Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Retiarius noun [ Latin , from rete a net.] (Rom.Antiq.) A gladiator armed with a net for entangling his adversary and a trident for despatching him.
[ See Retiarius
.] 1. (Zoology) Any spider which spins webs to catch its prey. 2. A retiarius.
[ Confer Late Latin retiarius
.] 1. Netlike.
This work is in retiary , or hanging textures. Sir T. Browne. 2. Constructing or using a web, or net, to catch prey; -- said of certain spiders. 3. Armed with a net; hence, skillful to entangle.
Scholastic retiary versatility of logic. Coleridge.
[ Latin reticentia
: confer French réticence
.] 1. The quality or state of being reticent, or keeping silence; the state of holding one's tonque; refraining to speak of that which is suggested; uncommunicativeness.
Such fine reserve and noble reticence . Tennyson. 2. (Rhet.) A figure by which a person really speaks of a thing while he makes a show as if he would say nothingon the subject.
Reticency noun Reticence.
[ Latin reticens
, present participle of reticere
to keep silence; re-
to be silent. See Tacit
.] Inclined to keep silent; reserved; uncommunicative.
[ See Reticule
.] 1. A small net. 2. A reticule. See Reticule , 2.
[ Confer French réticulaire
. See Reticule
.] 1. Having the form of a net, or of network; formed with interstices; retiform; as, reticular cartilage; a reticular leaf. 2. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to a reticulum.
Reticularia noun plural
[ New Latin See Reticular
.] (Zoology) An extensive division of rhizopods in which the pseudopodia are more or less slender and coalesce at certain points, forming irregular meshes. It includes the shelled Foraminifera, together with some groups which lack a true shell.
Reticularian noun (Zoöl) . One of the Reticularia.
Reticularly adverb In a reticular manner.
Reticulate, Reticulated adjective
[ Latin reticulatus
. See Reticule
.] 1. Resembling network; having the form or appearance of a net; netted; as, a reticulated structure. 2. Having veins, fibers, or lines crossing like the threads or fibers of a network; as, a reticulate leaf; a reticulated surface; a reticulated wing of an insect. Reticulated glass
, ornamental ware made from glass in which one set of white or colored lines seems to meet and interlace with another set in a different plane.
-- Reticulated micrometer
, a micrometer for an optical instrument, consisting of a reticule in the focus of an eyepiece.
-- Reticulated work (Masonry)
, work constructed with diamond-shaped stones, or square stones placed diagonally.
Reticulation noun The quality or state of being reticulated, or netlike; that which is reticulated; network; an organization resembling a net.
The particular net you occupy in the great reticulation . Carlyle.
Reticule noun .
[ French réticule
, Latin reticulum
, dim. of rete
a net. Confer Retina
.] 1. A little bag, originally of network; a woman's workbag, or a little bag to be carried in the hand. De Quincey. 2. A system of wires or lines in the focus of a telescope or other instrument; a reticle.
Reticulosa noun plural
[ New Latin ] (Zoology) Same as Reticularia .
Reticulose adjective Forming a network; characterized by a reticulated sructure. Reticulose rhizopod (Zoology) , a rhizopod in which the pseudopodia blend together and form irregular meshes.
; plural Reticula
. [ Latin dim. of rete
a net.] (Anat.) (a) The second stomach of ruminants, in which folds of the mucous membrane form hexagonal cells; -- also called the honeycomb stomach . (b) The neuroglia.
Retiform adjective [ Latin rete a net + -form . confer French rétiforme .] Composed of crossing lines and interstices; reticular; netlike; as, the retiform coat of the eye.
[ New Latin , from Latin rete
a net. Confer Reticule
.] (Anat.) The delicate membrane by which the back part of the globe of the eye is lined, and in which the fibers of the optic nerve terminate. See Eye .
» The fibers of the optic nerve and the retinal blood vessels spread out upon the front surface of the retina, while the sensory layer (called Jacob's membrane
), containing the rods and cones, is on the back side, next the choroid coat.
; plural Retinacula
. [ Latin , a holdfast, a band. See Retain
.] 1. (Anat.) (a) A connecting band; a frænum; as, the retinacula of the ileocæcal and ileocolic valves. (b) One of the annular ligaments which hold the tendons close to the bones at the larger joints, as at the wrist and ankle. 2. (Zoöl) One of the retractor muscles of the proboscis of certain worms. 3. (Botany) A small gland or process to which bodies are attached; as, the glandular retinacula to which the pollinia of orchids are attached, or the hooks which support the seeds in many acanthaceous plants.
Retinal adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the retina. Retinal purple (Physiol. Chem.) , the visual purple.
Retinalite noun [ Greek ............ resin + -lite .] (Min.) A translucent variety of serpentine, of a honey yellow or greenish yellow color, having a waxy resinlike luster.
Retinasphalt Ret`in*as*phal"tum noun [ Greek ............ resin + ............... asphalt.] (Min.) Retinite.
Retinerved adjective [ Latin rete a net + English nerve .] (Botany) Having reticulated veins.
; plural Retinea
. [ New Latin See Retina
.] (Zoology) That part of the eye of an invertebrate which corresponds in function with the retina of a vertebrate.
Retinic adjective [ Greek ............ resin.] (Min. Chem.) Of or pertaining to resin; derived from resin; specifically, designating an acid found in certain fossil resins and hydrocarbons.
Retinite noun [ Greek ......... resin: confer French rétinite .] (Min.) An inflammable mineral resin, usually of a yellowish brown color, found in roundish masses, sometimes with coal.
Retinitis noun [ New Latin , from New Latin & English retina + -tis .] (Medicine) Inflammation of the retina.
Retinoid adjective [ Greek ......... resin + -oid .] Resinlike, or resinform; resembling a resin without being such.
Retinol noun [ Greek ......... resin + Latin ole um oil.] (Chemistry) A hydrocarbon oil obtained by the distillation of resin, -- used in printer's ink.
; plural Retiniphoræ
. [ New Latin , from New Latin & English retina
+ Greek ............ to bear.] (Zoology) One of group of two to four united cells which occupy the axial part of the ocelli, or ommatidia, of the eyes of invertebrates, and contain the terminal nerve fibrillæ. See Illust. under Ommatidium .
Retinophoral adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to retinophoræ.
Retinoscopy noun [ Retina + -scopy .] (Physiol.) The study of the retina of the eye by means of the ophthalmoscope.
[ Middle English retinue
, Old French retinue
, from retenir
to retain, engage, hire. See Retain
.] The body of retainers who follow a prince or other distinguished person; a train of attendants; a suite.
Others of your insolent retinue . Shak.
What followers, what retinue canst thou gain? Milton. To have at one's retinue
, to keep or employ as a retainer; to retain.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
; plural Retinulæ
. [ New Latin , dim. of New Latin & English retina
.] (Zoology) One of the group of pigmented cells which surround the retinophoræ of invertebrates. See Illust. under Ommatidium .
Retinulate adjective (Zoology) Having, or characterized by, retinul....
Retiped noun [ Latin rete a net + pes , pedis , a foot: confer French rétinopède .] (Zoology) A bird having small polygonal scales covering the tarsi.
Retiracy noun Retirement; -- mostly used in a jocose or burlesque way.
[ U.S.] Bartlett.
What one of our great men used to call dignified retiracy . C. A. Bristed.
[ F.; confer Spanish retirada
retreat. See Retire
.] (Fort.) A kind of retrenchment, as in the body of a bastion, which may be disputed inch by inch after the defenses are dismantled. It usually consists of two faces which make a reëntering angle.
Retire transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Retired
; present participle & verbal noun Retiring
.] [ French retirer
; prefix re-
re- + tirer
to draw. See Tirade
.] 1. To withdraw; to take away; -- sometimes used reflexively.
He . . . retired himself, his wife, and children into a forest. Sir P. Sidney.
As when the sun is present all the year, Sir J. Davies. 2. To withdraw from circulation, or from the market; to take up and pay; as, to retire bonds; to retire a note. 3. To cause to retire; specifically, to designate as no longer qualified for active service; to place on the retired list; as, to retire a military or naval officer.
And never doth retire his golden ray.
Retire intransitive verb 1. To go back or return; to draw back or away; to keep aloof; to withdraw or retreat, as from observation; to go into privacy; as, to retire to his home; to retire from the world, or from notice.
To Una back he cast him to retire . Spenser.
The mind contracts herself, and shrinketh in, Sir J. Davies. 2. To retreat from action or danger; to withdraw for safety or pleasure; as, to retire from battle.
And to herself she gladly doth retire .
Set Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be smitten, and die. 2 Sam. xi. 15. 3. To withdraw from a public station, or from business; as, having made a large fortune, he retired .
And from Britannia's public posts retire . Addison. 4. To recede; to fall or bend back; as, the shore of the sea retires in bays and gulfs. 5. To go to bed; as, he usually retires early. Syn.
-- To withdraw; leave; depart; secede; recede; retreat; retrocede.
Retire noun 1. The act of retiring, or the state of being retired; also, a place to which one retires.
The battle and the retire of the English succors. Bacon.
[ Eve] discover'd soon the place of her retire . Milton. 2. (Mil.) A call sounded on a bugle, announcing to skirmishers that they are to retire, or fall back.
Retired adjective 1. Private; secluded; quiet; as, a retired life; a person of retired habits.
A retired part of the peninsula. Hawthorne. 2. Withdrawn from active duty or business; as, a retired officer; a retired physician. Retired flank (Fort.)
, a flank bent inward toward the rear of the work.
-- Retired list (Mil. & Naval)
, a list of officers, who, by reason of advanced age or other disability, are relieved from active service, but still receive a specified amount of pay from the government.
[ Confer French retirement
.] 1. The act of retiring, or the state of being retired; withdrawal; seclusion; as, the retirement of an officer.
O, blest Retirement , friend of life's decline. Goldsmith.
Retirement , rural quiet, friendship, books. Thomson. 2. A place of seclusion or privacy; a place to which one withdraws or retreats; a private abode.
This coast full of princely retirements for the sumptousness of their buildings and nobleness of the plantations. Evelyn.
Caprea had been the retirement of Augustus. Addison. Syn.
-- Solitude; withdrawment; departure; retreat; seclusion; privacy. See Solitude
Retirer noun One who retires.
Retiring adjective Retiring board (Mil.) , a board of officers who consider and report upon the alleged incapacity of an officer for active service. -- Retiring pension , a pension granted to a public officer on his retirement from office or service.
1. Reserved; shy; not forward or obtrusive; as, retiring modesty; retiring manners. 2. Of or pertaining to retirement; causing retirement; suited to, or belonging to, retirement.
Retistene noun (Chemistry) A white crystalline hydrocarbon produced indirectly from retene.
Retitelæ noun plural [ New Latin , from rete a net + tela a web.] (Zoology) A group of spiders which spin irregular webs; -- called also Retitelariæ .
Retold imperfect & past participle of Retell .