Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Rig-Veda See Veda .

Rigsdaler noun [ Dan. See Rix- dollar .] A Danish coin worth about fifty-four cents. It was the former unit of value in Denmark.

Riksdaler noun [ Swedish See Rix- dollar .] A Swedish coin worth about twenty-seven cents. It was formerly the unit of value in Sweden.

Rile (rīl) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Riled (rīld); present participle & verbal noun Riling .] [ See Roil .]
1. To render turbid or muddy; to stir up; to roil.

2. To stir up in feelings; to make angry; to vex.

» In both senses provincial in England and colloquial in the United States.

Rilievo noun [ Italian See Relief .] (Sculp. & Arch.) Same as Relief , noun , 5.

Rill (rĭl) noun [ Confer LG. rille a small channel or brook, a furrow, a chamfer, Middle English rigol a small brook, French rigole a trench or furrow for water, W. rhill a row, rhigol a little ditch. √11.]
1. A very small brook; a streamlet.

2. (Astron.) See Rille .

Rill intransitive verb To run a small stream. [ R.] Prior.

Rille (rĭl) noun [ German rille a furrow.] (Astron.) One of certain narrow, crooked valleys seen, by aid of the telescope, on the surface of the moon.

Rillet noun A little rill. Burton.

Rily adjective Roily. [ Prov. Eng. & Colloq. U.S.]

Rim noun [ As. rima , reoma , edge; confer W. rhim , rhimp , a rim, edge, boundary, termination, Armor, rim . Confer Rind .]
1. The border, edge, or margin of a thing, usually of something circular or curving; as, the rim of a kettle or basin.

2. The lower part of the abdomen. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Arch rim (Phonetics) , the line between the gums and the palate. -- Rim-fire cartridge . (Mil.) See under Cartridge . -- Rim lock . See under Lock .

Rim transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Rimmed ; present participle & verbal noun Rimming .] To furnish with a rim; to border.

Rim-fire adjective Having the percussion fulminate in a rim surrounding the base, distinguished from center-fire ; -- said of cartridges; also, using rim-fire cartridges; as, a rim-fire gun. Such cartridges are now little used.

Rima noun ; plural Rimæ . [ Latin ] (Anat.) A narrow and elongated aperture; a cleft; a fissure.

Rimau dahan [ From the native Oriental name.] (Zoology) The clouded tiger cat ( Felis marmorata ) of Southern Asia and the East Indies.

Rimbase noun (Mil.) A short cylinder connecting a trunnion with the body of a cannon. See Illust. of Cannon .

Rime noun [ Latin rima .] A rent or long aperture; a chink; a fissure; a crack. Sir T. Browne.

Rime noun [ Anglo-Saxon hrīm ; akin to Dutch rijm , Icelandic hrīm , Danish rim , Swedish rim ; confer Dutch rijp , German reif , Old High German rīfo , hrīfo .] White frost; hoarfrost; congealed dew or vapor.

The trees were now covered with rime .
De Quincey.

Rime intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Rimed ; present participle & verbal noun Riming .] To freeze or congeal into hoarfrost.

Rime noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] A step or round of a ladder; a rung.

Rime noun Rhyme. See Rhyme . Coleridge. Landor.

» This spelling, which is etymologically preferable, is coming into use again.

Rime intransitive verb & t. To rhyme. See Rhyme .

Rimer noun A rhymer; a versifier.

Rimer noun A tool for shaping the rimes of a ladder.

Rimey transitive verb [ Confer Old French rimoier . See Ryime .] To compose in rhyme; to versify. [ Obsolete]

[ Lays] rimeyed in their first Breton tongue.
Chaucer.

Rimmer noun An implement for cutting, trimming, or ornamenting the rim of anything, as the edges of pies, etc.; also, a reamer. Knight.

Rimose adjective [ Latin rimosus , from rima a chink: confer French rimeux .]
1. Full of rimes, fissures, or chinks.

2. (Nat. Hist.) Having long and nearly parallel clefts or chinks, like those in the bark of trees.

Rimosely adverb In a rimose manner.

Rimosity noun State of being rimose.

Rimous adjective Rimose.

Rimple noun [ Anglo-Saxon hrimpele , or rimpel . See Rumple.] A fold or wrinkle. See Rumple .

Rimple transitive verb & i. [ imperfect & past participle Rimpled ; present participle & verbal noun Rimpling .] To rumple; to wrinkle.

Rimy adjective Abounding with rime; frosty.

Rincon noun ; plural Rincones . [ Spanish rincón .] An interior corner; a nook; hence, an angular recess or hollow bend in a mountain, river, cliff, or the like. [ Western & Southern U. S.] D. S. Jordan.

Rind (rīnd) noun [ Anglo-Saxon rind bark, crust of bread; akin to Old High German rinta , German rinde , and probably to English rand , rim ; confer Sanskrit ram to end, rest.] The external covering or coat, as of flesh, fruit, trees, etc.; skin; hide; bark; peel; shell.

Thou canst not touch the freedom of my mind
With all thy charms, although this corporal rind
Thou hast immanacled.
Milton.

Sweetest nut hath sourest rind .
Shak.

Rind transitive verb To remove the rind of; to bark. [ R.]

Rinderpest (rĭn"dẽr*pĕst) noun [ G., from rind , plural rinder , cattle + pest pest, plague.] A highly contagious distemper or murrain, affecting neat cattle, and less commonly sheep and goats; -- called also cattle plague , Russian cattle plague , and steppe murrain .

Rindle (rĭn"d'l) noun [ Anglo-Saxon rynele . √11. See Run .] A small water course or gutter. Ash.

Rindless (rīnd"lĕs) adjective Destitute of a rind.

Rindy (-ȳ) adjective Having a rind or skin. Ash.

Rine (rīn) noun See Rind . [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Rined adjective Having a rind [ Obsolete] Milton.

Rinforzando adjective [ Italian , from rinforzare to reënforce, strengthen.] (Mus.) Increasing; strengthening; -- a direction indicating a sudden increase of force (abbreviated rf ., rfz .) Confer Forzando , and Sforzando .

Ring (rĭng) transitive verb [ imperfect Rang (răng) or Rung (rŭng); past participle Rung ; present participle & verbal noun Ringing .] [ Anglo-Saxon hringan ; akin to Icelandic hringja , Swedish ringa , Danish ringe , OD. ringhen , ringkelen . √19.]
1. To cause to sound, especially by striking, as a metallic body; as, to ring a bell.

2. To make (a sound), as by ringing a bell; to sound.

The shard-borne beetle, with his drowsy hums,
Hath rung night's yawning peal.
Shak.

3. To repeat often, loudly, or earnestly.

To ring a peal , to ring a set of changes on a chime of bells. -- To ring the changes upon . See under Change . -- To ring in or out , to usher, attend on, or celebrate, by the ringing of bells; as, to ring out the old year and ring in the new. Tennyson . -- To ring the bells backward , to sound the chimes, reversing the common order; -- formerly done as a signal of alarm or danger. Sir W. Scott.

Ring intransitive verb
1. To sound, as a bell or other sonorous body, particularly a metallic one.

Now ringen trompes loud and clarion.
Chaucer.

Why ring not out the bells?
Shak.

2. To practice making music with bells. Holder.

3. To sound loud; to resound; to be filled with a ringing or reverberating sound.

With sweeter notes each rising temple rung .
Pope.

The hall with harp and carol rang .
Tennyson.

My ears still ring with noise.
Dryden.

4. To continue to sound or vibrate; to resound.

The assertion is still ringing in our ears.
Burke.

5. To be filled with report or talk; as, the whole town rings with his fame.

Ring noun
1. A sound; especially, the sound of vibrating metals; as, the ring of a bell.

2. Any loud sound; the sound of numerous voices; a sound continued, repeated, or reverberated.

The ring of acclamations fresh in his ears.
Bacon

3. A chime, or set of bells harmonically tuned.

As great and tunable a ring of bells as any in the world.
Fuller.

Ring noun [ Anglo-Saxon hring , hrinc ; akin to Fries. hring , D. & German ring , Old High German ring , hring , Icelandic hringr , DAn. & SW. ring ; confer Russian krug' . Confer Harangue , Rank a row, Rink .] A circle, or a circular line, or anything in the form of a circular line or hoop.

2. Specifically, a circular ornament of gold or other precious material worn on the finger, or attached to the ear, the nose, or some other part of the person; as, a wedding ring .

Upon his thumb he had of gold a ring .
Chaucer.

The dearest ring in Venice will I give you.
Shak.

3. A circular area in which races are or run or other sports are performed; an arena.

Place me, O, place me in the dusty ring ,
Where youthful charioteers contend for glory.
E. Smith.

4. An inclosed space in which pugilists fight; hence, figuratively, prize fighting. "The road was an institution, the ring was an institution." Thackeray.

5. A circular group of persons.

And hears the Muses in a ring
Aye round about Jove's alter sing.
Milton.

6. (Geom.) (a) The plane figure included between the circumferences of two concentric circles. (b) The solid generated by the revolution of a circle, or other figure, about an exterior straight line (as an axis) lying in the same plane as the circle or other figure.

7. (Astron. & Navigation) An instrument, formerly used for taking the sun's altitude, consisting of a brass ring suspended by a swivel, with a hole at one side through which a solar ray entering indicated the altitude on the graduated inner surface opposite.

8. (Botany) An elastic band partly or wholly encircling the spore cases of ferns. See Illust. of Sporangium .

9. A clique; an exclusive combination of persons for a selfish purpose, as to control the market, distribute offices, obtain contracts, etc.

The ruling ring at Constantinople.
E. A. Freeman.

Ring armor , armor composed of rings of metal. See Ring mail , below, and Chain mail , under Chain . -- Ring blackbird (Zoology) , the ring ousel. -- Ring canal (Zoology) , the circular water tube which surrounds the esophagus of echinoderms. -- Ring dotterel , or Ringed dotterel . (Zoology) See Dotterel , and Illust. of Pressiroster . -- Ring dropper , a sharper who pretends to have found a ring (dropped by himself), and tries to induce another to buy it as valuable, it being worthless. -- Ring fence . See under Fence . -- Ring finger , the third finger of the left hand, or the next the little finger, on which the ring is placed in marriage. -- Ring formula (Chemistry) , a graphic formula in the shape of a closed ring, as in the case of benzene, pyridine, etc. See Illust. under Benzene . -- Ring mail , a kind of mail made of small steel rings sewed upon a garment of leather or of cloth. -- Ring micrometer . (Astron.) See Circular micrometer , under Micrometer . -- Saturn's rings . See Saturn . -- Ring ousel . (Zoology) See Ousel . -- Ring parrot (Zoology) , any one of several species of Old World parrakeets having a red ring around the neck, especially Palæornis torquatus , common in India, and P. Alexandri of Java . -- Ring plover . (Zoology) (a) The ringed dotterel . (b) Any one of several small American plovers having a dark ring around the neck, as the semipalmated plover ( Ægialitis semipalmata ). -- Ring snake (Zoology) , a small harmless American snake ( Diadophis punctatus ) having a white ring around the neck. The back is ash-colored, or sage green, the belly of an orange red. -- Ring stopper . (Nautical) See under Stopper . -- Ring thrush (Zoology) , the ring ousel. -- The prize ring , the ring in which prize fighters contend; prize fighters, collectively. -- The ring . (a) The body of sporting men who bet on horse races . [ Eng.] (b) The prize ring.

Ring transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Ringed ; present participle & verbal noun Ringing .]
1. To surround with a ring, or as with a ring; to encircle. " Ring these fingers." Shak.

2. (Hort.) To make a ring around by cutting away the bark; to girdle; as, to ring branches or roots.

3. To fit with a ring or with rings, as the fingers, or a swine's snout.

Ring intransitive verb (Falconry) To rise in the air spirally.

Ring armature (Electricity) An armature for a dynamo or motor having the conductors wound on a ring.