Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Dan. See Rix- dollar
.] A Danish coin worth about fifty-four cents. It was the former unit of value in Denmark.
[ Swedish See Rix- dollar
.] A Swedish coin worth about twenty-seven cents. It was formerly the unit of value in Sweden.
(rīl) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Riled
(rīld); present participle & verbal noun Riling
.] [ See Roil
.] 1. To render turbid or muddy; to stir up; to roil. 2. To stir up in feelings; to make angry; to vex.
» In both senses provincial in England and colloquial in the United States.
[ Italian See Relief
.] (Sculp. & Arch.) Same as Relief , noun , 5.
[ Confer LG. rille
a small channel or brook, a furrow, a chamfer, Middle English rigol
a small brook, French rigole
a trench or furrow for water, W. rhill
a row, rhigol
a little ditch. √11.] 1. A very small brook; a streamlet. 2. (Astron.) See Rille .
Rill intransitive verb To run a small stream. [ R.] Prior.
Rille (rĭl) noun [ German rille a furrow.] (Astron.) One of certain narrow, crooked valleys seen, by aid of the telescope, on the surface of the moon.
Rillet noun A little rill. Burton.
Rily adjective Roily. [ Prov. Eng. & Colloq. U.S.]
[ As. rima
, edge; confer W. rhim
, a rim, edge, boundary, termination, Armor, rim
. Confer Rind
.] 1. The border, edge, or margin of a thing, usually of something circular or curving; as, the rim of a kettle or basin. 2. The lower part of the abdomen.
[ Obsolete] Shak. Arch rim (Phonetics)
, the line between the gums and the palate.
-- Rim-fire cartridge
. (Mil.) See under Cartridge .
-- Rim lock
. See under Lock .
Rim transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Rimmed
; present participle & verbal noun Rimming
.] To furnish with a rim; to border.
Rim-fire adjective Having the percussion fulminate in a rim surrounding the base, distinguished from center-fire ; -- said of cartridges; also, using rim-fire cartridges; as, a rim-fire gun. Such cartridges are now little used.
; plural Rimæ
. [ Latin ] (Anat.) A narrow and elongated aperture; a cleft; a fissure.
Rimau dahan [ From the native Oriental name.] (Zoology) The clouded tiger cat ( Felis marmorata ) of Southern Asia and the East Indies.
Rimbase noun (Mil.) A short cylinder connecting a trunnion with the body of a cannon. See Illust. of Cannon .
Rime noun [ Latin rima .] A rent or long aperture; a chink; a fissure; a crack. Sir T. Browne.
[ Anglo-Saxon hrīm
; akin to Dutch rijm
, Icelandic hrīm
, Danish rim
, Swedish rim
; confer Dutch rijp
, German reif
, Old High German rīfo
.] White frost; hoarfrost; congealed dew or vapor.
The trees were now covered with rime . De Quincey.
Rime intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Rimed
; present participle & verbal noun Riming
.] To freeze or congeal into hoarfrost.
Rime noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] A step or round of a ladder; a rung.
Rime noun Rhyme. See Rhyme . Coleridge. Landor.
» This spelling, which is etymologically preferable, is coming into use again.
Rime intransitive verb & t. To rhyme. See Rhyme .
Rimer noun A rhymer; a versifier.
Rimer noun A tool for shaping the rimes of a ladder.
Rimey transitive verb
[ Confer Old French rimoier
. See Ryime
.] To compose in rhyme; to versify.
[ Lays] rimeyed in their first Breton tongue. Chaucer.
Rimmer noun An implement for cutting, trimming, or ornamenting the rim of anything, as the edges of pies, etc.; also, a reamer. Knight.
Rimose adjective [ Latin rimosus , from rima a chink: confer French rimeux .]
1. Full of rimes, fissures, or chinks. 2. (Nat. Hist.) Having long and nearly parallel clefts or chinks, like those in the bark of trees.
Rimosely adverb In a rimose manner.
Rimosity noun State of being rimose.
Rimous adjective Rimose.
[ Anglo-Saxon hrimpele
, or rimpel
. See Rumple.] A fold or wrinkle. See Rumple .
Rimple transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Rimpled
; present participle & verbal noun Rimpling
.] To rumple; to wrinkle.
Rimy adjective Abounding with rime; frosty.
; plural Rincones
. [ Spanish rincón
.] An interior corner; a nook; hence, an angular recess or hollow bend in a mountain, river, cliff, or the like.
[ Western & Southern U. S.] D. S. Jordan.
[ Anglo-Saxon rind
bark, crust of bread; akin to Old High German rinta
, German rinde
, and probably to English rand
; confer Sanskrit ram
to end, rest.] The external covering or coat, as of flesh, fruit, trees, etc.; skin; hide; bark; peel; shell.
Thou canst not touch the freedom of my mind Milton.
With all thy charms, although this corporal rind
Thou hast immanacled.
Sweetest nut hath sourest rind . Shak.
Rind transitive verb To remove the rind of; to bark. [ R.]
Rinderpest (rĭn"dẽr*pĕst) noun [ G., from rind , plural rinder , cattle + pest pest, plague.] A highly contagious distemper or murrain, affecting neat cattle, and less commonly sheep and goats; -- called also cattle plague , Russian cattle plague , and steppe murrain .
[ Anglo-Saxon rynele
. √11. See Run
.] A small water course or gutter. Ash.
Rindless (rīnd"lĕs) adjective Destitute of a rind.
Rindy (-ȳ) adjective Having a rind or skin. Ash.
(rīn) noun See Rind .
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Rined adjective Having a rind [ Obsolete] Milton.
[ Italian , from rinforzare
to reënforce, strengthen.] (Mus.) Increasing; strengthening; -- a direction indicating a sudden increase of force (abbreviated rf ., rfz .) Confer Forzando , and Sforzando .
(rĭng) transitive verb
[ imperfect Rang
(răng) or Rung
(rŭng); past participle Rung
; present participle & verbal noun Ringing
.] [ Anglo-Saxon hringan
; akin to Icelandic hringja
, Swedish ringa
, Danish ringe
, OD. ringhen
. √19.] 1. To cause to sound, especially by striking, as a metallic body; as, to ring a bell. 2. To make (a sound), as by ringing a bell; to sound.
The shard-borne beetle, with his drowsy hums, Shak. 3. To repeat often, loudly, or earnestly. To ring a peal
Hath rung night's yawning peal.
, to ring a set of changes on a chime of bells.
-- To ring the changes upon
. See under Change .
-- To ring in
, to usher, attend on, or celebrate, by the ringing of bells; as, to ring out the old year and ring in the new. Tennyson
. -- To ring the bells backward
, to sound the chimes, reversing the common order; -- formerly done as a signal of alarm or danger. Sir W. Scott.
Ring intransitive verb 1. To sound, as a bell or other sonorous body, particularly a metallic one.
Now ringen trompes loud and clarion. Chaucer.
Why ring not out the bells? Shak. 2. To practice making music with bells. Holder. 3. To sound loud; to resound; to be filled with a ringing or reverberating sound.
With sweeter notes each rising temple rung . Pope.
The hall with harp and carol rang . Tennyson.
My ears still ring with noise. Dryden. 4. To continue to sound or vibrate; to resound.
The assertion is still ringing in our ears. Burke. 5. To be filled with report or talk; as, the whole town rings with his fame.
Ring noun 1. A sound; especially, the sound of vibrating metals; as, the ring of a bell. 2. Any loud sound; the sound of numerous voices; a sound continued, repeated, or reverberated.
The ring of acclamations fresh in his ears. Bacon 3. A chime, or set of bells harmonically tuned.
As great and tunable a ring of bells as any in the world. Fuller.
[ Anglo-Saxon hring
; akin to Fries. hring
, D. & German ring
, Old High German ring
, Icelandic hringr
, DAn. & SW. ring
; confer Russian krug'
. Confer Harangue
a row, Rink
.] A circle, or a circular line, or anything in the form of a circular line or hoop. 2. Specifically, a circular ornament of gold or other precious material worn on the finger, or attached to the ear, the nose, or some other part of the person; as, a wedding ring .
Upon his thumb he had of gold a ring . Chaucer.
The dearest ring in Venice will I give you. Shak. 3. A circular area in which races are or run or other sports are performed; an arena.
Place me, O, place me in the dusty ring , E. Smith. 4. An inclosed space in which pugilists fight; hence, figuratively, prize fighting.
Where youthful charioteers contend for glory.
"The road was an institution, the ring
was an institution." Thackeray. 5. A circular group of persons.
And hears the Muses in a ring Milton. 6. (Geom.) (a) The plane figure included between the circumferences of two concentric circles. (b) The solid generated by the revolution of a circle, or other figure, about an exterior straight line (as an axis) lying in the same plane as the circle or other figure. 7. (Astron. & Navigation) An instrument, formerly used for taking the sun's altitude, consisting of a brass ring suspended by a swivel, with a hole at one side through which a solar ray entering indicated the altitude on the graduated inner surface opposite. 8. (Botany) An elastic band partly or wholly encircling the spore cases of ferns. See Illust. of Sporangium . 9. A clique; an exclusive combination of persons for a selfish purpose, as to control the market, distribute offices, obtain contracts, etc.
Aye round about Jove's alter sing.
The ruling ring at Constantinople. E. A. Freeman. Ring armor
, armor composed of rings of metal. See Ring mail , below, and Chain mail , under Chain .
-- Ring blackbird (Zoology)
, the ring ousel.
-- Ring canal (Zoology)
, the circular water tube which surrounds the esophagus of echinoderms.
-- Ring dotterel
, or Ringed dotterel
. (Zoology) See Dotterel , and Illust. of Pressiroster .
-- Ring dropper
, a sharper who pretends to have found a ring (dropped by himself), and tries to induce another to buy it as valuable, it being worthless.
-- Ring fence
. See under Fence .
-- Ring finger
, the third finger of the left hand, or the next the little finger, on which the ring is placed in marriage.
-- Ring formula (Chemistry)
, a graphic formula in the shape of a closed ring, as in the case of benzene, pyridine, etc. See Illust. under Benzene .
-- Ring mail
, a kind of mail made of small steel rings sewed upon a garment of leather or of cloth.
-- Ring micrometer
. (Astron.) See Circular micrometer , under Micrometer .
-- Saturn's rings
. See Saturn .
-- Ring ousel
. (Zoology) See Ousel .
-- Ring parrot (Zoology)
, any one of several species of Old World parrakeets having a red ring around the neck, especially Palæornis torquatus , common in India, and P. Alexandri of Java .
-- Ring plover
. (Zoology) (a) The ringed dotterel
. (b) Any one of several small American plovers having a dark ring around the neck, as the semipalmated plover ( Ægialitis semipalmata ).
-- Ring snake (Zoology)
, a small harmless American snake ( Diadophis punctatus ) having a white ring around the neck. The back is ash-colored, or sage green, the belly of an orange red.
-- Ring stopper
. (Nautical) See under Stopper .
-- Ring thrush (Zoology)
, the ring ousel.
-- The prize ring
, the ring in which prize fighters contend; prize fighters, collectively.
-- The ring
. (a) The body of sporting men who bet on horse races
. [ Eng.] (b) The prize ring.
Ring transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Ringed
; present participle & verbal noun Ringing
.] 1. To surround with a ring, or as with a ring; to encircle.
these fingers." Shak. 2. (Hort.) To make a ring around by cutting away the bark; to girdle; as, to ring branches or roots. 3. To fit with a ring or with rings, as the fingers, or a swine's snout.
Ring intransitive verb (Falconry) To rise in the air spirally.
Ring armature (Electricity) An armature for a dynamo or motor having the conductors wound on a ring.