, or distinction; as, a rising state; a rising character.
Among the rising theologians of Germany. Hare. 3. Growing; advancing to adult years and to the state of active life; as, the rising generation.
Rising preposition More than; exceeding; upwards of; as, a horse rising six years of age. [ Colloq. & Low, U.S.]
Rising noun Rising main (Waterworks) , the pipe through which water from an engine is delivered to an elevated reservoir.
1. The act of one who, or that which, rises (in any sense). 2. That which rises; a tumor; a boil. Lev. xiii. 10.
[ French risque
; confer Italian risco
, Portuguese risco
, Spanish riesgo
, and also Spanish risco
a steep rock; all probably from Latin resceare
to cut off; prefix re-
re- + secare
to cut; -- the word having been probably first used among sailors. See Section
.] 1. Hazard; danger; peril; exposure to loss, injury, or destruction.
The imminent and constant risk of assassination, a risk which has shaken very strong nerves. Macaulay. 2. (Com.) Hazard of loss; liabillity to loss in property. To run a risk
, to incur hazard; to encounter danger. Syn.
-- Danger; hazard; peril; jeopardy; exposure. See Danger
Risk transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Risked
; present participle & verbal noun Risking
.] [ CF. French risquer
. See Risk
] 1. To expose to risk, hazard, or peril; to venture; as, to risk goods on board of a ship; to risk one's person in battle; to risk one's fame by a publication. 2. To incur the risk or danger of; as, to risk a battle. Syn.
-- To hazard; peril; endanger; jeopard.
Risker noun One who risks or hazards. Hudibras.
Riskful adjective Risky. [ R.] Geddes.
Risky adjective Attended with risk or danger; hazardous.
matter." W. Collins.
Generalization are always risky . Lowell.
Risorial adjective [ Latin ridere , risum , to laugh.] Pertaining to, or producing, laughter; as, the risorial muscles.
Risotto noun [ Italian ] A kind of pottage.
Risqué adjective masc. , Ris`quée" adjective fem. , [ French, p.p. of risquer to risk.] Hazardous; risky; esp., fig., verging upon impropriety; dangerously close to, or suggestive of, what is indecent or of doubtful morality; as, a risqué story. Henry Austin.
obsolete imperfect of Rise . B. Jonson.
Rissoid noun [ New Latin Rissoa , the typical genus ( from A. Risso , an Italian naturalist) + - oid .] (Zoology) Any one of very numerous species of small spiral gastropods of the genus Rissoa , or family Rissoidæ , found both in fresh and salt water.