Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Middle English right
, Anglo-Saxon riht
; akin to Dutch regt
, Old Saxon & Old High German reht
, German recht
, Danish ret
, Swedish rätt, Icelandic rëttr
, Goth. raíhts
, Latin rectus
, past participle of regere
to guide, rule; confer Sanskrit rju
straight, right. √115. Confer Adroit
.] 1. Straight; direct; not crooked; as, a right line.
as any line." Chaucer 2. Upright; erect from a base; having an upright axis; not oblique; as, right ascension; a right pyramid or cone. 3. Conformed to the constitution of man and the will of God, or to justice and equity; not deviating from the true and just; according with truth and duty; just; true.
That which is conformable to the Supreme Rule is absolutely right , and is called right simply without relation to a special end. Whately. 2. Fit; suitable; proper; correct; becoming; as, the right man in the right place; the right way from London to Oxford. 5. Characterized by reality or genuineness; real; actual; not spurious.
In this battle, . . . the Britons never more plainly manifested themselves to be right barbarians. Milton. 6. According with truth; passing a true judgment; conforming to fact or intent; not mistaken or wrong; not erroneous; correct; as, this is the right faith.
You are right , Justice, and you weigh this well. Shak.
If there be no prospect beyond the grave, the inference is . . . right , "Let us eat and drink, for to-morrow we die." Locke. 7. Most favorable or convenient; fortunate.
The lady has been disappointed on the right side. Spectator. 8. Of or pertaining to that side of the body in man on which the muscular action is usually stronger than on the other side; -- opposed to left when used in reference to a part of the body; as, the right side, hand, arm. Also applied to the corresponding side of the lower animals.
Became the sovereign's favorite, his right hand. Longfellow.
» In designating the banks of a river, right
are used always with reference to the position of one who is facing in the direction of the current's flow. 9. Well placed, disposed, or adjusted; orderly; well regulated; correctly done. 10. Designed to be placed or worn outward; as, the right side of a piece of cloth. At right angles
, so as to form a right angle or right angles, as when one line crosses another perpendicularly.
-- Right and left
, in both or all directions.
[ Colloq.] -- Right and left coupling (Pipe fitting)
, a coupling the opposite ends of which are tapped for a right-handed screw and a left-handed screw, respectivelly.
-- Right angle
. (a) The angle formed by one line meeting another perpendicularly, as the angles ABD , DBC . (b) (Spherics) A spherical angle included between the axes of two great circles whose planes are perpendicular to each other.
-- Right ascension
. See under Ascension .
-- Right Center (Politics)
, those members belonging to the Center in a legislative assembly who have sympathies with the Right on political questions. See Center , noun , 5.
-- Right cone
, Right cylinder
, Right prism
, Right pyramid (Geom.)
, a cone, cylinder, prism, or pyramid, the axis of which is perpendicular to the base.
-- Right line
. See under Line .
-- Right sailing (Nautical)
, sailing on one of the four cardinal points, so as to alter a ship's latitude or its longitude, but not both. Ham. Nav. Encyc.
-- Right sphere (Astron. & Geol.)
, a sphere in such a position that the equator cuts the horizon at right angles; in spherical projections, that position of the sphere in which the primitive plane coincides with the plane of the equator.
is used elliptically for it is right
, what you say is right
" Right ," cries his lordship. Pope. Syn.
-- Straight; direct; perpendicular; upright; lawful; rightful; true; correct; just; equitable; proper; suitable; becoming.
Right adverb 1. In a right manner. 2. In a right or straight line; directly; hence; straightway; immediately; next; as, he stood right before me; it went right to the mark; he came right out; he followed right after the guide.
Unto Dian's temple goeth she right . Chaucer.
Let thine eyes look right on. Prov. iv. 25.
Right across its track there lay, Tennyson. 3. Exactly; just.
Down in the water, a long reef of gold.
[ Obsolete or Colloq.]
Came he right now to sing a raven's note? Shak. 4. According to the law or will of God; conforming to the standard of truth and justice; righteously; as, to live right ; to judge right . 5. According to any rule of art; correctly.
You with strict discipline instructed right . Roscommon. 6. According to fact or truth; actually; truly; really; correctly; exactly; as, to tell a story right .
at mine own cost." Chaucer.
Right as it were a steed of Lumbardye. Chaucer.
His wounds so smarted that he slept right naught. Fairfax. 7. In a great degree; very; wholly; unqualifiedly; extremely; highly; as, right humble; right noble; right valiant.
"He was not right
For which I should be right sorry. Tyndale.
[ I] return those duties back as are right fit. Shak.
» In this sense now chiefly prefixed to titles; as, right
reverend. Right honorable
, a title given in England to peers and peeresses, to the eldest sons and all daughters of such peers as have rank above viscounts, and to all privy councilors; also, to certain civic officers, as the lord mayor of London, of York, and of Dublin.
is used in composition with other adverbs, as up right
, down right
, forth right
, etc. Right along
, without cessation; continuously; as, to work right along for several hours.
[ Colloq. U.S.] -- Right away
, or Right off
, at once; straightway; without delay.
[ Colloq. U.S.] "We will . . . shut ourselves up in the office and do the work right off
." D. Webster.
[ Anglo-Saxon right
. See Right
] 1. That which is right or correct.
Specifically: (a) The straight course; adherence to duty; obedience to lawful authority, divine or human; freedom from guilt, -- the opposite of moral wrong . (b) A true statement; freedom from error of falsehood; adherence to truth or fact.
Seldom your opinions err; Prior. (c) A just judgment or action; that which is true or proper; justice; uprightness; integrity.
Your eyes are always in the right .
Long love to her has borne the faithful knight, Dryden. 2. That to which one has a just claim.
And well deserved, had fortune done him right .
Specifically: (a) That which one has a natural claim to exact.
There are no rights whatever, without corresponding duties. Coleridge. (b) That which one has a legal or social claim to do or to exact; legal power; authority; as, a sheriff has a right to arrest a criminal. (c) That which justly belongs to one; that which one has a claim to possess or own; the interest or share which anyone has in a piece of property; title; claim; interest; ownership.
Born free, he sought his right . Dryden.
Hast thou not right to all created things? Milton.
Men have no right to what is not reasonable. Burke. (d) Privilege or immunity granted by authority. 3. The right side; the side opposite to the left.
Led her to the Souldan's right . Spenser. 4. In some legislative bodies of Europe (as in France), those members collectively who are conservatives or monarchists. See Center , 5. 5. The outward or most finished surface, as of a piece of cloth, a carpet, etc. At all right
, at all points; in all respects.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
-- Bill of rights
, a list of rights; a paper containing a declaration of rights, or the declaration itself. See under Bill .
-- By right
, By rights
, or By good rights
, rightly; properly; correctly.
He should himself use it by right . Chaucer.
I should have been a woman by right . Shak.
-- Divine right
, or Divine right of kings
, a name given to the patriarchal theory of government, especially to the doctrine that no misconduct and no dispossession can forfeit the right of a monarch or his heirs to the throne, and to the obedience of the people.
-- To rights
. (a) In a direct line; straight.
[ R.] Woodward. (b) At once; directly.
[ Obsolete or Colloq.] Swift.
-- To set to rights
, To put to rights
, to put in good order; to adjust; to regulate, as what is out of order.
-- Writ of right (Law)
, a writ which lay to recover lands in fee simple, unjustly withheld from the true owner. Blackstone.
Right transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Righted
; present participle & verbal noun Righting
.] [ Anglo-Saxon rihtan
. See Right
] 1. To bring or restore to the proper or natural position; to set upright; to make right or straight (that which has been wrong or crooked); to correct. 2. To do justice to; to relieve from wrong; to restore rights to; to assert or regain the rights of; as, to right the oppressed ; to right one's self; also, to vindicate.
So just is God, to right the innocent. Shak.
All experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. Jefferson. To right a vessel (Nautical)
, to restore her to an upright position after careening.
-- To right the helm (Nautical)
, to place it in line with the keel.
Right intransitive verb
1. To recover the proper or natural condition or position; to become upright. 2. (Nautical) Hence, to regain an upright position, as a ship or boat, after careening.
Right whale (Zoology) (a) The bowhead, Arctic, or Greenland whale ( Balæna mysticetus ), from whose mouth the best whalebone is obtained. (b) Any other whale that produces valuable whalebone, as the Atlantic, or Biscay, right whale ( Balæna cisarctica ), and the Pacific right whale ( B. Sieboldii ); a bone whale. Pygmy right whale (Zoology) , a small New Zealand whale (Neobalæna marginata) which is only about sixteen feet long. It produces short, but very elastic and tough, whalebone.
Right-about noun [ Right , adverb + about , adverb ] A turning directly about by the right, so as to face in the opposite direction; also, the quarter directly opposite; as, to turn to the right-about . To send to the right-about , to cause to turn toward the opposite point or quarter; -- hence, of troops, to cause to turn and retreat. [ Colloq.] Sir W. Scott.
Right-angled adjective Containing a right angle or right angles; as, a right-angled triangle.
Right-hand adjective 1. Situated or being on the right; nearer the right hand than the left; as, the right-hand side, room, or road. 2. Chiefly relied on; almost indispensable.
Mr. Alexander Truncheon, who is their right-hand man in the troop. Addison. Right-hand rope
, a rope which is laid up and twisted with the sun, that is, in the same direction as plain-laid rope. See Illust. of Cordage .
Right-handed adjective 1. Using the right hand habitually, or more easily than the left. 2. Having the same direction or course as the movement of the hands of a watch seen in front; -- said of the motion of a revolving object looked at from a given direction. 3. (Zoology) Having the whorls rising from left to right; dextral; -- said of spiral shells. See Illust. of Scalaria . Right-handed screw
, a screw, the threads of which, like those of a common wood screw, wind spirally in such a direction that the screw advances away from the observer when turned with a right-handed movement in a fixed nut.
Right-handedness noun The state or quality of being right-handed; hence, skill; dexterity.
Right-hearted adjective Having a right heart or disposition. -- Right"-heart`ed*ness , noun
Right-lined adjective Formed by right lines; rectilineal; as, a right-lined angle.
Right-minded adjective Having a right or honest mind. -- Right"-mind`ed*ness , noun
Right-running adjective Straight; direct.
Righten transitive verb To do justice to.
Relieve [ marginal reading, righten ] the opressed. Isa. i. 17.
[ Middle English rightways
, Anglo-Saxon rightwīs
right + wīs
wise, having wisdom, prudent. See Right
] Doing, or according with, that which is right; yielding to all their due; just; equitable; especially, free from wrong, guilt, or sin; holy; as, a righteous man or act; a righteous retribution.
Fearless in his righteous cause. Milton. Syn.
-- Upright; just; godly; holy; uncorrupt; virtuous; honest; equitable; rightful.
Righteoused adjective Made righteous. [ Obsolete]
Righteously adverb [ Anglo-Saxon rightwīslīce .] In a righteous manner; as, to judge righteously .
[ Anglo-Saxon rihtwīsnes
.] 1. The quality or state of being righteous; holiness; purity; uprightness; rectitude.
, as used in Scripture and theology, in which it chiefly occurs, is nearly equivalent to holiness
, comprehending holy principles and affections of heart, and conformity of life to the divine law. 2. A righteous act, or righteous quality.
All our righteousnesses are as filthy rags. Isa. lxiv. 6. 3. The act or conduct of one who is righteous.
Blessed are they that keep judgment, and he that doeth righteousness at all times. Ps. cvi. 3. 4. (Theol.) The state of being right with God; justification; the work of Christ, which is the ground of justification.
There are two kinds of Christian righteousness : the one without us, which we have by imputation; the other in us, which consisteth of faith, hope, and charity, and other Christian virtues. Hooker.
Only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith alone. Westminster Catechism. Syn.
-- Uprightness; holiness; godliness; equity; justice; rightfulness; integrity; honesty; faithfulness.
Righter noun One who sets right; one who does justice or redresses wrong. Shelton.
1. Righteous; upright; just; good; -- said of persons. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. 2. Consonant to justice; just; as, a rightful cause. 3. Having the right or just claim according to established laws; being or holding by right; as, the rightful heir to a throne or an estate; a rightful king. 4. Belonging, held, or possessed by right, or by just claim; as, a rightful inheritance; rightful authority. Syn. -- Just; lawful; true; honest; equitable; proper.
Rightfully adverb According to right or justice.
Rightfulness noun 1. The quality or state of being rightful; accordance with right and justice. 2. Moral rectitude; righteousness.
[ Obsolete] Wyclif.
We fail of perfect rightfulness . Sir P. Sidney.
Rightless adjective Destitute of right. Sylvester.
[ Anglo-Saxon richtlice
.] 1. Straightly; directly; in front.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 2. According to justice; according to the divine will or moral rectitude; uprightly; as, duty rightly performed. 3. Properly; fitly; suitably; appropriately.
Eve rightly called, Mother of all mankind. Milton. 4. According to truth or fact; correctly; not erroneously; exactly.
"I can not rightly
Thou didst not rightly see. Dryden.
[ Anglo-Saxon rihtnes
.] Straightness; as, the rightness of a line. Bacon. 2. The quality or state of being right; right relation.
The craving for rightness with God. J. C. Shairp.
Rightward adverb Toward the right.
Rightward and leftward rise the rocks. Southey.
Rightwise adjective Righteous. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.
Rightwise transitive verb To make righteous. [ Obsolete]
Rightwisely adverb Righteously. [ Obsolete]
Rightwiseness noun Righteousness.
In doom and eke in rightwisnesse . Chaucer.
[ Latin rigidus
, from rigere
to be stiff or numb: confer French rigide
. Confer Rigor
. ] 1. Firm; stiff; unyielding; not pliant; not flexible.
Upright beams innumerable Milton. 2. Hence, not lax or indulgent; severe; inflexible; strict; as, a rigid father or master; rigid discipline; rigid criticism; a rigid sentence.
Of rigid spears.
The more rigid order of principles in religion and government. Hawthorne. Syn.
-- Stiff; unpliant; inflexible; unyielding; strict; exact; severe; austere; stern; rigorous; unmitigated.
[ Latin rigiditas
: confer French rigidité
. See Rigid
.] 1. The quality or state of being rigid; want of pliability; the quality of resisting change of form; the amount of resistance with which a body opposes change of form; -- opposed to flexibility , ductility , malleability , and softness . 2. Stiffness of appearance or manner; want of ease or elegance. Sir H. Wotton. 3. Severity; rigor.
[ Obsolete orR.] Bp. Burnet. Syn.
-- Stiffness; rigidness; inflexibility.
Rigidly v. In a rigid manner; stiffly.
Rigidness noun The quality or state of being rigid.
Rigidulous adjective [ Dim. from rigid .] (Botany) Somewhat rigid or stiff; as, a rigidulous bristle.
Riglet noun (Print.) See Reglet .
[ For ragman roll
. See Ragman's roll
.] A succession of confused or nonsensical statements; foolish talk; nonsense.
Often one's dear friend talks something which one scruples to call rigmarole . De Quincey.
Rigmarole adjective Consisting of rigmarole; frovolous; nonsensical; foolish.
[ Middle English also ringol
. Confer Ring
.] A circle; hence, a diadem.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Rigolette noun [ Prob. from Rigolette , name of a girl in Eugene Sue's novel "Mystères de Paris."] A woman's light scarflike head covering, usually knit or crocheted of wool.
Rigoll noun [ Corrupted from regal .] A musical instrument formerly in use, consisting of several sticks bound together, but separated by beads, and played with a stick with a ball at its end. Moore (Encyc. of Music.).
[ Latin See Rigor
., below.] 1. Rigidity; stiffness. 2. (ed.) A sense of chilliness, with contraction of the skin; a convulsive shuddering or tremor, as in the chill preceding a fever.
[ Middle English rigour
, Old French rigour
, French rigueur
, from Latin rigor
, from rigere
to be stiff. See Rigid
.] [ Written also rigour
.] 1. The becoming stiff or rigid; the state of being rigid; rigidity; stiffness; hardness.
The rest his look Milton. 2. (Medicine) See 1st Rigor , 2. 3. Severity of climate or season; inclemency; as, the rigor of the storm; the rigors of winter. 4. Stiffness of opinion or temper; rugged sternness; hardness; relentless severity; hard-heartedness; cruelty.
Bound with Gorgonian rigor not to move.
All his rigor is turned to grief and pity. Denham.
If I shall be condemn'd Shak. 5. Exactness without allowance, deviation, or indulgence; strictness; as, the rigor of criticism; to execute a law with rigor ; to enforce moral duties with rigor ; -- opposed to lenity . 6. Severity of life; austerity; voluntary submission to pain, abstinence, or mortification.
Upon surmises, . . . I tell you
'T is rigor and not law.
The prince lived in this convent with all the rigor and austerity of a capuchin. Addison. 7. Violence; force; fury.
Whose raging rigor neither steel nor brass could stay. Spenser. Syn.
-- Stiffness; rigidness; inflexibility; severity; austerity; sternness; harshness; strictness; exactness.
1. Rigidity in principle or practice; strictness; -- opposed to laxity . 2. Severity, as of style, or the like. Jefferson.
Rigorism noun [ Confer French rigorisme .] (Ethics) Strictness in ethical principles; -- usually applied to ascetic ethics, and opposed to ethical latitudinarianism .
Rigorist noun [ Confer French rigoriste .] One who is rigorous; -- sometimes applied to an extreme Jansenist.
[ French rigoureux
, Late Latin rigorosus
. See Rigor
.] 1. Manifesting, exercising, or favoring rigor; allowing no abatement or mitigation; scrupulously accurate; exact; strict; severe; relentless; as, a rigorous officer of justice; a rigorous execution of law; a rigorous definition or demonstration.
He shall be thrown down the Tarpeian Rock Shak.
With rigorous hands .
We do not connect the scattered phenomena into their rigorous unity. De Quincey. 2. Severe; intense; inclement; as, a rigorous winter. 3. Violent.
[ Obsolete] " Rigorous
uproar." Spenser. Syn.
-- Rigid; inflexible; unyielding; stiff; severe; austere; stern; harsh; strict; exact. -- Rig"or*ous*ly